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25 Works 4,811 Membros 119 Críticas 4 Favorited

About the Author

Amir D. Aczel was born in Haifa, Israel on November 6, 1950. He received bachelor's and master's degrees in mathematics from the University of California, Berkeley and a doctorate in decision sciences from the business school at the University of Oregon. He taught at several universities during his mostrar mais lifetime including the University of Alaska and Bentley College. His first book, Complete Business Statistics, was published in 1989 and went through eight editions. His other books include How to Beat the I.R.S. at Its Own Game: Strategies to Avoid - and Fight - an Audit; Fermat's Last Theorem: Unlocking the Secret of an Ancient Mathematical Problem; The Mystery of the Aleph: Mathematics, the Kabbalah, and the Search for Infinity; The Riddle of the Compass: The Invention That Changed the World; Entanglement: The Greatest Mystery in Physics; and Finding Zero: A Mathematician's Odyssey to Uncover the Origins of Numbers. He died from cancer on November 26, 2015 at the age of 65. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
Image credit: Peter D. Mark

Obras por Amir D. Aczel

Why Science Does Not Disprove God (2014) 133 exemplares
Complete Business Statistics (1989) 99 exemplares

Etiquetado

Conhecimento Comum

Nome canónico
Aczel, Amir D.
Nome legal
Aczel, Amir Dan
Data de nascimento
1950-11-06
Data de falecimento
2015-11-26
Sexo
male
Nacionalidade
Israël (geboren)
Local de nascimento
Haifa, Israel
Local de falecimento
Nîmes, Gard, Occitanie, France
Causa da morte
cancer
Locais de residência
Waltham, Massachusetts, USA
Uzès, Gard, Occitanie, France
Berkeley, California, USA
Eugene, Oregon, USA
Juneau, Alaska, USA
Italy (mostrar todos 8)
Greece
Haifa, Israel (birth)
Educação
University of California, Berkeley (BA) (mathematics) (1975)
University of California, Berkeley (MSc) (1976)
University of Oregon (PhD) (Statistics) (1982)
Ocupações
college professor
mathematician
Organizações
Bentley College
John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation
Boston University (Center for Philosophy and History of Science)
Harvard University
University of Alaska, Juneau
American Mathematical Society (mostrar todos 7)
American Statistical Association
Prémios e menções honrosas
Guggenheim Fellowship (2004)
Agente
Albert Zuckerman (Writers House)

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Amir D. Aczel was born in Haifa, Israel on November 6, 1950. He received bachelor's and master's degrees in mathematics from the University of California, Berkeley and a doctorate in decision sciences from the business school at the University of Oregon. He taught at several universities during his lifetime including the University of Alaska and Bentley College..

Membros

Críticas

The misleading subtitle probably is largely responsible for the poor reviews, though the early chapters that jump around quite a bit do it no favors. Overall, I enjoyed it as a easy-reading history of mathematics with specific focus on infinity and set theory, and brief biographies of Georg Cantor and Kurt Godel. To fully realize the promise of the the subtitle, it would've needed far more content exploring the historical intersection of mysticism and mathematics.
 
Assinalado
kokeyama | 15 outras críticas | May 25, 2024 |
I really enjoyed this book. Now what are we going to call the numerals used in the West that seem to have evolved from several sources? Arabic-Indian-Cambodian? AIC? Who knows what other cultures may have had a hand in them? Africa south of the Mediterranean countries and their near neighbors, sunken Southeast Asia?

Aczel has two main issues that he is looking into, although at time I think that they get a bit in each other's way. One is the form of the letters, and the other is the concepts of zero and infinity. He has mostly limited himself to Eurasia, with a brief side trip to Egypt. He isn't interested in the Americas because the numerals that interest him developed independently, but he does mention that the Mayans had a numeral representing zero. Interesting in view of Aczel's argument that he thinks the concept of zero originated from south Asian religion and philosophy.

That wouldn't apply to the Mayan zero, but I don't know that we know enough about indigenous American religions to say if they had the same ideas, especially with the realization that South America was much more heavily populated and had a lot more cities than we supposed. The history of Africa, particularly outside of the Mediterranean rim, is also in need of a lot more study. Similar things often develop independently around the world in any case.

Aczel includes a lot of personal information, as he is recording his search for a lost artifact that was written about in the early 2oth century. Sometimes this can get tedious, as in a certain book where the author kept going off on unrelated tangents, and filling the reader in on personal trivia. Aczel led a very interesting life, and tells his story well, so I enjoyed this. Most of his tangents related to interesting fact about famous mathematicians that were interesting in their own right, or mathematical controversies such as the arguments about Set Theory, as well as other mathematical systems that used base 60 and base 20 instead of base 10.

His father, of Hungarian heritage, was a cruise ship captain of the S. S. Theodor Herzl, named for the Hungarian political theorist, and his steward, Laci, a Hungarian mathematics student who ran afoul of the Soviets, was one of the most influential people in Aczel's life, who served as an informal tutor and developed his interest in mathematics and numbers.

A Hungarian-French mathematician named George Cœdès (another Hungarian connection) was a language teacher who discovered that he had an uncanny ability to decipher ancient scripts, and spent much of his life in Cambodia. In the 1920s and 1930s, there was a bitter linguistic debate about whether the zero originated in eastern or western Eurasia. Cœdès published a paper in 1931 arguing that the oldest zero represented by a character was on a seventh-century Cambodian inscription. on a stone marked designated as K-127, Unfortunately, it had disappeared, and with the destruction wrought by the Khmer Rouge, possibly destroyed. Aczel made it his mission to find the stone, and declared that he would spend the rest of his life trying to find it if need be. I won't ruin the suspense.

This is where the distinction between representation and concept gets a little murky. Other people's had the concept of zero, without developing a character to represent it, so one might question its tie to philosophy. They often simply left a space to represent it, which probably worked well enough to represent 20 cows, but not 2,000 soldiers. Europe and Indian weren't the only thinkers in Eurasia. An Egyptologist, Alan Gardiner suggested that the nfr hieroglyph, found in the the eighteenth century BC/BCE represented zero, although under his requirements, Aczel might dismiss it as not leading to the zero used in Western nations today. The Cambodian zero in the inscription was a round depression in a stone, part of the number 605. The Indian zero was a circle, and it is easy to see how in writing, rather than chiseling, the two characters could be interchanged.

Aczel presents an eloquent, even moving, description of the importance of the representation, especially for dealing with large numbers. It permits the same ten digits to be used to represent numbers of any size. I felt very fortunate to be one of the heirs of this system.

One of my favorite chapters was Six, in which Aczel is explaining Indian philosophy in which something can simultaneously be one both true and untrue, as opposed to Aristotelian philosophy in which something is or is not. His example is that a cup of coffee with a very small amount of sugar in it could be said to be neither sweet or unsweet. A friend long ago pointed out that Aristotelian logic doesn't really allow for something becoming. It also highlights something that has always frustrated me about the English language: the difficulty of expressing neutrality or indifference. If someone asked me if I like so-and-so, and I say "no" they are likely to assume that I dislike them, and ask what I have against them, unless I explain that I have no strong feelings or use.a double negative: "I don't dislike them," or perhaps shrug my shoulders. Yes and no stand in opposition to each other.
… (mais)
 
Assinalado
PuddinTame | 32 outras críticas | Feb 3, 2024 |
Esta crítica foi escrita no âmbito dos Primeiros Críticos do LibraryThing.
Not what I expected, in a good way. Loaned the book to my father, who has a deeper love and better understanding of mathematics than I do - he also enjoyed reading it.
 
Assinalado
AzureMountain | 32 outras críticas | Oct 8, 2023 |
an amazingly engaging read (since I am not much of a math person).
 
Assinalado
pollycallahan | 32 outras críticas | Jul 1, 2023 |

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Estatísticas

Obras
25
Membros
4,811
Popularidade
#5,218
Avaliação
½ 3.3
Críticas
119
ISBN
185
Línguas
18
Marcado como favorito
4

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