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About the Author

Aeschylus was born at Eleusis of a noble family. He fought at the Battle of Marathon (490 b.c.), where a small Greek band heroically defeated the invading Persians. At the time of his death in Sicily, Athens was in its golden age. In all of his extant works, his intense love of Greece and Athens mostrar mais finds expression. Of the nearly 90 plays attributed to him, only 7 survive. These are The Persians (produced in 472 b.c.), Seven against Thebes (467 b.c.), The Oresteia (458 b.c.)---which includes Agamemnon, Libation Bearers, and Eumenides (or Furies) --- Suppliants (463 b.c.), and Prometheus Bound (c.460 b.c.). Six of the seven present mythological stories. The ornate language creates a mood of tragedy and reinforces the already stylized character of the Greek theater. Aeschylus called his prodigious output "dry scraps from Homer's banquet," because his plots and solemn language are derived from the epic poet. But a more accurate summation of Aeschylus would emphasize his grandeur of mind and spirit and the tragic dignity of his language. Because of his patriotism and belief in divine providence, there is a profound moral order to his plays. Characters such as Clytemnestra, Orestes, and Prometheus personify a great passion or principle. As individuals they conflict with divine will, but, ultimately, justice prevails. Aeschylus's introduction of the second actor made real theater possible, because the two could address each other and act several roles. His successors imitated his costumes, dances, spectacular effects, long descriptions, choral refrains, invocations, and dialogue. Swinburne's (see Vol. 1) enthusiasm for The Oresteia sums up all praises of Aeschylus; he called it simply "the greatest achievement of the human mind." Because of his great achievements, Aeschylus might be considered the "father of tragedy." (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos


Obras por Aeschylus

Prometheus Bound (0480) 1,207 exemplares
Tragedies (0499) 1,010 exemplares
Agamemnon (0458) 750 exemplares
The Persians (0472) — Autor — 433 exemplares
The Seven Against Thebes (0467) 301 exemplares
Choephoroe (1923) 166 exemplares
The Suppliants (1975) — Autor — 152 exemplares
Greek Tragedy (Penguin Classics) (1993) 116 exemplares
Five Great Greek Tragedies (Thrift Edition) (1994) — Contribuidor — 79 exemplares
The House of Atreus (0524) 41 exemplares
Eén familie, acht tragedies (1999) 34 exemplares
Zincire Vurulmus Prometheus (2013) 25 exemplares
L'Orestiade (1952) 24 exemplares
The Lyrical Dramas of Aeschylus (1914) 23 exemplares
Görög drámák (1975) 16 exemplares
Die Perser / Sieben gegen Theben (1997) 15 exemplares
Obras completas (2012) 10 exemplares
The Complete Works of Aeschylus (2015) 9 exemplares
Aeschylus Persae (1982) 8 exemplares
Persas, Electra, Hécuba, Os (1992) 7 exemplares
Tragödien und Fragmente (1938) — Autor — 7 exemplares
Aeschylus 7 exemplares
Supplici­Prometeo incatenato (1994) 6 exemplares
Les Choéphores, Les Euménides (2011) 6 exemplares
Prometeo encadenado (2015) 5 exemplares
Grčke tragedije (2004) 5 exemplares
Prometeo - Variazioni sul mito (2011) 5 exemplares
Collected Works of Aeschylus (2008) 5 exemplares
Greske dramaer (1975) 5 exemplares
Aeschyli Supplices (1992) 5 exemplares
Orestea: Prometeo encadenado (1996) 4 exemplares
Los persas (1996) 4 exemplares
Teatro Grego 4 exemplares
Aeschylus Choephoroi (2015) 3 exemplares
Aiszkhülosz drámái (1985) 3 exemplares
I persiani-I sette contro Tebe (2006) 3 exemplares
Fragmentos · Testimonios (2008) 3 exemplares
Tragedias 171 (Spanish Edition) (1994) 3 exemplares
The Oresteia of Aeschylus (2020) 3 exemplares
Mourir pour Troie (2007) 3 exemplares
The Suppliants, Volume 2 (1980) 3 exemplares
Teatro completo (1990) 3 exemplares
Antikinės tragedijos (1988) 3 exemplares
De sju mot Thebe (0467) 3 exemplares
Les Tragiques Grecs, Tome 1 (2001) 3 exemplares
Las Euménides (1999) 3 exemplares
Tragedie e frammenti di Eschilo (1987) 3 exemplares
Sengrieķu traģēdijas — Autor — 3 exemplares
The dramas of Aeschylus (2018) 3 exemplares
Drammi satireschi (2004) 3 exemplares
Aeschylus 3 exemplares
Tragedie (2005) 3 exemplares
Four Tragedies 2 exemplares
Tragédies (French Edition) (2011) 2 exemplares
Aeschyli Fabulae 2 exemplares
Persiani Sette Contro Tebe (1997) 2 exemplares
Sämtliche Tragödien (1984) 2 exemplares
Promethius Bound 2 exemplares
Prometeo encadenado 2 exemplares
Three other Theban plays (2016) 2 exemplares
Antike Tragödien (2013) 2 exemplares
Prometheus geboeid 2 exemplares
Traxedias (1999) 2 exemplares
Aeschylus Complete Plays (1978) 2 exemplares
Prometheus Bond 2 exemplares
Prométhée enchaîné (1999) 2 exemplares
Hamburger Lesehefte : Aischylos : Die Perser (1997) — Text — 2 exemplares
Promencha 2 exemplares
Πέρσαι (1992) 2 exemplares
Prometeo incatenato (1994) 2 exemplares
Works of Aeschylus 2 exemplares
Fyra sorgespel 2 exemplares
Greek Drama (1982) 2 exemplares
Tragedie 2 exemplares
The Complete Aeschylus (2013) 2 exemplares
Prometeusz skowany (2002) 2 exemplares
Eschyle. Tome 2 2 exemplares
Classic Greek drama (1996) 2 exemplares
Elektra 2 exemplares
SIETE TRAGEDIAS, LAS (2013) 2 exemplares
Il Prometeo incatenato. Tomo 2 (2000) 2 exemplares
Prometheus Bound (2017) 2 exemplares
Aeschyli Cantica 2 exemplares
Coefore - Eumenidi 2 exemplares
Coeforas 2 exemplares
Ικέτιδες 2 exemplares
Görög drámák (1991) 2 exemplares
Χοηφόροι 1 exemplar
Las suplicantes 1 exemplar
Αγαμέμνων 1 exemplar
Orestia 1 exemplar
Orestien 1 exemplar
Das Totenopfer, (1944) 1 exemplar
Perzen 1 exemplar
Eumeniderna 1 exemplar
Antike Tragödien (1992) 1 exemplar
Gravoffret 1 exemplar
Трагедии (2001) 1 exemplar
Los persas 1 exemplar
The Oresteia (2018) 1 exemplar
The Persae 1 exemplar
Coéforas 1 exemplar
Les perses 1 exemplar
Le tragedie (1989) 1 exemplar
Prometeo legato 1 exemplar
TRAGEDIES 1 exemplar
Tragedias griegas (1983) 1 exemplar
Tragèdies. III 1 exemplar
Tragèdies. II 1 exemplar
Orestíada (2012) 1 exemplar
Tragici greci 1 exemplar
آگاممنون 1 exemplar
Théatre complet (1964) 1 exemplar
Les Euménides (2014) 1 exemplar
Tragiques Grecs 1 exemplar
I sette a Tebe 1 exemplar
Eumenides 1 exemplar
The Libation-Bearers (2013) 1 exemplar
Eschyle - Théâtre Complet (2015) 1 exemplar
COEFERE 1 exemplar
I tragici greci 1 exemplar
Theatra complet 1 exemplar
Théâtre d'eschyle (1956) 1 exemplar
Les Danas 1 exemplar
Πέρσαι 1 exemplar
Electra 1 exemplar
Äschylos. Perser 1 exemplar
Eschyle Tome I, II 1 exemplar
Four Plays 1 exemplar
The Serpent Son - Oresteia — Autor — 1 exemplar
Aischylos 1 exemplar
Eschyle, tome I 1 exemplar
Trageodiae. 1 exemplar
De Perzen 1 exemplar
Tragèdies (1932) 1 exemplar
The Eumenides 1 exemplar
Agamemnon & Medea — Autor — 1 exemplar
Antígone 1 exemplar
Els Perses (2013) 1 exemplar
ΕΥΜΕΝΙΔΕΣ 1 exemplar
Περσαι 1 exemplar
Αγαμεμνων 1 exemplar
Αγαμέμων 1 exemplar
ΠΕΡΣΑΙ 1 exemplar
ΧΟΗΦΟΡΟΙ 1 exemplar
As coéforas 1 exemplar
ΑΓΑΜΑΜΝΩΝ 1 exemplar
ΙΚΕΤΙΔΕΣ 1 exemplar
Les Perses 1 exemplar
Syv mod Theben 1 exemplar
The Oresteia 1 exemplar
Smeekelingen 1 exemplar
Eumenieden 1 exemplar
Agememnon; (2010) 1 exemplar
House of Atreus Trilogy (1949) 1 exemplar
The Plays 1 exemplar
Prometeo Ligita (1982) 1 exemplar
Agamemnon 1 exemplar

Associated Works

Greek Tragedies, Volume 1 (1960) — Contribuidor — 1,385 exemplares
Electra [3 plays by Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides] (1989) — Auteur, algumas edições674 exemplares
Greek tragedies, Volume 3 (1960) — Contribuidor — 646 exemplares
The Best Loved Poems of Jacqueline Kennedy-Onassis (2001) — Contribuidor — 537 exemplares
Greek tragedies, Volume 2 (1960) — Contribuidor — 476 exemplares
Greek Drama (Bantam Classics) (0405) — Contribuidor — 473 exemplares
World Poetry: An Anthology of Verse from Antiquity to Our Time (1998) — Contribuidor — 436 exemplares
Seven Famous Greek Plays (1938) — Contribuidor — 421 exemplares
The Portable Greek Reader (1948) — Contribuidor, algumas edições388 exemplares
Eight Great Tragedies (1957) — Contribuidor — 382 exemplares
Ten Greek Plays in Contemporary Translations (1957) — Contribuidor — 305 exemplares
The Complete Greek tragedies (1953) — Contribuidor — 199 exemplares
Masterpieces of the Drama (1966) — Contribuidor — 173 exemplares
An Anthology of Greek Drama: First Series (1949) — Autor — 134 exemplares
Three Greek Plays: Prometheus Bound / Agamemnon / The Trojan Women (1937)algumas edições131 exemplares
Four Greek Plays (1960) — Contribuidor — 77 exemplares
Four Famous Greek Plays (1777) — Contribuidor — 75 exemplares
Treasury of the Theatre: From Aeschylus to Ostrovsky (1967) — Contribuidor — 48 exemplares
An Anthology of Greek Drama: Second Series (1954) — Autor — 48 exemplares
Nine Great Plays: From Aeschylus to Eliot (Revised Edition) (1950) — Contribuidor; Contribuidor — 24 exemplares
Lapham's Quarterly - The Future: Volume IV, Number 4, Fall 2011 (2011) — Contribuidor — 23 exemplares
East and Other Plays (Playscripts) (1977) — Adapted from, algumas edições15 exemplares
Drama (Outline of Knowledge, Vol. XVII) (2007) — Contribuidor — 12 exemplares
Agamenon / Hippolytus / Oedipus the King (1960) — Contribuidor — 8 exemplares
Drie Griekse tragedies (1961) — Contribuidor — 6 exemplares
Grieksche lyriek in Nederlandsche verzen — Contribuidor — 3 exemplares


Conhecimento Comum

Nome legal
Outros nomes
Data de nascimento
c. 525 BCE
Data de falecimento
c. 456 BCE
Localização do túmulo
Gela, Sicily
Local de nascimento
Eleusis, Attica, Greece
Local de falecimento
Gela, Sicily
Causa da morte
Hit in head with shellfish dropped by a passing eagle
Locais de residência
Athens, Greece
Eleusis, Greece
Syracuse, Sicily
Gela, Sicily
Prémios e menções honrosas
13 victories at the Athens Dionysia

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Aeschylus was an ancient Greek playwright. He is credited with an estimated 92 plays, though only seven have survived into modern times. He is known to have fought at the Battle of Marathon (490 BCE), which influenced his Persians (the only surviving Greek tragedy based on contemporary events) and probably at the Battle of Salamis (480).
Born at Eleusis in 525 BCE, he started producing tragedies at Athens in 499, and had his first victory in 484. He visited Sicily at least twice, and died there at Gela in 456.



Prometeu Acorrentado é uma tragédia grega escrita por Ésquilo por volta de 450 a.C.

Ésquilo continua o Mito de Prometeu, introduzido em Os Trabalhos e os Dias por Hesíodo, narrando a punição de Prometeu, por roubar o fogo de Hefesto e a sabedoria de Atenas, em ser acorrentado em um rochedo no Cáucaso por Hefesto, Cratos e Bia e ter o fígado comido durante o dia por uma águia.

Na tragédia Zeus é retratado como um deus cruel e tirânico que governa por meio da força e da opressão. Arbitrariedade e tirania evidenciadas também em Io, uma sacerdotisa mortal que é transformada em uma vaca por Zeus para protegê-la da ira de Hera, forçada a vagar pelo mundo em sua forma animal.

Preso na rocha Prometeu faz diversas previsões sobre o futuro, incluindo uma em que ele prevê a queda de Zeus e a ascensão de um novo governante, um filho, que seria mais poderoso.

A previsão é vista como uma forma de reafirmar a luta de Prometeu pela liberdade e pela justiça. Ao prever a queda de Zeus, Prometeu mostra que a tirania divina não pode prevalecer para sempre, e que há uma possibilidade de mudança e renovação no mundo. Além disso, ele também demonstra sua confiança na capacidade humana de superar as dificuldades e alcançar a redenção.
… (mais)
jgrossi | 19 outras críticas | Nov 12, 2023 |
Murtra | 10 outras críticas | Sep 22, 2023 |
Although I own this Kindle edition, I actually read a different translation which I can't find here on GoodReads by George Thomson. The Thomson translation was the best of the three Aeschylus plays I have read, and was contained in the anthology [b:Greek Plays in Modern Translation|977367|Greek Plays in Modern Translation|Dudley Fitts|/assets/nocover/60x80.png|962263] (modern to the editor in 1947 when this book was published).

I found this final play of the Orestiea to be an interesting commentary on the need for old ways to surrender to new ones - this was timely in Aeschylus' day and is still valid. Strangely enough, I recently finished a sci fi novella with this same theme. Truly one of universal application!… (mais)
leslie.98 | Jun 27, 2023 |
I found Lattimore's translation difficult to read and ended up supplementing it with the YouTube video of the (British) National Theater production of Tony Harrison's translation, which I found easier to understand. Even that was difficult in places but perhaps because I was busy trying to match up the video with the text...

So for this particular edition I give 3 stars - for the play itself, I give 4 stars. This is the epitome of what I think of when I hear the term "Greek tragedy" - the inescapable fate, the chorus, the justice and yet the pity.
… (mais)
leslie.98 | 16 outras críticas | Jun 27, 2023 |



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Associated Authors

Richmond Lattimore Editor, Translator
David Grene Editor, Translator
Euripides Author, Contributor
Sophocles Contributor, Author
Aristophanes Contributor
Anne Carson Translator
Sofokles Author
Eiripīds Author
George Murray Translator
P.C. Boutens Translator
David R Slavitt Editor, Translator
Gilbert Murray Translator, Editor
J. S. Blackie Translator
Henriks Novackis Translator
Augusts Ģiezens Translator
Philip Vellacott Translator
Paul Roche Translator
Robert Lowell Translator
Rex Warner Translator
Frederic Raphael Translator
Emil Zilliacus Translator
Leone Traverso Translator
Ted Hughes Translator
Bo Foxworth Narrator
Piet Gerbrandy Afterword
Philip Vallacott Translator
Elina Vaara Translator
Ezio Savino Translator
Sylvia Allman Illustrator
Peter Østbye Translator
Richard Seaford Introduction
Richard Stoneman Consultant Editor
Ruth Padel Introduction
Peter Levi Introduction
Ernst Stern Illustrator
William Bedell Stanford Editor and Introduction
W.B. Stanford Introduction
Herman Altena Translator
Enrico Medda Translator
H. A. Shapiro Translator
Helene P. Foley Introduction
Robert Fagles Editor and Translator
Linda Purl Narrator
Douglas Young Translator
Don Bolognese Illustrator
Adrian Wilson Designer
Peter Brandes Illustrator
Domenico Ricci Translator
Michael Aryton Illustrator
Peter Burian Translator
Elaine Raphael Illustrator
Carles Cardó Translator
Umberto Albini Introduction
Laurence Preece Illustrator
Richard Eichman Frontispiece
Dietrich Ebener Translator
Otto Steen Due Translator
Wendy Doniger Translator
Luigi Battezzato Translator
Erik Vos Translator
Dario Del Corno Introduction
Jan Stolpe Translator
William Matthews Translator
Stephen Sandy Translator
S.H. de Roos Typographer, Designer
G. Italie Editor
A. W. Verrall Editor, Translator
Denys Page Editor
Lewis Campbell Translator
Émile Chambry Traduction
E. H. Plumptre Translator
Carles Miralles Introduction
Walter Jens Afterword
Denys Page Editor
G. R. Barker Translator
F. H. Nash Translator
Peter D. Arnott Ed. And Tr.
G. K. Leach Translator
Z. N. Brooke Translator
Robert Browning Translator
N. B. Dearle Translator
R. Fagles Translator
A. F. Gardiner Translator
C. W. Greene Translator
J. C. Higgins Translator
A. J. F. Hood Translator
G. F. Helm Translator
Louis MacNiece Translator
W. S. Milne Translator
A. A. L. Parsons Translator
Evert Straat Translator
Ieva Krūmiņa Illustrator
Curt Woyte Translator
T. G. Tucker Translator
Walther Kraus Translator
Hugh Lloyd-Jones Contributor
Quentin Fiore Illustrator
Anneke Germers Cover designer
J. Tapperwijn Cover designer
Emil Staiger Translator
F. D. Allen Translator
Francis Giffard Translator
Kenneth McLeish Translator
Hjalmar Gullberg Translator


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