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Harold Bloom (1930–2019)

Autor(a) de The Western Canon: The Books and School of the Ages

1,176+ Works 34,364 Membros 259 Críticas 51 Favorited

About the Author

Harold Bloom was born on July 11, 1930 in New York City. He earned his Bachelor of Arts from Cornell in 1951 and his Doctorate from Yale in 1955. After graduating from Yale, Bloom remained there as a teacher, and was made Sterling Professor of Humanities in 1983. Bloom's theories have changed the mostrar mais way that critics think of literary tradition and has also focused his attentions on history and the Bible. He has written over twenty books and edited countless others. He is one of the most famous critics in the world and considered an expert in many fields. In 2010 he became a founding patron of Ralston College, a new institution in Savannah, Georgia, that focuses on primary texts. His works include Fallen Angels, Till I End My Song: A Gathering of Last Poems, Anatomy of Influence: Literature as a Way of Life and The Shadow of a Great Rock: A Literary Appreciation of The King James Bible. Harold Bloom passed away on October 14, 2019 in New Haven, at the age of 89. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
Disambiguation Notice:

(eng) Bloom has edited several books with the same title for different series. Combine with care.


Obras por Harold Bloom

How to Read and Why (2000) 2,856 exemplares
The book of J (1990) 1,131 exemplares
Where Shall Wisdom Be Found? (2004) 756 exemplares
Jesus and Yahweh: The Names Divine (2005) — Autor — 502 exemplares
Hamlet: Poem Unlimited (2003) 463 exemplares
A Map of Misreading (1975) 232 exemplares
Deconstruction and Criticism (1979) 218 exemplares
The Art of Reading Poetry (2005) 213 exemplares
The Best of the Best American Poetry: 1988-1997 (1998) — Editor — 204 exemplares
American Religious Poems: An Anthology (2006) — Editor — 162 exemplares
Kabbalah and Criticism (1656) 127 exemplares
Yeats (A Galaxy Book 378) (1970) 121 exemplares
Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird (Bloom's Guides) (2003) — Editor — 79 exemplares
Selected Writings of Walter Pater (1974) — Editor — 71 exemplares
Fallen Angels (2007) 62 exemplares
The Breaking of the Vessels (1982) 44 exemplares
Shakespeare's Macbeth (2004) 40 exemplares
Shakespeare's Henry IV (2004) 40 exemplares
The Literary Criticism of John Ruskin (1965) — Editor — 39 exemplares
Peripheral Light: Selected and New Poems (2003) — Editor — 32 exemplares
Shelley's Mythmaking (1959) 29 exemplares
Shakespeare's Othello (2005) 29 exemplares
The Oxford anthology of English literature — Editor — 25 exemplares
The Hero's Journey (2009) 24 exemplares
Shakespeare's King Lear (1999) 21 exemplares
The American Dream (2009) 21 exemplares
The Grotesque (2009) 21 exemplares
Homer's The Iliad (Bloom's Notes) (1995) 20 exemplares
Alienation (2009) 19 exemplares
Rebirth and Renewal (2009) 17 exemplares
Death and Dying (2009) 17 exemplares
English Romantic Poetry (Bloom's Period Studies) (1961) — Editor — 17 exemplares
The Labyrinth (2009) 16 exemplares
Amy Tan (Bloom's Modern Critical Views) (2000) — Editor — 15 exemplares
William Golding's Lord of the Flies (Bloom's Notes) (1995) — Editor — 15 exemplares
The Wind and the Rain (1967) — Editor — 14 exemplares
Human Sexuality (2009) 14 exemplares
John Donne (Bloom's Major Poets) (1999) 13 exemplares
Ernest Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms (Bloom's Notes) (1996) — Editor — 13 exemplares
Thomas Carlyle (Bloom's Modern Critical Views) (1986) — Editor — 13 exemplares
Figures of Capable Imagination (1976) 13 exemplares
T.S. Eliot (Bloom's Major Poets) (1999) 12 exemplares
The Trickster (2010) 12 exemplares
Cormac McCarthy's The Road [Bloom's Guides] (2011) — Editor — 12 exemplares
Charles Dickens's A Tale of Two Cities (Bloom's Notes) (1996) — Editor — 11 exemplares
Dante's Inferno (Bloom's Notes) (1996) 11 exemplares
Civil Disobedience (2009) 10 exemplares
The Taboo (2010) 9 exemplares
The Sublime (2010) 9 exemplares
Exploration and Colonization (2010) 9 exemplares
Enslavement and Emancipation (2010) 9 exemplares
Beowulf (Bloom's Notes) (1996) 9 exemplares
Sophocles (Bloom's Modern Critical Views) (1990) — Editor — 8 exemplares
Poetics of Influence (1988) 8 exemplares
Dante (Bloom's Major Poets) (2001) 7 exemplares
Don Delillo (Bloom's Major Novelists) (2003) — Editor — 7 exemplares
Alexander Pope (Bloom's Modern Critical Views) (1986) — Editor — 6 exemplares
Homer (Bloom's Major Poets) (2001) 6 exemplares
Beowulf (Bloom's Guides) (2008) 5 exemplares
Vergil's Aeneid (Bloom's Notes) (1996) 5 exemplares
El futuro de la imaginación (2002) 4 exemplares
Beowulf (Bloom's Reviews) (1999) 3 exemplares
The Varieties of José Saramago (2002) 2 exemplares
Gregory Botts, Paintings (1990) — Editor — 2 exemplares
Bloom's Major Novelists Set (2002) 2 exemplares
El canon literario (1998) 2 exemplares
Till I End My Song 1 exemplar
Um Mapa da Desleitura (2003) 1 exemplar
The Mentor Book of Irish Poetry — Editor — 1 exemplar
George Eliot's Silas Mariner (Bloom's Notes) (1996) — Editor — 1 exemplar
Bloom Harold 1 exemplar

Associated Works

Fahrenheit 451 (1953) — Posfácio, algumas edições53,361 exemplares
Frankenstein (1818) — Posfácio, algumas edições42,150 exemplares
Hamlet (1603) — Posfácio, algumas edições32,483 exemplares
Don Quixote (1605) — Introdução, algumas edições30,271 exemplares
Romeo and Juliet (1599) — Commentary, algumas edições28,289 exemplares
Blood Meridian (1985) — Introdução, algumas edições11,455 exemplares
Twelfth Night (1601) — Contribuidor, algumas edições10,657 exemplares
Ethan Frome (1911) — Introdução, algumas edições9,426 exemplares
Antony and Cleopatra (1623) — Posfácio, algumas edições5,428 exemplares
Little, Big (1981) — Posfácio, algumas edições4,165 exemplares
In Search of Lost Time (1913) — Introdução, algumas edições3,839 exemplares
Long Day's Journey into Night (1956) — Prefácio, algumas edições3,453 exemplares
Paradise Lost [Norton Critical Edition] (1667) — Contribuidor, algumas edições2,187 exemplares
The Expedition of Humphry Clinker (1771) — Posfácio, algumas edições1,524 exemplares
The Poetry and Prose of William Blake {Erdman, ed.} (1970) — Commentary, algumas edições1,376 exemplares
Evangeline: A Tale of Acadie (1847) — Introdução, algumas edições1,351 exemplares
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (1995) — Contribuidor, algumas edições914 exemplares
The Complete Poems of Hart Crane (2000) — Introdução, algumas edições658 exemplares
Shelley's Poetry and Prose [Norton Critical Edition, 2nd ed.] (2002) — Contribuidor — 474 exemplares
A Truth Universally Acknowledged: 33 Great Writers on Why We Read Jane Austen (2009) — Prefácio; Contribuidor — 363 exemplares
The QPB Companion to The Lord of the Rings (2001) — Contribuidor — 358 exemplares
Collected Poems and Translations (1994) — Editor — 335 exemplares
Alone with the Alone (1969) — Preface, algumas edições245 exemplares
Blake's Poetry and Designs [Norton Critical Edition, 2nd ed.] (2007) — Contribuidor — 213 exemplares
The selected poetry and prose of Shelley (1966) — Editor, algumas edições175 exemplares
Selected Poems [ed. Bloom] (2003) — Editor — 104 exemplares
On the Bible (1968) — Introdução — 92 exemplares
The Collected Poems of Robert Penn Warren (1998) — Prefácio — 84 exemplares
Unlocking the English Language (1989) — Introdução — 80 exemplares
Blake: A Collection of Critical Essays (1966) — Contribuidor — 66 exemplares
The Bible and the Narrative Tradition (1986) — Contribuidor — 51 exemplares
Snake's Hands: The Fiction of John Crowley (2003) — Prefácio — 45 exemplares
Death in Venice, Tonio Kroger, and Other Writings (German Library) (1999) — Prefácio, algumas edições36 exemplares
Selected Poems of Jay Wright (1987) — Posfácio — 22 exemplares
Anselm Kiefer: Merkaba (2002) — Contribuidor — 22 exemplares
Bloom's Literary Guide to London (2005) — Introdução — 21 exemplares
Bloom's Literary Guide to Paris (2004) — Introdução — 18 exemplares
Bloom's Literary Guide to New York (2004) — Introdução — 16 exemplares
The Best Australian Essays 2003 (2003) — Contribuidor — 15 exemplares
Bloom's Literary Guide to Rome (2005) — Introdução — 13 exemplares
Bloom's Literary Guide to Dublin (2005) — Introdução — 10 exemplares
Gusto: Essential Writings in Nineteenth-Century Gastronomy (2005) — Prefácio — 9 exemplares
St. Petersburg (Bloom's Literary Places) (2005) — Introdução — 4 exemplares
Critical Essays on Galway Kinnell (1996) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
The Massachusetts review. Vol. VII, no. 1, Winter, 1966 (1966) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
Sunstone - Issue 145, March 2007 (2007) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
Robert Penn Warren's Brother to Dragons: A Discussion (1983) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
Hebbes 4 — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
Tragedie — Introdução — 1 exemplar
Prose: A Literary Magazine, Volume 1 (1970) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar
Sunstone - Vol. 20:2, Issue 106, July 1997 (1997) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar


a ler (8,191) Americano (720) Arte e cultura clássicas (6,694) Britânico (886) Censura (880) classic literature (826) clássico (6,056) crítica literária (2,127) Distopia (2,057) Drama (5,303) e-livro (710) Espanha (931) Espanhol (852) Fantasia (1,433) Ficção (16,997) Ficção científica (6,838) Gótico (926) Inglês (924) lido (2,797) Literatura (6,093) literatura britânica (1,115) Literatura da Espanha (1,051) Literatura dos Estados Unidos (1,171) Literatura inglesa (1,585) Não ficção (1,254) own (997) peças (3,036) Play (2,665) Poesia (4,114) por ler (897) Religião (755) Romance (2,738) Romance (808) Século XIX (862) Século XVII (1,057) Século XX (744) teatro (2,052) terror (2,619) Tragédia (1,630) William Shakespeare (6,245)

Conhecimento Comum

Data de nascimento
Data de falecimento
Local de nascimento
New York, New York, VS
Local de falecimento
New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Locais de residência
New York, New York, VS
Cornell University (BA | 1951)
University of Cambridge (Pembroke College)
Yale University (PhD | 1955)
literary critic
Frye, Northrop (main influence)
Gould, Jean (wife)
American Academy of Arts and Letters (Literature ∙ 1990)
Yale University
Bread Loaf School of English
Prémios e menções honrosas
Fulbright Fellowship (1955)
Guggenheim Fellowship (1962-63)
Newton Arvin Award (1967)
Zabel Prize, American Institute of Arts and Letters (1982)
Sterling Professorship, Yale University (1983)
MacArthur Fellowship (1985) (mostrar todos 9)
14th Catalonia International Prize (2002)
Hans Christian Andersen Award (2005)
Fellow, American Philosophical Society (1995)

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Harold Bloom wordt wereldwijd gezien als een van de belangrijkste literatuurcritici en een van de meest vooraanstaande denkers. Hij is Sterling Professor of the Humanities aan Yale University en de auteur van een groot aantal belangwekkende boeken, waaronder The Western Canon, Shakespeare: the invention of the human en The anxiety of influence. Bloom schreef bovendien essays over onder meer Keats, Shelley, Wilde en Poe.
Nota de desambiguação
Bloom has edited several books with the same title for different series. Combine with care.



A dazzling account of the Gnostic, Jewish, and Islamic roots of American spirituality. Harold Bloom examines society's newest obsessions: angels, prophetic dreams, and near death experiences. This book traces these cultural phenomena from their ancient and traditional origins to their present day, millennial manifestations.
PendleHillLibrary | 2 outras críticas | Feb 22, 2024 |
Pretentious, dated gobbledygook. There may be a good idea in here somewhere but damned if I could find it - made it through a hundred pages before brain spasms caused me a quit. One star for getting most of the historical dates right, for the sheer audacity of comparing Woodstock to Cane Ridge (the first religious camp meeting in 1801) and for hooking up Goldwater's running mate in 1964 with the apocalypse in 1843. Read it, or try to, if you dare, but don't expect much sense.
dhaxton | 4 outras críticas | Feb 19, 2024 |
The Book of J
Translated from the Hebrew by David Rosenberg
Interpreted by Harold Bloom

I started my quest to read “Bloom’s Western Canon“ two years or so ago. Along the way, I took a few detours from the western canon itself to read books that helped me better understand those classic works. I mainly buy my books at the annual used book sales conducted by my hometown libraries. Over the years, I’ve collected many books that, as luck would have it, supplement what I’m reading in the western canon. One of those books is called The Book of J, by Harold Bloom himself. Bloom, a literary critic, wrote an influential book, called The Western Canon: The Books and School of the Ages. I have not read The Western Canon, however, I am familiar with its famous list. I was interested in reading The Book of J not only because I wanted to read something by the man himself, but because it tied into my reading of the Bible and other books about Biblical times.

The Book of J is both a translation and an interpretation. First - the translation. “J”, which stands for Yahwist (Yahweh starts with the letter J in German) is one of the original authors (some would say scribes) of the first five books of what Christians call the Old Testament and what Jews call the Torah. There are other authors/scribes as well - all of whom have been “discovered” through close reading of surviving scrolls that have been studied for centuries. Some of the others are “E” for the Elohist, “P” for the Priestly scribe, and “R” for the Redactor. J got his (or her - as we shall see from Bloom’s intentionally controversial theory) moniker because of his focus on Yahweh as the protagonist of the first five books. David Rosenberg translates what we know of J’s writings from the Hebrew. What you get is a summary of the Torah with the focus being on Yahweh. We read of his creation of the world, how Adam and Hava (Eve) came to be, Noah, Abram (Abraham), Jacob (later Israel), Joseph (my personal favorite), Judah, Moses, and a host of interesting supporting figures. I really enjoyed Rosenberg’s translation and learning more about Yahweh’s relationship with these famous people.

Unfortunately, I was disappointed in Bloom’s interpretation. Besides his intentionally controversial contention that J may have been a woman - and possibly King David’s granddaughter, there were things about his interpretation that just plain irritated me. (I don’t care about the woman part but I do care about his intentional controversy just because he could.) He claimed that J was really writing about David and the entire “Book of J” was a sort of metaphor for the eventual glory of David’s reign and Yahweh’s love for him. In other words, J was a post-Davidic courtly writer who used themes from an archaic, prehistoric form of Judaism to glorify her supposed grandfather’s reign. I don’t mind controversial interpretations of anything but what irritated me was that Bloom gave no reason or research that explained how he came to his conclusions. He did say that, as a literary critic and not a Biblical scholar, he was interpreting the book purely as literature. Even still, literary critics typically cite sources or explain their reasoning.

Bloom, being such a widely read person and so steeped in literary theory, may not have felt the need to cite anything because he simply “knew” stuff. His interpretation felt more like a journal than a critique. It was as if he was writing his thoughts in preparation for publishing a more scholarly book but never got down to the scholarly part. The reader is left with no bibliography, no index, and nothing to go on other than to see what mysterious connections Bloom would make next.

After I finished the book, I searched some of my other books to see what Biblical scholars thought of Bloom’s interpretation. Robin Lane Fox, a favorite of mine, summed up my feelings pretty well: “Harold Bloom… builds extravagantly on R. Friedman [‘s book] Who Wrote the Bible… the dating, “irony”, sex, political message, and “covenant” of Bloom’s J are all unconvincing.” Extravagant is a great word for it.

I recommend The Book of J for Rosenberg’s translation, but not for Bloom’s interpretation. I’ll stick to relying on him for the canonical list and leave it at that.
… (mais)
Mortybanks | 8 outras críticas | Feb 1, 2024 |
I realized while reading this that I had read it before some years ago, and that it had had a strong influence on my reading choices since then. Very straightforward and readable.
audient_void | 32 outras críticas | Jan 6, 2024 |



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