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Charlotte Brontë (1816–1855)

Autor(a) de Jane Eyre

402+ Works 84,631 Membros 1,319 Críticas 598 Favorited
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About the Author

Charlotte Bronte, the third of six children, was born April 21, 1816, to the Reverend Patrick Bronte and Maria Branwell Bronte in Yorkshire, England. Along with her sisters, Emily and Anne, she produced some of the most impressive writings of the 19th century. The Brontes lived in a time when women mostrar mais used pseudonyms to conceal their female identity, hence Bronte's pseudonym, Currer Bell. Charlotte Bronte was only five when her mother died of cancer. In 1824, she and three of her sisters attended the Clergy Daughter's School in Cowan Bridge. The inspiration for the Lowood School in the classic Jane Eyre was formed by Bronte's experiences at the Clergy Daughter's School. Her two older sisters died of consumption because of the malnutrition and harsh treatment they suffered at the school. Charlotte and Emily Bronte returned home after the tragedy. The Bronte sisters fueled each other's creativity throughout their lives. As young children, they wrote long stories together about a complex imaginary kingdom they created from a set of wooden soldiers. In 1846, Charlotte Bronte, with her sisters Emily and Anne published a thin volume titled Poems by Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell. In the same year, Charlotte Bronte attempted to publish her novel, The Professor, but was rejected. One year later, she published Jane Eyre, which was instantly well received. Charlotte Bronte's life was touched by tragedy many times. Despite several proposals of marriage, she did not accept an offer until 1854 when she married the Reverend A. B. Nicholls. One year later, at the age of 39, she died of pneumonia while she was pregnant. Her previously rejected novel, The Professor, was published posthumously in 1857. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
Disambiguation Notice:

(eng) Do not combine Charlotte with either or both of her sisters. Also, do not combine this page with that of "Bronte". Thank you.

Image credit: Portrait by George Richmond

Séries

Obras por Charlotte Brontë

Jane Eyre (1847) 58,943 exemplares
Villette (1853) 8,784 exemplares
Shirley (1849) 4,085 exemplares
The Professor (1857) 2,739 exemplares
Jane Eyre [Norton Critical Edition] (1847) 1,695 exemplares
Jane Eyre / Wuthering Heights (1943) 642 exemplares
Jane Eyre / Wuthering Heights / Agnes Grey (1900) — Autor — 474 exemplares
Tales of Angria (1834) 175 exemplares
Best Poems of the Brontë Sisters (1997) — Autor — 171 exemplares
Jane Eyre (A Stepping Stone Book) (1997) 149 exemplares
Mina Laury (1838) 135 exemplares
Emma (1980) 131 exemplares
The Green Dwarf (1833) 113 exemplares
Stancliffe's Hotel (1839) 107 exemplares
The Best of the Brontës (2016) 102 exemplares
The Foundling (2004) 101 exemplares
The Brontës: Selected Poems (1985) 98 exemplares
Shirley / The Professor (2008) 93 exemplares
The Brontës: Selected Poems (1985) 83 exemplares
The Secret (Hesperus Classics) (2006) 77 exemplares
The Spell (2005) 76 exemplares
The Professor / Emma: A Fragment (1882) 68 exemplares
100 Eternal Masterpieces of Literature - volume 1 (2017) — Contribuidor — 58 exemplares
Classics Illustrated: Jane Eyre (1847) 43 exemplares
Jane Eyre, die Waise von Lowood (2009) 42 exemplares
Jane Eyre (book 1 of 2) (1947) 39 exemplares
The Search After Happiness (1969) 30 exemplares
Jane Eyre (book 2 of 2) (1988) 26 exemplares
Jane Eyre 26 exemplares
Jane Eyre (Graphic Classics) (1827) 25 exemplares
Tales of the Islanders (1829) 24 exemplares
High Life in Verdopolis (1995) 18 exemplares
Jane Eyre [adapted - Saddleback Illustrated Classics] (1999) — Original Author; Original Author — 17 exemplares
Angria und Gondal. (1987) 16 exemplares
Jane Eyre [Macmillan Readers] (2008) 15 exemplares
Über die Liebe. (1988) 15 exemplares
Shirley, Volume 1 (1849) 12 exemplares
The Poems of Charlotte Brontë (1882) 12 exemplares
Shirley, Volume 2 (1893) 11 exemplares
Word Cloud Box Set: Lavender (2015) 10 exemplares
Emma: a Fragment (1860) 10 exemplares
Four Novels for Appreciation (1960) 9 exemplares
Jane Eyre - A Libretto (2000) 9 exemplares
A Novel Journal: Jane Eyre (2015) 8 exemplares
Jane Eyre (BBC Radio Presents) (1995) 7 exemplares
Napoleon and the Spectre (1833) 6 exemplares
Wuthering Heights; Villette (2017) 6 exemplares
Förfärande kvinnor (2016) 6 exemplares
Jane Eyre - Second Edition (2022) 5 exemplares
Villette, Volume I. (2006) 5 exemplares
Shirley 5 exemplares
Albion and Marina (1830) 5 exemplares
Something About Arthur (1981) 5 exemplares
Poemas de Currer Bell (2019) 4 exemplares
Jane Eyre (abridged) 4 exemplares
Jane Eyre, Volume I 4 exemplares
Jane Eyre (Oberon Modern Plays) (2015) 4 exemplares
Henry Hastings (2009) 3 exemplares
Jane Eyre - Klasik Kadinlar (2021) 3 exemplares
Villette, Volume II 3 exemplares
Angria and the Angrians (1997) 3 exemplares
Jane Eyre (Quick Reader 110) (1944) 2 exemplares
Poesie 2 exemplares
Jane Eyre ("Read Along") (1986) 2 exemplares
Poems (2014) 2 exemplares
Villette 2 exemplares
The Letters of Charlotte Bronte (2002) 2 exemplares
Jane Eyre 2 exemplares
Shirley - Villette: (1849-1853) (2022) 2 exemplares
Jane Eyre II 1 exemplar
PATRICK BRANWELL BRONTE (1972) 1 exemplar
Miss Lucy 1 exemplar
The Professor and Poems (2009) 1 exemplar
JANE EYRE VOL1 1 exemplar
Un pension de domnișoare (1993) 1 exemplar
Jane Eyre I.kötet 1 exemplar
Jane Eyre Vol. II 1 exemplar
Jane Eyre Vol. III 1 exemplar
Novelas eternas (2022) 1 exemplar
Sirotek lowoodský 1 exemplar
The Poetry of the Brontës (2013) 1 exemplar
Town () (2005) 1 exemplar
The Brontes 1 exemplar
Legends of Angria 1 exemplar
Jane Eyre / Agnes Grey (1974) 1 exemplar
Jane Eyre I 1 exemplar
Como fósforos de Lucifer (2022) 1 exemplar
Jane Eyre 1 exemplar
Professorn (2016) 1 exemplar
Shirley. 1 Salatut tunteet (1979) 1 exemplar
Kotiopettajattaren romaani (1974) 1 exemplar
Four Wishes 1 exemplar
Moores 1 exemplar
Latest Gleanings 1 exemplar
Jane Eyre, II 1 exemplar
Jane Eyre Annotated (2022) 1 exemplar
Sekret 1 exemplar
The Professor Annotated (2022) 1 exemplar
Jane Eyre. Oscar Junior (2016) 1 exemplar
Episode 3 1 exemplar
Sarah Miles (1999) 1 exemplar
Jane Eyre [Abridged] — Autor — 1 exemplar
O Enjeitado (2019) 1 exemplar
Picture Readers: Jane Eyre (1960) 1 exemplar
Jane Eyre 1 exemplar
Jane Eyre 1 exemplar
Shirley Level 2 1 exemplar
The Violet 1 exemplar
The Proffessor 1 exemplar
Poems of the Bronte Sisters (2012) 1 exemplar
Bell's Poems 1 exemplar
Contes inédits (1979) 1 exemplar
Jane Eyre (2005) — Autor — 1 exemplar
The Story of Willie Ellin (2013) 1 exemplar
Jane Eyre : Hörspiel [CD] (2006) 1 exemplar
The Story of Willie Ellin (1853) 1 exemplar

Associated Works

Wuthering Heights (1847) — Prefácio, algumas edições51,937 exemplares
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (1995) — Contribuidor, algumas edições919 exemplares
Emma Brown (2003) 556 exemplares
Jane Eyre [2011 film] (2011) — Autor — 199 exemplares
The Portable Victorian Reader (1972) — Contribuidor — 177 exemplares
Erotica: Women's Writing from Sappho to Margaret Atwood (1990) — Contribuidor — 168 exemplares
The Young Folks' Shelf of Books, Volume 10: Gifts From the Past (1962) — Contribuidor — 144 exemplares
The Virago Book of Ghost Stories (2006) — Contribuidor — 139 exemplares
Jane (2017) — Author of Source Material — 137 exemplares
The Virago Book of Victorian Ghost Stories (1988) — Contribuidor — 134 exemplares
The Penguin Book of Women's Humour (1996) — Contribuidor — 119 exemplares
The Lifted Veil: Women's 19th Century Stories (2005) — Contribuidor — 114 exemplares
Best Loved Books for Young Readers 03 (1847) — Contribuidor — 112 exemplares
Tales of Glass Town, Angria, and Gondal : Selected Writings (2010) — Contribuidor — 80 exemplares
Jane Eyre [1943 film] (1943) — Autor — 64 exemplares
Jane Eyre [1997 TV movie] (1997) — Writer — 62 exemplares
The Mammoth Book of Fairy Tales (1997) — Contribuidor — 61 exemplares
The Faber Book of Gardens (2007) — Contribuidor — 45 exemplares
Jane Eyre [1996 film] (1996) — Writer — 44 exemplares
Jane Eyre [1970 TV movie] (1970) — Autor — 36 exemplares
Great Ghost Stories: 34 Classic Tales of the Supernatural (2002) — Contribuidor — 26 exemplares
The Book Lovers (1976) — Contribuidor — 26 exemplares
Nineteenth-Century Women Poets: An Oxford Anthology (1996) — Contribuidor — 23 exemplares
Women on Nature (2021) — Contribuidor — 21 exemplares
Jane Eyre (Globe Adapted Classic) (1946) — Original Author — 20 exemplares
Masters of British Literature, Volume B (2007) — Contribuidor — 16 exemplares
Jane Eyre [1973 TV mini-series] (2006) — Original book — 13 exemplares
Selected Brontë Poems (1985) — Autor — 10 exemplares
Classic Dog Stories (Macmillan Collector's Library) (2020) — Contribuidor — 9 exemplares
The Brontë Letters (1966) — Autor — 8 exemplares
An Adult's Garden of Bloomers (1966) — Contribuidor — 7 exemplares
Teen-Age Treasury for Girls (1958) — Contribuidor — 5 exemplares
The Anthology of Love and Romance (1994) — Contribuidor — 5 exemplares
Great Love Scenes from Famous Novels (1943) — Contribuidor — 5 exemplares
Famous Stories of Five Centuries (1934) — Contribuidor — 4 exemplares
The King's Story Book — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar

Etiquetado

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Conhecimento Comum

Nome legal
Nichols Brontë, Charlotte
Outros nomes
Bell, Currer (pseudonym)
Nichols Brontë, Charlotte
Data de nascimento
1816-04-21
Data de falecimento
1855-03-31
Localização do túmulo
Church of St Michael and All Angels, Haworth, West Yorkshire, England, UK
Sexo
female
Nacionalidade
UK
País (no mapa)
England, UK
Local de nascimento
Thornton, Yorkshire, England, UK
Local de falecimento
Haworth, Yorkshire, England, UK
Causa da morte
probable hyperemesis gravidarum
Locais de residência
Thornton, Yorkshire, England, UK
Haworth, Yorkshire, England, UK
Lancashire, England, UK
Mirfield, England, UK
Brussels, Belgium
Educação
Cowan Bridge
Roe Head, Mirfield, Yorkshire, England, UK
Pensionat Heger, Brussels, Belgium
Ocupações
writer
novelist
poet
teacher
Relações
Brontë, Emily (zus)
Brontë, Anne (zus)

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Charlotte Brontë was born in Thornton, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England. Her parents were Maria Bramwell and Patrick Brontë, an Anglican clergyman and poet. In 1820, when she was a small child, the family moved to Haworth on the Yorkshire moors, where the Rev. Brontë had been appointed rector. The following year, Mrs. Brontë died. In 1824, Charlotte and Emily, along with their two elder sisters Maria and Elizabeth, were sent to the Clergy Daughters' School at Cowan Bridge, near Kirkby Lonsdale, Lancashire. The discipline there was harsh, and the girls found the food and other conditions miserable. Charlotte later portrayed the terrible school in her novel Jane Eyre as the Lowood Institution. After Maria and Elizabeth died in 1825, Charlotte and Emily returned home. Their father managed the upbringing of his three remaining daughters — Charlotte, Emily, and Anne — and son Bramwell thanks to the help of their maternal aunt Elizabeth Branwell, who left her native Cornwall to come and live with them. For more than five years, the Brontë children studied and played at home, writing and telling romantic tales for one another, and inventing imaginative games. At age 15, Charlotte enrolled at a new school not far from Haworth, Roe Head School. She spent 18 months there before returning home; in 1835, she went back again for a while as a teacher. To support herself and the family, Charlotte decided to become a governess and went with Emily to a boarding school in Brussels, Belgium, to improve their French and learn German. She later became a pupil-teacher there. Her unrequited love for the school's headmaster would eventually find an outlet in her novels Villette (1853) and The Professor (published posthumously in 1857). Before that, however, the ardent heart and rebellious spirit of her most famous creation, Jane Eyre (1847) brought immediate success and fame to the author under her pen name Currer Bell. Charlotte visited London three times at the invitation of her publisher and moved in literary circles, becoming a friend of Elizabeth Gaskell and William Makepeace Thackeray. Her novel Shirley (1849), written during and after the tragic deaths of her three siblings in a single year, showed Charlotte's engagement with both women's rights and workers' rights movements. In 1854, she married Arthur Nicholls, her father's curate and her long-time suitor. She became ill and died suddenly during pregnancy at age 38 in 1855. A comprehensive three-volume edition of her letters to family and friends, edited by Margaret Smith, was published in 1995-2004.
Nota de desambiguação
Do not combine Charlotte with either or both of her sisters. Also, do not combine this page with that of "Bronte". Thank you.

Membros

Discussions

November 2023: The Brontë Sisters em Monthly Author Reads (Dezembro 2023)
Jane Eyre em Franklin Library Collectors (Janeiro 2023)
Jane Eyre LEC em George Macy devotees (Janeiro 2023)
November Group Read: Shirley by Charlotte Brontë em 2014 Category Challenge (Dezembro 2014)
Jane Eyre em Book talk (Julho 2014)
Best Bronte Quote? em The Brontës (Janeiro 2014)
Jane Eyre em The Brontës (Janeiro 2014)
Jane Eyre/Wuthering Heights em Books Compared (Março 2013)
1001 Group Read, Oct. 12: Villette em 1001 Books to read before you die (Novembro 2012)
Villette Question em The Brontës (Maio 2012)
*** Group Read: Jane Eyre (Spoiler Thread) em 75 Books Challenge for 2011 (Abril 2011)
*** Group Read: Jane Eyre (Non-Spoiler Thread) em 75 Books Challenge for 2011 (Abril 2011)
Jane Eyre Group Read (For the Procrastinators) Week One em 75 Books Challenge for 2010 (Dezembro 2010)

Críticas

Já muito se escreveu sobre este livro e não posso dizer muito mais sem revelar alguns spoilers (infelizmente Jane Eyre já se tornou de tal forma parte do imaginário popular que acabei por partir para a sua leitura sabendo de antemão um dos seus grandes spoilers...), mas posso dizer que tudo me cativou nesta obra, não só a história (adorei as interligações e a autora não deixa pontas soltas), como também as personagens e o estilo da escrita. Jane Eyre e Mr. Rochester são personagens que vão ficar comigo para sempre.… (mais)
 
Assinalado
landslide | 915 outras críticas | Nov 18, 2011 |
I love Jane's character. She's one of my all time favorite 'heroines'.
 
Assinalado
Tropic_of_Cancer | 915 outras críticas | Dec 16, 2010 |
Villette...Charlotte Brontë no seu melhor, na verdade eu nunca li nada dela que fosse menos do que o seu melhor...

É enorme este livro, 492 páginas, quando peguei nele pela primeira vez na livraria não conseguia tirar um sorriso idiota da cara porque pensei de mim para mim "Ai que vou ter tanta Charlotte Brontë para ler!" pois, porque os livros dela acabam tão depressa, e são em número limitado não é...(os grandes autores deviam ser vampiros, assim escreviam livros até à eternidade:D isso é que era!).

Bom, Villette conta a história de Lucy, e daqueles que a rodeiam. Lucy é uma professora pobre, sozinha do mundo, e parece-nos não possuir característica especial alguma (até porque ela assim o diz, e é a narradora) mas é espantosa a sua força interior e a sua coragem, e Lucy é extraordinária por isso, e por tantas outras coisas mais. Agora que relembro este livro maravilhoso que saudades me dão Monsieur Paul Emanuel (junto com Lucy, protagonizam das mais hilariantes cenas de sempre), Graham, Polly...estas personagens são do melhor, mas! atenção ao desfecho...
… (mais)
 
Assinalado
Jen7waters | 144 outras críticas | Jul 29, 2009 |

Listas

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Romans (3)
1840s (2)
100 (1)

Prémios

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D. H. Lawrence Contributor
Gustave Flaubert Contributor
Alexandre Dumas Contributor
Thomas Dekker Contributor
Oscar Wilde Contributor
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Fyodor Dostoyevsky Contributor
Guy de Maupassant Contributor
Honore de Balzac Contributor
Mark Twain Contributor
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Bram Stoker Contributor
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Muriel Fyfe Retold by
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Marilyn Pettit Adapted by
Philip Page Adapted by
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Kathryn White Introduction
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George Tute Illustrator
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Renate Jessel Illustrator
T. Wemyss Reid Contributor
Francis A. Leyland Contributor
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Estatísticas

Obras
402
Also by
50
Membros
84,631
Popularidade
#131
Avaliação
4.0
Críticas
1,319
ISBN
2,610
Línguas
36
Marcado como favorito
598

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