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Charlotte Bronte, the third of six children, was born April 21, 1816, to the Reverend Patrick Bronte and Maria Branwell Bronte in Yorkshire, England. Along with her sisters, Emily and Anne, she produced some of the most impressive writings of the 19th century. The Brontes lived in a time when women used pseudonyms to conceal their female identity, hence Bronte's pseudonym, Currer Bell. Charlotte Bronte was only five when her mother died of cancer. In 1824, she and three of her sisters attended the Clergy Daughter's School in Cowan Bridge. The inspiration for the Lowood School in the classic Jane Eyre was formed by Bronte's experiences at the Clergy Daughter's School. Her two older sisters died of consumption because of the malnutrition and harsh treatment they suffered at the school. Charlotte and Emily Bronte returned home after the tragedy. The Bronte sisters fueled each other's creativity throughout their lives. As young children, they wrote long stories together about a complex imaginary kingdom they created from a set of wooden soldiers. In 1846, Charlotte Bronte, with her sisters Emily and Anne published a thin volume titled Poems by Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell. In the same year, Charlotte Bronte attempted to publish her novel, The Professor, but was rejected. One year later, she published Jane Eyre, which was instantly well received. Charlotte Bronte's life was touched by tragedy many times. Despite several proposals of marriage, she did not accept an offer until 1854 when she married the Reverend A. B. Nicholls. One year later, at the age of 39, she died of pneumonia while she was pregnant. Her previously rejected novel, The Professor, was published posthumously in 1857. (Bowker Author Biography) — biography from Jane Eyre… (mais)
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(eng)Do not combine Charlotte with either or both of her sisters. Also, do not combine this page with that of "Bronte". Thank you.

Jane Eyre 56,865 exemplares, 894 críticas
Villette 8,493 exemplares, 139 críticas
Shirley 3,945 exemplares, 60 críticas
The Professor 2,625 exemplares, 42 críticas
Jane Eyre [Norton Critical Edition] 1,660 exemplares, 16 críticas
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Jane Eyre (Abridged - Readable Classics) 390 exemplares, 15 críticas
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Best Poems of the Brontë Sisters (Autor) 168 exemplares, 5 críticas
Jane Eyre (Illustrated Junior Library) 160 exemplares, 1 crítica
Jane Eyre (A Stepping Stone Book) 148 exemplares, 6 críticas
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The Brontës: Selected Poems 94 exemplares, 1 crítica
Shirley / The Professor 91 exemplares, 1 crítica
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Charlotte Brontë was born in Thornton, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England. Her parents were Maria Bramwell and Patrick Brontë, an Anglican clergyman and poet. In 1820, when she was a small child, the family moved to Haworth on the Yorkshire moors, where the Rev. Brontë had been appointed rector. The following year, Mrs. Brontë died. In 1824, Charlotte and Emily, along with their two elder sisters Maria and Elizabeth, were sent to the Clergy Daughters' School at Cowan Bridge, near Kirkby Lonsdale, Lancashire. The discipline there was harsh, and the girls found the food and other conditions miserable. Charlotte later portrayed the terrible school in her novel Jane Eyre as the Lowood Institution. After Maria and Elizabeth died in 1825, Charlotte and Emily returned home. Their father managed the upbringing of his three remaining daughters — Charlotte, Emily, and Anne — and son Bramwell thanks to the help of their maternal aunt Elizabeth Branwell, who left her native Cornwall to come and live with them. For more than five years, the Brontë children studied and played at home, writing and telling romantic tales for one another, and inventing imaginative games. At age 15, Charlotte enrolled at a new school not far from Haworth, Roe Head School. She spent 18 months there before returning home; in 1835, she went back again for a while as a teacher. To support herself and the family, Charlotte decided to become a governess and went with Emily to a boarding school in Brussels, Belgium, to improve their French and learn German. She later became a pupil-teacher there. Her unrequited love for the school's headmaster would eventually find an outlet in her novels Villette (1853) and The Professor (published posthumously in 1857). Before that, however, the ardent heart and rebellious spirit of her most famous creation, Jane Eyre (1847) brought immediate success and fame to the author under her pen name Currer Bell. Charlotte visited London three times at the invitation of her publisher and moved in literary circles, becoming a friend of Elizabeth Gaskell and William Makepeace Thackeray. Her novel Shirley (1849), written during and after the tragic deaths of her three siblings in a single year, showed Charlotte's engagement with both women's rights and workers' rights movements. In 1854, she married Arthur Nicholls, her father's curate and her long-time suitor. She became ill and died suddenly during pregnancy at age 38 in 1855. A comprehensive three-volume edition of her letters to family and friends, edited by Margaret Smith, was published in 1995-2004.
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Do not combine Charlotte with either or both of her sisters. Also, do not combine this page with that of "Bronte". Thank you.

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