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Raymond Carver (1938–1988)

Autor(a) de What We Talk about When We Talk about Love

222+ Works 18,146 Membros 290 Críticas 194 Favorited

About the Author

Born in 1938 in an Oregon logging town, Raymond Carver grew up in Yakima, From California he went to Iowa to attend the Iowa Writers Workshop. Soon, however, he returned to California, where he worked at a number of unskilled jobs before obtaining a teaching position. Widely acclaimed as the most mostrar mais important short story writer of his generation, Carver writes about the kind of lower-middle-class people whom he knew growing up. His characters are waitresses, mechanics, postmen, high school teachers, factory workers, door-to-door salesmen who lead drab lives because of limited funds. Critics have said that may have the most distinctive vision of the working class. Nominated posthumously for both a National Book Critics Circle Award (1988) and a Pulitzer Prize (1989) for Where I'm Calling From: New and Selected Stories (1988), Carver is one of a handful of writers credited with reviving the short story form. Some have put Carver in the tradition of Ernest Hemingway and Stephen Crane. Carver's stories tend to be brief, with enigmatic endings, although never erupting. Violence is often just below the surface. An air of quiet desperation pervades his stories, as Carver explores the collapse of human relationships in bleak circumstances. In later works, Carver strikes a note of redemption, unheard at the beginning of his career. But for readers who are not attuned to Carver's voice of resignation, these moments may sound sentimental and unconvincing. Carver died of lung cancer in 1988. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos

Obras por Raymond Carver

Cathedral: Stories (1983) 3,003 exemplares
Short Cuts: Selected Stories (1993) 1,045 exemplares
Fires: Essays, Poems, Stories (1983) 541 exemplares
Collected Stories (2009) 512 exemplares
All of Us: The Collected Poems (1996) 485 exemplares
A New Path To The Waterfall (1989) — Autor — 374 exemplares
Elephant and other stories (1988) 332 exemplares
American Short Story Masterpieces (1987) 319 exemplares
Beginners (2009) 282 exemplares
Ultramarine: Poems (1986) 190 exemplares
The Stories of Raymond Carver (1983) 169 exemplares
The Best American Short Stories 1986 (1986) — Editor & Introduction — 94 exemplares
Tres rosas amarillas (1988) 79 exemplares
Where I'm Calling From {story} (1988) 65 exemplares
In a Marine Light: Selected Poems (1984) 37 exemplares
Vidas cruzadas (1995) 30 exemplares
Furious Seasons (1977) 28 exemplares
Dostoevsky: A Screenplay / King Dog: A Screenplay (1985) — Autor — 25 exemplares
Todos los cuentos (2016) 22 exemplares
At Night the Salmon Move (1976) 18 exemplares
Limonata e altri racconti (2011) 17 exemplares
Qu'est-ce que vous voulez voir ? (2000) 14 exemplares
Erste und letzte Stories (2002) 13 exemplares
68 Contos de Raymond Carver (2010) 11 exemplares
A Small, Good Thing {story} (2011) 10 exemplares
Tutti i racconti (2005) 9 exemplares
Winter Insomnia (1970) 9 exemplares
N'en faites pas une histoire (1994) 6 exemplares
Voorzichtig (1986) 5 exemplares
Tell It All (2005) 5 exemplares
Nobody Said Anything {story} (1992) 4 exemplares
En aldri så liten matbit (1996) 4 exemplares
Gazebo {story} 3 exemplares
Blackbird Pie and Other Stories (1992) 3 exemplares
Üks hea asi 3 exemplares
Les feux (2015) 3 exemplares
Le monde de Raymond Carver (2006) 3 exemplares
The Calm {story} 3 exemplares
Racconti in forma di poesia (2001) 3 exemplares
Feathers {story} 3 exemplares
Louise Bourgeois 2001 (2001) 3 exemplares
Grannar (1991) 3 exemplares
Neighbors {story} 3 exemplares
Why, Honey? {story} 2 exemplares
Vrij Nederland 2 exemplares
Katedralen 2 exemplares
Bilmezsiniz Ask Nedir 2 exemplares
Blackbird Pie {story} 2 exemplares
Errand {story} 2 exemplares
Boxes {story} 2 exemplares
Uit het oosten, licht (2021) 2 exemplares
Fogos 2 exemplares
Collectors {story} 2 exemplares
If It Please You (1984) 2 exemplares
Louise Bourgeois 2 exemplares
Dostoevsky: A Screenplay (1987) 2 exemplares
Fat {story} 2 exemplares
Intimacy {story} 2 exemplares
Menudo {story} 2 exemplares
Fever {story} 2 exemplares
Distance {story} 2 exemplares
Chef's House {story} 2 exemplares
The Bath {story} 2 exemplares
Paviljong og andre noveller (1990) 2 exemplares
My Father's Life 2 exemplares
Zimska nesanica 1 exemplar
What's in Alaska? 1 exemplar
[No title] 1 exemplar
Three stories (1990) 1 exemplar
Wovon Wir Reden 1 exemplar
Svi mi - sabrane pesme (2017) 1 exemplar
Carver Raymond 1 exemplar
Een kleine weldaad 1 exemplar
Viewfinder 1 exemplar
Night School 1 exemplar
The Father 1 exemplar
Collectors 1 exemplar
Why, Honey? 1 exemplar
The Ducks 1 exemplar
The Idea 1 exemplar
How About This? 1 exemplar
Poésie (2016) 1 exemplar
Signals 1 exemplar
Thánh đường 1 exemplar
Near Klamath (1968) 1 exemplar
Yazmak Üzerine (2022) 1 exemplar
What is It? 1 exemplar
Un corte de pelo (2013) 1 exemplar
Kindling 1 exemplar
Signals {story} 1 exemplar
Sacks {story} 1 exemplar
Viewfinder {story} 1 exemplar
Careful {story} 1 exemplar
50 digte (2012) 1 exemplar
The Father {story} 1 exemplar
Peresa 1 exemplar
The Ducks {story} 1 exemplar
Night School {story} — Autor — 1 exemplar
For Tess 1 exemplar
Kathedrale. Kurzgeschichten (1989) 1 exemplar
Werkausgabe in vier Bänden (2002) 1 exemplar
Odakle zovem (2019) 1 exemplar

Associated Works

The Best American Short Stories of the Century (2000) — Contribuidor — 1,533 exemplares
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (1995) — Contribuidor, algumas edições901 exemplares
A Book of Luminous Things: An International Anthology of Poetry (1996) — Contribuidor — 817 exemplares
My Mistress's Sparrow Is Dead (2008) — Contribuidor — 752 exemplares
The Oxford Book of American Short Stories (1992) — Contribuidor — 729 exemplares
The Vintage Book of Contemporary American Short Stories (1994) — Contribuidor — 469 exemplares
The World of the Short Story: A 20th Century Collection (1986) — Contribuidor — 452 exemplares
Birthday Stories (2002) — Contribuidor — 447 exemplares
American Gothic Tales (1996) — Contribuidor — 443 exemplares
Points of View: Revised Edition (1966) — Contribuidor — 404 exemplares
Flash Fiction: 72 Very Short Stories (1992) — Contribuidor — 389 exemplares
The Best American Short Stories 2000 (2000) — Contribuidor — 384 exemplares
The Granta Book of the American Short Story (1992) — Contribuidor — 360 exemplares
Sudden Fiction: American Short-Short Stories (1984) — Contribuidor — 359 exemplares
100 Years of The Best American Short Stories (2015) — Contribuidor — 266 exemplares
The New Granta Book of the American Short Story (2007) — Contribuidor — 205 exemplares
Nothing But You: Love Stories From The New Yorker (1997) — Contribuidor — 181 exemplares
Granta 25: The Murderee (1988) — Contribuidor — 161 exemplares
The Best American Short Stories of the 80s (1990) — Contribuidor — 156 exemplares
The Best American Short Stories 1988 (1988) — Contribuidor — 156 exemplares
Granta 21: The Story-Teller (1987) — Contribuidor — 150 exemplares
Granta 68: Love Stories (1999) — Contribuidor — 149 exemplares
Still Wild: Short Fiction of the American West 1950 to the Present (2000) — Contribuidor — 135 exemplares
The Best American Short Stories 1987 (1987) — Contribuidor — 127 exemplares
Emergency Kit (1996) — Contribuidor, algumas edições107 exemplares
Soul: An Archaeology--Readings from Socrates to Ray Charles (1994) — Contribuidor — 100 exemplares
Prize Stories 2000: The O. Henry Awards (2000) — Contribuidor — 95 exemplares
The Norton Book of Friendship (1991) — Contribuidor — 92 exemplares
American Short Stories (1976) — Contribuidor, algumas edições91 exemplares
The Granta Book of the Family (1995) — Contribuidor — 86 exemplares
A Life in Medicine: A Literary Anthology (2002) — Contribuidor — 80 exemplares
The Oxford Book of Travel Stories (1996) — Contribuidor — 74 exemplares
Granta 14: Autobiography (1984) — Contribuidor — 71 exemplares
Granta 8: Dirty Realism (1983) — Contribuidor — 71 exemplares
Great Esquire Fiction (1983) — Contribuidor — 70 exemplares
The Best American Short Stories 1983 (1983) — Contribuidor — 70 exemplares
A Literary Christmas: Great Contemporary Christmas Stories (1992) — Contribuidor — 70 exemplares
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Concise Edition (2003) — Contribuidor — 66 exemplares
Granta 147: 40th Birthday Special (2019) — Contribuidor — 53 exemplares
Granta 12: The True Adventures of The Rolling Stones (1984) — Contribuidor — 44 exemplares
The Penguin Book of the Modern American Short Story (2021) — Contribuidor — 43 exemplares
Granta 4: Beyond the Crisis (1989) — Contribuidor — 36 exemplares
The Haves & Have Nots: 30 Stories About Money & Class In America (1999) — Contribuidor — 33 exemplares
The Best American Short Stories 1982 (1982) — Contribuidor — 27 exemplares
The Best American Short Stories 1967 (1967) — Contribuidor — 27 exemplares
A Good Man: Fathers and Sons in Poetry and Prose (1993) — Contribuidor — 20 exemplares
20th Century American Short Stories, Volume 1 (1995) — Contribuidor — 16 exemplares
Horse Stories (2012) — Contribuidor — 16 exemplares
Twentieth-Century American Short Stories: An Anthology (1975) — Contribuidor — 16 exemplares
A Vintage Christmas (Vintage Minis) (2018) — Contribuidor — 8 exemplares
Reasons to Believe: New Voices in American Fiction (1988) — Contribuidor — 7 exemplares
Cutting Edges: Young American Fiction for the 70's (1973) — Contribuidor — 7 exemplares
Presentask med fyra noveller om kärlek II (2020) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
Enjoying Stories (1987) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
TriQuarterly 48: Western Stories — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares


Conhecimento Comum



purely meaningful, unpretentious writing. so good
torturedgenius | 6 outras críticas | Nov 10, 2023 |
"Maxine said it was another tragedy in a long line of low-rent tragedies"

This is a quote from one of the 37 short stories featured in this collection and could summarise many of those stories. [Where I'm Calling from] was published in 1988 the year of Carver's death and features stories that appeared in magazines and earlier collections published between 1971 and 1987. The main subject of the stories is American suburban life, but one might also add alcoholism. Many have an unnerving feel of real life situations as characters fight or succumb to events that appear largely out of their control. They fight against taking another drink or succumb to having another shot, always looking over their shoulder, but never quite becoming destitute. Men cheat on their wives, on their girlfriends and occasionally the women fight back. It is a tawdry selection of subjects on which Carver has chosen to base his stories, but they are so well written and so convincing that they draw the reader in.

Carver appears to have been an alcoholic for much of his adult life, in the mid 1970's he claimed that he had given up writing and had taken to full time drinking. In his stories almost everyone drinks and as a good proportion of them are written in the first person they have an autobiographical feel to them. His characters are exceptionally well drawn and their dialogue hits the mark almost every-time. Couples argue and fight, cheat and deceive, pretend they do not see what is right in front of their eyes. They act like people in a TV soap opera, but are totally convincing. Some of the stories are mere snapshots of events in his characters lives, but have a lasting impression, there is often not a clear resolution and God forbid there should be happy ending.

Almost all the characters are white Americans, lower middle class or blue collar workers, none of them are out and out criminals, but often choose to act out of pure self interest or are dumbed down by the need to earn a living in a society that takes few prisoners. Mostly it is not a pretty picture and like people who suffer with alcoholism there appears to be an overlying trait of self deception. It is a sobering collection.

Carver when he was able, taught literature at colleges and was a guest lecturer as creative writing courses, but took on miscellaneous jobs when he needed. He states in the preface to this collection that his chosen medium was short stories and was interested in paring the stories down to precise images that reflected the real situations that he was depicting. How far he succeeded in this and how near he came to presenting a culture of a section of life in 1970's America will probably depend on each readers own experiences. Sexist and occasionally racist in accordance with the unenlightened 1970's but good short story writing that can be uncomfortable to read: 4 stars.
… (mais)
baswood | 35 outras críticas | Aug 20, 2023 |
I illuminate (myself)
with immensity (Ungaretti)


I illuminate (myself)
with minimalism

Je suis revenu chercher un asile dans l’impeccable naïveté (Baudelaire)

“Più di una volta ho cercato, (…), di rinchiudermi in un sistema per predicarvi a mio agio. Un sistema però è una sorta di dannazione, che ci spinge a una perpetua abiura: occorre sempre inventarne un altro, e questa fatica è un crudele castigo. E sempre il mio sistema era bello, vasto, spazioso, comodo, proprio e soprattutto levigato, o perlomeno così mi sembrava. E sempre un prodotto della vitalità universale, spontaneo e inatteso, veniva a smentire la mia scienza infantile e vecchiotta, figlia deplorabile dell’utopia. Avevo un bel spostare o estendere il criterio, questo era sempre in ritardo sull’uomo universale, e correva senza posa dietro il bello multiforme e versicolore che si muove nelle spirali infinite della vita. Condannato senza fine all’umiliazione di una nuova conversione, ho preso una gran decisione. Per fuggire l’orrore di queste apostasie filosofiche, mi sono orgogliosamente rassegnato alla modestia: mi sono accontentato di sentire, sono tornato a cercare asilo nell’impeccabile ingenuità” (Baudelaire)


It is August.
My life is going to change. I feel it. (7)

Bill and Arlene Miller were a happy couple. But now and then they felt they alone among their circle had been passed by somehow, leaving Bill to attend to his bookkeeping duties and Arlene occupied with secretarial chores. They talked about it sometimes, mostly in comparison with the lives of their neighbors, Harriet and Jim Stone. It seemed to the Millers that the Stones lived a fuller and brighter life. The Stones were always going out for dinner, or entertaining at home, or traveling about the country somewhere in connection with Jim’s work. (8)

“Vern, you want something to eat?” I called.
He didn’t answer. I could hear water running in the bathroom. But I thought he might want something. We get hungry this time of night. I put bread and lunchmeat on the table and I opened a can of soup. I got out crackers and peanut butter, cold meat loaf, pickles, olives, potato chips. I put everything on the table. Then I thought of the apple pie. (16)

From where he stood he could see his mother’s fingers working in her lap, tracing the raised design in the blanket. (57)

Then they drove to the market and bought cream soda and potato chips and corn chips and onion flavored snack crackers. At the checkout counter he added a handful of U-No bars to the order.
“Hey, yeah,” she said when she saw them. (61)

I was out of work. But any day I expected to hear from up north. I lay on the sofa and listened to the rain. Now and then I’d lift up and look through the curtain for the mailman.
There was no one on the street, nothing. (78)

“Mike? Honey? I wish you’d rub my legs. My legs hurt,” she said.
“God,” he said softly, “I was sound asleep.” (96)

I hadn’t realize he was so drunk until we started driving again. I noticed the way he was driving. It was terribly slow. He was all hunched over the wheel. His eyes staring. We were talking about a lot of things that didn’t make sense. I can’t remember. We were talking about Nietzsche. Strindberg. (178)
Poor Friedrich Wilhelm…


We're none of us the same. We're moving on. The story
continues, but we're no longer the main characters.
James Salter, Light Years (192)

Slow, thick flakes sifted down through the freezing air, sticking on his coat collar, melting cold and wet against his face. He stared at the wordless, distorted things around him. (204)


That duration which maketh Pyramids
pillars of snow, and all that's past a moment.
Sir Thomas Browne.

The gutter water rushed over his feet, swirled frothing into a great whirlpool at the drain on the corner and rushed down to the center of the earth. (220)


“When we were just kids before we married?” Holly goes. “When we had big plans and hopes? You remember?”
She was sitting on the bed, holding her knees and her drink. (238)

I thought for a minute of the world outside my house, and then I didn’t have any more thoughts except the thought that I had to hurry up and sleep. (243)

They saw each other every Saturday and Sunday, sometimes oftener if it was a holiday. If the weather was good, they’d be over at Jerry’s to barbecue hot dogs and turn the kids loose in the wading pool Jerry had got for next to nothing, like a lot of other things he got from the Mart. (259)

“What do any of us really know about love?” Mel said. (314)

He said, “I just want to say one more thing.”
But then he could not think what it could possibly be. (326)

She kicked off her shoes and leaned back on the sofa. Then she sat up and tugged her sweater over her head. She patted her hair into place. She took one of the cigarettes from the tray. I held the lighter for her and was momentarily astonished by the sight of her slim, pale fingers and her well-manicured nails. It was as if I were seeing them in a new and somewhat revealing way. (330)

Lying is just a sport for some people. (331)


It was early evening, nice and warm, and we saw pastures, rail fences, milk cow moving slowly toward old barns. We saw red-winged blackbirds on the fences, and pigeons circling around haylofts. There were gardens and such, wildflowers in bloom, and little houses set back from the road. I said, “I wish we had us a place out here.” (361)

She moved in front of him and started taking things off the shelves and putting stuff on the table. He helped. He took the meat out of the freezer and put the packages on the table. The he took the other things out of the freezer and put them in a different place on the table. He took everything out and then found the paper towels and the dishcloth and started wiping up inside. (387)

“You probably need to eat something,” the baker said. “I hope you’ll eat some of my hot rolls. You have to eat and keep going. Eating is a small, good thing in a time like this,” he said. (424)

“Anyway, we need to try something. We’ll try this first. If it doesn’t work, we’ll try something else. That’s life, isn’t it?” (445)

She moves forward in the chair. She tries to take her hand back.
“What would you tell them?”
She sighs and leans back. She lets me keep the hand. “I’d say, ‘Dreams, you know, are what you wake up from.’ That’s what I say. (507)

He says he can’t understand these people. “People who sail through life like the world owes them a living.” (512)

(from) WHERE I’M CALLING FROM (***** )

A tribute to Chekhov.

The crows work their way through the grass in the front yard. I hear the mower howl and then thud as it picks up a clump of grass in the blade and comes to a stop. In a minute, after several tries, Larry gets it going again. The crows fly off, back to their wire. (541)

I get into bed and take some covers. But the covers don’t feel right. I don’t have any sheet; all I have is blanket. I look down and see my feet sticking out. I turn onto my side, facing her, and bring my legs up so that my feet are under the blanket. We should make up the bed again. (547)

I looked out the window. The sky was blue, with a few white clouds in it. Some birds clung to a telephone wire. I wiped my face on my sleeve. (591)

It could be said, for instance, that to take a wife is to take a history. (613)


Best novels: Kindling, and Call If You Need Me.

He thought for a minute, then opened the notebook, and at the top of a blank white page he wrote the words Emptiness is the beginning of all things.


My Father’s Life
“What are you going to write about?” he wanted to know. Then, as if to help me out, he said, “Write about stuff you know about. Write about those fishings trip we took.” I said I would, but I knew I wouldn’t.

On Writings
What creates tension in a piece of fiction is partly the way the concrete words are linked together to make up the visible action of the story.


Best novels: If It Please You, Dummy (remembering Steinbeck), Distance, and Beginners.

“When we were just kids before we married?” Holly goes. “When we drove around every night and spent every possible minute together and talked and big plans and hopes? Do you remember?” She was sitting in the center of the bed, holding her knee and her drink.
“I remember, Holly.”

I came back hard, twice. I had him, all right. The steel casting rod bowed over and sprung wildly back and forth. Father kept yelling, “Let him go, let him go! Let him run with it! Give him more line, Jack! Now wind in! Wind in! No, let him run! Woo-ee! Look at him go!”

But he continues to stand at the window, remembering that gone life. After that morning there would be those hard times ahead, other women for him and another man for her, but that morning, that particular morning, they had danced. They danced, and then they held to each other as if there would always be that morning, and later they laughed about the waffle. They leaned on each other and laughed about it until tears came, while outside everything froze, for a while anyway.

Sometimes you can hear the snow falling.

… (mais)
NewLibrary78 | 9 outras críticas | Jul 22, 2023 |
When you read a paper looking for the book reviews, you turn to The Arts section. Sometimes it's even called The Arts & Style Section. Consequently, when you read a work of fiction, you expect some arts & style. Sadly,this collection of short stories has neither. I am at a complete loss as to why Carver has won so many awards, and is considered such an important and influential American writer. His writing is so stark and so simple. These stories could have been written by a High School student in an English Composition class. Now, most of Carver's characters lead stark and simple lives, so I can accept that he wants the writing to mirror the characters. But c'mon, give me a little bit of alliteration, a couple of similes, a few metaphors. That's not to much to ask for, is it ?… (mais)
kevinkevbo | 58 outras críticas | Jul 14, 2023 |



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Associated Authors

Tess Gallagher Author, Contributor, Foreword, , Introduction
Bob Adelman Photographer
Shannon Ravenel Series editor
Thomas McGuane Contributor
Tobias Wolff Contributor
Joy Williams Contributor
Mona Simpson Contributor
Kent Nelson Contributor
Jessica Neely Contributor
Alice Munro Contributor
Grace Paley Contributor
David Lipsky Contributor
James Lee Burke Contributor
Donald Barthelme Contributor
Ann Beattie Contributor
Charles Baxter Contributor
Ethan Canin Contributor
Frank Conroy Contributor
Richard Ford Contributor
Amy Hempel Contributor
Riccardo Duranti Translator
Nathalie Zberro Traduction
Dolors Udina Translator
Gabrielle Rolin Translator
Jesús Zulaika Translator
Fernanda Pivano Afterword
Raija Mattila Translator
Robert Altman Introduction
Sjaak Commandeur Translator


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