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George Eliot (1819–1880)

Autor(a) de Middlemarch

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About the Author

George Eliot was born Mary Ann Evans on a Warwickshire farm in England, where she spent almost all of her early life. She received a modest local education and was particularly influenced by one of her teachers, an extremely religious woman whom the novelist would later use as a model for various mostrar mais characters. Eliot read extensively, and was particularly drawn to the romantic poets and German literature. In 1849, after the death of her father, she went to London and became assistant editor of the Westminster Review, a radical magazine. She soon began publishing sketches of country life in London magazines. At about his time Eliot began her lifelong relationship with George Henry Lewes. A married man, Lewes could not marry Eliot, but they lived together until Lewes's death. Eliot's sketches were well received, and soon after she followed with her first novel, Adam Bede (1859). She took the pen name "George Eliot" because she believed the public would take a male author more seriously. Like all of Eliot's best work, The Mill on the Floss (1860), is based in large part on her own life and her relationship with her brother. In it she begins to explore male-female relations and the way people's personalities determine their relationships with others. She returns to this theme in Silas Mariner (1861), in which she examines the changes brought about in life and personality of a miser through the love of a little girl. In 1863, Eliot published Romola. Set against the political intrigue of Florence, Italy, of the 1490's, the book chronicles the spiritual journey of a passionate young woman. Eliot's greatest achievement is almost certainly Middlemarch (1871). Here she paints her most detailed picture of English country life, and explores most deeply the frustrations of an intelligent woman with no outlet for her aspirations. This novel is now regarded as one of the major works of the Victorian era and one of the greatest works of fiction in English. Eliot's last work was Daniel Deronda. In that work, Daniel, the adopted son of an aristocratic Englishman, gradually becomes interested in Jewish culture and then discovers his own Jewish heritage. He eventually goes to live in Palestine. Because of the way in which she explored character and extended the range of subject matter to include simple country life, Eliot is now considered to be a major figure in the development of the novel. She is buried in Highgate Cemetery, North London, England, next to her common-law husband, George Henry Lewes. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
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Obras por George Eliot

Middlemarch (1871) 17,271 exemplares
Silas Marner (1861) 11,095 exemplares
The Mill on the Floss (1860) 8,501 exemplares
Adam Bede (1859) 4,126 exemplares
Daniel Deronda (1876) 3,664 exemplares
Romola (1862) 1,414 exemplares
Felix Holt, the Radical (1866) 1,024 exemplares
Scenes of Clerical Life (1858) 852 exemplares
The Lifted Veil [short fiction] (1859) 651 exemplares
Silas Marner and Two Short Stories (1973) — Autor — 294 exemplares
The Lifted Veil / Brother Jacob (1999) 257 exemplares
Brother Jacob (1878) 140 exemplares
Selected Essays, Poems and Other Writings (1990) — Tradutor — 136 exemplares
Middlemarch (1/2) (1893) 114 exemplares
Impressions of Theophrastus Such (1879) 88 exemplares
Middlemarch (2/2) (1872) 73 exemplares
Silly Novels by Lady Novelists (1800) 67 exemplares
Collected poems (1989) 64 exemplares
100 Eternal Masterpieces of Literature - volume 1 (2017) — Contribuidor — 54 exemplares
Amos Barton (1857) 48 exemplares
Daniel Deronda, Volume 1 of 2 (1876) 39 exemplares
Silas Marner [Penguin Readers] (1965) 35 exemplares
Mr Gilfil's Love Story (1857) 30 exemplares
Janet's Repentance (2007) 27 exemplares
Daniel Deronda, Volume 2 of 2 (1876) 26 exemplares
The Journals of George Eliot (1998) 25 exemplares
The Spanish Gypsy (2008) 23 exemplares
Romola / Theophrastus Such (1889) — Autor — 21 exemplares
Romola (1/2) (1892) — Autor — 20 exemplares
Adam Bede, Volume 2 of 2 (1999) 19 exemplares
Frommer's Day by Day: Stockholm (2009) 18 exemplares
Adam Bede, Volume 1 of 2 (1900) 17 exemplares
Romola (2/2) (1887) — Autor — 16 exemplares
How Lisa Loved the King (2010) 16 exemplares
The Mill on the Floss (1/2) (1900) — Autor — 15 exemplares
The Mill on the Floss (2/2) (1892) — Autor — 14 exemplares
Middlemarch (3/3) (2009) — Autor — 13 exemplares
Scenes of Clerical Life (1/2) (2015) — Autor — 12 exemplares
The Works of George Eliot (2010) 11 exemplares
Daniel Deronda, Volume 3 of 3 (1910) 11 exemplares
O May I Join the Choir Invisible! (2010) 10 exemplares
Middlemarch / Daniel Deronda (1899) 10 exemplares
Miscellaneous Essays (1901) 9 exemplares
Romola / Silas Marner — Autor — 9 exemplares
Works of George Eliot (1900) 9 exemplares
Felix Holt / Theophrastus Such (1885) — Autor — 9 exemplares
Romola (1/3) 9 exemplares
The Poems of George Eliot (1884) 9 exemplares
Three nineteenth-century novels (1979) 8 exemplares
Wit and wisdom of George Eliot (1873) 8 exemplares
Romola (2/3) 8 exemplares
Romola (3/3) 8 exemplares
Scenes of Clerical Life (2/2) — Autor — 8 exemplares
Tom and Maggie Tulliver (1909) 8 exemplares
Middlemarch (1/3) (2004) — Autor — 7 exemplares
The writings of George Eliot (1970) 7 exemplares
Middlemarch (2/3) (2009) — Autor — 7 exemplares
[unidentified works] 7 exemplares
Adam Bede / The Mill on the Floss / Romola (1893) — Autor — 7 exemplares
Silas Marner / Middlemarch (1964) — Autor — 6 exemplares
The Poetry of George Eliot (1900) 5 exemplares
Eliot's works 5 exemplares
Silas Marner / Brother Jacob (1970) — Autor — 5 exemplares
Silas Marner (2/2) (2003) 5 exemplares
Edward Neville (1995) 4 exemplares
Silas Marner (1/2) (2003) 4 exemplares
El molino 3 exemplares
Felix Holt; Poems (1900) 3 exemplares
The Mill on the Floss / Romola — Autor — 3 exemplares
Middlemarch (Advanced) (1981) 3 exemplares
Collected works of George Eliot (2009) 3 exemplares
George Eliot's Works (1887) 3 exemplares
George Eliot's Daniel Deronda: Abridged — Autor — 3 exemplares
Adam Bede | The Lifted Veil (1908) 3 exemplares
The George Eliot Collection (2015) 2 exemplares
Middlemarch | Romola 2 exemplares
The Works of George Eliot (2) (1900) 2 exemplares
Two Lovers (1909) 2 exemplares
Works 2 exemplares
Theophrastus Such / The Spanish Gypsy — Autor — 2 exemplares
MIDDLEMARCH (1987) 1 exemplar
Middlemarch - Books I - IV (2017) 1 exemplar
Đ ł Ơ ư æ 1 exemplar
Early essays (1977) 1 exemplar
Thomas Carlyle 1 exemplar
Pendennis Siles Marner (1910) 1 exemplar
Famous Women 1 exemplar
Middlemarch D. 2 1 exemplar
Biographie 1 exemplar
Middlemarch D. 1 1 exemplar
Armgart 1 exemplar
Essays, Volume II 1 exemplar
Silas Marner [Easy Classics] (1996) 1 exemplar
Essays, Volume I 1 exemplar
Golden Grain 1 exemplar
Silas Marner the Lifted Veil (2009) 1 exemplar
Romola (vols. 2 and 3 only) (1863) 1 exemplar
Middlemarch. Vol.2 1 exemplar
Romola - Vols 1 & 2 (1900) 1 exemplar
The Life of Jesus (2010) 1 exemplar
Romola , Vol 1 (1900) 1 exemplar
Zu Gast in Weimar (2019) 1 exemplar
The Best of George Eliot (2016) 1 exemplar

Associated Works

Little Women (1868)algumas edições25,705 exemplares
Ethics (1677) — Tradutor, algumas edições2,835 exemplares
One Hundred and One Famous Poems (1916) — Contribuidor, algumas edições1,879 exemplares
The Essence of Christianity (1841) — Tradutor, algumas edições; Tradutor, algumas edições870 exemplares
The Treasure Chest (My Book House) (1932) — Contribuidor — 253 exemplares
The Norton Anthology of English Literature, 4th Edition, Volume 2 (1979) — Contribuidor — 247 exemplares
Wise Women: Over Two Thousand Years of Spiritual Writing by Women (1996) — Contribuidor — 199 exemplares
Atheism: A Reader (2000) — Contribuidor — 181 exemplares
The Portable Victorian Reader (1972) — Contribuidor — 176 exemplares
Aurora Leigh [Norton Critical Edition] (1996) — Contribuidor — 175 exemplares
Erotica: Women's Writing from Sappho to Margaret Atwood (1990) — Contribuidor — 168 exemplares
A Literary Christmas: An Anthology (2013) — Contribuidor — 125 exemplares
The Penguin Book of Women's Humour (1996) — Contribuidor — 115 exemplares
The Life of Jesus Critically Examined (1898) — Tradutor, algumas edições; Tradutor, algumas edições114 exemplares
The Lifted Veil: Women's 19th Century Stories (2005) — Contribuidor — 112 exemplares
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (1932) — Contribuidor — 111 exemplares
Great English Short Stories (Dover Thrift Editions) (2005) — Contribuidor — 39 exemplares
Silas Marner (Radio Theatre) (2001) — Original novel — 37 exemplares
Writing Politics: An Anthology (2020) — Contribuidor — 35 exemplares
Trial and Error: An Oxford Anthology of Legal Stories (1998) — Contribuidor — 24 exemplares
Nineteenth-Century Women Poets: An Oxford Anthology (1996) — Contribuidor — 22 exemplares
Women on Nature (2021) — Contribuidor — 20 exemplares
Great English Short Stories (1930) — Contribuidor — 20 exemplares
Silas Marner [1985 film] (2007) — Original novel — 19 exemplares
Ghosts and Marvels (1924) — Contribuidor — 17 exemplares
Silas Marner | The Pearl (1959) 14 exemplares
Wings Over the World (1942) — Contribuidor — 12 exemplares
An Adult's Garden of Bloomers (1966) — Contribuidor — 7 exemplares
Great Love Scenes from Famous Novels (1943) — Contribuidor — 5 exemplares
The Word Lives On: A Treasury of Spiritual Fiction (1951) — Contribuidor — 4 exemplares
Famous stories of five centuries (1934) — Contribuidor — 4 exemplares
Maestros Ingleses, Tomo III (1962) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
A Book of Narratives (1917) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
A Reader for Writers — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
Klassisia kauhukertomuksia (2021) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar
Adam Bede: A Play — Autor — 1 exemplar
English short stories of the nineteenth century — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar


Conhecimento Comum

Nome legal
Evans, Mary Ann
Outros nomes
Evans, Marian
Cross, Mary Anne
Data de nascimento
Data de falecimento
Localização do túmulo
Highgate, Londen
Verenigd Koninkrijk
País (no mapa)
Local de nascimento
Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England, UK
Local de falecimento
London, England, UK
Causa da morte
throat infection
Locais de residência
Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England, UK
London, England, UK
Mrs. Wallington's School (Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England, UK)
Lewes, George Henry (husband)
Cross, J. W. (husband)
Hennell, Sara (friend)
Spencer, Herbert (friend)
Evans, Gwyn (great-nephew)

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Mary Ann Evans (22 November 1819 – 22 December 1880; alternatively Mary Anne or Marian, known by her pen name George Eliot, was an English novelist, poet, journalist, translator and one of the leading writers of the Victorian era. She wrote seven novels, Adam Bede (1859), The Mill on the Floss (1860), Silas Marner (1861), Romola (1862–63), Felix Holt, the Radical (1866), Middlemarch (1871–72) and Daniel Deronda (1876), most of which are set in provincial England and known for their realism and psychological insight.

Although female authors were published under their own names during her lifetime, she wanted to escape the stereotype of women's writing being limited to lighthearted romances. She also wanted to have her fiction judged separately from her already extensive and widely known work as an editor and critic. Another factor in her use of a pen name may have been a desire to shield her private life from public scrutiny, thus avoiding the scandal that would have arisen because of her relationship with the married George Henry Lewes.

Middlemarch has been described by the novelists Martin Amis[3] and Julian Barnes as the greatest novel in the English language. Published under the name J. T. Colgan.



George Eliot and George Henry Lewes em Legacy Libraries (Março 2022)
March 2021: George Eliot em Monthly Author Reads (Fevereiro 2022)
Group Read: Middlemarch, Second Thread em 75 Books Challenge for 2010 (Outubro 2018)
Middlemarch: The Chatty Bits (Spoilers Go Here) em The Green Dragon (Março 2015)
Group Read, September 2014: The Mill on the Floss em 1001 Books to read before you die (Setembro 2014)
Middlemarch Group Read 2014 em 75 Books Challenge for 2014 (Agosto 2014)
Middlemarch group read em 2014 Category Challenge (Abril 2014)
Daniel Deronda em Geeks who love the Classics (Abril 2013)
Group Read: Middlemarch, Third Thread em 75 Books Challenge for 2010 (Fevereiro 2011)
Group Read: Middlemarch em 75 Books Challenge for 2010 (Novembro 2010)
***Group Read: Middlemarch Books 7-8 em 1001 Books to read before you die (Setembro 2010)
***Group Read: Middlemarch Books 5-6 em 1001 Books to read before you die (Agosto 2010)
***Group Read: Middlemarch Books 3-4 em 1001 Books to read before you die (Agosto 2010)
***Group Read: Middlemarch Prelude & Books 1-2 em 1001 Books to read before you die (Agosto 2010)
Middlemarch em Victoriana (Dezembro 2009)
Middlemarch: Book I em Group Reads - Literature (Maio 2008)
Middlemarch (Spoilers Here) em Connecticut Nutmeggers (Março 2008)
Middlemarch (SPOILER FREE) em Connecticut Nutmeggers (Agosto 2007)


This is my first George Eliot novel. It was 900 pages of print, but since I had to read so many sentences at least twice to figure out what in the world she was getting at, it felt even longer. (I do realize that I read many series whose total page count is more than 900.)Most of the text seems to be about what had happened or might happen and how people felt about one or both of these; not much seems to take place in the present, which is too bad, because conversations were less convoluted than Eliot's explanations and usually comprehensible. I did learn a lot of mythology and history and popular culture of the time thanks to my nearby cell phone and Google.

I considered trying to write this review in the style of the author---many asides and colons and semi-colons and obscure references (at least for someone reading the novel in the beginning of the 21st century)---but, while it may be amusing to this writer, it may be less so the reader and, what is of more importance, it does not touch upon the plot and meaning of the book: who is the main character---Daniel or Gwendolen, since, according to the introduction, someone actually tried to rewrite the book to concentrate solely on Gwendolen---a spoiled child, as the first part is titled---who realizes that she is capable of developing a conscience if only Daniel is there to help her; or is it Daniel, a man with no faults beyond perhaps being too tolerant and considerate, who is lucky in the order in which he learns about himself and possible goals in life, as well as being lucky in the many coincidences that occur, especially those that throw Daniel and Gwendolen together in different European cities? The book ends as Daniel and Gwendolen are about to begin their adult lives---after 900 pages!

The introduction and timeline were helpful. I did eventually, I think, decipher almost all the text, but it was hard. There was a funny bit (I hope): "Music was soon begun. Miss Arrowpoint and Herr Klesmer played a four-handed piece on two pianos which convinced the company in general that it was long,..." [p. 49] I would have stopped the sentence there; Eliot goes on.
… (mais)
raizel | 46 outras críticas | Nov 29, 2023 |
The background to this novel is the 1832 Reform Act and the turmoil in local elections, as the novel was a historical one - published in 1866 it looks back to an earlier period when the vote was held only by landowners etc and was denied to all women and to working men. Of course, the reform that eventually did take place only extended the vote to categories of working men, women being denied it until well into the 20th century.

Despite the title, the novel does not focus totally on Felix Holt, a thirty-something man who gives up training to be a doctor, and also spurns an easier life of selling quack medicines originally pedalled by his deceased father, to instead become a watchmaker and live a fairly poor life. It is mainly the story of Esther, a young woman who is faced with the choice of Felix as husband or a more prosperous life, possibly as the wife of a local rich man who tries to enter politics as a candidate in the election. For Esther's true antecdents are gradually revealed in the novel and could lead her to becoming an heiress.

Meanwhile, Esther is torn between the two men. Felix's moral standards drive her to emulate him and abandon her superficial concerns with having a fine appearance etc. In the process, she becomes more caring to her father, the Dissenting minister.

I found this a slog in places partly because the style of writing is occasionally very convoluted and hard to follow. I also wasn't convinced by Felix's moral superiority. The refrain of women's inferiority (in a book written by a woman) did grate rather especially as Esther internalises it. Overall I would rate the book at 3 stars.
… (mais)
kitsune_reader | 7 outras críticas | Nov 23, 2023 |
This was just okay. While Eliot certainly can write, and I liked the insights into human nature and personalities that she included, I didn't particularly like the story or any of the characters.

I felt the author was a bit harsh when it came to the character of Tom, painting him as only terribly selfish and immature, with very little redeeming qualities; when it came to Maggie, she was too merciful, making her out to be a wonderful person even when she acted completely thoughtlessly, just because she "had a good heart." Since I learned this account was somewhat autobiographical for the author, based on her turbulent relationship with her own brother, this made sense, but didn't make for an objective story.

There were multiple love triangles (which always make me roll my eyes), and the ending was very abrupt and ridiculous. It just felt like a cop-out.

However, I did like some of it, and here are a few quotes in particular that struck me:

"...conscientious people are apt to see their duty in that which is the most painful course..." p 587

"There is something sustaining in the very agitation that accompanies the first shocks of trouble, just as an acute pain is often a stimulus, and produces an excitement which is transient strength. It is in the slow, changed life that follows - in the time when sorrow has become stale, and has no longer an emotive intensity that counteracts its pain - in the time when day follows day in dull unexpectant sameness, and trial is a dreary routine - it is then that despair threatens; it is then that the peremptory hunger of the soul is felt, and eye and ear are strained after some unlearned secret of our existence, which shall give to endurance the nature of satisfaction." p 313
… (mais)
RachelRachelRachel | 117 outras críticas | Nov 21, 2023 |
George Eliot's first novel. A lot less complex, and easier read than Middlemarch. Adam loves Hetty, Hetty falls for the local squire. Hetty is a silly, very pretty teenage who has a very tragic fate.Dinah Morris is so saintly she doesn't feel like a real woman.
nx74defiant | 70 outras críticas | Nov 1, 2023 |


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