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William Empson (1906–1984)

Autor(a) de Seven Types of Ambiguity

18+ Works 1,522 Membros 16 Críticas 3 Favorited

About the Author

Obras por William Empson

Seven Types of Ambiguity (1930) 833 exemplares, 12 críticas
Some Versions of Pastoral (1935) 179 exemplares, 1 crítica
The Structure of Complex Words (1951) 119 exemplares
Collected Poems (1949) 80 exemplares, 1 crítica
Milton's God (1961) 49 exemplares
The Face of the Buddha (2016) — Autor — 24 exemplares
Using Biography (1984) 23 exemplares
The Royal Beasts and Other Works (1986) 22 exemplares
Selected Letters of William Empson (2006) 11 exemplares, 1 crítica

Associated Works

Paradise Lost [Norton Critical Edition] (1667) — Contribuidor, algumas edições2,229 exemplares, 13 críticas
The Making of a Poem: A Norton Anthology of Poetic Forms (2000) — Contribuidor — 1,277 exemplares, 9 críticas
Alice in Wonderland [Norton Critical Edition, 2nd ed.] (1992) — Contribuidor — 619 exemplares, 9 críticas
A Pocket Book of Modern Verse (1954) — Contribuidor, algumas edições451 exemplares, 2 críticas
The Faber Book of Modern Verse (1936) — Contribuidor, algumas edições291 exemplares, 2 críticas
The Penguin Book of Contemporary Verse (1950) — Contribuidor, algumas edições267 exemplares, 3 críticas
Alice in Wonderland [Norton Critical Edition, 1st ed.] (1971) — Contribuidor — 149 exemplares, 3 críticas
Shakespeare: Othello (1971) — Contribuidor — 39 exemplares
Lewis Caroll (1971) — Contribuidor — 6 exemplares
Selected Poetry (1989) — Editor — 5 exemplares


Conhecimento Comum



Ehh... Appropriately enough, ambiguity about how I feel about this one abounds. I tried to get at some of what's causing that feeling in a longer review: https://zwieblein.bearblog.dev/robotic-ambiguitys-peek-at-poetic-understanding/
KatrinkaV | 11 outras críticas | Dec 23, 2023 |
Letto rapidamente, soprattutto senza le necessarie conoscenze della poesia inglese qui usata come base per la dissertazione. A ogni modo, estremamente utile da (qualsiasi) punto di vista narrativo la riflessione di Empson sul concetto di ambiguità come strumento del racconto.
d.v. | 11 outras críticas | May 16, 2023 |
Empson's basic contention is that Marlowe's Doctor Faustus was heavily censored, that the A-text is the direct result of the censorship, and that the B-text is a compromised stage-friendly version with copious amounts of non-Marlovian (I love that word) verse added to complete the running-time.

All well and good, and hardly controversial. But Empson decides to go further, and to uncover what was censored, performing a sort of forensic literature analysis. And this is where things get interesting.

The short-short version is this: Mephistopholes is not a devil, but a Middle Spirit. He acts as a broker between Faust and the actual devils, who are trapped in hell. Now, Middle Spirits live a few thousand years and include beings such as the Greek gods: they have no souls, and therefore die "like beasts" unless they can obtain the soul of a human. The Faustian pack suddenly becomes less one-sided: Faust, having no interest in the afterlife (in fact wanting to die like a beast), sells his soul to Mephistopholes directly: Faust gets fame, knowledge, and enjoyment (but not possession!) of the world's riches; Mephistoheles gets a soul, and therefore a shot at paradise when the End Times come.

This adds new meaning to Faust's last words ("Ah, Mephistopholes!") and clears up the many many contradictions in Mephistopholes' theological lectures. Empson asserts that the existence of Middle Spirits was heretical under Calvinist doctrine, and that the rejection of God/Heaven must be punished, just like in the old movie codes (which may still exist, judging by the fifth and final season of a popular drug-themed TV show which shall not be named).

The actual proof, however, involves some reaching. I'm not sure I'm convinced, but I do like to entertain the theory.

A fifth star added for the academic smack-talking. Empson really gets his digs in where he can, making this a surprisingly entertaining read.
… (mais)
mkfs | Aug 13, 2022 |
Here, William Empson introduces a classification scheme for understanding the types of ambiguity to be found in literature. There is a focus on poetry among the types of literature, as it is a better source of effective uses of ambiguity. However, what he says implies to all written content.
What this book does best is to increase the readers’ awareness of ambiguity, and appreciation of how writers can use it in different ways to do different things.
Really a masterpiece of literary criticism, and it should be required reading for those studying English literature.… (mais)
P_S_Patrick | 11 outras críticas | Sep 24, 2020 |



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