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Henry Fielding (1707–1754)

Autor(a) de Tom Jones

265+ Works 14,419 Membros 176 Críticas 36 Favorited

About the Author

Henry Fielding, 1707 - 1754 A succcessful playwright in his twenties, Henry Fielding turned to the study of law and then to journalism, fiction, and a judgeship after his Historical Register, a political satire on the Walpole government, contributed to the censorship of plays that put him out of mostrar mais business. As an impoverished member of the upper classes, he knew the country squires and the town nobility; as a successful young playwright, the London jet set; as a judge at the center of London, the city's thieves, swindlers, petty officials, shopkeepers, and vagabonds. As a political journalist (editor-author of The Champion, 1739-1741; The True Patriot, 1745-1746; The Jacobite's Journal, 1747-1748; The Covent-Garden Journal, 1752), he participated in argument and intrigue over everything from London elections to national policy. He knowledgeably attacked and defended a range of politicians, from ward heelers to the Prince of Wales. When Fielding undertook writing prose fiction to ridicule the simple morality of Pamela by Samuel Richardson, he first wrote the hilarious burlesque Shamela (1741). However, he soon found himself considering all the forces working on humans, and in Joseph Andrews (1742) (centering on his invented brother of Pamela), he played with the patterns of Homer, the Bible, and Cervantes to create what he called "a comic epic poem in prose." His preface describing this new art form is one of the major documents in literary criticism of the novel. Jonathan Wild, a fictional rogue biography of a year later, plays heavily with ironic techniques that leave unsettled Fielding's great and recurring theme: the difficulty of uniting goodness, or an outflowing love of others, with prudence in a world where corrupted institutions support divisive pride rather than harmony and self-fulfillment. In his masterpiece Tom Jones (1749), Fielding not only faces this issue persuasively but also shows for the first time the possibility of bringing a whole world into an artistic unity, as his model Homer had done in verse. Fielding develops a coherent and centered sequence of events-something Congreve had done casually on a small scale in Incognita 60 years before. In addition he also relates the plot organically to character and theme, by which he gives us a vision of the archetypal good person (Tom) on a journey toward understanding. Every act by every character in the book reflects the special and typical psychology of that character and the proper moral response. In Tom Jones, Fielding affirms the existence of an order under the surface of chaos. In his last novel, Amelia (1751), which realistically examines the misery of London, he can find nothing reliable except the prudent good heart, and that only if its possessor escapes into the country. Fielding based the title character on his second wife, with whom he was deeply in love. However, ill himself, still saddened by the deaths of his intensely loved first wife and daughter, and depressed by a London magistrate's endless toil against corruption, Fielding saw little hope for goodness in that novel or in his informal Journal of a Voyage to Lisbon (1755). Shortly after traveling to Lisbon for his health, Fielding died at the age of 47, having proved to his contemporaries and successors that the lowly novel was capable of the richest achievements of art. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
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Séries

Obras por Henry Fielding

Tom Jones (1749) 8,081 exemplares
Joseph Andrews (1742) 1,757 exemplares
Joseph Andrews and Shamela (1741) 1,491 exemplares
Jonathan Wild (1741) 520 exemplares
Amelia (1751) 376 exemplares
Tom Jones (2/2) (1749) 172 exemplares
Tom Jones (1/2) (1749) 147 exemplares
Anti-Pamela AND Shamela (1741) 102 exemplares
Shamela (1741) 91 exemplares
100 Eternal Masterpieces of Literature - volume 1 (2017) — Contribuidor — 56 exemplares
Pamela/Shamela (1980) 51 exemplares
The Works of Henry Fielding, Esq. (1900) 36 exemplares
Tom Jones [Penguin Readers] (1999) 35 exemplares
Joseph Andrews (1/2) (2006) 32 exemplares
Amelia (2/2) (1902) 23 exemplares
Joseph Andrews (2/2) (2007) 23 exemplares
Tom Jones [abridged] (1948) 19 exemplares
The Grub-Street opera (1963) 18 exemplares
Amelia (1/2) (1968) 16 exemplares
[unidentified works] (2009) 8 exemplares
The Female Husband (2010) 6 exemplares
Henry Fielding : Romans (1964) 6 exemplares
Miscellanies (1993) 6 exemplares
Tom Jones (4/4) — Autor — 4 exemplares
The Lovers Assistant (2010) 4 exemplares
Amelia (3/3) (1903) 4 exemplares
The Mock Doctor (2004) 3 exemplares
Amelia (1/3) (1903) 3 exemplares
Amelia (2/3) (1903) 3 exemplares
Tom Jones (1/3) (1966) 3 exemplares
Pasquin 3 exemplares
Tom Jones (3/4) — Autor — 3 exemplares
Tom Jones (3/3) — Autor — 2 exemplares
Tom Jones (2/3) — Autor — 2 exemplares
Farsy 2 exemplares
Rape Upon Rape (2019) 2 exemplares
The wedding-day 2 exemplares
Tom Jones Vol II 1 exemplar
Tom Jones vol. 1 1 exemplar
Joseph Andrews 1 1 exemplar
The Grub Street Opera (1968) 1 exemplar
Tom Jones, Vol 2 1 exemplar
Everyman's library 1 exemplar
Hry, Jonathan Wild 1 exemplar
Tom Jones (2/4) — Autor — 1 exemplar
Tom Jones (1/4) — Autor — 1 exemplar
The Modern Husband (2004) 1 exemplar
Izbrannye sochineniia (1989) 1 exemplar
The Intriguing Chambermaid (2019) 1 exemplar
South Wind 1 exemplar
Amelia. Vol I (2008) 1 exemplar
Shamela Andrews 1 exemplar
The Works (2016) 1 exemplar
Miscellanies and poems (1872) 1 exemplar
Фарсы 1 exemplar

Associated Works

Prefaces and Prologues to Famous Books (1909) — Contribuidor — 512 exemplares
English Poetry, Volume II: From Collins to Fitzgerald (1910) — Contribuidor — 488 exemplares
Eighteenth-Century English Literature (1969) — Autor — 186 exemplares
Eighteenth-Century Plays (1952) — Contribuidor — 151 exemplares
The Adventures of David Simple (1744) — Preface, algumas edições139 exemplares
British Dramatists from Dryden to Sheridan (1939) — Contribuidor, algumas edições91 exemplares
Tom Jones [1963 film] (1963) — Original book — 63 exemplares
Eighteenth Century Plays (1928) — Contribuidor — 62 exemplares
Modern Arthurian Literature (1992) — Contribuidor — 31 exemplares
A Skeleton At the Helm (2008) — Contribuidor — 26 exemplares
Eighteenth Century Women: An Anthology (1984) — Contribuidor — 23 exemplares
Lock Up Your Daughters, Acting Edition (1967) — Original book — 15 exemplares
Law in Action: An Anthology of the Law in Literature (1947) — Contribuidor — 13 exemplares
Englische Essays aus drei Jahrhunderten (1980) — Contribuidor — 10 exemplares
Great Love Scenes from Famous Novels (1943) — Contribuidor — 5 exemplares
Famous stories of five centuries (1934) — Contribuidor — 4 exemplares
Joseph Andrews [1977 film] (2003) — Original book — 3 exemplares
Satire, burlesque, protest, and ridicule II (1974) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar
Political operas I: Satire and allegory (1974) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar
The medical and legal professions [ballad operas] (1974) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar
Farce: amorous intrigue and deception I (1975) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar

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Folio Archives 297: Tom Jones by Henry Fielding 2008 em Folio Society Devotees (Novembro 2022)

Críticas

A domestic novel from the earliest days of the English novel written in 1749 and in two volumes. A series of difficulties besets the marriage of Amelia and Billy Booth, mostly as a result of the husband's impetuousness and difficulties in saying "No". Amelia, on the other hand, is irreproachable in her patience, love, faith in, and sense of right and wrong with her rather tiresomely gormless spouse.
This is a novel that doesn't flag because it is full of incident and crises. Fielding acknowledges female good sense and courage in the face of the trials the family is faced with, largely a result of Billy's gambling, borrowing and inability to face up to responsibilities.
One has to say "Thank goodness for a well regulated banking system". Billy's problems would have been much eased if it were not for unscrupulous borrowing from so-called friends.
… (mais)
 
Assinalado
ivanfranko | 4 outras críticas | Dec 31, 2023 |
Schon als ich das Buch zum ersten Mal las, fand ich es witzig, dass sich der Autor so oft an mich als Leserin wendet, und ich fragte mich, ob er sich wirklich eine Leserin wie mich, mehr als 200 Jahre nach dem Erscheinen des Buches, vorgestellt hatte. Das Buch ist sehr witzig geschrieben und hat einen sehr amüsanten Stil, der unter anderem deshalb so vergnüglich ist, weil der Autor immer wieder den Leser anspricht. Es ist ein dickes Buch über das Findelkind Tom Jones, dem wahrscheinlich alles passiert, was einem Menschen so passieren kann. Er wird als Baby im Bett eines reichen Adligen gefunden, was ich ein sehr seltsames Setting fand. An diesem Landsitz wird er wie ein Sohn aufgezogen, natürlich wird er zum Opfer von allerhand Intrigen, bis er am Ende glücklich wird. Es ist einer der ersten Romane, die es in der englischen Sprache gab. Und nach all den Jahren kann man ihn immer noch sehr gut lesen.… (mais)
 
Assinalado
Wassilissa | 96 outras críticas | Oct 18, 2023 |
"It is much easier to make good men wise, than to make bad men good."

The History of Tom Jones, A Foundling, as the title suggest is about the life of Tom Jones, the main character, and in truth it is an early rom-com. As a baby, Tom Jones was left to the care of Squire Allworthy, a prominent and wealthy landowner in Somerset. Despite his inauspicious start in life Tom was raised by the Squire and his sister, Bridget, as though he was part of their family.

Meanwhile, Sergeant Blifil begins courting Bridget and eventually, they are married and have a son, William. The novel highlights the contrasting personas of Tom and William Blifil. On one hand, Tom is crude and unrefined but has a heart of gold, whereas Blifil is cultured but is greedy and calculating. Bilfil tries to discredit Tom's with the latter's love interest, Sophia Western and marry her himself but is only interested in the fortune that she would bring to any marriage.

The novel is also packed with minor characters who explore different human virtues: kindness and wickedness, greed and honesty, justice and injustice. There are the good Samaritans, bullies, shady characters, the greedy and the generous, loyal and disloyal, promiscuous women and gossip mongers. Throughout, there is Tom, who is both perfect and flawed at the same time. The novel also explores the position of women in 18th-century Britain and their general lack of power.

Despite its length it has a very straightforward plot. The novel is divided into 18 smaller books, with each book having an introductory chapter, as well as commentaries scattered throughout the book. Although the truth and mystery shrouding Tom's birth was promised early on in the novel it isn't revealed until its climax and it took me totally by surprise. The ending has the feel of fairy tale to it because “they all lived happily ever after.”

Overall, 'Tom Jones' is a lengthy but relatively light read. It is straightforward and easier to understand than some classics and made me smile at times. I particularly liked Squire Western's character whom I found rather comical however, I also found it a little repetitive at times, hence my rating, but I'm glad that I've finally read it.
… (mais)
 
Assinalado
PilgrimJess | 96 outras críticas | Aug 30, 2023 |
Aivan uskomattoman hienoa kieltä, kirjailijalla ja suomentajalla on koko ajan pilke silmäkulmassa, mutta huumori on niin hienovaraista ja tyylikästä etten keksi toista yhtä hyvin tehtyä opusta. Juonikin on ihan hyvä, joten kirjasta tuli kyllä yksi kaikkien aikojen suosikeistani! Täydellistä!
 
Assinalado
KirjaJussi | 96 outras críticas | Jul 21, 2023 |

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Honore de Balzac Contributor
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Jane Austen Contributor
Stendhal Contributor
Mark Twain Contributor
Virginia Woolf Contributor
Aldous Huxley Contributor
Homer Contributor
Oscar Wilde Contributor
Henry James Contributor
Joseph Conrad Contributor
Leo Tolstoy Contributor
Lewis Carroll Contributor
Louisa May Alcott Contributor
Charlotte Brontë Contributor
Herman Melville Contributor
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George Eliot Contributor
E. M. Forster Contributor
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Marcel Proust Contributor
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Arthur Conan Doyle Contributor
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François Quesnai Contributor
David Hume Contributor
Edward Gibbon Contributor
Adam Smith Contributor
Samuel Johnson Contributor
John Toland Contributor
Voltaire Contributor
George Whitefield Contributor
Kenneth Hopkins Introduction (Tom Jones), Introduction
Martin Horder Introduction (Amelia)
Simon Brett Cover Designer (all); Illustrator (Amelia)
Derrick Harris Illustrator (Joseph Andrews, Tom Jones)
Frank Martin Illustrator (Jonathan Wild)
Harry Diamond Illustrator
James Butler Adapted by
Justin Rainey Activities by
Claude Rawson Introduction
Tom Keymer Editor, Introduction
Marja Alopaeus Translator
T. M. Cleland Illustrator
Warren Chappell Illustrator
Louis Kronenberger Introduction
Edward Gorey Cover designer
Fritz Göttler Afterword
Pina Sergi Translator
Siegfried Lang Translator
Hubert Gravelot Illustrator
Frank Kermode Afterword
Ralph H. Singleton Introduction
Rufus Sewell Narrator
Maynard Mack Introduction
Hugh Amory Editor
J. H. Plumb Foreword
Daniela Fink Translator
A. R. Humphreys Introduction
George Cruikshank Cover artist
John M. Bullitt Introduction

Estatísticas

Obras
265
Also by
28
Membros
14,419
Popularidade
#1,590
Avaliação
½ 3.7
Críticas
176
ISBN
750
Línguas
22
Marcado como favorito
36

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