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Benjamin Franklin (1) (1706–1790)

Autor(a) de The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

Para outros autores com o nome Benjamin Franklin, ver a página de desambiguação.

431+ Works 16,741 Membros 181 Críticas 18 Favorited

About the Author

One of 17 children, Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston on January 17, 1706. He ended his formal education at the age of 10 and began working as an apprentice at a newspaper. Running away to Philadelphia at 17, he worked for a printer, later opening his own print shop. Franklin was a man of many mostrar mais talents and interests. As a writer, he published a colonial newspaper and the well-known Poor Richard's Almanack, which contains his famous maxims. He authored many political and economic works, such as The Way To Wealth and Journal of the Negotiations for Peace. He is responsible for many inventions, including the Franklin stove and bifocal eyeglasses. He conducted scientific experiments, proving in one of his most famous ones that lightning and electricity were the same. As a politically active citizen, he helped draft the Declaration of Independence and lobbied for the adoption of the U.S. Constitution. He also served as ambassador to France. He died in April of 1790 at the age of 84. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos

Séries

Obras por Benjamin Franklin

The Way to Wealth (1758) 274 exemplares
A Benjamin Franklin Reader (2003) 200 exemplares
Quotations of Benjamin Franklin (2003) 58 exemplares
Ben Franklin (2005) 57 exemplares
Selected Writings (2010) 27 exemplares
The Works of Benjamin Franklin (1932) 23 exemplares
Healthy, Wealthy & Wise (1971) 20 exemplares
The Whistle. (Seedling Book) (1939) 20 exemplares
Benjamin Franklin on education (1962) 16 exemplares
Apology for Printers (1955) 14 exemplares
The papers of Benjamin Franklin (1974) 12 exemplares
Autobiography & Other Writings (1958) 8 exemplares
L'Art de choisir sa maîtresse (2011) 7 exemplares
Little Masterpieces: Benjamin Franklin (1901) — Autor — 7 exemplares
Selections From Poor Richards (1988) — Autor — 7 exemplares
A Bird in the Hand 7 exemplares
The Silence Dogood Letters (1968) 7 exemplares
An autobiography 6 exemplares
Quotable Ben Franklin (2007) 6 exemplares
My dear girl II (1978) 6 exemplares
My dear girl (1977) 6 exemplares
Benjamin Franklin on marriage (1929) 4 exemplares
B. Franklin innovator 3 exemplares
El libro del hombre de bien (1964) 3 exemplares
The Works of Franklin (1932) 3 exemplares
The morals of chess (2011) 3 exemplares
Consigli per diventare ricchi (1993) 3 exemplares
FACETIAE FRANKLIANA 2 exemplares
The Printer Boy. 2 exemplares
Franklin's Works 1 exemplar
The Autobiography and Essays (2009) 1 exemplar
Comment devenir riche ? (2014) 1 exemplar
Cómo hacerse rico (2000) 1 exemplar
Satires and Bagatelles (2010) 1 exemplar
Benjamin Franklin: Diplomat (1999) 1 exemplar
Collected Works 1 exemplar
Franklin Benjamin 1 exemplar
Innovator; B. Franklin (1975) 1 exemplar
De l'emigration 1 exemplar
London, 1757-1775 (1990) 1 exemplar
Paris 1776-1785 (1990) 1 exemplar
Boston and London (1990) 1 exemplar
Philadelphia 1785-1790 (1990) 1 exemplar

Associated Works

Eric Carle's Animals Animals (1989) — Contribuidor — 2,198 exemplares
The American Revolution, Writings from the War of Independence (2001) — Contribuidor — 647 exemplares
Americans in Paris: A Literary Anthology (2004) — Contribuidor — 298 exemplares
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Volume 1 (1990) — Contribuidor, algumas edições255 exemplares
Russell Baker's Book of American Humor (1993) — Contribuidor — 209 exemplares
American Poetry: The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (2007) — Contribuidor — 200 exemplares
The Saturday Evening Post Treasury (1954) — Contribuidor — 137 exemplares
Witches' Brew (2002) — Contribuidor — 126 exemplares
American Antislavery Writings: Colonial Beginnings to Emancipation (2012) — Contribuidor — 122 exemplares
Classic American Autobiographies (1992) — Contribuidor — 91 exemplares
American Heritage: A Reader (2011) — Contribuidor — 83 exemplares
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Concise Edition (2003) — Contribuidor — 68 exemplares
Family Treasury of Great Biographies Volume 01 (1970) — Autor — 67 exemplares
Charlotte Temple [Norton Critical Edition] (2010) — Contribuidor — 42 exemplares
The Signet Book of American Essays (2006) — Contribuidor — 36 exemplares
In Search of the Simple Life: American Voices, Past and Present (1986) — Contribuidor — 34 exemplares
American Literature: The Makers and the Making (In Two Volumes) (1973) — Contribuidor, algumas edições25 exemplares
Lapham's Quarterly - The Future: Volume IV, Number 4, Fall 2011 (2011) — Contribuidor — 23 exemplares
Classic Essays in English (1961) — Contribuidor — 22 exemplares
14 Reader's Digest Books (1948) 13 exemplares
Bronnen van blijmoedigheid (1980) — Contribuidor — 9 exemplares
The World's Great Confessions (1929) 7 exemplares
An Autobiography of America (1929) — Contribuidor — 4 exemplares
Love & Marriage — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares

Etiquetado

Conhecimento Comum

Nome canónico
Franklin, Benjamin
Nome legal
Franklin, Benjamin
Outros nomes
Saunders, Richard (pseudonym)
Dogood, Silence
Data de nascimento
1706-01-17
Data de falecimento
1790-04-17
Localização do túmulo
Christ Church Burial Ground, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Plot: Very near 5th and Arch Streets corner
Sexo
male
Nacionalidade
British Empire (birth)
USA
País (no mapa)
USA
Local de nascimento
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Local de falecimento
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Causa da morte
pleuritic attack
Locais de residência
London, England, UK
Paris, France
Educação
Boston Latin School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
self-educated
Ocupações
writer
scientist
inventor
publisher
printer
journalist (mostrar todos 16)
diplomat
politician
President of the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania (1785-1788)
United States Ambassador to France (1778-1785)
United States Ambassador to Sweden (1782-1783)
United States Postmaster General (1775-1776)
Member of the Pennsylvania Assembly (1751-1757)
Member of the Pennsylvania Assembly (1762-1764)
Delegate to the Continental Congress (Pennsylvania)
Delegate to the United States Constitutional Convention (Pennsylvania)
Relações
Bache, Alexander Dallas (great-grandson)
Bache, Benjamin Franklin (grandson)
Bache, Franklin (great-grandson)
Franklin, Deborah (wife)
Organizações
Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania (1785)
Pennsylvania House of Representatives (1765)
Academy and College of Philadelphia
Freemasons
Prémios e menções honrosas
Fellow, Royal Society (1756)
Fellow, Royal Society of Arts (1756)
Fellow, Royal Society of Edinburgh (1783)
American Philosophical Society (1743)
Corresponding Member, Lunar Society of Birmingham (1758)
Copley Medal (1753)

Membros

Críticas

Franklin starts his autobiography by describing that his family originally emigrated from Northamptonshire in England where they had worked the land since the 1200's. In the colonies, Franklin's father was a candler and as was traditional, the son was expected to follow the father's trade. However, Franklin was obviously a very intelligent young man and his father supported his education.

Getting into the printing trade allowed him to publish pamphlets that suggested improvements in society. He also published a newspaper which was one of the first in the Colonies.

Franklin seems to have been involved in many of the big moments in early America including Braddocks defeat by the French and natives.

Despite written in the 18th Century, it is very readable and frequently illustrates Franklin's wit.
… (mais)
 
Assinalado
lamour | 110 outras críticas | Mar 23, 2024 |
This is a strange great book by an unusual man that lived in a storm of changes and actively contributed toward civil society, knowledge sharing and advancement. It is too difficult to capture all the nuance that makes Benjamin Franklin, and that his autobiography should be so straight and simple is a kind of magic.

One warning: he was also a product of his time, and his views on women, for example, can be jarring.
 
Assinalado
yates9 | 10 outras críticas | Feb 28, 2024 |
I like the beginning. It's nice to know more information about Benjamin Franklin.
 
Assinalado
hayprincessa | 110 outras críticas | Feb 20, 2024 |
Over Christmas, I started my journey with the "Books of American Wisdom" series from Applewood Books, snagging Benjamin Franklin's "Book of Virtues" as my first read. This work, published in a small 4x7 hardbound volume, is a brief primer on American values during Revolutionary times.

Written in the mid-18th century, this guide was Franklin's attempt to define and cultivate the virtues essential for living a virtuous life. He crafted this 28-page essay during a time of enlightenment, aiming to provide a blueprint for personal improvement and moral excellence. Years ago, while teaching at Squadron Officer School, I did a leadership lecture series based on this short but important work. I've summarized some of that for you below.

Spoilers follow: If you want skip the read but get the gist of the book continue below.
  1. Temperance: "Eat not to dullness; drink not to elevation." Temperance means moderation in all aspects of consumption. Today, this virtue translates to mindful eating and drinking—being aware of what and how much we consume—and choosing health and well-being over indulgence. In an era of fast food and faster lives, Franklin reminds us to slow down and make intentional choices for our physical and mental health.

  2. Silence: "Speak not but what may benefit others or yourself; avoid trifling conversation." In Franklin's age (or even up to about twenty years ago), this might have meant refraining from idle gossip. In today's digital age, this translates to keeping a thoughtful presence both on social media and in our personal interactions. Silence reminds us to contribute positively and constructively while avoiding the pitfalls of meaningless or harmful conversation. Use your voice for positive benefit.

  3. Order: "Let all your things have their places; let each part of your business have its time." Franklin's order is not about physical tidiness but the organization of life and setting priorities. Today, we need to seek work-life balance and set boundaries. Schedule yourself to prevent the stress of disorganization. In today's "work from home" or "always on" environment, this is increasingly difficult. Strive for balance.

  4. Resolution: "Resolve to perform what you ought; perform without fail what you resolve." Resolution is about commitment and reliability. In the words of another Patriot (John Stuart Mill), "Do your duty in all things. You can never do more; you should never wish to do less." Stick to your principles. Keep your promises. In a world full of distractions and ever-shifting priorities, be a pillar of dependability.

  5. Frugality: "Make no expense but to do good to others or yourself; i.e., waste nothing." Frugality for Franklin wasn't about mere penny-pinching; it was about value and intentionality in how resources are used. In a society driven by consumerism, frugality challenges us to rethink our relationship with money and material things, encouraging a life of simplicity, generosity, and mindful consumption. Make choices that align with your values and contribute to a larger good to ensure a legacy of not just wealth, but also kindness and responsibility.

  6. Industry: "Lose no time; be always employ'd in something useful; cut off all unnecessary actions." Industry is about diligence and productivity. In the modern world, it means embracing a work ethic that values proactivity and contributing meaningfully to our communities and workplaces. Balance ambition with well-being and don't let yourself burn out. Strive to find joy and value in your work. In an age where time is precious, spend it wisely to benefit yourself and others.

  7. Sincerity: "Use no hurtful deceit; think innocently and justly; and, if you speak, speak accordingly." Sincerity is about truthfulness and authenticity in our thoughts and communications. Today, it urges us to engage with the world with integrity and kindness. Be genuine in interactions with others. Avoid deceit. Foster relationships based on trust and respect. In an era where misinformation can spread rapidly, sincerity is a reminder to be thoughtful and to communicate with the intention of building understanding. Be authentic.

  8. Justice: "Wrong none by doing injuries, or omitting the benefits that are your duty." Justice is about fairness and righteousness. In today's world, it means standing up for what is right and ensuring fairness in our actions and decisions. It's about recognizing our duty to others and society, and not shying away from it. It doesn't mean "an eye for an eye." It's about acknowledging our shared humanity and the responsibilities that come with it, ensuring that our actions contribute positively to the lives of others and the rest of the world.

  9. Moderation: "Avoid extremes; forbear resenting injuries so much as you think they deserve." Moderation is about balance and self-control. Avoid extremes in emotions, actions, and opinions. Today, we must recognize the value of middle ground and the dangers of excess. Manage your reactions. Choose forgiveness over resentment. Cultivate behaviors that favor thinking over impulsive actions. In a world that is polarized and extreme, moderation is a reminder of the strength found in wisdom and in seeking different perspectives.

  10. Cleanliness: "Tolerate no uncleanliness in body, clothes, or habitation." For Franklin, cleanliness was not just about the physical but also about maintaining an environment that fosters health and efficiency. Today, it encompasses personal hygiene, an organized living space, and a clutter-free mind. Create surroundings that promote well-being and productivity and recognize that environments can significantly impact our state-of-mind. Respect yourself and others through the care you take in your personal and shared spaces. Aim for a life that is not only physically, but also mentally and emotionally well-ordered.

  11. Tranquility: "Be not disturbed at trifles, or at accidents common or unavoidable." Franklin defines tranquility as maintaining inner peace and composure, even in the face of difficulty. It's about cultivating a mindset that can withstand stress and upheaval—finding serenity amidst the chaos. Develop resilience. Practice mindfulness. Choose to react to situations with calm and thoughtful consideration. In an age of constant connectivity and immediate reactions, tranquility is a reminder of the power of a peaceful mind and the importance of keeping a good spirit in everything you do.

  12. Chastity: "Rarely use venery but for health or offspring, never to dullness, weakness, or the injury of another's peace or reputation." This is a fun one. Chastity, to Franklin, was about prudent and respectful engagement in sexual activities. "Venery" is an old term for sexual indulgence, which Franklin cautions against. Today, this virtue emphasizes the importance of consent, respect, and understanding in all relationships. It's about recognizing the profound impact behaviors have on your physical and emotional well-being, as well as that of others. Be mindful and responsible in your closest connections. Strive for healthy, respectful, and mutually beneficial relationships.

  13. Humility: "Imitate Jesus and Socrates." And the last...often the virtue that is most ignored. Franklin's reference to Jesus and Socrates highlights the virtues of modesty and open-mindedness. Today, humility is about acknowledging your limitations, being receptive to new ideas, and valuing others' contributions. Recognize that there is always room for growth and learning. In a society that often values self-promotion and certainty, humility reminds you to stay grounded, embrace your imperfections, and continuously strive to be better, more compassionate person.

After presenting his 13 virtues, Franklin delves into his own practical application of these principles. He shares his own approach to improvement, and even his schedule (bed at 1 am, then up at 5 am!), offering insights into the challenges and benefits of living a virtuous life. Franklin doesn't just dictate; he invites readers into his own journey of self-improvement, revealing his struggles and successes with candor and humility. This portion of the book is particularly engaging as it moves beyond theory into real experience, providing a better understanding of how these virtues can be cultivated and sustained over time.

Reading Franklin's "Book of Virtues" is like having a conversation with a wise mentor who understands the complexities of human nature. I recommend it for anyone interested in personal development, history, or philosophy. Franklin's approachable narrative and the timeless relevance of his virtues offer valuable insights for anyone looking to navigate life's challenges. The book serves as a reminder that the pursuit of virtue is never ending, but something we must all strive for.
… (mais)
 
Assinalado
howermj | Jan 4, 2024 |

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Mahlon Blaine Illustrator
Lewis Leary Introduction
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Dixon Wecter Introduction
Homer W. Colby Illustrator
NATHAN H DOLE Introduction
William Sharp Illustrator
Fredd Wayne Narrator
Thomas Hart Benton Illustrator
Arturo Uslar Pietri Introduction
Norman Rockwell Illustrator
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TJ Fisher Author

Estatísticas

Obras
431
Also by
37
Membros
16,741
Popularidade
#1,346
Avaliação
3.9
Críticas
181
ISBN
756
Línguas
18
Marcado como favorito
18

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