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About the Author

Galileo Galilei, the great astronomer and physicist whose researches played so crucial a role in the history of science, also occupies an important place in the history of philosophy for his part in overthrowing the predominant Aristotelian concept of the nature of the universe. Galileo considered mostrar mais himself a philosopher and referred to himself as such on the title pages of his most influential works. Much recent research has been devoted to examining both the philosophical background of Galileo's scientific achievements and the philosophical implications of his scientific method. Born in Pisa, the eldest son of a famous music theorist, Galileo entered on the study of medicine at the University of Pisa but quickly shifted his interest to mathematics. From 1589 to 1592, he taught mathematics at Pisa while studying independently with Jacopo Mazzoni, a distinguished professor of philosophy. His earliest scientific works, directed against Aristotle's account of freely falling bodies, date from this period. In 1592 he moved to Padua, where he lectured on mathematics and astronomy, and by 1597 he was defending the Copernican helicocentric theory of the universe in a letter to his friend Mazzoni. When in 1609, he learned of the invention of the telescope in Holland, Galileo quickly designed an improved version of the instrument for his own astronomical observations. His startling discoveries---including the satellites of Jupiter---were revealed in 1610 in his Starry Messenger (Sidereus nuncius), which led to his appointment as mathematician and philosopher to the Grand Duke of Tuscany. On a visit to Rome in 1611, he demonstrated the power of his instrument and defended the Copernican worldview in learned circles. Church authorities were divided on the question of whether the Copernican theory was consistent with scriptural accounts of the cosmos, and Galileo's position was attacked on theological grounds. He defended himself eloquently in his famous Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina (1615), arguing for the independence of scientific inquiry from theological constraints. Nevertheless, in the following year, he was forbidden to hold or teach the Copernican view. Retiring to Florence to pursue his scientific researches, Galileo let the Copernican question lie until a new pope, Urban VIII, seemed to offer a more favorable reception to his views. In 1632 he brought out his great Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, a presentation of the Ptolemaic-Aristotelian and Copernican systems heavily weighted in favor of the scientific superiority of the latter. In spite of the support of his Florentine and Roman friends, Galileo was tried and forced to recant his defense of helicocentrism under the threat of torture; the Dialogue was placed on the Index of Prohibited Books and its author sentenced to house arrest for life. Galileo's last years were spent in scientific investigations that culminated in the publication of his Discourses on Two New Sciences (1638). Galileo's legacy as a philosopher lies in his outspoken defense of the autonomy of scientific investigation from philosophical and theological authority, and his conviction that mathematical proofs can and should be sought in physical science, that celestial and terrestrial phenomena can be accounted for by a single set of scientific laws, and that scientific explanations cannot be divorced from direct empirical observation of phenomena. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
Image credit: Justus Sustermans

Séries

Obras por Galileo Galilei

Britannica Great Books: Gilbert, Galileo, Harvey (1600) — Autor — 330 exemplares
The Essential Galileo (2008) 91 exemplares
Il saggiatore (1900) 72 exemplares
Carta a Cristina de Lorena (1994) 27 exemplares
On Sunspots (1613) 22 exemplares
Opere (1953) 20 exemplares
Antologia (1974) 16 exemplares
Breven om solfläckarna (1613) 12 exemplares
Discourse on bodies in water (2005) 11 exemplares
Galileo Galilei (1977) 5 exemplares
Sul candore della Luna (2019) 5 exemplares
Lettere (2008) 5 exemplares
Opere (2005) 5 exemplares
Le lettere copernicane (1997) 5 exemplares
Opere volume I 4 exemplares
Kijker, kerk en kosmos (2017) 4 exemplares
Le opere di Galileo Galilei (2015) 3 exemplares
Scritti letterari 3 exemplares
Schriften, Briefe, Dokumente (2005) 3 exemplares
Prose scelte 3 exemplares
Frammenti e lettere 3 exemplares
Leçons sur l'Enfer de Dante (2008) 3 exemplares
Galileu & Newton 2 exemplares
Contro il portar la toga (2009) 2 exemplares
Genius - Galileo (2006) 2 exemplares
Discourse on Floating Bodies (2011) 2 exemplares
Le mecaniche (2002) 2 exemplares
Galilei, Galileo (1995) 2 exemplares
La prosa 2 exemplares
Galileo e gli scienziati del Seicento — Autor — 2 exemplares
Ground Power #104 1 exemplar
Ground Power #105 1 exemplar
Opere 1 1 exemplar
Opere 2 1 exemplar
Galileu 1 exemplar
Rime 1 exemplar
Ground Power #108 1 exemplar
Ground Power #109 1 exemplar
Die 80er Jahre 1 exemplar
El ensayador 1 exemplar
SIDEREUS NUNCUS 1 exemplar
Die 50er Jahre 1 exemplar
Die 60er Jahre 1 exemplar
Die 70er Jahre 1 exemplar
Die 90er Jahre 1 exemplar
Galilei [Opere di] 1 exemplar
Ground Power #129 1 exemplar
Ground Power #155 1 exemplar
Ground Power #133 1 exemplar
Ground Power #139 1 exemplar
Ground Power #140 1 exemplar
Ground Power #141 1 exemplar
Ground Power #142 1 exemplar
Ground Power #153 1 exemplar
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Ground Power #158 1 exemplar
Great Books 28 1 exemplar
Ground Power #161 1 exemplar
Ground Power #170 1 exemplar
Ground Power #174 1 exemplar
Ground Power #178 1 exemplar
Ground Power #146 1 exemplar
Ground Power #147 1 exemplar
Die spinnen, die Engländer (2013) 1 exemplar
Le rime (2001) 1 exemplar
Opere letterarie 1 exemplar
De motu 1 exemplar
Discorso delle comete (2002) 1 exemplar
Opere vol. 34° 1 exemplar
Rime 1 exemplar
Opere vol. 2 1 exemplar
Noticiero sideral 1 exemplar

Associated Works

On the Shoulders of Giants: The Great Works of Physics and Astronomy (2002) — Contribuidor — 1,199 exemplares
The Scientific Background to Modern Philosophy: Selected Readings (1989) — Contribuidor — 153 exemplares
The World of Mathematics, Volume 2 (1956) — Contribuidor — 119 exemplares
Meeting of Minds: First Series (1978) — Subject — 57 exemplares
Cause, Experiment, and Science (1981) — Contribuidor — 35 exemplares
The Sheed and Ward Anthology of Catholic Philosophy (2005) — Contribuidor — 28 exemplares
Galileo Galilei (1977) — Associated Name — 27 exemplares
Philosophical Issues: A Contemporary Introduction (1972) — Contribuidor — 17 exemplares

Etiquetado

Conhecimento Comum

Nome canónico
Galilei, Galileo
Nome legal
Galilei, Galileo di Vincenzo Bonaiuti de'
Outros nomes
GALILEI, Galileo
Data de nascimento
1564-02-15
Data de falecimento
1642-01-08
Localização do túmulo
Church of Santa Croce, Florence, Italy
Sexo
male
Nacionalidade
Tuscany
País (no mapa)
Italy
Local de nascimento
Pisa, Duchy of Florence
Local de falecimento
Arcetri, Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Locais de residência
Pisa, Italy (birth)
Padua, Italy
Florence, Tuscany, Italy
Educação
Pisa University
Ocupações
professor(mathematics ∙ Padua University)
astronomer
mathematician
writer
author
philosopher
Relações
Celeste, Sister Maria (daughter)
Organizações
University of Pisa
University of Padua
Prémios e menções honrosas
Accademia dei Ricovrati

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How can one summarize Galileo? He asked questions no one could answer, and then invented ways to answer them himself. He was the great Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher, and the father of modern science.

Membros

Discussions

Galileo Galilei em Legacy Libraries (Janeiro 2014)

Críticas

Optional reading for my first-year students of Science: History and Culture. A very readable, readily understandable argument for a sun-centred solar system rather than the then current earth-centred universe.
 
Assinalado
sfj2 | 4 outras críticas | May 21, 2024 |
Incredibly well-edited selection of writings, invaluable for understanding the history of science, rhetoric, theology, and cosmology.
 
Assinalado
sashame | 3 outras críticas | Dec 9, 2018 |
This volume, subtitled “From Doubt to Astonishment,” includes a facsimile copy of Galileo’s Sidereus nuncius from the Library of Congress’s Rare Books and Special Collections. Accompanying the discourse are the proceedings from the Library of Congress’s November 2010 symposium celebrating the four hundredth anniversary of Galileo’s treatise. Also included in this amazing volume is the Albert Van Helden translation of Galileo’s scientific text.

Highly recommended.
 
Assinalado
jfe16 | 2 outras críticas | Nov 8, 2018 |
CONSIDERACIONES Y DEMOSTRACIONES MATEMÁTICAS SOBRE DOS NUEVAS CIENCIAS

Esta obra del astrónomo y físico italiano Galileo Galilei, cuyo título completo es Discursos y demostraciones matemáticas en torno a dos nuevas ciencias referidas a la mecánica y a los movimientos locales, fue publicada en la tipografía de los Elzevir en Leyden, en 1638, y dedicada por el autor al conde de Noailles. Última de las obras publicadas por Galileo, fue preparada desde la reclusión forzosa a que lo condenó el segundo proceso inquisitorial, y que Galileo pasó en su quinta de Arcetri, en compañía de sus discípulos; sin embargo, parte de los materiales que la componen son anteriores a 1609, año en que inició su fecunda dedicación a la astronomía.

Galileo con sus discípulos en la quinta de Arcetri

Por esta naturaleza parcialmente recopilatoria, los Discursos y demostraciones matemáticas contienen la mayor parte de las más relevantes aportaciones de Galileo a la física. Presentada en forma de diálogo entre tres interlocutores (los mismos que entablaron el Diálogo sobre los dos máximos sistemas del mundo), la obra se dividía en la edición de 1638 en cuatro jornadas. Las dos primeras tratan de la estructura de los materiales, y conforman la exposición de la "ciencia nueva" que hoy llamamos estática. La tercera se ocupa del movimiento uniforme y uniformemente acelerado de los cuerpos, y la cuarta de la trayectoria de los proyectiles; en ambas se debate la segunda "ciencia nueva", hoy llamada dinámica. A partir de la edición florentina de 1718 se añadieron dos nuevas jornadas: "Sobre la definición de las proporciones de Euclides" y "De la fuerza de percusión".

Con la inserción de no pocas divagaciones geniales y útiles sobre otros asuntos, las dos primeras partes de la obra versan sobre la ciencia del equilibrio de las fuerzas y de la resistencia de los materiales. En ellas se exponen el principio de acción y reacción y diversas consideraciones sobre la cohesión, sobre el vacío, sobre lo continuo y discontinuo y sobre el infinito, todo ello completado con no pocas demostraciones geométricas en las que predomina el sentido de las proporciones, que, como los antiguos griegos, con tanta sagacidad utilizó para sus exposiciones, sin recurrir jamás a fórmulas algebraicas.
… (mais)
 
Assinalado
FundacionRosacruz | Jan 3, 2018 |

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Estatísticas

Obras
226
Also by
9
Membros
3,396
Popularidade
#7,506
Avaliação
4.0
Críticas
26
ISBN
199
Línguas
16
Marcado como favorito
10

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