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Nikolai Gogol (1809–1852)

Autor(a) de The dead souls

503+ Works 24,456 Membros 330 Críticas 144 Favorited

About the Author

Nikolai Vasilevich Gogol was born in 1809 in the Ukraine. His father was an amateur playwright who had a small estate with a number of serfs. From the ages of 12 to 19, young Gogol attended a boarding school where he became known for his sharp wit and ability to amuse his classmates. After school mostrar mais he worked as a government clerk. He soon began writing memories of his childhood. His quaint depictions of the Ukrainian countryside marked his style and helped to make him famous. Gogol quickly gained fame and formed a friendship with the influential poet, Aleksandr Pushkin. Gogol is largely remembered for his realistic characterizations, his rich imagination, and his humorous style. His works include Mirgorod, a collection of short stories including Taras Bulba. Gogol's wit is evident in his short story, The Nose, where a man's nose wanders off around town in a carriage. Gogol's masterpiece is the novel Dead Souls. In this work, a swindler plots to buy from landowners their dead serfs. Towards the end of Gogol's life, his creative powers faded and he fled to Moscow. Here, he came under the power of a fanatical priest. Ten days before his death he burned some manuscripts of the second part of Dead Souls. He died of starvation in 1852, on the cusp of madness. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos

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Image credit: Photo by Vezenberg & Co., St. Petersburg, circa 1880-1886
(George Kennan Papers,
LoC Prints and Photographs Division,


Obras por Nikolai Gogol

The dead souls (1842) — Autor — 9,154 exemplares
The Collected Tales of Nikolai Gogol (1998) 1,597 exemplares
Taras Bulba (1835) 1,002 exemplares
The Inspector General (1836) 950 exemplares
The Overcoat (1842) 829 exemplares
St Petersburg Tales (1835) 713 exemplares
Diary of a Madman (1835) 461 exemplares
The Nose (1836) 408 exemplares
The Overcoat / The Nose (1842) — Autor — 371 exemplares
The Night Before Christmas (1832) 243 exemplares
Taras Bulba and Other Tales (1830) 223 exemplares
Evenings on a Farm Near Dikanka (1926) 220 exemplares
How the Two Ivans Quarrelled (1834) 197 exemplares
The Nose / The Carriage (2015) 195 exemplares
The Portrait (1835) 140 exemplares
The Collected Stories of Gogol (2009) 132 exemplares
Viy (1835) 120 exemplares
Mirgorod (1835) 101 exemplares
Meditations on the Divine Liturgy (1960) 75 exemplares
100 Eternal Masterpieces of Literature - volume 2 (2020) — Contribuidor — 69 exemplares
Nevsky Prospect (1976) 68 exemplares
Sorotchintzy Fair (1831) 58 exemplares
100 Eternal Masterpieces of Literature - volume 1 (2017) — Contribuidor — 56 exemplares
The Nose [adaption] (1993) 52 exemplares
Tales of Good and Evil (1949) 44 exemplares
I racconti degli Arabeschi (1982) 40 exemplares
Marriage (1969) — Autor — 39 exemplares
Ukrainska noveller (1969) 38 exemplares
The Mantle and Other Stories (1901) 35 exemplares
Verhalen (1984) 34 exemplares
Black Sunday [1960 film] (1960) — Writer — 33 exemplares
The Vampire: An Anthology (1963) — Contribuidor — 28 exemplares
Gogol : Oeuvres complètes (1966) 24 exemplares
Petersburger Novellen (1835) 21 exemplares
Roma (2008) 21 exemplares
Meistererzählungen (1949) 20 exemplares
A Selection (1980) 20 exemplares
Old Russian Stories (1951) 19 exemplares
The Nose / Diary of a Madman (2000) 18 exemplares
Inspector and Other Plays (2000) 18 exemplares
A May Evening (1831) 17 exemplares
Kadonnut kirje (1831) 16 exemplares
Prospettiva Nevskij - Il cappotto (2011) 16 exemplares
Les nouvelles de Pétersbourg (2007) 16 exemplares
Reviisori ; Päällysviitta (1975) 16 exemplares
The Nose / The Portrait (1979) 15 exemplares
A köpönyeg ; Az orr ; A revizor (1983) 15 exemplares
The Overcoat / The Portrait (2000) 15 exemplares
St. John's Eve (1830) 14 exemplares
Opere (1996) 13 exemplares
Teatro Completo (2009) 13 exemplares
Sämtliche Erzählungen (1961) 13 exemplares
Gesammelte Werke (2009) 12 exemplares
Opere vol. 2 (2006) 10 exemplares
The Overcoat: And Other Stories (2016) 10 exemplares
Opere, vol. I (1994) 9 exemplares
Opowiadania (1984) 9 exemplares
Evlenme - Kumarbazlar (ciltli) (2012) 9 exemplares
O Nariz, o Retrato (1995) 9 exemplares
Six Russian Short Novels (1963) 9 exemplares
Obras completas (1968) 9 exemplares
Spookverhalen (1999) 9 exemplares
Mertvye dushi. Revizor. Povesti (2005) 8 exemplares
Christmas Eve ; Taras Bulba (2001) 7 exemplares
The Carriage 7 exemplares
De kales (2014) 7 exemplares
Die Nase. Erzählungen Reclam (1979) 6 exemplares
外套・鼻 (岩波文庫) (2006) 6 exemplares
Cuentos (Spanish Edition) (2012) 6 exemplares
Letters of Nikolai Gogol (1967) 6 exemplares
Повести (1994) 6 exemplares
Taras Bulba y otros relatos (1984) 5 exemplares
Verzamelde werken 5 exemplares
Tutti i racconti (2004) 5 exemplares
Gogol művei 5 exemplares
Julenatt og andre fortellinger (1979) 5 exemplares
Cuentos completos 4 exemplares
Troika (2004) 4 exemplares
Taras Bulba and Other Tales (2014) 4 exemplares
De gokkers (2014) 4 exemplares
Povesti (2009) 4 exemplares
Kappen : noveller 4 exemplares
Сочинения 4 exemplares
Det fr̲lorade brevet ; Kappan (2010) — Autor — 4 exemplares
Cossack tales (2010) 4 exemplares
Die großen Erzählungen (2008) 4 exemplares
The Old World Landowners (2009) 4 exemplares
Cuentos completos (1970) 4 exemplares
Jutustused 4 exemplares
Erzählungen (1957) 3 exemplares
Obras (1982) — Autor — 3 exemplares
˜Les œjoueurs (1993) 3 exemplares
Izbrannaya Prosa (1996) 3 exemplares
Nikolai Gogol: The Best Works (2018) 3 exemplares
Der Zauberer (1832) 3 exemplares
Due storie pietroburghesi (2012) 3 exemplares
Werke 3 exemplares
________: __________ 2 exemplares
Wybór utworów 2 exemplares
Nos i druge priče (2021) 2 exemplares
Akşam Toplantıları 2 exemplares
Die schönsten Erzählungen (2009) 2 exemplares
Dead souls ; Taras Bulba (1989) 2 exemplares
検察官 (岩波文庫) (1961) 2 exemplares
Das Porträt (2023) 2 exemplares
Die toten Seelen. Ein Poem. (1993) 2 exemplares
Die Nase, 1 Audio-CD (2000) 2 exemplares
Üç Öykü 2 exemplares
Hanz Küchelgarten (2014) 2 exemplares
Valitud jutustusi 2 exemplares
Russische Novellen 2 exemplares
CUENTOS ELEGIDOS (2013) 2 exemplares
Petersburg Tales 2 exemplares
Short Fiction 2 exemplares
Evenings in Little Russia (1903) 2 exemplares
Veillées d'ukraine. 2 vol. (1928) 2 exemplares
Arabeskler 1 exemplar
TOPLU OYUNLARI 1 (2017) 1 exemplar
Butun Oyunlari (2015) 1 exemplar
Komedii 1 exemplar
St. John's Eve: Annotated (2020) 1 exemplar
Racconti 1 exemplar
Novelle 1 exemplar
Novelle ukraine 1 exemplar
Top class omnibus 2 (1976) 1 exemplar
Der Zauberer - Der Mantel (1900) 1 exemplar
The Complete Tales 1 exemplar
Tarás Bulba ; Nochebuena (1901) 1 exemplar
Home life in Russia (1854) 1 exemplar
Taras Bulba [ 1 exemplar
Zapiski sumasshedshego (2017) 1 exemplar
Spillere Frieriet 1 exemplar
[Tales] (1990) 1 exemplar
Cuadros maestros 1 exemplar
Povesti (2015) 1 exemplar
Contos Universais 1 exemplar
Gogols Werke 1 exemplar
Opere vol. IV 1 exemplar
Povesti 1 exemplar
Petersborg-fortællinger (2021) 1 exemplar
Selection (1980) 1 exemplar
Izbrannoe 1 exemplar
OBRA COMPLETA 1 exemplar
Kosakengeschichten. (1971) 1 exemplar
Revizor ; Ženidba 1 exemplar
Sinjel i druge price (2020) 1 exemplar
[Rasskazy] 1 exemplar
A Selection II 1 exemplar
Tvory 1 exemplar
Cuentos ucranianos 1 exemplar
Teatro completo 1 exemplar
Brenin yr ellyllon 1 exemplar
Ispovest 1 exemplar
Novele 1 exemplar
Short stories 1 exemplar
Избранное 1 exemplar
2 nouvelles de Pétersbourg (2020) 1 exemplar
Contes & nouvelles 1 exemplar
Phantastische Novellen. T. 1 (1947) 1 exemplar
Phantastische Novellen. T. 2 (1947) 1 exemplar
Ivan Ivanovitsj 1 exemplar
Taras Bulba Y Otros Relatos (1901) 1 exemplar
GOGOL 1 exemplar
Die Legende von Sleepy Hollow und andere Erzählungen (2013) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar
I grandi romanzi russi: Nuove traduzioni (2015) — Autor — 1 exemplar
Ein Landjunker [Erzählung] (1832) 1 exemplar

Associated Works

Fantastic Tales: Visionary and Everyday (1983) — Contribuidor — 428 exemplares
Best Russian Short Stories (1917) — Contribuidor — 313 exemplares
Witches & Warlocks: Tales of Black Magic, Old & New (1991) — Contribuidor — 283 exemplares
Six Great Modern Short Novels (1954) — Contribuidor — 276 exemplares
Russian Short Stories from Pushkin to Buida (2005) — Contribuidor — 223 exemplares
The Portable Nineteenth-Century Russian Reader (1993) — Autor, algumas edições203 exemplares
The Big Book of Classic Fantasy (2019) — Contribuidor — 164 exemplares
Randall Jarrell's Book of Stories (1958) — Contribuidor — 142 exemplares
Great Russian Short Stories (Dover Thrift Editions) (2003) — Contribuidor — 136 exemplares
Chilling Ghost Short Stories (2015) — Contribuidor — 111 exemplares
Magical Realist Fiction: An Anthology (1984) — Contribuidor — 111 exemplares
The Ghouls (1971) — Contribuidor — 106 exemplares
Great Russian Plays (1960) — Contribuidor — 96 exemplares
The Inspector General [1949 film] (1949) — Writer — 89 exemplares
The Government Inspector and Other Russian Plays (1972) — Contribuidor — 79 exemplares
The Modern Theatre, Volume 3 (1955) — Contribuidor — 70 exemplares
Out of the Blue: Russia's Hidden Gay Literature : An Anthology (1996) — Contribuidor — 60 exemplares
Treasury of the Theatre: From Aeschylus to Ostrovsky (1967) — Contribuidor — 48 exemplares
The Modern Theatre, Volume 5 (1957) — Contribuidor — 42 exemplares
19th Century Russian Drama (1963) — Contribuidor — 23 exemplares
The Storm and Other Russian Plays (1960) — Contribuidor, algumas edições23 exemplares
Isaac Asimov Presents the Best Fantasy of the 19th Century (1982) — Contribuidor — 22 exemplares
Bakoenin : een biografie in tijdsdocumenten (1977) — Contribuidor — 19 exemplares
The Blue Flower : Best Stories of the Romanticists (1955) — Autor — 19 exemplares
Meesters der Russische vertelkunst (1948) — Contribuidor — 17 exemplares
Dracula's Brethren (2017) — Contribuidor — 16 exemplares
All verdens fortellere (1990) — Contribuidor, algumas edições15 exemplares
Russian 19th-century Gothic Tales (1984) — Contribuidor — 15 exemplares
Penguin Christmas Classics (2016) 13 exemplares
Story to Anti-Story (1979) — Contribuidor — 13 exemplares
Selected Russian Short Stories (1928) — Contribuidor — 13 exemplares
Russische verhalen (1965) — Contribuidor — 11 exemplares
Omnibus der Russische groten (1965) — Contribuidor — 9 exemplares
Verhalen omnibus (1967) — Contribuidor — 7 exemplares
De 43ste april : zeven verhalen op één thema (1961) — Contribuidor — 6 exemplares
The Ghouls, Book Two (1974) — Contribuidor — 6 exemplares
Skaz: Masters of Russian Storytelling (2014) — Contribuidor — 5 exemplares
The humour of Russia — Contribuidor — 4 exemplares
Tyve mesterfortællinger — Contribuidor, algumas edições4 exemplares
Piirakkasota : Valikoima huumoria — Contribuidor — 3 exemplares
Short Fiction: Shape and Substance (1971) — Contribuidor — 3 exemplares
The Omnibus of Pleasure : A Pleasure Primer (1943) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
Representative Modern Short Stories (1929) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
Duchy Nocy Świętojańskiej — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar
CBS Radio Mystery Theater: Diary of a Madman (1974) — Autor — 1 exemplar
Profil d'une oeuvre : Nouvelles de Pétersbourg, Gogol (1998) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar


1001 (67) 1001 books (78) a ler (1,446) antologia (333) Arte e cultura clássicas (401) clássico (280) colecção (65) Conto (67) contos (1,282) contos (213) Drama (211) e-livro (74) Escrita (87) Fantasia (119) Ficção (2,536) Gogol (178) Humor (102) Kindle (85) lido (163) Literatura (774) Literatura da Rússia (1,801) literatura do século XIX (81) Natal na Alemanha (82) Nikolai Gogol (82) Não ficção (77) own (77) peças (75) por ler (124) Romance (357) romano (97) Russian fiction (153) russo (1,010) Rússia (1,011) Sátira (173) Século XIX (686) teatro (82) terror (114) Tradução (185) translated (70) Ucrânia (74)

Conhecimento Comum



Dead Souls em Fans of Russian authors (Março 2019)


Ik las dit een eerste keer, meer dan 45 jaar geleden, toen ik nog maar 17 was. Ik had toen al enkele novellen van Gogol gelezen, tot groot vermaak, maar dit was andere koek: een kloeke roman, bovendien onafgewerkt. De vlotte verteltrant, de grappige karaktertekening en de onwaarschijnlijke intrige namen me direct voor het boek in. Het was het begin van mijn “Russische periode”, een fascinatie die twee jaar zou duren en van Gogol oversloeg op Toergenjew om uiteraard te culmineren in Dostojevski en Tolstoi. Het zal voor andere fervente lezers wel herkenbaar zijn.
Nu, zoveel later, las ik het opnieuw. En opnieuw werd ik gegrepen door de omstandige verteltrant en het aanstekelijk verhaal. Gogol heeft zich bewust op het standpunt gezet van de alwetende verteller, die zijn toehoorder meeneemt in een met veel smaak verteld verhaal, met de nodige uitweidingen, treffende karaktertekeningen, beschrijvingen van landschappen en op tijd en stond een moraliserende opmerking. Wat me nu vooral opviel is dat het de auteur duidelijk niet zozeer om Tsjitsjikow zelf te doen is, onze would-be landeigenaar die de namen van gestorven horigen opkoopt om zich enige status aan te meten. Pas in hoofdstuk 11, ongeveer halfweg de roman, begint Gogol wat uit te weiden over het karakter, de jeugd en de ambitie van zijn protagonist.
En naar mijn mening was het de auteur ook niet zozeer te doen om het vermakelijke, picareske gehalte van de avonturen van zijn (anti)-held, die er weliswaar in slaagt een boel mensen voor de gek te houden, maar wiens fortuin zelf op- en neer gaat, en zowel gefêteerd als vernederd wordt. Neen, dat picareske is – zoals in elke picareske roman – maar de verpakking die de ware focus van het verhaal moet verhullen.
En wat is die focus dan wel? Wel, zeker in het lange (en afgewerkte) eerste deel is die duidelijk een tekening van de Russische ziel, in heel zijn diversiteit, zowel van boeren en lakeien als van nobelen en landeigenaars. Gogol zet ze met veel smaak te kijk, met al hun onhebbelijkheden, met als moraliserende ondertoon: ach, groot of klein, we zijn allemaal maar zielige mensen, die allemaal onderhevig zijn aan de luimen van het lot, en die allemaal onze kleine kantjes hebben. Je zou er eindeloos over kunnen discussiëren of het mensbeeld van Gogol in essentie misantropisch is of niet, maar voor mij spreekt er uit deze roman en uit zijn novellen een oprecht mededogen voor de menselijke conditie. Dat is wat deze schrijver zo groot maakt.
Het is spijtig dat ‘Dode Zielen’ onafgewerkt tot ons is gekomen. Vooral het tweede deel lijdt daar wel onder. Het is ook – in zijn overgeleverde staat – een beetje anders van karakter: veel minder picaresk, veel minder een kaleidoscoop van de Russische mens, veel meer moraliserend. Met zijn uitgebreide aandacht voor een vlijtige landeigenaar, die zijn landgoed heel efficiënt bestuurt, lijkt Gogol zelfs duidelijk een traktaat voor collega’s landeigenaars te hebben geschreven. Diezelfde ambiguïteit is ook terug te vinden als de auteur het over Rusland, met een heel grote ‘R’ heeft: op tijd en stond, en meer nog in het 2de deel heft hij een lofzang aan op zijn vaderland en onderstreept hij het unieke karakter van de Russische waarden en normen, de Russische inborst, enzovoort; maar het gemak waarmee hij zijn romanfiguren te kijk stelt en ridiculiseert, en zelfs uitdrukkelijk wijst op Russische zwakheden, doet vermoeden dat we die lof met een korrel zout moeten nemen. Het was Gogol dus onvermijdelijk om de universele mens te doen, en dat is een waarde van zijn oeuvre die wellicht altijd zal blijven aanspreken.
… (mais)
1 vote
bookomaniac | 119 outras críticas | Feb 4, 2024 |
To be clear, Volume one of this book is a 5 star work, no question about it, and I would venture to guess it is solely upon this part of the book that Dead Souls reputation as a classic rests. So rare is it to find a work of art, even among the very best works, where you feel like the creator is right there with you, leading you along the winding path of their work, and you are able to completely relinquish yourself to the process of absorbing what they have made. Gogol achieves this effect in Vol. 1. This was clearly an artist that felt no pressure to make his story conform to any convention, and simply follows his interests towards wherever they might take them. Interspersed with extremely funny scenes (all the more impressive for having survived 200 years of interceding time as well as translation across culture and language) we get meditation on the psychology of humanity, reflections on the state of Russia, and beautifully vibrant descriptions of scenes and landscapes. The plot isn’t of great importance here as each new encounter Chichikov has with the sundry noblemen and landowners he meets along the way follow the same general pattern - what makes this a classic is the probably the same thing that raises every good story to the level of real art - the keen eye and capacious intellect of the artist.

I’m far from the first to think Vol. 2 is a big drop off - that’s general consensus it seems. Besides the fact that this part of the book seems only partially finished (so much so that my edition included more than a dozen footnotes denoting blank spaces in the manuscript or errors in continuity) it also loses the gleeful cynicism that makes Vol. 1 so funny and relatable, as people haven’t changed much in the intervening couple of centuries. Wikipedia tells me Gogol was a conservative, although like all the best satires, the political perspective of the creator isn’t important when it’s done right. Vol. 2 it’s easier to see where he was coming from, when Chichikov gets his comeuppance for all his slimy wheeling and dealing. Apparently Dead Souls was meant to be a kind of Divine Comedy, with Chichikov making his way from a good for nothing shister to a pious example of Russian morality. Maybe it’s just me, but I’m not so interested in this transformation, nor do I think writing this kind of story is where Gogol’s talent lies. There are a few scenes where the inspiration of Vol. 1 shines through, but not enough to save it from dragging.
… (mais)
hdeanfreemanjr | 119 outras críticas | Jan 29, 2024 |
It took me a long time to finish this story collection. I enjoyed some of the stories, especially the one that lends its title to the overall book. The story of the madman is hilarious, somewhat along the lines of the John Steinbeck book [b:The Short Reign of Pippin IV|186371|The Short Reign of Pippin IV|John Steinbeck|https://d.gr-assets.com/books/1386745675s/186371.jpg|2455975], but funnier. I also enjoyed the cultural snapshot of Cussacks in the Ukraine, as depicted in the longer story "Taras Bulba". I'd already read "The Overcoat" a few times, and while I didn't ever really love that story, it is a decent short story. But, the more I read of Gogol, the more tired and annoyed I got at Gogol's attitudes towards women. Occasionally he'll say something fair and reasonable, like when he talks about the lonely, unrewarding life of the Cossack woman who has the misfortune to be married to Taras Bulba. But after such passages he goes back to his normal state, within which women and sexuality are scary or evil or at best unknown. I feel sorry for classic authors with such gender issues, and Gogol's writing is good even with his limitations, but for modern readers his stories have awfully machoist characters and themes, interesting but not always satisfying.… (mais)
JBarringer | 4 outras críticas | Dec 15, 2023 |


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Fritz Janschka Illustrator
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