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Alexander Hamilton (1) (1755–1804)

Autor(a) de The Federalist Papers

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124+ Works 11,813 Membros 77 Críticas 10 Favorited

About the Author

Alexander Hamilton was born on January 11, 1757 on the West Indian Island of Nevis. His mother died in 1769, around the same time his father went bankrupt. Hamilton joined a counting house in St. Croix where he excelled at accounting. From 1772 until 1774, he attended a grammar school in mostrar mais Elizabethtown, New Jersey, and went on to study at King's College. Hamilton entered the Revolutionary movement in 1774 at a public gathering in New York City with a speech urging the calling of a general meeting of the colonies. That same year, he anonymously wrote two pamphlets entitled, A Full Vindication of the Measures of Congress from the Calumnies of Their Enemies and The Farmer Refuted. When the Revolutionary War began, Hamilton joined the army and became a Captain of artillery, where he served with distinction in the battles of Long Island, White Plains, Trenton and Princeton. He was introduced to George Washington by General Nathaniel Greene with a recommendation for advancement. Washington made Hamilton his aide-de-camp and personal secretary. He resigned in 1781 after a dispute with the General, but remained in the army and commanded a New York regiment of light infantry in the Battle of Yorktown. Hamilton left the army at the end of the war, and began studying law in Albany, New York. He served in the Continental Congress in 1782-83, before returning to practice law, becoming one of the most prominent lawyers in New York City. In 1786, Hamilton participated in the Annapolis Convention and drafted the resolution that led to assembling the Constitutional Convention in 1787. He then helped to secure the ratification of the Constitution of New York with the help of John Jay and James Madison, who together wrote the collection of 85 essays which would become known as The Federalist. Hamilton wrote at least 51 of the essays. In 1789, Washington appointed him the first Secretary of the Treasury, a position at which he excelled at and gained a vast influence in domestic and foreign issues, having convinced Washington to adopt a neutral policy when war broke out in Europe in 1793. In 1794, Hamilton wrote the instructions for a diplomatic mission which would lead to the signing of Jay's Treaty. He returned to his law practice in 1795. President John Adams appointed Hamilton Inspector General of the Army at the urging of Washington. He was very much involved with the politics of the country though, and focused his attentions on the presidential race of 1800. Hamilton did not like Aaron Burr and went out of his way to make sure that he did not attain a nomination. Similarly, when Burr ran for mayor of New York, Hamilton set about to ruin his chances for that position as well. Burr provoked an argument with Hamilton to force him to duel. Hamilton accepted and the two met on July 11, 1804 at Weehawken, New Jersey. Hamilton was shot and mortally wounded and died on July 12, 1804. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
Image credit: Via Wikimedia Commons

Obras por Alexander Hamilton

The Federalist Papers (1787) 10,029 exemplares
Alexander Hamilton: Writings (2001) 433 exemplares
The Essential Hamilton: Letters & Other Writings (2017) — Autor — 68 exemplares
The Reports of Alexander Hamilton (1964) 14 exemplares
The papers of Alexander Hamilton (1974) 10 exemplares
The U.S. Constitution (2005) 2 exemplares
The Mind Of Alexander Hamilton (1958) 2 exemplares
Paul Rever's Ride 1 exemplar
Le Fédéraliste 1 exemplar

Associated Works

The Declaration of Independence / The Constitution of the United States (1776)algumas edições1,919 exemplares
American Historical Documents (1910) — Contribuidor — 771 exemplares
The American Revolution, Writings from the War of Independence (2001) — Contribuidor — 648 exemplares
American Government: Readings and Cases (1977) — Contribuidor, algumas edições246 exemplares
The Portable Conservative Reader (1982) — Contribuidor — 211 exemplares
Love Letters (1996) — Contribuidor — 183 exemplares
The Origins of the American Constitution (1986) — Contribuidor — 180 exemplares
American Heritage: A Reader (2011) — Contribuidor — 83 exemplares

Etiquetado

Conhecimento Comum

Nome legal
Hamilton, Alexander
Data de nascimento
1755-01-11
1757-01-11
Data de falecimento
1804-07-12
Localização do túmulo
Trinity Church Cemetery, New York, New York, USA
Sexo
male
Nacionalidade
Saint Kitts and Nevis (birth)
USA
País (no mapa)
USA
Local de nascimento
Charlestown, Saint Kitts and Nevis
Local de falecimento
New York, New York, USA
Causa da morte
killed in duel
Locais de residência
New York, New York, USA
Charlestown, Saint Kitts and Nevis
Christiansted, Virgin Islands, USA
Elizabethtown, New Jersey, USA
Educação
King's College
Columbia College (MA|1788)
Ocupações
United States Secretary of the Treasury (1789-1795)
soldier (officer)
lawyer
clerk
politican
writer
Relações
Burr, Aaron (killed in duel)
Hamilton, James A. (son)
Hamilton, John C. (son)
Hamilton, Elizabeth Schuyler (wife)
Organizações
U.S. Treasury
State Bar of New York (1782)
United States Congress
Bank of New York
Assemblyman, New York State Legislature
Prémios e menções honrosas
American Philosophical Society (1791)

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Alexander Hamilton was born on the island of Nevis in the British West Indies. His parents, a married Frenchwoman and a Scottish trader, lived together for a while after Hamilton was born. When Hamilton was a small child, his father abandoned the family, leaving them in poverty. He got his first job at age 11 as a clerk in an accounting firm. His employer, thinking Hamilton a promising boy, sent him to the British colony of America for an education when he was 15. In 1773, he arrived alone in New York City and enrolled in King's College (later Columbia University). He wrote his first political article to defend the cause of American self-rule from the British. He dropped out of school before graduating at the start of the Revolutionary War. He joined the New York militia and fought in the battles of Long Island, White Plains and Trenton.

In 1777, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel of the Continental Army. During his early service in the army, he caught the attention of General George Washington, who made Hamilton his chief aide and adviser. Around this time, he married Elizabeth Schuyler, from an affluent New York family.
After studying law and passing the bar exam, in 1783 he set up a law practice in New York City. Hamilton believed that the Articles of Confederation, the new USA's first, informal constitution, was inadequate, and that a strong central government was the key to achieving true independence and freedom. In 1787, he served as a New York delegate to the Constitutional Convention; although he did not have a large role in writing the Constitution, he heavily influenced its eventual ratification by writing 51 of 85 persuasive essays in its favor under the collective title The Federalist (later known as The Federalist Papers), along with James Madison and John Jay. After George Washington was elected president of the USA in 1789, he appointed Hamilton as the first Secretary of the Treasury. Hamilton stepped down in 1795, after helping establish a more centralized federal government and a stronger economy, but remained active in public and political affairs. It was in an argument over politics that Vice President Aaron Burr challenged Hamilton to a duel and killed him.

Membros

Discussions

Alexander Hamilton em Legacy Libraries (Abril 2016)

Críticas

I had read excerpts and individual papers hitherto - this time I went cover to cover. Some of the papers got a bit windy (Madison, mostly) but overall there's a reason this is considered one of our founding documents. It's that thorough, that well reasoned and well written to justify it's place in history. I think what surprised me most was their prescience - the founders understood that regional differences would lead to civil war if not restrained, and did their level best to prevent it. And while they weren't successful in preventing it, their Constitution provided the framework for recovering from it. This is vital history in the raw.… (mais)
 
Assinalado
dhaxton | 66 outras críticas | Mar 26, 2024 |
Just reread the arguments for adopting the new Constitution. I think every American citizen should read these essays -- along with the Anti-Federalist essays and the notes on the debates over the Constitution -- every now and again to remind ourselves of the genius of our system of government.
 
Assinalado
bschweiger | 66 outras críticas | Feb 4, 2024 |
Several good chapters
 
Assinalado
mike.stephenson | 66 outras críticas | Jan 12, 2024 |
Quoting from the preface of this book: "It is supposed that a collection of the papers which have made their appearance in the gazettes of this city, under the Title of the FEDERALIST, may not be without effect in assisting the public judgment on the momentous question of the constitution of the United States, now under consideration by the people of America. . ."
 
Assinalado
uufnn | 66 outras críticas | Dec 12, 2023 |

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Estatísticas

Obras
124
Also by
17
Membros
11,813
Popularidade
#1,988
Avaliação
4.2
Críticas
77
ISBN
423
Línguas
14
Marcado como favorito
10

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