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Immanuel Kant (1724–1804)

Autor(a) de Critique of Pure Reason

594+ Works 27,753 Membros 162 Críticas 53 Favorited

About the Author

The greatest of all modern philosophers was born in the Baltic seaport of Konigsberg, East Prussia, the son of a saddler and never left the vicinity of his remote birthplace. Through his family pastor, Immanuel Kant received the opportunity to study at the newly founded Collegium Fredericianum, mostrar mais proceeding to the University of Konigsberg, where he was introduced to Wolffian philosophy and modern natural science by the philosopher Martin Knutzen. From 1746 to 1755, he served as tutor in various households near Konigsberg. Between 1755 and 1770, Kant published treatises on a number of scientific and philosophical subjects, including one in which he originated the nebular hypothesis of the origin of the solar system. Some of Kant's writings in the early 1760s attracted the favorable notice of respected philosophers such as J. H. Lambert and Moses Mendelssohn, but a professorship eluded Kant until he was over 45. In 1781 Kant finally published his great work, the Critique of Pure Reason. The early reviews were hostile and uncomprehending, and Kant's attempt to make his theories more accessible in his Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics (1783) was largely unsuccessful. Then, partly through the influence of former student J. G. Herder, whose writings on anthropology and history challenged his Enlightenment convictions, Kant turned his attention to issues in the philosophy of morality and history, writing several short essays on the philosophy of history and sketching his ethical theory in the Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785). Kant's new philosophical approach began to receive attention in 1786 through a series of articles in a widely circulated Gottingen journal by the Jena philosopher K. L. Reinhold. The following year Kant published a new, extensively revised edition of the Critique, following it up with the Critique of Practical Reason (1788), treating the foundations of moral philosophy, and the Critique of Judgment (1790), an examination of aesthetics rounding out his system through a strikingly original treatment of two topics that were widely perceived as high on the philosophical agenda at the time - the philosophical meaning of the taste for beauty and the use of teleology in natural science. From the early 1790s onward, Kant was regarded by the coming generation of philosophers as having overthrown all previous systems and as having opened up a whole new philosophical vista. During the last decade of his philosophical activity, Kant devoted most of his attention to applications of moral philosophy. His two chief works in the 1790s were Religion Within the Bounds of Plain Reason (1793--94) and Metaphysics of Morals (1798), the first part of which contained Kant's theory of right, law, and the political state. At the age of 74, most philosophers who are still active are engaged in consolidating and defending views they have already worked out. Kant, however, had perceived an important gap in his system and had begun rethinking its foundations. These attempts went on for four more years until the ravages of old age finally destroyed Kant's capacity for further intellectual work. The result was a lengthy but disorganized manuscript that was first published in 1920 under the title Opus Postumum. It displays the impact of some of the more radical young thinkers Kant's philosophy itself had inspired. Kant's philosophy focuses attention on the active role of human reason in the process of knowing the world and on its autonomy in giving moral law. Kant saw the development of reason as a collective possession of the human species, a product of nature working through human history. For him the process of free communication between independent minds is the very life of reason, the vocation of which is to remake politics, religion, science, art, and morality as the completion of a destiny whose shape it is our collective task to frame for ourselves. (Bowker Author Biography) Philosopher Immanuel Kant was born in 1724 in Konigsberg, East Prussia. He studied at the University of Konigsberg, where he would act as a lecturer and professor after a brief career as a private tutor. Kant was an incredibly influential philosopher, his theories having impact on the likes of Schopenhauer and Hegel. Kant's most prominent works include Critique of Pure Reason (1781), Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785) and Critique of Practical Reason (1788). He died in 1804. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos

Séries

Obras por Immanuel Kant

Critique of Pure Reason (1781) — Autor — 6,555 exemplares
Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals (1785) — Autor — 3,264 exemplares
Critique of Judgment (1790) — Autor — 2,138 exemplares
Critique of Practical Reason (1787) — Autor — 1,770 exemplares
Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics (1950) — Autor — 1,373 exemplares
Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone (1793) — Autor — 785 exemplares
Perpetual Peace (1795) — Autor — 583 exemplares
The Metaphysics of Morals (1797) — Autor — 475 exemplares
Kant's Political Writings (1970) 439 exemplares
The Great Books of the Western World, Vol. 42: Kant (1781) — Autor — 367 exemplares
Basic Writings of Kant (2001) 334 exemplares
Logic (1800) 280 exemplares
Practical Philosophy (1996) 257 exemplares
Lectures on Ethics (1930) 241 exemplares
Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View (1974) — Autor — 200 exemplares
On Education (1960) 149 exemplares
Introduction to Logic (1963) 95 exemplares
Religion and Rational Theology (1996) 90 exemplares
The Conflict of the Faculties (1972) — Autor — 83 exemplares
Kant Selections (1929) 77 exemplares
Opus postumum (1984) 72 exemplares
Opuscules sur l'histoire (1900) 71 exemplares
Kant: Selections (1988) 60 exemplares
Lectures on Metaphysics (1992) 55 exemplares
Theoretical Philosophy after 1781 (1930) 40 exemplares
Theoretical Philosophy, 1755-1770 (1992) 37 exemplares
Critique of Pure Reason, Volume 1 (1900) 27 exemplares
Nueva crítica de la razón pura (1981) 27 exemplares
The Philosophy of Material Nature (1985) 27 exemplares
The essential Kant (1970) 26 exemplares
Correspondence (1991) 25 exemplares
La dissertation de 1770 (1951) 25 exemplares
De zin van het leven (1993) 19 exemplares
Der Streit Der Facultaten Werke 6 (German Edition) (1995) — Autor — 19 exemplares
The Science of Right (2006) 19 exemplares
Schriften Zur Naturphilosophie (1980) 16 exemplares
Schriften Zur Metaphysik Und Tl.1 (1958) 13 exemplares
The living thoughts of Kant (1940) 12 exemplares
Radical Evil in Human Nature (1995) 11 exemplares
Kant 9 exemplares
Vorkritische Schriften bis 1768 (1977) 9 exemplares
Pragmatische antropologie (2014) 9 exemplares
La fine di tutte le cose (1996) 8 exemplares
The Works of Immanuel Kant (2010) 8 exemplares
Complete Works of Immanuel Kant (2013) 8 exemplares
Qu'est ce qu'un livre ? n.185 (1995) 8 exemplares
An Immanuel Kant Reader (1960) 7 exemplares
Foundations of Ethics (1995) 7 exemplares
Briefe (1970) 6 exemplares
Immanuel Kant 5 exemplares
Pisma po roku 1781 (1969) 5 exemplares
Von der Macht des Gemüts (1949) 5 exemplares
Lo Stato di Diritto 4 exemplares
Secilmis Yazilar (2015) 4 exemplares
Textos seletos (2005) 4 exemplares
Ausgewählte kleine Schriften (1950) 4 exemplares
Pravo na laganje (2012) 4 exemplares
Lettre à Marcus Herz (1968) 4 exemplares
Théorie et pratique (1994) 3 exemplares
Dizionario delle idee (1996) 3 exemplares
Vorreden (1781 - 1797) (2001) 3 exemplares
Réflexions métaphysiques (2011) 3 exemplares
Kant - selections 3 exemplares
Kant-Brevier (1966) 3 exemplares
Scritti morali (1970) 3 exemplares
Lezioni sul diritto naturale (2016) 3 exemplares
Oplysning, historie, fremskridt (1993) 3 exemplares
Teoria do Céu (2004) — Autor — 3 exemplares
Scritti politici (2010) 3 exemplares
Krytyka czystego rozumu. T. 2 (2010) 3 exemplares
Krytyka czystego rozumu. T. 1 (2010) 3 exemplares
Kant I 3 exemplares
Pravno politički spisi (2000) 2 exemplares
Δοκίμια 2 exemplares
"Metafísica" dohna (2007) 2 exemplares
Filosofiens frihet (2021) 2 exemplares
Sobre el saber filosófico (1901) 2 exemplares
Kant (2010) 2 exemplares
Werke in zehn Bänden 2 exemplares
Ecrits sur le corps et l'esprit (2007) 2 exemplares
Géographie (1999) 2 exemplares
Ethica Etik Üzerine Dersler II (2003) 2 exemplares
Theoretische Philosophie (2004) 2 exemplares
La pace, la ragione e la storia (1985) 2 exemplares
Lezioni di psicologia (1986) 2 exemplares
Ragione e ipocondria (1989) 2 exemplares
Scritti di filosofia politica (1967) 2 exemplares
Scritti sul criticismo (1991) 2 exemplares
Von der Würde des Menschen (1941) 2 exemplares
4 Books By Immanuel Kant (2009) 2 exemplares
The Quotable Kant 1 exemplar
Collected Works 1 exemplar
Apokalypsen (2022) 1 exemplar
Logica di Vienna (2000) 1 exemplar
Crítica Da Razão Prática (2016) 1 exemplar
Il principio della moralità (1992) 1 exemplar
Die Drei Kritiken 1 exemplar
Yasamin Anlami (2021) 1 exemplar
Dissertazioni latine (2014) 1 exemplar
Kant [Opere di] 1 exemplar
Homenaje a Kant 1 exemplar
Fondation - Introduction (1) (2018) 1 exemplar
Kant 1 exemplar
FILOZOFIA KRITIKE 1 exemplar
Metafísica futura 1 exemplar
Metafizika morala 1 exemplar
Yaşam Felsefesi 1 exemplar
The Metaphysic of Ethics (2009) 1 exemplar
Kant-Aussprüche 1 exemplar
Abrégé de Philosophie (2009) 1 exemplar
Philosophie de l'histoire — Autor — 1 exemplar
Fragmanlar 1 exemplar
O postępach metafizyki (2007) 1 exemplar
The Immanuel Kant Collection (2016) 1 exemplar
Werke 5: Die Religion ... /Metaphysik — Autor — 1 exemplar
SELECTIONS 1 exemplar
Dvije rasprave 1 exemplar
Geografia fisica (2004) 1 exemplar
Scritti sui terremoti (1984) 1 exemplar
KANT 1 exemplar
Brevier 1 exemplar
De Store tænkere: Kant (2000) 1 exemplar
Théorie et pratique, textes philosophiques (1997) — Autor — 1 exemplar
I. Kant 1 exemplar
Kant - Volume I 1 exemplar
Kant - Volume II 1 exemplar
Kant's pre-critical ethics. (1938) 1 exemplar
Critiques 1 exemplar
Kant - Gesammelte Werke (2016) 1 exemplar
Mysli o vechnom 1 exemplar

Associated Works

The European Philosophers from Descartes to Nietzsche (1960) — Contribuidor — 437 exemplares
Critical Theory Since Plato (1971) — Contribuidor, algumas edições400 exemplares
Literary and Philosophical Essays: French, German, and Italian (1909) — Contribuidor — 224 exemplares
Criticism: Major Statements (1964) — Contribuidor — 222 exemplares
The Philosopher's Handbook: Essential Readings from Plato to Kant (2000) — Contribuidor — 200 exemplares
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (1996) — Autor, algumas edições185 exemplares
The Moral Life: An Introductory Reader in Ethics and Literature (1999) — Contribuidor — 178 exemplares
Man and Spirit: The Speculative Philosophers (1947) — Contribuidor — 173 exemplares
Other Selves: Philosophers on Friendship (1991) — Contribuidor — 89 exemplares
Metaphysics: A Guide and Anthology (2004) — Contribuidor — 73 exemplares
The Range of Philosophy: Introductory Readings (1964) — Contribuidor — 52 exemplares
Classics of Modern Political Theory : Machiavelli to Mill (1996) — Contribuidor — 49 exemplares
German Essays on Music (1994) — Contribuidor — 18 exemplares
Philosophical Issues: A Contemporary Introduction (1972) — Contribuidor — 17 exemplares
The liberal tradition in European thought (1971) — Contribuidor, algumas edições17 exemplares
Reading Ethics (Reading Philosophy) (2008) — Contribuidor — 8 exemplares
Philosophers in wonderland : philosophy and psychical research (1975) — Contribuidor — 7 exemplares
Erkenntnis und Sein I Epistemologie. (1978) — Contribuidor — 5 exemplares
Yliopiston ajatusta etsimässä (1990) 2 exemplares

Etiquetado

Conhecimento Comum

Nome canónico
Kant, Immanuel
Outros nomes
KANT, Emanuel (birth)
KANT, Immanuel
Data de nascimento
1724-04-22
Data de falecimento
1804-02-12
Localização do túmulo
Kaliningrad Cemetery, Kaliningrad, Russia
Sexo
male
Nacionalidade
Prussia
Germany
Local de nascimento
Königsberg, Prussia
Local de falecimento
Königsberg, Prussia
Locais de residência
Königsberg, Prussia
Educação
Collegium Fredericianum
University of Königsberg
Ocupações
philosopher
tutor
lecturer
professor
scientist
ethicist (mostrar todos 7)
scholar
Organizações
University of Königsberg
Prémios e menções honrosas
After the expulsion of Königsberg's German population at the end of World War II, the University of Königsberg was replaced by the Russian-language Kaliningrad State University, which took up the campus and surviving buildings of the historic German university. In 2005, the university was renamed Immanuel Kant State University of Russia.

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Emanuel Kant was

the fourth of the nine children of Johann Georg Kant (1682-1746), a saddler from Memel (now Klaipėda, Lithuania) and his wife, Anna Regina Reuter (1697-1737), who was from Nuremburg. Kant began to spell his name "Immanuel" after learning Hebrew. His paternal grandfather, Hans Cant, had emigrated to Prussia from Scotland. Kant enrolled at Königsberg University in 1840 at the age of 16. Between 1750 and 1754 he worked as a tutor (Hauslehrer) in Judtschen (now Veselovka, Russia)and in Groß-Arnsdorf (now near Elbląg, Poland). Kant went on to become Professor of Logic and Metaphysics at Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia) in 1770, at the age of 46. He never married.

He was a towering figure of the Enlightenment, influenced nearly all modern philosophers. In his writings, including his masterpiece, the Critique of Pure Reason (1781), he argued that we can only truly know that which can be proven by evidence. He placed the active, rational human being at the center of the cognitive and moral worlds. He suggested that we have a moral obligation, which he called the "categorical Imperative," to behave in an intrinsically good way under all circumstances -- not necessarily in ways that would make us happy, but in ways that would make us worthy of being happy. In his 1795 work Perpetual Peace, he quoted the Latin phrase "Fiat justitia, pereat mundus" ("Let justice be done, though the world perish"). He also criticized those who focused too much on religious ritual and church hierarchy as attempts to please the Creator without having to practice the actual principles of religion and righteousness.

Membros

Discussions

Immanuel Kant's library em Legacy Libraries (Setembro 2020)
Immanuel Kant em Philosophy and Theory (Setembro 2017)
Kant's moral theory and a priori em Philosophy and Theory (Novembro 2009)

Críticas

Na história da filosofia ocidental, o pensamento do autor é uma etapa decisiva, cuja fecundidade está longe de ter se esgotado. Ele foi o ponto de partida da moderna filosofia alemã e marcou pensadores como Fichte, Schelling, Hegel e Schopenhauer. Suas obras são referência fundamental para diversas correntes. Os idealistas, por exemplo. tenderam a realçar o caráter criativo atribuído por Kant à razão humana, e os materialistas e positivistas assimilaram a crítica Kantiana da metafísica… (mais)
 
Assinalado
BolideBooks | May 14, 2021 |
A filosofia crítica kantiana tenta responder às questões - 'Que podemos conhecer?'; 'Que podemos fazer?'; 'Que podemos esperar? e remete a razão ao centro do mundo, como Copérnico remetia o Sol ao centro do sistema planetário. Kant põe em movimento a revolução copernicana no domínio prático. 'Crítica da Razão Pura' realiza essa revolução metodológica e mostra como o entendimento, legislando sobre a sensibilidade e a imaginação, torna possível uma física a priori.
 
Assinalado
BolideBooks | 43 outras críticas | May 14, 2021 |
mmanuel Kant (1724-1804), um dos maiores filósofos da civilização ocidental, acreditava que o entendimento entre os homens levaria a uma pacificação entre as nações. A Paz Perpétua, que foi um enorme sucesso entre a intelectualidade da época, é uma verdadeira surpresa para o leitor atual devido à sua clareza e ao seu pragmatismo. Publicado inicialmente na Alemanha em 1795, é o resultado de toda uma vida de estudo e reflexão crítica sobre a humanidade. Para Kant, as premissas básicas para se chegar a esse estágio de pacificação incluem um governo republicano, liberdade de pensamento para os cidadãos e respeito à autonomia das federações. Neste ensaio, Kant ressalta não só como alcançar a paz perpétua, como também esboça o projeto de um órgão responsável por promover a união entre as nações, o papel que hoje cabe à Organização das Nações Unidas (ONU). O que será que se perdeu pelo caminho?… (mais)
 
Assinalado
BolideBooks | 10 outras críticas | May 13, 2021 |

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Associated Authors

Allen W. Wood Editor, Introduction, Contributor
Mary J. Gregor Foreword, Editor, Translator
Michel Foucault Translator
Michael W. Doyle Contributor
Jeremy Waldron Contributor
Karl Popper Contributor
Jacques Derrida Contributor
Hannah Arendt Contributor
H. B. Nisbet Translator
Lewis White Beck Translator
Wilhelm Weischedel Herausgeber
Bernd Ludwig Afterword
Rokus Hofstede Translator
Dirk De Schutter Translator
Edwin van Elden Translator
Øystein Skar Translator
Thomas Mertens Translator
Henk Daalder Translator
Remi Peeters Translator
Israel Bouseman Contributor
Rihards Kūlis Translator
Werner S. Pluhar Translator, Editor
Paul Guyer Translator, Editor
Patricia Kitcher Introduction
Atis Rolavs Translator
Gary Banham Bibliography
H. J. Paton Translator
Aleksa Buha Translator, Afterword
Jean Gibelin Translator
J. H. Bernard Translator
Andrews Reath Introduction
Paul Carus Translator
Dennis Sweet Introduction
Julián Besteiro Translator
Hoyt H. Hudson Translator
Theodor Valentiner Herausgeber
Adela Cortina Orts Introduction
W. Hastie Translator
Igors Šuvajevs Translator
Gary C. Hatfield Translator
Michael Friedman Translator, Editor
Hoyt Hudson Translator
Manfred Kuehn Introduction
Annette Churton Translator
James Ellington Translator
Thomas K. Abbot Translator

Estatísticas

Obras
594
Also by
24
Membros
27,753
Popularidade
#733
Avaliação
3.8
Críticas
162
ISBN
1,923
Línguas
32
Marcado como favorito
53

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