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Halldór Laxness (1902–1998)

Autor(a) de Independent People

104+ Works 6,905 Membros 207 Críticas 48 Favorited

About the Author

When presenting the 1955 Nobel Prize to Laxness, the Swedish Academy of Letters cited "his vivid writing, which has renewed the Icelandic narrative art." Laxness has been by turns a Catholic convert, a socialist, and a target of the radical press, some of whom accused Laxness of a class ambivalence mostrar mais the Saturday Review summarized this way: "Though Laxness came to believe that the novelist's best material is to be found in the proletariat, his rejection of middle-class concerns was never complete, and the ambiguity of his attitude toward the conflict of cultural values accounts for the mixture of humor and pathos that is characteristic of all his novels." Independent People (1934--35) was a bestseller in this country; Paradise Reclaimed Reclaimed (1960), based in part on Laxness's own experiences in the United States, is a novel about a nineteenth-century Icelandic farmer and his travels and experiences, culminating in his conversion to the Mormon church. Laxness owes much to the tradition of the sagas and writes with understated restraint, concentrating almost entirely on external details, from which he extracts the utmost in absurdity. An Atlantic writer found that The Fish Can Sing (1957), the adventures of a young man in 1900 who wants to be a singer, "simmers with an ironic, disrespectful mirth which gives unexpected dimensions to the themes of lost innocence and the nature of art." (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos


Obras por Halldór Laxness

Independent People (1946) 2,910 exemplares
Iceland's Bell (1951) 678 exemplares
The Fish Can Sing (1966) 639 exemplares
Under the Glacier (1968) 612 exemplares
The Atom Station (1961) 407 exemplares
Salka Valka (1948) 366 exemplares
World Light (1937) 327 exemplares
Paradise Reclaimed (1960) 274 exemplares
The Happy Warriors (1952) 150 exemplares
The Great Weaver from Kashmir (1927) 111 exemplares
The Honour of the House (1933) 49 exemplares
Die Litanei von den Gottesgaben (1972) 35 exemplares
Innansveitarkronika (1970) 30 exemplares
Sieben Zauberer (1942) 24 exemplares
A Quire of Seven (1974) 21 exemplares
Í túninu heima (1975) 21 exemplares
Sjömeistarasagan (1981) 9 exemplares
Alþýðubókin (1929) 9 exemplares
Úngur eg var (1980) 7 exemplares
Die Geschichte vom teuren Brot (1970) 6 exemplares
Vi islendinger (1974) 6 exemplares
Grikklandsárið (1983) 5 exemplares
Kvæðakver (1992) 5 exemplares
Gerska æfintýrið 5 exemplares
Barn náttúrunnar (1992) 5 exemplares
Ásta Sóllilja 4 exemplares
Mein heiliger Stein (1923) 4 exemplares
Ein Spiegelbild im Wasser (2012) 4 exemplares
Fortid og nutid : essays (1986) 3 exemplares
Dagar hjá múnkum (1989) 3 exemplares
Fuglinn í fjörunni 3 exemplares
Reisubókarkorn (1963) 3 exemplares
Undir Helgahnúk (1991) 3 exemplares
Smásögur (2000) 3 exemplares
Drei Erzählungen 2 exemplares
Höll Sumarlandsins 2 exemplares
Silfurtúnglið 2 exemplares
Straumrof 2 exemplares
Himlens skn̜hed 2 exemplares
Norðanstúlkan 2 exemplares
Sommerlandets Slot 2 exemplares
Af skáldum 2 exemplares
Við heygarðshornið 2 exemplares
Jóhannes S. Kjarval 2 exemplares
Dagur i Senn 2 exemplares
Noveller 2 exemplares
Gjorningabok 2 exemplares
Thaettir 2 exemplares
Af menníngarástandi 2 exemplares
Lesebuch 1 exemplar
Menntaskólaljóð 1 exemplar
Romanzi. 1 exemplar
Opere 1 exemplar
Fegurð Heimsins 1 exemplar
Werkausgabe, 11 Bde. (2002) 1 exemplar
*ANY 1 exemplar
Thjohatidarrolla 1 exemplar
Heimsljos I-II 1 exemplar
Laxdæla Saga 1 exemplar
Úa : Leikrit 1 exemplar
Og árin líða 1 exemplar
Hús Skáldsins 1 exemplar
Utsaga 1 exemplar
Islandsk saga 1 exemplar

Associated Works

Great Stories by Nobel Prize Winners (1959) — Contribuidor — 77 exemplares
Found in Translation (2018) — Contribuidor, algumas edições36 exemplares


Conhecimento Comum

Nome canónico
Laxness, Halldór
Nome legal
Guthdjonsson, Halldór (birth)
Outros nomes
Laxness, Halldór Kiljan
Data de nascimento
Data de falecimento
Localização do túmulo
Mosfellskirkjugarður Mosfellsbæ, Mosfellsbaer, Höfuðborgarsvæði, Iceland
País (no mapa)
Local de nascimento
Reykjavík, Danish Iceland
Local de falecimento
Reykjavík, Iceland
Causa da morte
Alzheimer's disease
Locais de residência
Mosfellssveit, Iceland
Reykjavík Lyceum
Prémios e menções honrosas
Nobel Prize (Literature, 1955)
World Peace Council Literary Prize (1952)
Sonning Prize (1969)

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Halldor Laxness, an Icelandic author, received world-wide recognition after being awarded the 1955 Nobel Prize in Literature. According to the Nobel Prize committee, he received this coveted award "for his vivid epic power which has renewed the great narrative art of Iceland." By 1948 he had received from literary scholars from around the world 25 nominations for the Nobel candidacy. As of 2021, he is the only Nobel Prize recipient from Iceland. During his writing career, he authored more than 60 works including novels, poems, plays, essays, short stories, memoirs, and travel books.



July 2015: Halldor Laxness em Monthly Author Reads (Julho 2015)
Group Read, June 2015: Independent People em 1001 Books to read before you die (Junho 2015)
Ligiloj: eo.Wikipedia - epo em Esperanto! (Março 2012)


A set of vikings set out to loot the world. Quite a large number of them survive the effort. Written by an Icelander, it is gritty yet quite amusing on occasion.
DinadansFriend | 6 outras críticas | Jan 27, 2024 |
The weather is as brutal and unforgiving as some of the characters in Halldor Laxness' arduous and earth-and-sky-bound family saga (an almost obligatory word for a review of an Icelandic novel), and both snow and intransigence make for hard lives and hard reading at times.

The ironic title foregrounds the way in which Laxness' isolated sheep crofters are unable to escape the weather and each other, as well as time and place (with one exception), limited as they are by geography, politics, disease, ignorance, distrust and delusion. Much of the time they seem free only to make bad choices, hurt one other, and suffer the ups and downs of world war or sick sheep.

The story centers on Bjartur, a stubborn, harsh and myopic crofter who attempts to assert his financial, social and political independence in the face of an inhospitable landscape, disaffected family members, economic hardship and local superstition. His daily concerns and those of his busybody neighbours and local potentates revolve around sheep worms, mythical evil spirits, Icelandic poetry, debt and ownership, and coffee and food. Shepherding is foremost in his mind, and he is a disaster as a husband and father. The plot takes several tragic turns, through which Bjartur largely plows unbowed, unrepentant and unaware of his fundamental dependence on the world around him.

If this all sounds grim, it is. However Laxness manages to bring a sardonic humour to bear on the misunderstandings, illusions and impulses of his characters that allows the reader to find a lighter perspective on these lives that allows - in some admittedly narrow crevices - for signs of hope and redemption. Not to mention his frequently lyrical writing, as translated by J. A. Thompson, and his compassion for his characters' limitations and impoverished lives. This rich and complex novel continually reminds us that our dependencies, not just our autonomies, can provide meaning and beauty:

". . . but weeping too is an independent element in the breast of man, another current, and weeping also is controlled from another world, and man is defenceless against his own tears and cannot get away and cannot get away and cannot get away"
… (mais)
breathslow | 101 outras críticas | Jan 27, 2024 |
It deals with the struggle of poor Icelandic farmers in the early 20th century, only freed from debt bondage in the last generation, and surviving on isolated crofts in an inhospitable landscape.
Laxness won Nobel prize in Literature, in 1955.
NordenClub | 101 outras críticas | Jan 11, 2024 |
A harsh ode to sheep, the men who tend them, the women lost to those humble endeavors in remote places, and humanity's delusion of total self-reliance.
1 vote
dele2451 | 101 outras críticas | Dec 29, 2023 |



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Associated Authors

Marcel Otten Translator, Afterword
Bruno Kress Translator
Hubert Seelow Afterword, Translator
Annie Posthumus Translator
Philip Roughton Translator, Translator.
Magnus Magnusson Translator
Tone Myklebost Translator
Anthea Craigmyle Cover artist
Brad Leithauser Introduction
John Freeman Introduction
Ion Vinea Translator
J. A. Thompson Translator


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