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Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908–2009)

Autor(a) de Tristes Tropiques

139+ Works 8,205 Membros 68 Críticas 13 Favorited

About the Author

Claude Levi-Strauss, a French anthropologist, was the founder of structural anthropology. This theoretical position assumes that there are structural propensities in the human mind that lead unconsciously toward categorization of physical and social objects, hence such book titles as The Raw and mostrar mais the Cooked (1964) and such expositions of his work by others as The Unconscious in Culture and Elementary Structures Reconsidered. According to Levi-Strauss, the models of society that scholars create are often dual in nature:status-contract (Maine): Gemeinschaft-Gesellschaft (Tonnies); mechanical-organic solidarity (Durkheim); folk-urban (Redfield); universalism-particularism (Parsons); and local-cosmopolitan (Merton). Levi-Strauss's writings---some of which have been described by Clifford Geertz as "theoretical treatises set out as travelogues"---have been enormously influential throughout the scholarly world. George Steiner has described him, along with Freud (see also Vol. 5) and Marx (see also Vol. 4), as one of the major architects of the thought of our times. Levi-Strauss died October 30, 2009. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos

Séries

Obras por Claude Lévi-Strauss

Tristes Tropiques (1955) 1,791 exemplares
The Savage Mind (1962) 1,122 exemplares
Structural Anthropology (1958) 975 exemplares
Totemism (1962) 374 exemplares
Race et histoire (1952) 327 exemplares
The Way of the Masks (1975) 172 exemplares
Structural Anthropology, Volume 2 (1973) 162 exemplares
Look, Listen, Read (1993) 132 exemplares
The View from Afar (1969) 105 exemplares
The Jealous Potter (1985) 84 exemplares
The Story of Lynx (1991) 77 exemplares
The Other Face of the Moon (2011) 59 exemplares
De près et de loin (1988) 50 exemplares
The Scope of Anthropology (1967) 49 exemplares
Oeuvres (2008) 46 exemplares
Babbo Natale giustiziato (1994) 40 exemplares
L'identité (1977) 34 exemplares
A World on the Wane (1961) 33 exemplares
Palabra dada (1984) 32 exemplares
Elogio dell'antropologia (1968) 11 exemplares
Strukturale Anthropologie Zero (2019) 8 exemplares
De Montaigne à Montaigne (2016) 8 exemplares
Arte, Linguagem, Etnologia (1969) 7 exemplares
Loin du Brésil (2005) 6 exemplares
Correspondance 1942-1982 (2018) 4 exemplares
Minhas palavras 3 exemplares
Estructuralismo y ecología (1979) 3 exemplares
Tristes Tropiques - Illustrations hors texte (2011) — Fotógrafo — 3 exemplares
Polémica (1972) 2 exemplares
Mythos ohne Illusion (1995) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
Cristi di oscure speranze (2008) 2 exemplares
El análisis estructural (1991) 2 exemplares
DİN VE BÜYÜ 2 exemplares
Irk, tarih ve kültür (2011) 2 exemplares
Livi-Strauss e l'antropologia strutturale — Autor — 2 exemplares
El oso y el barbero 2 exemplares
L'Arc 1 exemplar
TDR #96: Masks 1 exemplar
Mythologiques 1 exemplar
Absolute Claude Levi-Strauss (2004) 1 exemplar
Het gezin 1 exemplar
La sociologia francese (2013) 1 exemplar

Associated Works

Morphology of the Folktale (1928) — Posfácio, algumas edições812 exemplares
The Raven Steals the Light (1984) — Introdução — 250 exemplares
Reader in Comparative Religion: An Anthropological Approach (1958) — Contribuidor — 209 exemplares
Anthropological Theory: An Introductory History (1996) — Contribuidor — 206 exemplares
Sun Chief: The Autobiography of a Hopi Indian (1942) — Prefácio, algumas edições175 exemplares
The Norton Book of Travel (1987) — Contribuidor — 110 exemplares
Myth: A Symposium (1955) — Contribuidor — 95 exemplares
Magic, witchcraft, and curing (1967) — Contribuidor — 92 exemplares
India in Mind (2005) — Contribuidor — 81 exemplares
The Structural Study of Myth and Totemism (1967) — Contribuidor — 57 exemplares
La linguistica e le scienze dell'uomo : sei lezioni sul suono e sul senso (1976) — Introdução, algumas edições3 exemplares
Le livre Terre humaine (1993) — Contribuidor — 3 exemplares
Comment travaillent les écrivains (1978) — Contribuidor — 3 exemplares
Profil D'Une Oeuvre: Levi-Straus (1979) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
Brésil Indien : Les arts des Amérindiens du Brésil (2005) — Prefácio — 2 exemplares
Le masque. Musée Guimet, Paris — Autor — 1 exemplar

Etiquetado

Conhecimento Comum

Nome legal
Lévi, Gustave Claude
Data de nascimento
1908-11-28
Data de falecimento
2009-10-30
Localização do túmulo
Lignerolles, France (Village in the Côte-d’Or region southeast of Paris)
Sexo
male
Nacionalidade
France
País (no mapa)
France
Local de nascimento
Brussels, Belgium
Local de falecimento
Paris, France
Causa da morte
Naturelle (Vieillesse)
Locais de residência
Brussels, Belgium (birth)
Paris, France
São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
New York, New York, USA
Educação
University of Paris (Ph.D|1948)
Lycée Condorcet
Lycée Janson-de-Sailly
Ocupações
anthropologist
ethnologist
memoirist
professor
Organizações
Académie française (1973)
American Academy of Arts and Letters (Foreign Honorary, Literature, 1977)
Centre national de la recherche scientifique
Musée de l'Homme
École Pratique des Hautes Études
École Libre des Hautes Études (mostrar todos 10)
New School for Social Research
Collège de France
University of São Paulo
French Army
Prémios e menções honrosas
Premi Internacional Catalunya (2005)

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Claude Lévi-Strauss was born to French Jewish parents living and working in Brussels, Belgium. He grew up in Paris and attended the Lycée Janson de Sailly and the Lycée Condorcet.

He studied law and philosophy at the Sorbonne, passing the aggregation (civil service teaching exam) in philosophy in 1931. After a few years of teaching, he decided at the last minute to join a French cultural mission to Brazil as a professor of sociology at the University of São Paulo. He and his wife Dina lived and did anthropological work in Brazil from 1935 to 1939. During this time, he accompanied his wife, a trained ethnographer, on fieldwork in the Amazon rainforest. The couple returned to France in 1939 and he served briefly in the French army in World War II before taking a teaching job at a lycée in Montpellier. He was dismissed from the school under the Vichy racial laws. He fled France by boat to Martinique, and then went on to the USA. He took a position at the New School for Social Research in New York City. With Jacques Maritain, Henri Focillon, and Roman Jakobson, he was a founding member of the École Libre des Hautes Études, a kind of university-in-exile for French academics.

After a stint as a cultural attaché to the French embassy in Washington, D.C., from 1946 to 1947, Lévi-Strauss returned to Paris and received his doctorate from the Sorbonne. One of his theses was published the following year as Les Structures élémentaires de la parenté (The Elementary Structures of Kinship, 1948), which quickly came to be considered one of the most important anthropological works on the subject. Throughout the late 1940s and early 1950s, Lévi-Strauss continued to write and publish successful and influential works. He became involved with the administration of the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) and the Musée de l'Homme before finally becoming a professor at the École Pratique des Hautes Études. He became one of France's best-known intellectuals with his book Tristes Tropiques (1955), a memoir of his years as an expatriate. In 1962, he published one of his most important works, La Pensée Sauvage (English translation, The Savage Mind). Lévi-Strauss spent the second half of the 1960s working on his masterpiece, a four-volume study called Mythologiques, which included Le Cru et le cuit (The Raw and the Cooked, 1964);
Du miel aux cendres (From Honey to Ashes, 1966);
L'Origine des manières de table (The Origin of Table Manners, 1968); and
L'Homme nu (The Naked Man, 1971). In 1973, he was elected to the Académie française, was invited to join the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and received the Erasmus Prize. France awarded him the Légion d'honneur, and Ordre national du Mérite, and he was named Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres. After his retirement, he continued to publish occasionally on art, music, philosophy, and poetry. His final book, Nous sommes tous des cannibales (We Are All Cannibals) was published posthumously in 2013.

Membros

Críticas

 
Assinalado
luvucenanzo06 | Sep 8, 2023 |
The author was one of the great anthropologists of the 20th century. He started out studying philosophy between the wars and was heavily influenced by Marx and Freud. His theory of structualism seems, at least superficially, to be a Marxist or Hegelian view of society. Structuralism is not really discussed or explained in this book, and that is probably why it is his most popular. I've read that he cobbled Tristes Tropiques together from other published magazine articles, travelogues and his notes. The book does read that way, but some of it, perhaps much of it, is quite fascinating. I found the central part of the book about his time with the Nambikwara and Tupi-Kawahib tribes in Brazil to be the most straight forward and interesting. Other extraneous chapters include a detailed summary of a play that was never published, an account of a trip to a Pakistani archeological site and a great description of his escape from Vichy France to Mozambique.… (mais)
 
Assinalado
markm2315 | 21 outras críticas | Jul 1, 2023 |
Non letto interamente ma (mea culpa) molto funzionalmente per esplorare il concetto di bricoleur. Sotto questo punti di vista, estremamente utile.
 
Assinalado
d.v. | 7 outras críticas | May 16, 2023 |

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Estatísticas

Obras
139
Also by
21
Membros
8,205
Popularidade
#2,948
Avaliação
½ 3.7
Críticas
68
ISBN
586
Línguas
27
Marcado como favorito
13

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