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Audre Lorde (1934–1992)

Autor(a) de Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches

60+ Works 8,081 Membros 85 Críticas 37 Favorited

About the Author

An African American lesbian feminist critic and writer, Lorde was born in Harlem and educated at National University of Mexico, Hunter College, and Columbia University. She married in 1962 and divorced in 1970, after having two children. Lorde first came to critical attention with her poetry. Her mostrar mais first poem was published in Seventeen magazine while she was in high school; it had been rejected by her high school newspaper because it was "too romantic" (Lorde considered her "mature" poetry, which focuses on her lesbian relationships, to be romantic also). Other early poems were published in many different journals, many of them under the pseudonym Rey Domini. Her first volume of poetry, "The First Cities," was published in 1968. Lorde then quit her job as head librarian at a school in New York City in order to devote her time to teaching and writing. She was a professor of English at Hunter College from 1980 until her untimely death from cancer in 1992. Although many of Lorde's poems are about love, many are about anger, particularly anger about racism, sexism, and homophobia in America. "The Brown Menace or Poem to the Survival of Roaches" likens African Americans to cockroaches---hated, feared, and poisoned by whites but survivors nevertheless. Other poems express a daughter's anger toward her mother; still others eschew anger for affirmation and inspiration, which are represented as coming from lesbian love and traditional African myths because, as Lorde has said, "the master's tools will not dismantle the master's house." Lorde is also well known for her prose. Her courageous account of her struggle with breast cancer and the mastectomy that she underwent is movingly chronicled in "The Cancer Journals" (1980), her first major prose publication. "Zami, a New Spelling of My Name" (1982) is, in Lorde's words, a "biomythography," combining history, biography, and myth. In "Zami," Lorde focuses on her developing lesbian identity and her response to racism in the white feminist and gay communities, and to sexism and homophobia in the African American community. Lorde's critical essays, collected in "Sister/Outsider" (1984) and "A Burst of Light "(1988), have been quite influential, particularly "Uses of the Erotic: The Erotic as Power," in which she discusses the relationship of poetry to politics and the erotic. Lorde was the recipient of several grants---from the National Endowment for the Arts in 1968 and 1981 and from the Creative Artists Public Service in 1972---as well as the Borough of Manhattan President's Award for Literary Excellence in 1987. She was also nominated for the National Book Award for poetry in 1974 for her third volume of verse, "From a Land Where Other People Live"(1973). (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos

Obras por Audre Lorde

Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches (1984) 2,621 exemplares
Zami: A New Spelling of My Name (1982) 1,863 exemplares
The Collected Poems of Audre Lorde (1997) 547 exemplares
The Cancer Journals (1980) 542 exemplares
The Black Unicorn: Poems (1978) 378 exemplares
A Burst of Light (1988) 277 exemplares
The Selected Works of Audre Lorde (2020) 177 exemplares
Zami / Sister Outsider / Undersong (1993) 153 exemplares
Our Dead Behind Us: Poems (1986) 118 exemplares
Coal (1968) 71 exemplares
Chosen Poems Old and New (1656) 65 exemplares
When I Dare to Be Powerful (2020) 17 exemplares
Between Our Selves (1976) 14 exemplares
New York head shop and museum (1988) 11 exemplares
When We Dead Awaken (Paper) (2022) 9 exemplares
Cables to Rage (1970) 8 exemplares
The First Cities (1968) 4 exemplares
Die Quelle unserer Macht (1994) 3 exemplares
Conditions: Fourteen (1976) 2 exemplares
Dzienniki raka 1 exemplar
Irmã Marginal 1 exemplar
New Year´s Day 1 exemplar
Entre Nós 1 exemplar
Audre Lorde 1 exemplar
Shorelines 1 exemplar

Associated Works

This Bridge Called My Back: Writings by Radical Women of Color (1981) — Contribuidor — 1,314 exemplares
The Vintage Book of Contemporary American Poetry (1990) — Contribuidor — 751 exemplares
Race, Class, and Gender in the United States: An Integrated Study (1992) — Contribuidor, algumas edições514 exemplares
Race, Class, and Gender: An Anthology (1992) — Contribuidor, algumas edições443 exemplares
The Norton Book of Women's Lives (1993) — Contribuidor — 412 exemplares
The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader (1993) — Contribuidor — 408 exemplares
Cries of the Spirit: A Celebration of Women's Spirituality (2000) — Contribuidor — 372 exemplares
Weaving the Visions: New Patterns in Feminist Spirituality (1989) — Contribuidor — 354 exemplares
The Stonewall Reader (2019) — Contribuidor — 344 exemplares
Literature: The Human Experience (2006) — Contribuidor — 341 exemplares
The Essential Feminist Reader (2007) — Contribuidor — 316 exemplares
Growing Up Gay/Growing Up Lesbian: A Literary Anthology (1993) — Contribuidor — 284 exemplares
Home Girls: A Black Feminist Anthology (1983) — Contribuidor — 276 exemplares
The Black Woman: An Anthology (1970) — Contribuidor — 237 exemplares
Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought (1995) — Contribuidor — 233 exemplares
Wise Women: Over Two Thousand Years of Spiritual Writing by Women (1996) — Contribuidor — 201 exemplares
Gay and Lesbian Poetry in Our Time (Stonewall Inn Editions) (1836) — Contribuidor — 179 exemplares
African American Poetry: 250 Years of Struggle and Song (2020) — Contribuidor — 174 exemplares
Erotique Noire/Black Erotica (1991) — Contribuidor — 158 exemplares
Let Nobody Turn Us Around: An African American Anthology (1999) — Contribuidor — 150 exemplares
Afrekete: An Anthology of Black Lesbian Writing (1995) — Contribuidor — 145 exemplares
The Vintage Book of African American Poetry (2000) — Contribuidor — 144 exemplares
Black Women Writers at Work (1983) — Contribuidor — 128 exemplares
No More Masks! An Anthology of Poems by Women (1973) — Contribuidor — 123 exemplares
Deep Down: The New Sensual Writing by Women (1988) — Contribuidor — 116 exemplares
Black Nature: Four Centuries of African American Nature Poetry (2009) — Contribuidor — 114 exemplares
Piece of My Heart: A Lesbian of Colour Anthology (1991) — Contribuidor — 112 exemplares
Poems from the Women's Movement (2009) — Contribuidor — 107 exemplares
Movement in Black (1978) — Prefácio, algumas edições103 exemplares
The 100 Best African American Poems (2010) — Contribuidor — 97 exemplares
Poems Between Women (1997) — Contribuidor — 92 exemplares
My Lover Is a Woman (1996) — Contribuidor — 89 exemplares
Double Stitch: Black Women Write About Mothers and Daughters (1991) — Contribuidor — 89 exemplares
Braided Lives: An Anthology of Multicultural American Writing (1991) — Contribuidor — 87 exemplares
Nepantla: An Anthology Dedicated to Queer Poets of Color (2018) — Contribuidor — 87 exemplares
A Life in Medicine: A Literary Anthology (2002) — Contribuidor — 82 exemplares
Life Notes: Personal Writings by Contemporary Black Women (1994) — Contribuidor — 80 exemplares
Black Women Writers (1950-1980): A Critical Evaluation (1984) — Contribuidor — 77 exemplares
Honey, Hush! An Anthology of African American Women's Humor (1657) — Contribuidor — 76 exemplares
Wild Women Don't Wear No Blues (1993) — Contribuidor — 76 exemplares
Lavender Mansions: 40 Contemporary Lesbian and Gay Short Stories (1994) — Contribuidor — 76 exemplares
Choice Words: Writers on Abortion (2020) — Contribuidor — 74 exemplares
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Concise Edition (2003) — Contribuidor — 68 exemplares
Memory of Kin: Stories About Family by Black Writers (1990) — Contribuidor — 65 exemplares
Racism and Sexism: An Integrated Study (1988) — Contribuidor — 62 exemplares
Calling Home: Working-Class Women's Writings (1990) — Contribuidor — 57 exemplares
Trouble the Water: 250 Years of African American Poetry (1997) — Contribuidor — 56 exemplares
Fight Back: Feminist Resistance to Male Violence (1686) — Contribuidor — 49 exemplares
The Ecopoetry Anthology (2013) — Contribuidor — 48 exemplares
Mouths of Rain: An Anthology of Black Lesbian Thought (2021) — Contribuidor — 40 exemplares
Soulscript: Afro-American Poetry (1970) — Contribuidor — 40 exemplares
I Hear a Symphony: African Americans Celebrate Love (1994) — Contribuidor — 33 exemplares
Race: An Anthology in the First Person (1997) — Contribuidor — 28 exemplares
Confirmation: An Anthology of African American Women (1983) — Contribuidor — 22 exemplares
Go Girl! The Black Woman's Book of Travel and Adventure (1997) — Contribuidor — 20 exemplares
Sinister Wisdom 43/44: The 15th Anniversary Retrospective (1991) — Contribuidor — 20 exemplares
Queer Nature: A Poetry Anthology (2022) — Contribuidor — 15 exemplares
Modern Women Poets (2005) — Contribuidor — 13 exemplares
Schwarzer Feminismus: Grundlagentexte (2019) — Contribuidor — 8 exemplares
Sinister Wisdom 17 (1981) — Contribuidor — 6 exemplares
Sinister Wisdom 10: On Being Old and Age (1979) — Contribuidor — 6 exemplares
Sinister Wisdom 66: Lesbians and Activism. (2005) — Contribuidor — 5 exemplares
Sinister Wisdom 2: Lesbian Writing and Publishing (1976) — Contribuidor — 4 exemplares
Sinister Wisdom 8 (1979) — Contribuidor — 3 exemplares
Sinister Wisdom 6: Secrets. Taboos. (1978) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
Erotiske fortællinger fortalt af kvinder (1996) — Autor, algumas edições2 exemplares
Sinister Wisdom 4 (1977) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar


a ler (1,133) Afro-americano (401) antologia (799) Autobiografia (143) Biografia (170) black feminism (85) Classe (76) contos (117) ensaios (560) Espiritualidade (115) Estados Unidos (65) Feminismo (942) feminist (106) feminist theory (78) Ficção (336) Gay (93) gender studies (96) Género (214) história (119) LGBT (162) LGBTQ (136) lido (73) Literatura (231) Literatura dos Estados Unidos (111) Lésbica (421) Memórias (258) mulheres (385) Não ficção (817) Poesia (1,428) Preto (105) Queer (265) race (388) Racismo (102) Religião (78) sexuality (99) Sociologia (90) Século XX (72) Teoria (60) women of color (89) women's studies (336)

Conhecimento Comum



For decades books I've read and people I've talked to have urged me to read Audre Lorde. For no particular reason I never got around to it...until now! I sure am glad I finally picked up some of her work, and will surely add more of her titles to my bookshelf. The essays in Sister Outsider are eloquently written, easy to understand, and helpful today; decades after they were written.
bookonion | 28 outras críticas | Feb 23, 2024 |
This is the first time I've read anything by Audrey Lorde, but I will absolutely be reading more. It's fantastic how powerful and emphatic Lorde was in such a short span of pages.
deborahee | Feb 23, 2024 |
La poesia di Audre Lorde non sembra godere di grande interesse in Italia: in traduzione possiamo trovare la sua prosa, ma delle sue poesie ne esiste solo una raccolta pubblicata da Le Lettere, D'amore e di lotta. Poesie scelte. Una grave mancanza nei cataloghi delle nostre CE a parer mio.

Piccolo disclaimer prima di iniziare questa recensione: scriverò molto di femminilità, che nella mia testa è un insieme di caratteristiche che nella nostra cultura viene associato prevalentemente alle donne. Niente vieta che queste caratteristiche possano essere associate anche agli uomini (e viceversa, le caratteristiche della mascolinità possano essere associate alle donne) e quindi non penso abbiano fondamenti biologici e compagnia bella; niente vieta che a femminilità e mascolinità si unisca la nonbinarietà – un termine che non so se esista, ma spero di aver dato l’idea.

Allora, The Collected Poems of Audre Lorde contiene tutte le poesie pubblicate da Audre Lorde (più di trecento) e non ha note: quindi se siete in cerca di un’edizione annotata non ve la consiglio. Per il resto, è un’edizione molto bella, con un bel font e una carta spessa e meravigliosa al tatto. Come meritano queste poesie.

È difficile dare un’idea di cosa significhi leggere i versi di Audre Lorde: è come risalire un fiume fino alla fonte e contemporaneamente percorrerlo fino al mare; come ascoltare la calma risacca e allo stesso tempo sentir ruggire i cavalloni nel vento. È una poesia potente e ancestrale che canta alle radici della femminilità, nutrendola e mostrandole il suo potenziale.

Ci sono la dolcezza e la tenerezza dell’amore e ci sono la forza e il coraggio di lottare contro ogni forma di discriminazione e oppressione. Ci sono poesie struggenti e poesie selvagge, poesie addolorate e poesie arrabbiate, poesie che urlano la vita e poesie che sussurrano la morte. C’è tutta la complessità di una femminilità troppo spesso appiattita in una narrazione svilente, capace solo di mettere a disagio tanto è lontana dall’esperienza delle donne.

Abbiamo bisogno di una cultura che racconti meglio la femminilità, con più spessore, e che tolga dall’innominabile tutte quelle storie che così tanto disagio sembrano creare negli uomini, che, con la complicità di troppe donne, per millenni hanno fatto di tutto per cancellarle e impedirne la trasmissione.

Per questo spero tanto che le poesie di Lorde arrivino anche in Italia: abbiamo un disperato bisogno di sentirci raccontare bene e di sentir fluire nel sangue la nostra forza e le nostre storie.


We forgot to water the plantain shoots
when our houses were full of borrowed meat
and our stomachs with the gifts of strangers
who laugh now as they pass us
because our land is barren
the farms are choked
with stunted rows of straw
and with our nightmares
of juicy brown yams
that cannot fill us.
The roofs of our houses rot from last winter's water
but our drinking pots are broken
we have used them to mourn the death of old lovers
the next rain will wash our footprints away
and our children have married beneath them.

Our skins are empty.
They have been vacated by spirits
who are angered by our reluctance
to feed them.
In baskets of straw made from sleep grass
and the droppings of civets
they have been hidden away by our mothers
who are waiting for us at the river.

My skin is tightening
soon I shall shed it
like a monitor lizard
like remembered comfort
at the new moons rising
I will eat the last signs of my weakness
remove the scars of old childhood wars
and dare to enter the forest whistling
like a snake that had fed the chameleon
for changes
I shall be forever.

May I never remember reasons
for my spirit's safety
may I never forget
the warning of my woman's flesh
weeping at the new moon
may I never lose
that terror
which keeps me brave
may I owe nothing
that I cannot repay.
… (mais)
lasiepedimore | 2 outras críticas | Jan 12, 2024 |
As the intersection between racism, sexism, homophobia, and other forms of dehumanization gain greater attention, I had to read this books. Lorde's life as a Black lesbian mother really is unique. But as she says, she doesn't want to diminish any of those parts by focusing on them. Instead, at its best ("Scratching the Surface: Some Notes on Barriers to Women and Loving", "The Master's Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master's House", and "Man Child: A Black Lesbian Feminist's Response") she unpacks how all of those things tie together. A couple of the pieces were almost too poetic for my taste, but that makes sense seeing as how she is a poet. Still, this is inspired writing and should be read.… (mais)
JuntaKinte1968 | 28 outras críticas | Dec 6, 2023 |



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