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About the Author

Martha C. Nussbaum is the Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Ethics, appointed in the Philosophy Department and the Law School of the University of Chicago. She gave the 2017 Jefferson Lecture for the National Endowment for the Humanities and won the 2016 Kyoto Prize in Arts mostrar mais and Philosophy, which is regarded as the most prestigious award available in fields not eligible for a Nobel. Most recently, she was awarded the 2018 Berggruen Prize for Philosophy and Culture. She has written more than twenty-two books. mostrar menos
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Obras por Martha Nussbaum

Upheavals of Thought: The Intelligence of Emotions (2001) 442 exemplares, 3 críticas
The Therapy of Desire (1994) 318 exemplares, 2 críticas
Sex and Social Justice (1999) 214 exemplares
Creating Capabilities: The Human Development Approach (2011) 206 exemplares, 3 críticas
Anger and Forgiveness: Resentment, Generosity, Justice (2016) 189 exemplares, 4 críticas
Hiding from Humanity: Disgust, Shame, and the Law (2004) 177 exemplares, 1 crítica
For Love of Country? (1996) 168 exemplares, 1 crítica
Political Emotions: Why Love Matters for Justice (2013) 135 exemplares, 1 crítica
The Quality of Life (1993) — Editor — 96 exemplares
Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions (2004) — Editor — 92 exemplares, 2 críticas
Justice for Animals: Our Collective Responsibility (2023) 73 exemplares, 2 críticas
Essays on Aristotle's De Anima (1992) — Editor — 55 exemplares
Aristotle's De Motu Animalium (1978) 52 exemplares
On "Nineteen Eighty-Four": Orwell and Our Future (1983) — Editor; Editor — 39 exemplares, 1 crítica
Philosophical Interventions: Reviews 1986-2011 (2011) 30 exemplares, 1 crítica
Sex, Preference, and Family: Essays on Law and Nature (1997) — Editor — 25 exemplares
Piccole patrie, grande mondo (1995) 4 exemplares
Giustizia e aiuto materiale (2008) 4 exemplares
Poetics of Therapy 1 exemplar
Talking it through 1 exemplar
Arastu 1 exemplar

Associated Works

The Black Prince (1973) — Introdução, algumas edições1,517 exemplares, 42 críticas
The Great Philosophers: An Introduction to Western Philosophy (1987) — Contribuidor — 427 exemplares, 2 críticas
A Velocity of Being: Letters to a Young Reader (2018) — Contribuidor — 239 exemplares, 4 críticas
The Moral Life: An Introductory Reader in Ethics and Literature (1999) — Contribuidor — 184 exemplares, 2 críticas
Roman Homosexuality: Ideologies of Masculinity in Classical Antiquity (1999) — Prefácio, algumas edições151 exemplares, 1 crítica
Essays on Aristotle's Ethics (1980) — Contribuidor — 150 exemplares
Why Narrative? Readings in Narrative Theology (1989) — Contribuidor — 144 exemplares
The Cambridge Companion to Greek and Roman Philosophy (2003) — Contribuidor — 94 exemplares
Examined Life: Excursions With Contemporary Thinkers (2009) — Contribuidor — 77 exemplares, 2 críticas
The Augustinian Tradition (Philosophical Traditions) (1998) — Contribuidor — 47 exemplares
Medea: Essays on Medea in Myth, Literature, Philosophy, and Art (1997) — Contribuidor — 41 exemplares, 1 crítica
Essays on Aristotle's Poetics (1992) — Contribuidor — 33 exemplares
Human Rights in the World Community: Issues and Action (1989) — Contribuidor — 31 exemplares
Goodness and Advice (2001) — Contribuidor — 31 exemplares
The Stoic Idea of the City (1991) — Prefácio, algumas edições30 exemplares
Essays on Aristotle's Rhetoric (Philosophical Traditions) (1996) — Contribuidor — 28 exemplares
Aristotle's Ethics: critical essays (1998) — Contribuidor — 26 exemplares
Erotikon: Essays on Eros, Ancient and Modern (2005) — Contribuidor — 23 exemplares
Feminist Interpretations of Aristotle (1998) — Contribuidor — 19 exemplares
Feminism and Ancient Philosophy (1996) — Contribuidor — 18 exemplares
A Companion to the Philosophy of Literature (2010) — Contribuidor — 16 exemplares
Stoicism: Traditions and Transformations (2004) — Contribuidor — 14 exemplares
Iris Murdoch, Philosopher (2011) — Contribuidor — 12 exemplares
Religion and Contemporary Liberalism (1997) — Contribuidor — 11 exemplares
Reading Ethics (Reading Philosophy) (2008) — Contribuidor — 10 exemplares
The Soul of Tragedy: Essays on Athenian Drama (2006) — Contribuidor — 9 exemplares
The Norms of nature : studies in Hellenistic ethics (1986) — Contribuidor — 8 exemplares
Body and Soul in Ancient Philosophy (2009) — Contribuidor — 8 exemplares
The Metaphysics and Ethics of Death: New Essays (2013) — Contribuidor — 6 exemplares
The Greeks and Us: Essays in Honor of Arthur W. H. Adkins (1996) — Contribuidor — 6 exemplares
The Bloomsbury Companion to Aristotle (Bloomsbury Companions) (2013) — Contribuidor — 6 exemplares
Paul Ricoeur and Contemporary Moral Thought (2002) — Contribuidor — 6 exemplares
The Politics of Compassion (2013) — Contribuidor — 4 exemplares
Aristophanes: Essays in Interpretation (Yale Classical Studies) (1981) — Contribuidor — 3 exemplares
Johdatus eläinfilosofiaan (2013) 3 exemplares
Seneca and the Self (2009) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
Oxford studies in ancient philosophy. Vol. 13 (1995) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares


Conhecimento Comum

Nome canónico
Nussbaum, Martha
Nome legal
Nussbaum, Martha Craven
Outros nomes
Nussbaum, Martha C.
Data de nascimento
Local de nascimento
New York, New York, USA
Locais de residência
New York, New York, USA
Chicago, Illinois, USA
Harvard University (MA ∙ 1972 ∙ Ph.D ∙ 1975)
New York University (BA ∙ 1969)
Wellesley College
Baldwin School
Hoogleraar Recht en Ethiek aan de Universiteit van Chicago
Rorty, Amelie (co-author)
University of Chicago (Professor of Law and Ethics)
Brown University
Harvard University
American Philosophical Association Central Division (President, 1999-2000)
Prémios e menções honrosas
Eredoctoraten Universiteit voor Humanistiek in Utrecht en Institute of Social Studies Den Haag en Universiteit Leuven

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Martha Nussbaum, née Craven, was born in New York City. Her parents were a wealthy lawyer and an interior designer-homemaker. She attended the Baldwin School and studied theatre and classics at New York University, earning her BA in 1969. She received an MA and a PhD in philosophy from Harvard University. In 1975, she married Alan Nussbaum, with whom she had a daughter, and converted to Judaism. She became the first woman to hold the Junior Fellowship at Harvard, where she taught philosophy and classics in the 1970s and early 1980s, until being denied tenure by the Classics Department in 1982. She then moved on to teach at Brown University and the University of Oxford. She became a leading figure in moral philosophy with the publication of her second book, The Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy (1986). Her other major works include Sex and Social Justice (1998), Frontiers of Justice (2006), and Political Emotions: Why Love Matters for Justice (2013). She has also edited 15 other books, and participated in many academic debates with figures such as John Rawls, Richard Posner, and Susan Moller Okin. In 2008, she was elected a Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy. Professor Nussbaum is the Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Ethics, appointed in the Law School and Philosophy Department, and an Associate in the Classics Department, the Divinity School, and the Political Science Department, at the University of Chicago.



Nussbaum's book will continue to be important in an age where politicians and opinionated citizens view our nation's high schools as trade schools and our colleges as trade school 2.0. Her arguments address a society in which businesses are not seen as responsible for developing their own talent from a pool of educated workers with an ability to learn, or to mentor that talent. She also addresses a college system that has pitted economic development against a well-rounded education, one in which colleges on the defensive feel the need to justify their contribution in terms of units of production. The development has been one that can be described as laziness in that describing value in terms of quantity is much easier that standards that reflect quality. Nussbaum makes a strong argument that we stand to lose a lot by continuing down this path - such as informed citizens who have the imagination to ask questions that improve the lives of citizens, and as a result the conditions of workers and what those workers make. If there's any criticism, perhaps more could be written that does not assume that an educated population is a good in itself -- since so many politicians and industry lobbyists have tried to detract from that idea. She makes valid points on the partisans who might benefit from having a robotic workforce that doesn't ask questions. There are many in the middle though, as the result of busy lives, who would benefit from seeing what they have to lose.… (mais)
DAGray08 | 5 outras críticas | Jan 1, 2024 |
In the middle of The Monarchy of Fear, Martha Nussbaum brings out the final scenes of Aeschylus’s great play The Eumenides. (This is one of many examples and one of Nussbaum’s greatest contributions in breaking down the complex into the accessible – through our storytellers.)

The existence of the Furies until this point, ruled by vengeance, fear and disgust, existed on a level deeper than reason.

It is this fear that is a disfiguring emotion. And one that isn’t solved by banishment or by disengaging but when the Furies accept Athena’s conditions that justice and not vengeance should be the consequence and that these figures have a role to play.

Some tend to criticize Nussbaum’s book for a lack of political analysis but its conclusions were heading toward something more personal, the reader’s own move from envy and disgust to reason, a move from an authoritarian monarchy that is ultimately an application of force, toward a democracy reliant on the self, responsibility and engagement.

This prescription has difficulties, especially its vagueness. Nussbaum is effective at pointing to the many contradictions that emerge when being ruled by fear, disgust an envy – a definition of the West that eliminates half of the West below the Rio Grande and includes more Caucasian countries from the East, or creating villains that are simultaneously inferior and yet threatening enough to build walls and codes. The inclusion of Adam Smith’s observation that ‘it is difficult for people to sustain concern for people at a distance’ provides a great underpinning for the prescription of engagement.

That vagueness runs the risk of allowing the ‘both sides’ argument to continue. Nussbaum rightly points out that there are conservative ideas that can be engaged, but the examples used within the Academy or from German government often involve individuals who accept the basic premise that each human is endowed with basic inalienable rights. Political ideas based more strongly on hate and white supremacism – might be areas where engagement will fall apart.

This book begins a great conversation and at in a time when fear and disgust seem to be inciting crowds and bringing out some of the worst instincts – it’s a much-needed conversation.

… (mais)
DAGray08 | 6 outras críticas | Jan 1, 2024 |
It should be obvious to any ethical person that the way we treat animals today is one of the biggest moral failures of our time. With the benefits of further moral progress, our current abhorrent practices will hopefully be universally condemned by future generations. But that progress will only come to life if someone articulates today why change is needed and how it might be implemented in practice. This might be a pathbreaking book in that regard.

The author takes the bull by the horns by identifying the problem (which is easy enough) and then mildly criticizing earlier theories of animal rights and presenting her own Capabilities Approach as an alternative. The Capabilities Approach itself is a reasonably interesting framework, but clearly more easily applicable to humans than animals. It runs into practical challenges pretty quickly since the capabilities of all animal species are extremely different. It would be a monumental task to construct an exhaustive list or categorization of all animal capabilities, and the author does not attempt it.

Instead, she indicates that a political and legal system might be possible where human collaborators learn to understand the ways of life of a given animal species and are given the power to take legal action in the human world to safeguard the capabilities of that species. This legal part of the book was the most interesting one, in my opinion. It is impressive to see a distinguished philosopher work through so many practical implications of her theory, even though the implications must necessarily remain incomplete since our current legal institutions are still so far away from the ideal she sketches.

The author also looks at animal justice from many other perspectives. For example, she provides a nice discussion of sentience, the ability to strive for something, in various animals. She concludes that it does not necessarily make sense to talk about the capabilities of all animal species. Lines will have to be drawn, and this is an interesting conclusion. She also discusses a great variety of present-day interactions between human beings and animals of different kinds, both domesticated and wild. She concludes that most of them do not conform to the Capabilities Approach, but some do.

All in all, there's no doubt that a vast amount of further research needs to be done on every topic discussed in this book. But this is a great starting point for new debates. It will hopefully inspire young readers in philosophy, science, law and many other fields to make things better for animals in the future.
… (mais)
thcson | 1 outra crítica | Sep 12, 2023 |
This book is very eye-opening & broadening. The author is able to write about philosophy and make it accessible to the lay person. I liked it a lot.
RickGeissal | 3 outras críticas | Aug 16, 2023 |



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