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Tillie Olsen (1912–2007)

Autor(a) de Tell Me a Riddle

17+ Works 1,741 Membros 32 Críticas 11 Favorited

About the Author

Born in Omaha, Nebraska, Tillie Olsen received only a high school education. But because of her success as a writer, she has served as a visiting lecturer and writer-in-residence at a number of colleges, including Amherst College, Stanford University, and MIT. She has received numerous awards for mostrar mais her work, including an O. Henry Award for best American short story (1961) and a Guggenheim fellowship (1976-77). The widely anthologized "I Stand Here Ironing" (1961), in the circumstances of its publication and its voice and subject, embodies the concerns of Olsen's literary career. In this monologue of a woman reviewing her relationship to her 19-year-old daughter, Olsen suggests the themes of the blighted potential and wasted talent of working-class women that have preoccupied her throughout her career. As she irons, the woman mournfully meditates on how she may have prevented her daughter's full "flowering" - a flowering that she herself has never had. Most intensely recalled is how she had to leave her infant daughter to go to work after her husband abandoned them. A mother herself by age 19, Olsen did not publish her first work until she was in her forties (though she began to write in her teens) when the pressures of supporting herself and her four children lessened and she felt she had written something worthy of publication. At times considered unrelenting in the despair that she attributes to her characters, Olsen's style is marked by a rhythmic, hypnotic lyricism and an evocative use of language. Olsen later published an introductory essay to the reprint of Rebecca Harding Davis's nineteenth-century novel, Life in the Iron Mills. In Silences (1978), a collection of essays, she addresses directly the various cultural, political, and economic forces that silence women writers and writers from working-class or minority backgrounds. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos

Obras por Tillie Olsen

Associated Works

Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (1995) — Contribuidor, algumas edições918 exemplares
Points of View: Revised Edition (1966) — Contribuidor — 413 exemplares
Women & Fiction: Short Stories By and About Women (1975) — Contribuidor — 366 exemplares
100 Years of the Best American Short Stories (2015) — Contribuidor — 287 exemplares
Wise Women: Over Two Thousand Years of Spiritual Writing by Women (1996) — Contribuidor — 201 exemplares
Black Women Writers at Work (1983) — Prefácio, algumas edições128 exemplares
Life in the Iron Mills (1861) — Contribuidor, algumas edições126 exemplares
America and I: Short Stories by American Jewish Women Writers (1990) — Contribuidor — 118 exemplares
Allegra Maud Goldman (1976) — Prefácio, algumas edições106 exemplares
Calling Home: Working-Class Women's Writings (1990) — Contribuidor — 57 exemplares
Infinite Riches (1993) — Contribuidor — 54 exemplares
The Jewish Writer (1998) — Contribuidor — 52 exemplares
The Experience of the American Woman (1978) — Contribuidor — 46 exemplares
The Seasons of Women: An Anthology (1995) — Contribuidor — 46 exemplares
Granta 1: New American Writing (1979) — Contribuidor — 44 exemplares
Fifty Best American Short Stories 1915-1965 (1965) — Contribuidor — 36 exemplares
The Haves & Have Nots: 30 Stories About Money & Class In America (1999) — Contribuidor — 33 exemplares
Between Mothers and Daughters: Stories Across A Generation (1985) — Contribuidor — 28 exemplares
At Work: The Art of California Labor (2003) — Posfácio — 25 exemplares
The Best American Short Stories 1971 (1971) — Contribuidor — 21 exemplares
The Best American Short Stories 1961 (1961) — Contribuidor — 10 exemplares
The Best American Short Stories 1957 (1957) — Contribuidor — 7 exemplares
Enjoying Stories (1987) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares

Etiquetado

Conhecimento Comum

Nome legal
Lerner, Tillie (born)
Data de nascimento
1912-01-14
Data de falecimento
2007-01-01
Sexo
female
Nacionalidade
USA (birth)
Local de nascimento
Wahoo, Nebraska, USA
Local de falecimento
Oakland, California, USA
Locais de residência
Omaha, Nebraska, USA
Berkeley, California, USA
San Francisco, California, USA
Oakland, California, USA
Educação
Lake School, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
Omaha High School, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
Ocupações
novelist
essayist
editor
political activist
feminist
Prémios e menções honrosas
Robert Kirsch Award(2001)
American Academy of Arts and Letters Academy Award(Literature ∙ 1975)
Western Literature Association's Distinguished Achievement Award(1996)
Guggenheim Fellowship
Agente
Frances Goldin Literary Agency (estate)

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Tillie Lerner was born on a tenant farm in Nebraska to Russian-Jewish immigrants who fled their homeland after their involvement in the failed 1905 Russian revolution. She grew up in Omaha, where her father worked as a painter and paperhanger and served as state secretary of the Nebraska Socialist Party. Tillie was a voracious reader from a young age, and although she dropped out of Omaha High School after the 11th grade, she said, "public libraries were my sustenance and my college." In 1929, she embarked on what would be a lifetime of low-paying jobs, such as hotel maid, waitress, and factory worker. She joined the Young Communist League and became deeply involved in many labor, social, and political causes. She was briefly jailed for organizing packinghouse workers in Omaha and Kansas City. At age 19, while recovering from illness contracted as a result of factory work, Tillie wrote her first novel, later titled Yonnondio: From the Thirties, which would not be published for another 40 years. In 1932, her first child was born, and the next year she moved to San Francisco. In 1936 she met Jack Olsen, an organizer and a longshoreman. They married in 1944 and had 3 more children. At age 42, Tillie Olsen decided to try to return to writing. She applied for and received a Wallace Stegner Fellowship in Creative Writing at Stanford University and published her first short story "I Stand Here Ironing" in 1955. Over the next eight years, she produced the stories collected in her most famous volume, Tell Me a Riddle, the title story of which received the O'Henry Award in 1941 as the Best American short story of the year. Tillie Olsen drew attention in her work to lives of women and the poor and influenced American feminist fiction since the 1940s. She became a teacher and writer-in-residence at numerous colleges, such as Amherst College, Stanford University, MIT, and Kenyon College. She was the recipient of nine honorary degrees, National Endowment for the Arts fellowships, and a Guggenheim Fellowship.

Membros

Críticas

Die Autorin (1912-2007) gilt als herausragende Stimme der linken Bewegung Amerikas. Ihr literarisches Werk ist überschaubar und besteht aus Kurzgeschichten, die zum Kanon der "Best American Short Stories" zählen. Vier ihrer Geschichten aus den 1950er-Jahren wurden nun erstmals ins Deutsche übertragen. In "Ich stehe hier und bügle" resümiert eine Mutter beim Bügeln über ihr erstes nichteheliches Kind. Die kleine Tochter war gebrechlich, die Mutter hielt sich mit Gelegenheit Jobs über Wasser. In "O ja" wird die Freundschaft eines weißen und eines schwarzen Mädchens beschrieben, die sich in Jugendjahren nichts mehr zu sagen haben. Die zentrale Erzählung "Erzähl mir ein Rätsel" beschreibt ein altes Ehepaar, das sich im Alter auseinandergelebt hat. Er möchte das Haus verkaufen und in ein Heim ziehen, sie möchte im Haus, das endlich ruhig und leer ist, da alle Kinder groß sind, bleiben. Am Ende versöhnen sich die beiden. Olsen schreibt sprunghaft, sie wechselt die Tempi und die Erzählperspektiven ständig. So kommt keine "Lesebehaglichkeit" auf, wie es im Nachwort heißt. Für ausgebaute Bestände denkbar.… (mais)
½
 
Assinalado
Cornelia16 | 2 outras críticas | Jan 5, 2023 |
The saddest book ever... this is the story of a poor family that just got more and more poor. The author's use of imagery helps the reader feel the descriptions of the Earth, the skinny children, the despair of poverty and hopelessness... first, working in the coal tunnels, and the father getting much of his pay in scrip for the company store. Then, tenant farming and the owner taking everything he harvested, yet still he owes...on to the slaughterhouse work he considers himself lucky to get. The air in the town is so stifling from the slaughterhouse and Benjy has asthma and can't breathe.... Things get worse and worse, and the story remains unfinished, but the reader can imagine the ragged end of this family, during the depression that beat them further and further down.… (mais)
 
Assinalado
burritapal | 7 outras críticas | Oct 23, 2022 |
These stories are sad, but realistic, and make me glad I read them. Especially "Tell me a riddle," the short story for which the book is named. Since my Dad recently died, and I was his caretaker, I identified with the way his wife's life continued to become limited, until she was bedridden, and eventually died. The whole senselessness of a life that had been full with a brain full of compassion and knowledge, ending, and going where?, emanated from this story.
 
Assinalado
burritapal | 9 outras críticas | Oct 23, 2022 |
Excellent, five stars!
 
Assinalado
NorthElliot | 2 outras críticas | Sep 14, 2022 |

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Estatísticas

Obras
17
Also by
30
Membros
1,741
Popularidade
#14,771
Avaliação
3.9
Críticas
32
ISBN
73
Línguas
8
Marcado como favorito
11

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