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Eugene O'Neill (1888–1953)

Autor(a) de Long Day's Journey into Night

342+ Works 11,768 Membros 115 Críticas 24 Favorited

About the Author

Eugene O'Neill was born in New York City on October 16, 1888, the son of popular actors James O'Neill and Ellen Quinlan. As a young child, he frequently went on tour with his father and later attended a Catholic boarding school and a private preparatory school. He entered Princeton University but mostrar mais stayed for only a year. He took a variety of jobs, including prospecting for gold, shipping out as a merchant sailor, joining his father on the stage, and writing for newspapers. In 1912, he was hospitalized for tuberculosis and emotional exhaustion. While recovering, he read a great deal of dramatic literature and, after his release from the sanitarium, began writing plays. O'Neill got his theatrical start with a group known as the Provincetown Players, a company of actors, writers, and other theatrical newcomers, many of whom went on to achieve commercial and critical success. His first plays were one-act works for this group, works that combined realism with experimental forms. O'Neill's first commercial successes, Beyond the Horizon (1920) and Anna Christie (1921) were traditional realistic plays. Anna Christie is still frequently performed. It is the story of a young woman, Anna, whose hard life has led her to become a prostitute. Anna comes to live with her long-lost father, who is unaware of her past, and she falls in love with a sailor, who is also unaware. When Anna finds the two men fighting over her as though she were property, she is so angry and disgusted that she insists on telling them the truth. The man she loves rejects her at first, but then later returns to marry her. Soon O'Neill began to experiment more, and over the next 12 years used a wide variety of unusual techniques, settings, and dramatic devices. It is no exaggeration to say that, virtually on his own, O'Neill created a tradition of serious American theater. His influence on the playwrights who followed him has been enormous, and much of what is taken today for granted in modern American theater originated with O'Neill. A major legacy has been the nine plays he wrote between 1924 and 1931, tragedies that made heavy use of the new Freudian psychology just coming into fashion. His one comedy, Ah, Wilderness (1933), was the basis for the musical comedy, Oklahoma!, itself a groundbreaking event in American theater. O'Neill later began to write the intense, brooding, and highly autobiographical plays that are now considered to his best work. The Iceman Cometh (1946) is set in a bar in Manhattan's Bowery, or skid-row district. In the course of the play, a group of apparently happy men are forced to recognize the true emptiness of their lives. In A Long Day's Journey into Night (1956), O'Neill examines his own family and their tormented lives, a subject he continues in A Moon for the Misbegotten (1957). O'Neill's work was highly honored. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1936 and Pulitzer Prizes for Anna Christie, Beyond the Horizon, Strange Interlude (1928), and A Long Day's Journey Into Night, which also received the New York Drama Critics Circle Award. O'Neill died in Room 401 of the Sheraton Hotel on Bay State Road in Boston, on November 27, 1953, at the age of 65. He was also born in a hotel room in Times Square, NYC. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
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Séries

Obras por Eugene O'Neill

Long Day's Journey into Night (1956) 3,451 exemplares
The Iceman Cometh (1946) 1,375 exemplares
Anna Christie / The Emperor Jones / The Hairy Ape (1922) — Autor — 533 exemplares
Nine Plays (1932) 442 exemplares
A Moon for the Misbegotten (1952) — Autor — 386 exemplares
Mourning Becomes Electra (1931) — Autor — 344 exemplares
Complete Plays 1932-1943 (1988) 294 exemplares
Complete Plays 1913-1920 (1988) 287 exemplares
Complete Plays 1920-1931 (1988) 273 exemplares
Ah, Wilderness! (1933) 241 exemplares
The Emperor Jones (1921) 202 exemplares
Strange Interlude (1928) 164 exemplares
A Touch of the Poet (1957) 162 exemplares
Desire Under the Elms (1925) 148 exemplares
Anna Christie (1921) 145 exemplares
Seven Plays of the Sea (1937) — Autor — 144 exemplares
Selected Plays of Eugene O'Neill (1777) 134 exemplares
The Hairy Ape (1922) 121 exemplares
Beyond the Horizon (1920) 105 exemplares
Later Plays Of Eugene O'Neill (1967) 98 exemplares
The Plays of Eugene O'Neill (1926) 80 exemplares
Six Short Plays (1951) 65 exemplares
More Stately Mansions (1764) 61 exemplares
Complete plays, 1913-1943 (1988) 47 exemplares
Ten "Lost" Plays (1600) 41 exemplares
Hughie (1959) 41 exemplares
Lazarus Laughed (1927) 38 exemplares
Marco Millions (1927) 32 exemplares
Plays of Eugene O'Neill (Vol. 2) (1948) 31 exemplares
Long Day's Journey Into Night [1962 film] (1962) — Screenwriter — 29 exemplares
Dynamo (1929) 29 exemplares
Exorcism: A Play in One Act (2012) 23 exemplares
Days Without End (1934) 22 exemplares
The Straw (1921) 16 exemplares
The First Man (1922) 15 exemplares
Lost Plays (1950) 14 exemplares
Penguin Plays (1960) 13 exemplares
Poems, 1912-1944 (1980) 13 exemplares
The Moon of the Caribbees (1919) 13 exemplares
The Great God Brown (1926) 11 exemplares
Drammi marini (1990) 10 exemplares
Diff'rent (1921) 10 exemplares
In the Zone (2014) 10 exemplares
Plays of Eugene O'Neill (1941) 10 exemplares
Welded (1924) 9 exemplares
Collected Shorter Plays (2007) 8 exemplares
All God's Chillun Got Wings (1924) 8 exemplares
Ile 7 exemplares
Plays (2017) 7 exemplares
Meisterdramen (1966) 6 exemplares
Before breakfast (1916) 6 exemplares
THE CALMS OF CAPRICORN. A Play. (1982) 6 exemplares
Bound East for Cardiff (2005) 6 exemplares
Where the Cross Is Made (2014) 6 exemplares
The Emperor Jones ; The straw (2011) 5 exemplares
Thirst: and other one act plays (1914) 5 exemplares
The Rope (2014) 4 exemplares
Chris Christophersen (1982) 4 exemplares
Los Demonios (1987) 4 exemplares
Teatro escogido 3 exemplares
The American spectator year book (1934) — Editor — 3 exemplares
Three American Plays 3 exemplares
The Man and His Plays (1947) 3 exemplares
Tomorrow (2014) 3 exemplares
Teatro 3 exemplares
Gold (1920) 3 exemplares
Chris Christophersen (1982) 2 exemplares
Mourning Becomes Electra [1947 film] (2004) — Screenwriter — 2 exemplares
I tjocka på Atlanten 2 exemplares
Plays 2 exemplares
Ah, Wilderness (2022) 2 exemplares
Piedade Cruel - Colecao em Cena (2010) 2 exemplares
Chris Christopherson 2 exemplares
Abortion 2 exemplares
Servitude 2 exemplares
Théâtre complet 1 (1963) 2 exemplares
Meisterdramen 2 (1963) 1 exemplar
Meisterdramen I. (1960) 1 exemplar
Dias sem fim 1 exemplar
Los Demonios 1 exemplar
Electra Enlutada 1 exemplar
5 plays 1 exemplar
The Straw (2013) 1 exemplar
Three Plays (1949) 1 exemplar
The Iceman Cometh 1 exemplar
American Dream 1 exemplar
Olje / Ile 1 exemplar
Teatr 1 exemplar
Plays by Eugene O'Neill (2013) 1 exemplar
Théâtre choisi (1963) 1 exemplar
Bread and Butter 1 exemplar
Now I Ask You 1 exemplar
Days Without End 1 exemplar
The Fountain 1 exemplar
The Iceman Cometh 1 exemplar
Coup de théâtre 1 exemplar
Four Plays (2020) 1 exemplar
The Dreamy Kid 1 exemplar
In The Zone; Ile (2005) 1 exemplar
Oltre l'orizzonte 1 exemplar
Fermenti 1 exemplar
Plays 1 exemplar
Rijkemanshuis (1994) 1 exemplar
Fog 1 exemplar
Collected Plays 1 exemplar
Le opere 1 exemplar
Il castoro 1 exemplar
TRAANIA 1 exemplar
Théâtre choisi 1 exemplar
Homecoming 1 exemplar
Opere 1 exemplar
The Movie Man (2014) 1 exemplar
The Sniper (2014) 1 exemplar
A Wife For A Life 1 exemplar
Négy dráma 1 exemplar
Drámák (1974) 1 exemplar
The Long Voyage Home (1952) 1 exemplar
Più grandi dimore 1 exemplar
The Great God Brown (1926) 1 exemplar
Beyond the Horizon (2015) 1 exemplar
Four Plays by Eugene O'Neill (2009) 1 exemplar
Beyond the Horizon (2015) 1 exemplar
Two one-act plays (1980) 1 exemplar
Antes del desayuno 1 exemplar
Dr (1974) 1 exemplar
Quatro peças 1 exemplar

Associated Works

The Portable Harlem Renaissance Reader (1994) — Contribuidor — 403 exemplares
Eight Great Tragedies (1957) — Contribuidor — 385 exemplares
24 Favorite One Act Plays (1958) — Contribuidor — 281 exemplares
Six Modern American Plays (1951) — Contribuidor — 270 exemplares
This Is My Best (1942) — Contribuidor — 186 exemplares
Nobel Prize Library: Faulkner, O'Neill, Steinbeck (1971) — Autor — 183 exemplares
Sixteen Famous American Plays (1777) — Playwright — 181 exemplares
Masterpieces of the Drama (1966) — Contribuidor — 179 exemplares
Famous American Plays of the 1920s (1959) — Contribuidor — 139 exemplares
Thirty Famous One-Act Plays (1943) — Contribuidor — 110 exemplares
Four Modern Plays (First Series) (1944) — Contribuidor — 93 exemplares
Contemporary Drama: 15 Plays (1959) — Contribuidor — 69 exemplares
Best American Plays: Third Series, 1945-1951 (1952) — Contribuidor — 69 exemplares
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Concise Edition (2003) — Contribuidor — 67 exemplares
The Theatre Guild Anthology (1936) — Contribuidor — 62 exemplares
Best American Plays: Fifth Series, 1957-1963 (1952) — Contribuidor — 43 exemplares
Modern and Contemporary Drama (1958) — Contribuidor — 43 exemplares
Best American Plays: Fourth Series, 1951-1957 (1958) — Contribuidor — 42 exemplares
A Quarto of Modern Literature (1935) — Contribuidor — 39 exemplares
Twenty One-Act Plays: An Anthology for Amateur Performing Groups (1978) — Contribuidor — 36 exemplares
Ten Great One Act Plays (1968) — Contribuidor — 35 exemplares
50 Best Plays of the American Theatre [4-volume set] (1969) — Contribuidor — 32 exemplares
14 great plays (1977) — Contribuidor — 31 exemplares
A Treasury of the Theatre: From Henrik Ibsen to Eugène Ionesco (1960) — Contribuidor — 30 exemplares
Nine Great Plays: From Aeschylus to Eliot (Revised Edition) (1950) — Contribuidor — 24 exemplares
Anna Christie [1930 film] (2005) — Original play — 23 exemplares
World's Great Plays (1944) — Contribuidor — 22 exemplares
Best American Plays: 6th Series, 1963-1967 (1971) — Contribuidor — 19 exemplares
New Girl in Town (1958) — Original play Anna Christie — 18 exemplares
Anathema!: Litanies of Negation (1928) — Introdução, algumas edições17 exemplares
Contemporary Drama: European, English and Irish, American Plays (1941) — Contribuidor — 17 exemplares
The Long Voyage Home [1940 film] (1940) — Original play — 17 exemplares
Twelve Classic One-Act Plays (2010) — Contribuidor — 17 exemplares
Contemporary Drama: Nine Plays, American, English, European, (1941) — Contribuidor — 13 exemplares
MacBeth and the Emperor Jones (1935) — Contribuidor — 12 exemplares
The Iceman Cometh [1973 film] (2003) — Original play — 8 exemplares
Five Modern Plays (1987) — Autor — 6 exemplares
Contemporary Drama American Plays II (1938) — Contribuidor — 4 exemplares
American Plays (1935) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
Ah, Wilderness! [1976 TV episode] (2001) — Original play — 2 exemplares
50 Best Plays of the American Theatre, Volume 1 — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
The Iceman Cometh [1960 film] (1960) — Original play — 2 exemplares
Teatru American Contemporan vol. 1 — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar
The Ethnic Image in Modern American Literature, 1900-1950 (1984) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar
Five Modern Plays (1950) — Autor — 1 exemplar

Etiquetado

Conhecimento Comum

Nome canónico
O'Neill, Eugene
Nome legal
O'Neill, Eugene Gladstone
Data de nascimento
1888-10-16
Data de falecimento
1953-11-27
Localização do túmulo
Forest Hills Cemetery, Jamaica Plain, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Sexo
male
Nacionalidade
USA
Local de nascimento
New York, New York, USA
Local de falecimento
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Causa da morte
cerebellar cortical atrophy, a rare form of brain deterioration
Locais de residência
Monte Cristo Cottage, New London, Connecticut, USA
Château du Plessis, St. Antoine-du-Rocher, Indre-et-Loire, France
Casa Genotta, Sea Island, Georgia, USA
Tao House, Danville, California, USA
Educação
St. Aloysius Academy for Boys
Princeton University
Harvard University
Ocupações
playwright
poet
reporter
actor
assistant stage manager
prospector (mostrar todos 9)
sailor
secretary
editor
Relações
O'Neill, Eugene, Jr. (son)
O'Neill, Shane (son)
Boulton, Agnes (wife)
Bryant, Louise (girlfriend)
Baker, George Pierce (teacher)
Strindberg, August (friend) (mostrar todos 8)
Reed, John (friend)
Chaplin, Geraldine (grand daughter)
Organizações
National Institute of Arts and Letters
The Lambs
Dramatists Guild
Authors League of America
Provincetown Players (co-manager)
New London Telegraph (reporter) (mostrar todos 8)
Marine Transport Workers Union of the Industrial Workers of the World
American Spectator (associate editor and contributor)
Prémios e menções honrosas
Nobel Prize (Literature ∙ 1936)
American Academy of Arts and Letters (1923)
American Philosophical Society (1935)
American Theater Hall of Fame (1972)
Gold Medal, National Institute of Arts and Letters (1923)
Pulitzer Prize (1920, 1922, 1928, 1957) (mostrar todos 14)
Tony Award (1957)
Irish Academy of Letters (1932)
National Historic Landmark (Monte Cristo Cottage)(1971)
Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site (Tao House)(1976)
Eugene O'Neill Theatre, New York (1959)
Eugene O'Neill Theater Center, Waterford, Connecticut (1964)
Litt.D., Yale University (1923)
United States Postal Service stamp (1967)

Membros

Críticas

Tragic, just like I was looking for, but I'm just not into romantic tragedies.
 
Assinalado
stargazerfish0 | Jan 13, 2024 |
"Cuando en 1940 el dramaturgo Eugene O’Neill perdió a su perro Blemie, decidió escribir este breve texto con el fin de encontrar consuelo para él y su esposa. En forma de testamento y últimas voluntades, O’Neill imagina los recuerdos y pensamientos de su fiel amigo en sus últimos días, desde los que ve venir la muerte con dignidad y serenidad, solo preocupado por cómo afectará a sus amos".
 
Assinalado
Perroteca | Jan 1, 2024 |
O'Neill's brilliance and his place as America's foremost playwright locks into place, if it hadn't already, with this third volume of plays from the last decade of his writing life. Three of the plays presented here (The Iceman Cometh, Long Day's Journey Into Night, and A Moon for the Misbegotten) are utter masterpieces, works of art so powerful that they rank among the great accomplishments in English letters. Two other plays (Ah, Wilderness! and A Touch of the Poet) are great plays. A third (More Stately Mansions) is the one great failure of O'Neill's career, I believe, an endless epic back-and-forth set of soulful arguments that could have been (and sometimes was) better played in an infinitely shorter play. But it's my belief that no American playwright has ever come within miles of capturing O'Neill's ability to see the pain at the heart of human beings and to encapsulate so perfectly the pity which the lost heart yearns for and requires.… (mais)
 
Assinalado
jumblejim | Aug 26, 2023 |
It's good at first, but by Act 3 all the themes have been developed and the rest of the play is simply digging in further to the already-established ruts.

This might be a play that really suffers in the reading as opposed to the performance.
 
Assinalado
blueskygreentrees | 35 outras críticas | Jul 30, 2023 |

Listas

1930s (1)
1950s (1)

Prémios

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Estatísticas

Obras
342
Also by
57
Membros
11,768
Popularidade
#1,999
Avaliação
3.8
Críticas
115
ISBN
438
Línguas
17
Marcado como favorito
24

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