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Arthur Schopenhauer (1788–1860)

Autor(a) de The Art of Always Being Right

599+ Works 12,706 Membros 122 Críticas 66 Favorited

About the Author

Arthur Schopenhauer traveled in childhood throughout Europe and lived for a time in Goethe's Weimar, where his mother had established a salon that attracted many of Europe's leading intellectuals. As a young man, Schopenhauer studied at the University of Gottingen and in Berlin, where he attended mostrar mais the lectures of Fichte and Schleiermacher. Schopenhauer's first work was The Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (1813), followed by a treatise on the physiology of perception, On Vision and Colors (1816). When Schopenhauer wrote his principal work, The World as Will and Idea (1819), he was confident that it was a work of great importance that would soon win him fame, but in this he was badly disappointed. In 1819 he arranged to hold a series of philosophical lectures at the same time as those of the newly arrived professor Hegel, whom Schopenhauer despised (calling him, among other creative epithets, an "intellectual Caliban"). This move resulted only in further humiliation for Schopenhauer, since no one showed up to hear him. Schopenhauer continued to be frustrated in repeated attempts to achieve recognition. In 1839 and 1840 he submitted essays on freedom of the will and the foundation of morality to competitions sponsored by the Royal Danish Academy but he won no prize, even when his essay was the only entry in the competition. In 1844 he published a second volume of The World as Will and Idea, containing developments and commentaries on the first. Around 1850, toward the end of his life, Schopenhauer's philosophy began to receive belated recognition, and he died in the confidence that his long-awaited and deserved fame had finally come. Schopenhauer's philosophy exercised considerable influence in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, not only among academic philosophers but even more among artists and literati. This may be in part because, unlike his German idealist contemporaries, Schopenhauer is a lucid and even witty writer, whose style consciously owes more to Hume than to Kant. Schopenhauer's philosophy is founded on the idea that reality is Will--a single, insatiable, objectless striving that manifests itself in the world of appearance as a vast multiplicity of phenomena, engaged in an endless and painful struggle with one another. He saw the same vision in the texts of Indian religions---Vedanta and Buddhism---which he regarded as vastly superior to Western monotheism. Schopenhauer's theory of the empirical world is an idealism, in which the doctrines of Kant are identified with those of Berkeley. In aesthetic enjoyment Schopenhauer saw a form of knowledge that is higher than ordinary empirical knowledge because it is a disinterested contemplation of the forms or essences of things, rather than a cognition of causal connections between particulars driven by the will's interest in control and domination. True salvation, however, lies in an intuitive insight into the evil of willing, which in its highest manifestations is capable of completely extinguishing the will in a state of nirvana. In his perceptive development of the psychological consequences of his theory, Schopenhauer gives particular emphasis to the way in which our knowledge and behavior are insidiously manipulated by our unconscious volition; this stress, plus the central role he gives to sexuality in his theory of the will, contains much that is found later in Freud (who acknowledged that Schopenhauer had anticipated his theory of repression). Schopenhauer's main influence on twentieth-century philosophy, however, was mediated by Nietzsche, whose theory of the will to power added a poignant twist by committing itself to the affirmation of the will while still conceiving it in essentially the same way---insatiable, painful, predatory, deceptive, and subversive of rational thought---which it had been in Schopenhauer's metaphysical pessimism. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
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Obras por Arthur Schopenhauer

The Art of Always Being Right (1864) — Autor — 1,289 exemplares
Essays and Aphorisms (1851) 1,282 exemplares
The World as Will and Representation, Volume 1 (1819) — Autor — 1,225 exemplares
The world as will and representation (1818) — Autor — 812 exemplares
The Wisdom of Life (1851) — Autor — 581 exemplares
On The Suffering of the World (2004) 512 exemplares
Essay on the Freedom of the Will (1989) 285 exemplares
On the Basis of Morality (1903) 240 exemplares
The Philosophy of Schopenhauer (1928) 186 exemplares
L'arte di insultare (1988) 150 exemplares
The Essential Schopenhauer (1962) 141 exemplares
Studies in Pessimism (1922) 130 exemplares
On Women (1931) 98 exemplares
Essays of Schopenhauer (1902) 91 exemplares
The Art of Literature (1891) 82 exemplares
The art of knowing yourself (1992) 78 exemplares
Er is geen vrouw die deugt (1986) 73 exemplares
On the Will in Nature (1836) 73 exemplares
Complete Essays of Schopenhauer (1942) 61 exemplares
De wereld een hel (1981) 59 exemplares
Métaphysique de l'amour (1901) 55 exemplares
El amor, las mujeres y la muerte (1901) 50 exemplares
On Vision and Colors (1994) 43 exemplares
Kleinere Schriften (1986) 37 exemplares
Aşkın Metafiziği (1919) 36 exemplares
Pessimistin elämänviisaus (1964) 33 exemplares
De wereld deugt niet (1992) 33 exemplares
El amor, las mujeres, y la muerte (1981) 31 exemplares
Il giudizio degli altri (2004) 25 exemplares
La filosofia delle universita (1992) 23 exemplares
Kuolema ja kuolematon (1991) 22 exemplares
Parerga und Paralipomena I/1 (1975) 21 exemplares
Über das Mitleid (2005) 21 exemplares
Selections (1928) 19 exemplares
Hayatin Anlami (2007) 18 exemplares
Journal de voyage (1988) 15 exemplares
Parerga und Paralipomena I/2 (2007) 15 exemplares
Schopenhauer (1956) 14 exemplares
Esthétique et métaphysique (1999) 13 exemplares
Du néant de la vie (2004) 12 exemplares
Sulla lettura e sui libri (1914) 12 exemplares
Sur la Religion (Monde) (1996) 12 exemplares
Metaphysik der Sitten (1985) 11 exemplares
Schopenhauer (2019) 10 exemplares
Il mio Oriente (2007) 10 exemplares
Consigli sulla felicità (2007) 10 exemplares
L'arte di capire le donne (2014) 9 exemplares
Sämmtliche Werke (1900) 9 exemplares
Parerga y Paralipómena (2002) 9 exemplares
Colloqui (1995) 9 exemplares
Gesammelte Werke (2007) 9 exemplares
[Schopenhauer] (2010) 8 exemplares
Metafisica della natura (1984) 8 exemplares
Pensamiento, palabras y música (1998) 7 exemplares
Din Uzerine (2009) 7 exemplares
Memoria sulle scienze occulte (1946) 7 exemplares
Aforismi (2008) 7 exemplares
Schopenhauer für Boshafte (2006) 7 exemplares
ARTE DE PENSAR, EL (2019) 6 exemplares
O religii (2013) 6 exemplares
Bilmek ve Istemek (2012) 6 exemplares
Libertad, La (1978) 6 exemplares
Bilim ve Bilgelik (2014) 5 exemplares
Ethique et politique (1996) 5 exemplares
Sobre o Ofício do Escritor (2003) 5 exemplares
Hukuk Ahlak ve Siyaset Uzerine (2009) 5 exemplares
Schopenhauer om musikken (1988) 5 exemplares
Par?bolas y aforismos (2018) 5 exemplares
Felsefe Tarihinden Kesitler (2014) 4 exemplares
Ich trete die Kelter allein (1989) 4 exemplares
Okumaya ve okumuşlara dair (2013) 4 exemplares
Come pensare da se 4 exemplares
ARTI I TE JETUARIT — Autor — 4 exemplares
Ölümün anlamı (2013) 4 exemplares
Escritos literarios (1996) 4 exemplares
Philosophie et Science (2001) 4 exemplares
De kunst van het verleiden (2003) 4 exemplares
L'amore 3 exemplares
Lettres (Tome 2) (2017) 3 exemplares
El amor y otras pasiones (1997) 3 exemplares
Schopenhauer (1956) 3 exemplares
Das Gesamtwerk (2014) 3 exemplares
Sobre la lectura y los libros (2015) 3 exemplares
L'art de vieillir (2023) 3 exemplares
Pandectae (2016) 3 exemplares
Notas sobre Oriente (2011) 3 exemplares
Der Briefwechsel mit Goethe (1992) 3 exemplares
Werke in zwei Bänden (1977) 3 exemplares
Metafisica della sessualità (1993) 3 exemplares
Morale e religione (1990) 3 exemplares
Metafysika lásky a hudby (1995) 3 exemplares
Varolmanýn Acýsý (2016) 3 exemplares
Arthur Schopenhauer (1987) 3 exemplares
Levenswijsheid 3 exemplares
Pensées & Fragments 3 exemplares
Selected Essays of Schopenhauer (1926) 3 exemplares
Schopenhauer Fur Gestresste (1998) 3 exemplares
Keshilla per jeten (2003) 2 exemplares
Kunstidest (2002) 2 exemplares
Eudemonologia 2 exemplares
Die Kunst, am Leben zu bleiben (2011) 2 exemplares
Hakli Cikma Sanati (2016) 2 exemplares
Insan Dogasi Uzerine (2013) 2 exemplares
Sobre A Filosofia Universitaria (2001) 2 exemplares
Correspondance complète (1996) 2 exemplares
Eudemonologia 2 exemplares
La dottrina dell'idea (1999) 2 exemplares
Akil Zayifligi (2017) 2 exemplares
Spisovatelům a čtenářům (1995) 2 exemplares
Religion: A Dialogue (2019) 2 exemplares
Du génie (2010) 2 exemplares
Die Wahrheit kann warten (2013) 2 exemplares
Voyage à Bordeaux (1993) 2 exemplares
Schopenhauer-Brevier (1938) 2 exemplares
Werke in 5 Bänden 2 exemplares
The Vanity of Existence (2011) 2 exemplares
Auswahl aus seinen Schriften (1962) 2 exemplares
Sämtliche werke (1986) 2 exemplares
O livre-arbítrio (2012) 2 exemplares
Works 1 exemplar
BAZA E MORALIT 1 exemplar
Sex, Death and Genius (1995) 1 exemplar
Metafizika lepog 1 exemplar
Brevijar 1 exemplar
Entretiens (1993) 1 exemplar
O ženama 1 exemplar
A szenvedélyes szerelemről (1989) 1 exemplar
El Ocultismo 1 exemplar
O smrti i postojanju (2017) 1 exemplar
Dogadaki Isteme Üzerine (2021) 1 exemplar
Ölümün Anlamı 1 exemplar
Haklı Çıkma Sanatı (2023) 1 exemplar
A sabedoria da vida (2011) 1 exemplar
Etica 1 exemplar
VONTADE DE AMAR, A 1 exemplar
EUDEMONOLOGIA (2000) 1 exemplar
Shopenhauer: antología (1989) 1 exemplar
Aforismos Livro 1 1 exemplar
Pensieri diversi 1 exemplar
Merhamet (2007) 1 exemplar
Maximes et pensées (1998) 1 exemplar
Misère de la littérature (2010) 1 exemplar
Le Sens du destin (1988) 1 exemplar
O geniju 1 exemplar
Selected Essays (1891) 1 exemplar
Un abécédaire (2004) 1 exemplar
Sul genio (2013) 1 exemplar
Livsvisdom 1 exemplar
Ljubov' 1 exemplar
Taccuino italiano 1 exemplar
Anni e errori 1 exemplar
Breviario 1 exemplar
Intelletto e volontà (1959) 1 exemplar
Estetica e morale (1997) 1 exemplar
Ils corrompent nos têtes (1991) 1 exemplar
Neue Paralipomena 1 exemplar
Att tänka själv (2006) 1 exemplar
Shopenhauer 1 exemplar
O filosofii a filosofech (1999) 1 exemplar
Werke : in 1 Bd. 1 exemplar
Instinto Sexual 1 exemplar
Lettres (Tome 1) (2017) 1 exemplar
Philosophie in Briefen (1989) 1 exemplar
Ceļinieks : aforismi (2006) 1 exemplar
L'art de ne pas lire (1992) 1 exemplar
Världsreflexer II 1 exemplar
Sämtliche Werke 1 exemplar
O kráse a umení (2007) 1 exemplar
On the Vanity of Existence (2018) 1 exemplar
Sämtliche Werke: 5 Bänden (2004) 1 exemplar
ENSAYO SOBRE LAS MUJERES (2009) 1 exemplar
Livsförelse 1 exemplar
Schopenhauer`s Briefe. (1900) 1 exemplar
Cartas desde la obstinación (2008) 1 exemplar
Az alap tételéről (2013) 1 exemplar
101 truths about life (2014) 1 exemplar

Associated Works

The Art of Worldly Wisdom (1647) — Tradutor, algumas edições1,906 exemplares
The European Philosophers from Descartes to Nietzsche (1960) — Contribuidor — 439 exemplares
Critical Theory Since Plato (1971) — Contribuidor, algumas edições400 exemplares
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (1996) — Autor, algumas edições188 exemplares
Man and Spirit: The Speculative Philosophers (1947) — Contribuidor — 173 exemplares
Reading Philosophy: Selected Texts with a Method for Beginners (2002) — Contribuidor — 58 exemplares
German Essays on Music (1994) — Contribuidor — 19 exemplares
Schopenhauer (1997) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar


Conhecimento Comum

Nome canónico
Schopenhauer, Arthur
Data de nascimento
1788-02-22 (Danzig)
Data de falecimento
1860-09-21 (Frankfurt am Main)
Localização do túmulo
1860-09-26 | Hauptfriedhof | Frankfurt am Main
Local de nascimento
Danzig, Kingdom of Poland
Local de falecimento
Frankfurt am Main, German Confederation
Causa da morte
pulmonary-respiratory failure
Locais de residência
Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Danzig, Germany (now: Poland)
Hamburg, Germany
Weimar, Germany
Dresden, Germany
Berlin, Germany
University of Göttingen, Germany (philosophy, psychology)
Schopenhauer, Johanna (mother)
Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft (Senckenberg Nature Research Society)

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At Schopenhauer har hatt mye å si for vitenskapen eller fagfilosofien er derimot en overdrivelse. Tre store filosofer har mottatt avgjørende impulser av ham : Friedrich Nietzsche, Henri Bergson og Ludwig Wittgenstein, ellers har fagfilosofer stort sett ignorert ham. Men forfattere og kunstnere (og en psykolog) har hele tiden funnet veien til hans verker. Samuel Beckett, Jorge Luis Borges, August Strindberg, Richard Wagner, Thomas Mann, Italo Svevo, Leo Tolstoj, Marcel Proust, Sigmund Freud: alle disse og mange andre kunstnere har lest Schopenhauer og blitt fengslet av hans pessimisme, hans opphøyning av kunst (og særlig musikk) i sitt filosofiske system, hans misogyni, hans prosa som mange har betegnet som noe av den tyske kulturhistoriens fineste. "Talent hits a target no one else can hit; genius hits a target no one else can see." -- Arthur Schopenhauer



Este livro contém três textos de Schopenhauer, extraídos de ´O Mundo como Vontade e Representação´, e ´Parega e Paralipomena´, onde o autor fala do amor, da morte e da vontade.
BolideBooks | May 13, 2021 |



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