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Ignazio Silone (1900–1978)

Autor(a) de Bread and Wine (Signet Classics)

49+ Works 2,626 Membros 38 Críticas 5 Favorited

About the Author

Silone was 15 years old when an earthquake in his native Abruzzi killed his mother and five of his brothers. Before he was 20 he had established himself in Rome as editor of a socialist weekly. In 1921 he went off on the first of many trips to the Soviet Union and became a founding member of the mostrar mais Italian Communist party. Under fascism he hid at first, and then, in 1930, he fled to Switzerland, at which time, however, he also broke with the Communist party. The novels that made him world famous as an anti-Fascist were Fontamara (1930) and Bread and Wine, the latter first published in English in 1936 and then in 17 other languages as well as in Italian. Silone was virtually unknown in Italy until after World War II, by which time he had undergone a radical spiritual transformation that is explained in a very moving essay, "Emergency Exit," included in Richard Crossman's The God That Failed (1950). (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
Disambiguation Notice:

(ita) Pseudonimo e poi, dagli anni 1960, anche nome legale di Secondino Tranquilli

Séries

Obras por Ignazio Silone

Bread and Wine (Signet Classics) (1936) 968 exemplares
Fontamara (1930) 710 exemplares
The Secret of Luca (1956) 229 exemplares
The Story of a Humble Christian (1968) 153 exemplares
The Seed Beneath the Snow (1941) 96 exemplares
A Handful Of Blackberries (1952) 93 exemplares
Emergency Exit (1965) 64 exemplares
The School for Dictators (1938) 64 exemplares
The Fox and the Camellias (1969) 45 exemplares
Severina (1971) 25 exemplares
il pane di casa 8 exemplares
And He Hid Himself (1946) 8 exemplares
Paese dell'anima (1968) 7 exemplares
Fašizam (1934) 4 exemplares
Fontamara: Il segreto di Luca (1930) 4 exemplares
Memoir from a Swiss Prison: (2006) 2 exemplares
Simplicio-Letizia 2 exemplares
Mr. Aristotle 2 exemplares
Der Fuchs und die Kamelie. (1998) 1 exemplar
Lukova skrivnost 1 exemplar
Prgišče robidnic 1 exemplar
Vini e pane 1 exemplar
نان و شراب 1 exemplar
Simplicio 1 exemplar
The Travelers 1 exemplar

Associated Works

The God That Failed (1944) — Contribuidor — 429 exemplares
A World of Great Stories (1947) 263 exemplares
Man Alone: Alienation in Modern Society (1962) — Contribuidor — 141 exemplares
Open city : seven writers in postwar Rome (1999) — Contribuidor — 48 exemplares
The Modern Short Novel (1965) — Contribuidor — 11 exemplares
Italiaanse verhalen (1961) — Contribuidor — 10 exemplares
Modern Italian Short Stories (1954) — Contribuidor — 6 exemplares
Ignazio Silone prents the Living Thoughts of Mazzini (1939) — Editor, algumas edições5 exemplares

Etiquetado

Conhecimento Comum

Nome legal
Tranquilli, Secondino
Outros nomes
Pasquini
Silone, Ignazio
Data de nascimento
1900-05-01
Data de falecimento
1978-08-22
Sexo
male
Nacionalidade
Italië
Local de nascimento
Pescina, Italy
Local de falecimento
Geneva, Switzerland
Locais de residência
Geneva, Switzerland
Ocupações
novelist
essayist
playwright
editor
short-story writer
politician
Relações
Silone, Darina (wife)
Organizações
American Academy of Arts and Letters (Foreign Honorary ∙ Literature ∙ 1950)
Italian Socialist Party
Italian Communist Party
Office of Strategic Services
Congress for Cultural Freedom
National Institute of Arts and Letters (mostrar todos 10)
PEN
Italian Pen Club (president)
Association for the Freedom of Italian Culture (chairman)
Avanti! (editor)
Prémios e menções honrosas
Jerusalem Prize (1969)
Prix mondial Cino Del Duca (1971)

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Ignazio Silone was the pen name of Secondino Tranquilli, who was born in the Abruzzo region of Italy and lost many family members, including his mother, in the 1915 Avezzano earthquake. Silone was a founding member of the Italian Communist Party in 1921, and became one of its clandestine leaders during Mussolini's Fascist regime.  Silone was expelled from the party due to his opposition to Stalinism.  He went to Switzerland for his health and began to write.  His novels Fontamara, Bread and Wine and The Seed Beneath the Snow form the Abruzzo Trilogy.  He returned to Italy in 1944 and edited a journal, Tempo Presente.

Membros

Críticas

A unique look at how the poor are viewed as a resource to be used and discarded, not as actual human beings. The most prescient aspect of the story is how little this perception changes, regardless of the the type of government in power.
 
Assinalado
grandpahobo | 11 outras críticas | May 5, 2024 |
I had read "Bread and Wine" over fifty years ago and been impressed by it. Reading it again along with the other two novels Silone wrote in the same setting, I am overcome with the contrast between the bleakness of his vision and the hope of his characters.
 
Assinalado
nmele | Mar 26, 2024 |
This for me was a 3.5 star read, but I'll round up to 4 Stars considering when it was written, 1936, a time when the events in the book were actually playing out in Mussolini’s Fascist Italy.

The principal character, Pietro Spina or Paulo Spada reflects Silone himself, rejecting Stalinist Communist Party dogma but embracing socialist idealism, criticizing the Church, uncomfortable at first in his ecclesiastic disguise, but eventually warming to it. Silone was an outspoken critic of fascism, but struggled with his own identity, as does his character. He recognized the danger of a revolutionary movement outgrowing the needs of the people it professed to serve and eventually becoming totalitarian itself, returning the masses to the servitude it strove to overthrow. Stalin’s dictatorship is no different from Mussolini’s, and the masses in either case become resigned to their fate; “But you can live in the most democratic country on earth, and if you're lazy, obtuse or servile within yourself, you're not free.” This in a way is Silone’s resignation to the eventual death of his socialist ideal; it cannot work without the support of the masses, who are apathetic, nor can it work as part of a broader political framework.

My impression on reading this in 2018 is unfortunately one of predictability and datedness. That said, it is well written, this reader enjoying the descriptions of simple cafoni lifestyle and customs, often comic, often sad. While the novel made quite an impression at the time, it’s not as timeless as Orwell, IMO. I may read [b:Fontamara|143250|Fontamara|Ignazio Silone|https://images.gr-assets.com/books/1172151497s/143250.jpg|2455413] at some point, but I’m not in a great rush to do so.

… (mais)
 
Assinalado
amurray914 | 10 outras críticas | Feb 27, 2024 |
Powerful, enormously sad book about peasant life in southern Italy. As such, it reminded me of both Carlo Levi’s Christ Stopped at Eboli and Giovanni Verga’s House by the Medlar Tree. It’s different from those works in its unrelenting sadness and, in a way, its terrifying description of the life of the peasant farmers and their families. Corruption permeates society, the poor are ignored at best or trampled on by anyone and everyone else. Like all of Silone’s work, there is a constant underlying political theme but part of the success of the book, I think, is that he doesn’t overplay it. I can’t say I “enjoyed” the book but I’m glad I read it and would recommend it: it’s well worth the time.… (mais)
 
Assinalado
Gypsy_Boy | 11 outras críticas | Aug 24, 2023 |

Listas

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Associated Authors

Estatísticas

Obras
49
Also by
9
Membros
2,626
Popularidade
#9,779
Avaliação
½ 3.7
Críticas
38
ISBN
159
Línguas
14
Marcado como favorito
5

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