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Baruch Spinoza (1632–1677)

Autor(a) de Ethics

269+ Works 8,604 Membros 88 Críticas 57 Favorited

About the Author

Baruch Spinoza was born in Amsterdam, the son of Portuguese Jewish refugees who had fled from the persecution of the Spanish Inquisition. Although reared in the Jewish community, he rebelled against its religious views and practices, and in 1656 was formally excommunicated from the mostrar mais Portuguese-Spanish Synagogue of Amsterdam and was thus effectively cast out of the Jewish world. He joined a group of nonconfessional Christians (although he never became a Christian), the Collegiants, who professed no creeds or practices but shared a spiritual brotherhood. He was also apparently involved with the Quaker mission in Amsterdam. Spinoza eventually settled in The Hague, where he lived quietly, studying philosophy, science, and theology, discussing his ideas with a small circle of independent thinkers, and earning his living as a lens grinder. He corresponded with some of the leading philosophers and scientists of his time and was visited by Leibniz and many others. He is said to have refused offers to teach at Heidelberg or to be court philosopher for the Prince of Conde. During his lifetime he published only two works, The Principles of Descartes' Philosophy (1666) and the Theological Political Tractatus (1670). In the first his own theory began to emerge as the consistent consequence of that of Descartes (see also Vol. 5). In the second, he gave his reasons for rejecting the claims of religious knowledge and elaborated his theory of the independence of the state from all religious factions. After his death (probably caused by consumption resulting from glass dust), his major work, the Ethics, appeared in his Opera Posthuma, and presented the full metaphysical basis of his pantheistic view. Spinoza's influence on the Enlightenment, on the Romantic Age, and on modern secularism has been tremendous. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos

Inclui os nomes: Spinoza, B Spinoza, de Spinoza, スピノザ, Spinoza/elwes, B. de Spinoza, Baruj Spinoza, Baruch Spinoza, Baruch Spinoza, Baruch Espinosa, Bento de Spinoza, Benedikt Spinoza, Bento De Spinoza, Benedict Spinoza, Benedykt Spinoza, Baruch de Spinoza, Benedetto Spinoza, Baruch de Spinoza, Bento De Espinosa, Baruch de Spinoza, Benedikts Spinoza, Baruch de Espinoza, Baruch de Espinosa, Baruch de Espinosa, Benedictus Spinoza, Baruch de Espinosa, Benedict de Spinoza, Benedict de Spinoza, Benedict de Spinoza, Benedikt de Spinoza, Benedict de Spinoza, Benedicti De Spinoza, Benedicti de Spinoza, Benedicti de Spinoza, Benedictus de Spinosa, Benedict de] [Spinoza, Benedictus De Spinoza, Benedictus De Spinoza, Benedictus von Spinoza, Bénédicte de Spinoza, ברוך שפינוזה, Benedikt von von Spinoza, R. H. W. (Spinoza) Elwes, Baruch Benedictus Spinoza, Benedictus Baruch Spinoza, Spinoza; Joseph Ratner (Ed), Benedictus (Baruch) d Spinoza, Бенедикт Спиноза, バルーフ・デ スピノザ, James ed Benedict de) Gutmann Spinoza, Baruch Spinoza (Benedictus de Spinoza), intro-Joseph Ratner, Baruch de Spinoza, James ed Gutmann Spinoza (Benedict de), Benedictus De Spinoza (Benedict Spinoza), R. H. M. (Translator); Benedict Spinoza Elwes, R H M (translator) De Benedict; Elwes Spinoza, R. H. M. (translator) Benedict de; Elwes Spinoza, Joseph (editor B.; Ratner Spinoza, introduction), Benedictus De Spinoza Translated By Andrew Boyle, and Elwes Benedict Spinoza, R. H. M. (Translated, A. (translation); Santayana Baruch; Boyle Spinoza, Benedictus De Spinoza; Translator And Introduction, Benedict De Spinoza; Translator R.H.M. Elwes; Intr, Spinoza; translated by A. Boyle; introduction by G

Também inclui: Espinosa (1)

Image credit: From Wikipedia


Obras por Baruch Spinoza

Ethics (1677) 2,969 exemplares
Theological-Political Treatise (1670) 1,022 exemplares
Spinoza: Complete Works (1955) 251 exemplares
Tratado Político (1675) 126 exemplares
Spinoza Selections (1930) 104 exemplares
Briefwisseling (1925) 101 exemplares
Philosophy of Benedict de Spinoza (1927) 99 exemplares
The Ethics and Selected Letters (1982) — Autor — 76 exemplares
Chief works (1951) 56 exemplares
Etica-Trattato teologico-politico (1980) 40 exemplares
Philosophy of Benedict De Spinoza (1933) 30 exemplares
Traité politique ; Lettres (1966) 26 exemplares
Korte geschriften (1982) 19 exemplares
De draagbare Spinoza (1992) 15 exemplares
Spinoza 14 exemplares
Spinoza (1996) 14 exemplares
De uitgelezen Spinoza (1999) 13 exemplares
The Book of God (1958) 13 exemplares
Letters to friend and foe (1966) 11 exemplares
Os Pensadores - Espinosa (1997) 10 exemplares
Writings on political philosophy (1937) 10 exemplares
Reflections and Maxims (1965) 10 exemplares
Obras completas (1966) 8 exemplares
La libertà di pensiero (2014) 8 exemplares
Éthique (2021) 6 exemplares
Staatkundige verhandeling (2014) 6 exemplares
De Dios (Ética) (2007) 5 exemplares
Traktaty. Etyka 4 exemplares
Pisma wczesne (2009) 4 exemplares
De la droite manière de vivre (2016) 3 exemplares
Traktaty (2000) 3 exemplares
Antología (1986) 3 exemplares
Spinoza (2000) 3 exemplares
La superstizione 3 exemplares
Spinoza I: Etica 2 exemplares
Spinoza 2 exemplares
Etica: passi scelti 2 exemplares
Ifjúkori művek (1956) 2 exemplares
Tratado político (2023) 2 exemplares
Spinoza (1996) 2 exemplares
Dio 2 exemplares
איגרות 2 exemplares
Spinoza de Brieven over God (2016) 2 exemplares
Ethica / druk 7 2 exemplares
国家論 (岩波文庫) (1976) 2 exemplares
Conoscenza e liberta (1994) 1 exemplar
The Rationalists 1 exemplar
L'Etica 1 exemplar
اخلاق 1 exemplar
tica 1 exemplar
Sämmtliche Werke 1 exemplar
Politiek traktaat 1 exemplar
Ethics 1 exemplar
Sem título 1 exemplar
Philosophie et politique (1985) 1 exemplar
מאמר מדיני (1982) 1 exemplar
Spinoza 1 exemplar
Törebilim (2020) 1 exemplar
Oeuvres completes 1 exemplar
Espinosa 1 exemplar
Tom. 3-4 1 exemplar
Spinoza [opere di] 1 exemplar
Tom. 1-2 1 exemplar
Spinoza (1998) 1 exemplar
Selected Letters 1 exemplar
Éthique (2023) 1 exemplar
Briefwechsel (1977) 1 exemplar
Opere scelte 1 exemplar
Kisa Inceleme (2015) 1 exemplar

Associated Works

The European Philosophers from Descartes to Nietzsche (1960) — Contribuidor — 441 exemplares
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (1996) — Autor, algumas edições190 exemplares
Atheism: A Reader (2000) — Contribuidor — 184 exemplares
Man and Spirit: The Speculative Philosophers (1947) — Contribuidor — 173 exemplares
A Golden Treasure of Jewish Literature (1937) — Contribuidor — 76 exemplares
Materialism and the mind-body problem (1971) — Contribuidor — 70 exemplares
Classics of Modern Political Theory : Machiavelli to Mill (1996) — Contribuidor — 49 exemplares
Britannica Great Books: Bacon, Descartes, Spinoza (1990) — Contribuidor — 22 exemplares
The liberal tradition in European thought (1971) — Contribuidor, algumas edições17 exemplares


Conhecimento Comum

Nome canónico
Spinoza, Baruch
Nome legal
Espinosa, Baruch
Spinosa, Bento de
Outros nomes
Spinoza, Benedictus de
Spinoza, Baruch de
Data de nascimento
Data de falecimento
Localização do túmulo
Cemetery of the New Church on the Spui, The Hague, Netherlands
Local de nascimento
Amsterdam, Holland, Dutch Republic
Local de falecimento
The Hague, Holland, Dutch Republic
Locais de residência
Amsterdam, Holland, Dutch Republic
The Hague, Holland, Dutch Republic
Rijnsburg, Netherlands
Pereira yeshibah, Amsterdam, Netherlands
lens grinder

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Baruch Spinoza was born in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, to a Sephardic Jewish family whose recent ancestors had been expelled from or fled Spain and Portugal. He received a thorough education, including the study of medieval philosophy as well as the works of Descartes, Hobbes, and other contemporaries. He became a key philosopher and writer laying the groundwork for the Enlightenment, though the importance of his work was not fully realized until many years after his death.
Based on his radical views, the Jewish religious authorities in Amsterdam banned him from their society at age 23. Around this time, he adopted the Latin form of his name, Benedictus de Spinoza. He made a living grinding optical lenses, and continued his scholarly writing. He died in 1677 at age 44, allegedly of a lung illness, perhaps caused by the dust inhaled during his work. Of his writings, only A Treatise on Religious and Political Philosophy (1670) was published during his lifetime. His books Ethics, Political Treatise, and Hebrew Grammar appeared posthumously in 1677.



Mini flash-mob for Spinoza's Library em Legacy Libraries (Outubro 2012)
I believe in the God of Spinoza Albert Einstein em Philosophy and Theory (Agosto 2009)


"Expliquei, assim, a natureza de Deus e suas propriedades: que ele existe necessariamente; que é único; que existe e age exclusivamente pela necessidade de sua natureza; que (e de que modo) é causa livre de todas as coisas; que todas as coisas existem em Deus e dele dependem de tal maneira que não podem existir nem ser concebidas sem ele; que, enfim, todas as coisas foram predeterminadas por Deus, não certamente pela liberdade de sua vontade, ou seja, por seu absoluto beneplácito, mas por sua natureza absoluta, ou seja, por sua infinita potência… (mais)
BolideBooks | 39 outras críticas | May 14, 2021 |



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