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Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811–1896)

Autor(a) de Uncle Tom's Cabin

216+ Works 19,488 Membros 207 Críticas 10 Favorited

About the Author

Harriet Beecher was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, one of nine children of the distinguished Congregational minister and stern Calvinist, Lyman Beecher. Of her six brothers, five became ministers, one of whom, Henry Ward Beecher, was considered the finest pulpit orator of his day. In 1832 Harriet mostrar mais Beecher went with her family to Cincinnati, Ohio. There she taught in her sister's school and began publishing sketches and stories. In 1836 she married the Reverend Calvin E. Stowe, one of her father's assistants at the Lane Theological Seminary and a strong antislavery advocate. They lived in Cincinnati for 18 years, and six of her children were born there. The Stowes moved to Brunswick, Maine, in 1850, when Calvin Stowe became a professor at Bowdoin College. Long active in abolition causes and knowledgeable about the atrocities of slavery both from her reading and her years in Cincinnati, with its close proximity to the South, Stowe was finally impelled to take action with the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act in 1850. By her own account, the idea of Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852) first came to her in a vision while she was sitting in church. Returning home, she sat down and wrote out the scene describing the death of Uncle Tom and was so inspired that she continued to write on scraps of grocer's brown paper after her own supply of writing paper gave out. She then wrote the book's earlier chapters. Serialized first in the National Era (1851--52), an important abolitionist journal with national circulation, Uncle Tom's Cabin was published in book form in March 1852. It was an immediate international bestseller; 10,000 copies were sold in less than a week, 300,000 within a year, and 3 million before the start of the Civil War. Family legend tells of President Abraham Lincoln (see Vol. 3) saying to Stowe when he met her in 1862: "So this is the little lady who made this big war?" Whether he did say it or not, we will never know, since Stowe left no written record of her interview with the president. But he would have been justified in saying it. Certainly, no other single book, apart from the Bible, has ever had any greater social impact on the United States, and for many years its enormous historical interest prevented many from seeing the book's genuine, if not always consistent, literary merit. The fame of the novel has also unfortunately overshadowed the fiction that Stowe wrote about her native New England: The Minister's Wooing (1859), Oldtown Folks (1869), Poganuc People (1878), and The Pearl of Orr's Island (1862), the novel that, according to Sarah Orne Jewett, began the local-color movement in New England. Here Stowe was writing about the world and its people closest and dearest to her, recording their customs, their legends, and their speech. As she said of one of these novels, "It is more to me than a story. It is my resume of the whole spirit and body of New England." (Bowker Author Biography) Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896) remains one of the most influential writers in American history. Following the publication of "Uncle Tom's Cabin" she became an instant celebrity, speaking against slavery in the United States & Europe. (Publisher Provided) mostrar menos

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Image credit: National Portrait Gallery

Obras por Harriet Beecher Stowe

Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852) 16,806 exemplares
The Minister's Wooing (1859) 211 exemplares
The Annotated Uncle Tom's Cabin (2007) 210 exemplares
The American Woman's Home (1869) 123 exemplares
Oldtown folks (1869) 45 exemplares
Pink and White Tyranny (1871) 44 exemplares
Woman in Sacred History (1873) 35 exemplares
Poganuc People (1998) 32 exemplares
My Wife and I (1875) 22 exemplares
Lady Byron Vindicated (1870) 19 exemplares
Queer Little Folks (2006) 16 exemplares
Sunny memories of foreign lands (2006) 15 exemplares
We and Our Neighbors (1901) 14 exemplares
Agnes of Sorrento (2012) 14 exemplares
Uncle Tom's cabin (2013) 11 exemplares
Oldtown Fireside Stories (1872) 10 exemplares
Household Papers and Stories (1896) 8 exemplares
House and Home Papers (1869) 6 exemplares
Uncle Tom's Cabin, Vol. 1 of 2 (2015) 5 exemplares
La cabaña del tío Tom Tomo II (1995) 5 exemplares
The New Housekeeper's Manual (1873) 4 exemplares
He's Coming To-morrow (1901) 4 exemplares
Betty's Bright Idea (2019) 3 exemplares
Stories, sketches and studies (2015) 3 exemplares
The Amazing Life of Christ (2007) 2 exemplares
House and Home Papers (1865) 2 exemplares
La case de l'oncle Tom (1852) — Autor — 2 exemplares
A Library of Famous Fiction (1873) 2 exemplares
La cabaña del tío Tom Tomo I (2009) 2 exemplares
Uncle Tom's Cabin (2015) 2 exemplares
The Christian Slave (2004) 2 exemplares
Onkel Toms stuga I 1 exemplar
Stowe Novels 1 exemplar
Our Famous Women 1 exemplar
Knocking, Knocking 1 exemplar
Onkel Tom 1 exemplar
The Fat Pirate 1 exemplar
Uncle Toms Cabin 1 exemplar
Une poignée de contes (2013) 1 exemplar
De slavernij 1 exemplar
Dred Scott 1 exemplar
Old Town folks & John Cawson (2018) 1 exemplar
Hum, the Son of Buz (2014) 1 exemplar
Nelly's Heroics (1883) 1 exemplar
Poganuc People 1 exemplar
Uncle Tom's Cabin, Volume 1 (2016) 1 exemplar
La Cabaña de Tio Tom (2020) 1 exemplar
Uncle Tom's Cabin Volume 2 (2018) 1 exemplar
Uncle Tom's Cabin 1 exemplar
Tamas batya kunyhoja (1993) 1 exemplar
My Wife And I 1 exemplar
LITTLE FOXES (1878) 1 exemplar

Associated Works

The Oxford Book of American Short Stories (1992) — Contribuidor — 742 exemplares
Americans in Paris: A Literary Anthology (2004) — Contribuidor — 297 exemplares
In the Nursery (1932) — Contribuidor — 284 exemplares
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Volume 1 (1990) — Contribuidor, algumas edições255 exemplares
The Mammoth Book of Victorian and Edwardian Ghost Stories (1995) — Contribuidor — 167 exemplares
Life in the Iron Mills [Bedford Cultural Editions] (1997) — Contribuidor — 143 exemplares
American Antislavery Writings: Colonial Beginnings to Emancipation (2012) — Contribuidor — 122 exemplares
The Penguin Book of Women's Humour (1996) — Contribuidor — 117 exemplares
The Prentice Hall Anthology of Science Fiction and Fantasy (2000) — Contribuidor — 91 exemplares
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Concise Edition (2003) — Contribuidor — 68 exemplares
200 Years of Great American Short Stories (1975) — Contribuidor — 68 exemplares
The Giant Book of Ghost Stories (1994) — Contribuidor — 57 exemplares
The Vintage Book of American Women Writers (2011) — Contribuidor — 56 exemplares
Pearl S. Buck's Book of Christmas (1605) — Contribuidor — 45 exemplares
The Signet Classic Book of Contemporary American Short Stories (1985) — Contribuidor — 42 exemplares
The Junior Classics Volume 08: Animal and Nature Stories (1912) — Contribuidor — 41 exemplares
Best Loved Short Stories of Nineteenth Century America (2003) — Contribuidor — 39 exemplares
100 Tiny Tales of Terror (1996) — Contribuidor — 33 exemplares
Rediscoveries: American Short Stories by Women, 1832-1916 (1994) — Contribuidor — 32 exemplares
American Gothic Short Stories (Gothic Fantasy) (2019) — Contribuidor — 32 exemplares
American Literature: The Makers and the Making (In Two Volumes) (1973) — Contribuidor, algumas edições25 exemplares
The World's Greatest Books Volume 08 Fiction (1910) — Contribuidor — 24 exemplares
A Budget of Christmas Tales by Charles Dickens and Others (1895) — Contribuidor — 21 exemplares
Truth Stranger than Fiction: Father Henson's Story of His Own Life (1876) — Introdução; Prefácio, algumas edições15 exemplares
Cat Encounters: A Cat-Lover's Anthology (1979) — Contribuidor — 10 exemplares
Father Henson's Story of His Own Life (1858) — Introdução, algumas edições10 exemplares
Inside View of Slavery; or, A Tour Among the Planters (1855) — Introdução — 9 exemplares
Representative American Short Stories — Contribuidor — 5 exemplares
Famous stories of five centuries (1934) — Contribuidor — 4 exemplares
Uncle Tom's Cabin [1927 film] (1927) — Original book — 4 exemplares
Exponent II, July 1974, Vol. 1, No. 1 (1974) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar


Conhecimento Comum

Nome legal
Beecher, Harriet Elizabeth
Outros nomes
Crowfield, Christopher
Data de nascimento
Data de falecimento
Localização do túmulo
Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts, USA
Local de nascimento
Litchfield, Connecticut, USA
Local de falecimento
Hartford, Connecticut, USA
Causa da morte
Modern researchers now speculate that at the end of her life she was suffering from Alzheimer's disease
Locais de residência
Hartford, Connecticut, USA
Litchfield, Connecticut, USA
Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
Hartford Female Seminary, Connecticut, USA
short story writer
Beecher, Lyman (father)
Beecher, Henry Ward (brother)
Beecher, Charles (brother)
Beecher, Edward (brother)
Hooker, Isabella Beecher (sister)
Beecher, Catharine Esther (sister) (mostrar todos 9)
Perkins, Frederic B. (nephew)
Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (grand-niece)
Stowe, Charles Edward (son)
Prémios e menções honrosas
The Hall of Fame for Great Americans (1910)

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Harriet Beecher of the remarkable Beecher clan attended the school for girls run by her sister Catharine. In 1836, she married Calvin Ellis Stowe, a professor of Biblical literature. To help support her growing family (she had 7 children), Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote short stories and ran a small school in her home. She was catapulted to fame and helped turn millions of people away from slavery with the publication of her instant bestseller Uncle Tom's Cabin in 1851. Upon meeting her in 1862, President Abraham Lincoln is alleged to have said, "So you're the little woman who wrote the book that started this great war!"

Harriet Elisabeth Beecher Stowe (June 14, 1811 – July 1, 1896) was an American abolitionist and author. She came from the Beecher family, a famous religious family, and is best known for her novel Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852), which depicts the harsh conditions for enslaved African Americans. The book reached millions as a novel and play, and became influential in the United States and Great Britain, energizing anti-slavery forces in the American North, while provoking widespread anger in the South. Stowe wrote 30 books, including novels, three travel memoirs, and collections of articles and letters. She was influential for both her writings and her public stances and debates on social issues of the day.



Oldtown Folks group read em 75 Books Challenge for 2011 (Maio 2011)


Historically relevant with flawed, religiously-biased writing.
nlgeorge | 189 outras críticas | Jan 20, 2024 |
ibkennedy | 189 outras críticas | Oct 30, 2023 |
I was very impressed by this book, both by the story itself and its abolitionist pleas. I read this book as an adjunct to [[Ibram X. Kendi]]'s book [Stamped from the Beginning]. I feel this book is probably most effective as a read for someone who, like myself, is trying to understand the issue of slavery better rather than as an assigned read for an English literature class. I found it interesting to finally "meet" Uncle Tom and Simon Legree in this book because I'd heard their names all of my life, but I had no idea who they were or what they did.

I thought this book gave a pretty clear picture of how slaves were treated diffently depending on their owners, but it painted the life of slaves, at least at the beginning of this book, a bit rosier than it probably was. The dreadful and distressing practice of tearing apart black families by selling each member to different white owners located at great distances from each other was highlighted in this story.

The only issue I had a problem with with was its overly heavyhandedness on Christian theology. I know this was a big issue for blacks as they were trying to educate themselves, but I couldn't buy into the preachiness of the author's theology. I also found one reference to Jews very offensive in this book. Nevertheless, I am glad I put the effort into reading this classic story, and I hope the author's persuasiveness helped guide former slave-owners into rethinking their positions about slavery.
… (mais)
SqueakyChu | 189 outras críticas | Oct 9, 2023 |
A classic first published in 1852 - This book has been on my bucket list for years now. Finally...check! My copy: UNCLE TOM’S CABIN: LIFE AMONG THE LOWLY (possibly 1884-1885 edition), by Harriet Beecher Stowe. This is a little book, no more than 4” wide by 7” long, with very tiny print. I found it on eBay, purchased from stampinsisters for $10.00. It is badly worn and missing the copyright page. On the inside cover page is written:
“6th Prize Jr. 3rd Class, Fred Cummings, U.S.S.
No. 10th 16. S.N. & D. [signed] E. Garrett, Teacher,
Dec. 1885”.
I would gladly mail this copy to any known family members of this Fred Cummings.

According to the author, Harriet Beecher Stowe, this story is based on a collection of true life stories turned into a novel that were either witnessed by the author, herself, or told to her by others who either went through similar experiences when enslaved or told by someone who had knowledge of certain events and relayed it to the author.

I rated this book 4 stars out of 5, just above an average read, for these reasons: 1) The author constantly jumped from you reading a good story, to her interrupting with analogies and explanations and sermons. I found that strange and a bit annoying. 2) I found that she was very pretentious in her writing of those analogies, explanations and sermons…meaning, she tried too hard to write so uppity, that at times, I couldn’t understand what the heck she was writing. 3) Some parts of the slave dialog were hard to get through. Thankfully, they weren’t very long conversations.

That being said, this story did draw me into the characters and their emotional trauma experienced by being enslaved. She really did capture the essence of slavery, of a human race that owned absolutely nothing and experienced complete helplessness over every little aspect of their lives. Even if the slave had a good life, it could turn on a dime when the plantation owner had to pay in on a debt or upon a sudden death. They would then find themselves back on the auction block and praying and begging not to be separated from their children, or to be sold to a good master and not be sent down the river to the cotton plantations, which had the worst reputation for having brutal owners. The author touched on many things emotionally that I never have, and never would have, even thought about before on my own.

She portrayed different personalities handling brutal plantation owners in different ways. On the one hand, there was Uncle Tom, who was an upmost Christian and never wavered or compromised his belief in praying for and showing love and compassion even through his turmoil. He took a beating because he refused to beat another slave. Then, there was Sam Harris, who escaped with his family, and would die and fight before letting them harm his family. They were both right! In the end, Uncle Tom's cabin was symbolic for the love and compassion he spread among his people and among everyone else he encountered, whether a Christian or not. God used him to bring others to the Lord.

We learned a lot about slavery when I was in high school back in the 1980’s, but we never really touched on the “emotional” aspect of it, and I wish we had.
… (mais)
MissysBookshelf | 189 outras críticas | Aug 27, 2023 |



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