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Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

Autor(a) de Walden

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About the Author

In September 1842, Nathaniel Hawthorne noted this social encounter in his journal: "Mr. Thorow dined with us yesterday. He is a singular character---a young man with much of wild original nature still remaining in him; and so far as he is sophisticated, it is in a way and method of his own. He is mostrar mais as ugly as sin, long-nosed, queer-mouthed, and with uncouth and somewhat rustic, although courteous manners, corresponding very well with such an exterior. But his ugliness is of an honest and agreeable fashion, and becomes him much better than beauty. On the whole, I find him a healthy and wholesome man to know." Most responses to Thoreau are as ambiguously respectful as was Hawthorne's. Thoreau was neither an easy person to like nor an easy writer to read. Thoreau described himself as a mystic, a Transcendentalist, and a natural philosopher. He is a writer of essays about nature---not of facts about it but of his ideals and emotions in its presence. His wish to understand nature led him to Walden Pond, where he lived from 1845 to 1847 in a cabin that he built. Though he was an educated man with a Harvard degree, fluent in ancient and modern German, he preferred to study nature by living "a life of simplicity, independence, magnanimity, and trust." Knowing this, we should beware of misreading the book that best reflected this great experience in Thoreau's life: Walden; or, Life in the Woods (1854). It is not a handbook of the simple life. Though there are elements in the book of a "whole-earth catalogue" mentality, to focus on the radical "economic" aspects of Thoreau's work is to miss much in the book. Nor is it an autobiography. The right way to read Walden is as a "transcendental" narrative prose poem, whose hero is a man named Henry, a modern Odysseus in search of a "true America." Thoreau left Walden Pond on September 6, 1846, exactly two years, two months, and two days after he had settled there. As he explained in the pages of Walden: "I left the woods for as good a reason as I went to live there. Perhaps it seemed to me that I had several more lives to live, and could not spare any more time for that one." Growth, change, and development were essential to his character. One should not overlook the significance of his selecting July 4 as the day for taking possession of his residence at Walden Pond, a day that celebrates the establishment of a new government whose highest ideal is individual freedom. In terms of Thoreau's redefinition of the nation-idea, "the only true America" is that place where one may grow wild according to one's nature, where one may "enjoy the land, but own it not." Thoreau believed that each person should live according to individual conscience, willing to oppose the majority if necessary. An early proponent of nonviolent resistance, he was jailed briefly for refusing to pay his poll tax to support the Mexican War and the slave system that had promoted that war. His essay "On Civil Disobedience" (1849), which came from this period of passive resistance, was acknowledged by Mahatma Gandhi (who read it in a South African jail) as the basis for his campaign to free India. Martin Luther King, Jr. later attributed to Thoreau and Gandhi the inspiration for his leadership in the civil rights movement in the United States. Thoreau contracted tuberculosis in 1835 and suffered from it sporadically afterwards. His health declined over three years with brief periods of remission, until he eventually became bedridden. Recognizing the terminal nature of his disease, Thoreau spent his last years revising and editing his unpublished works, particularly The Maine Woods and Excursions, and petitioning publishers to print revised editions of A Week and Walden. He died on May 6, 1862 at age 44. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos

Obras por Henry David Thoreau

Walden (1854) — Autor — 14,004 exemplares
Walden / Civil Disobedience (1849) 7,600 exemplares
Civil Disobedience and Other Essays (1849) 1,754 exemplares
Civil Disobedience (1849) 1,570 exemplares
Walden and Other Writings (1854) 1,475 exemplares
Walking (1862) 903 exemplares
The Portable Thoreau (1947) 849 exemplares
Cape Cod (1865) 775 exemplares
The Maine Woods (1950) 760 exemplares
Walden and other writings (1993) 745 exemplares
Walden: A Fully Annotated Edition (1854) 631 exemplares
Thoreau: On Man and Nature (1960) 416 exemplares
Collected Essays and Poems (2001) 349 exemplares
Walden and Other Writings (1937) 321 exemplares
The Journal, 1837–1861 (2001) 312 exemplares
The Heart of Thoreau's Journals (1927) 201 exemplares
The Natural History Essays (1980) 142 exemplares
Letters to a Spiritual Seeker (2004) 140 exemplares
Reflections at Walden (1968) 140 exemplares
Walden and Other Writings (1981) 133 exemplares
Henry David's House (2002) 132 exemplares
Excursions (1863) 131 exemplares
Works of Henry David Thoreau (1981) 105 exemplares
Civil Disobedience / Reading (1995) — Autor — 94 exemplares
H. D. Thoreau: A Writer's Journal (2011) 75 exemplares
The Works of Henry David Thoreau (1995) 73 exemplares
Life Without Principle (1863) 72 exemplares
Wild Apples (1923) 63 exemplares
Autumnal Tints (1900) 59 exemplares
Thoreau on Birds (1964) 56 exemplares
Men of Concord (1936) 52 exemplares
Walden (1990) 49 exemplares
Canoeing in the Wilderness (1864) 47 exemplares
Thoughts from Walden Pond (1998) 43 exemplares
Friendship and Other Essays (1920) 43 exemplares
The Works of Henry David Thoreau (1937) 42 exemplares
The Illuminated Walden (1714) 40 exemplares
A Yankee in Canada (1866) 35 exemplares
Thoreau's Wildflowers (2016) 33 exemplares
Thoreau's animals (2017) 33 exemplares
Material Faith: Thoreau on Science (1999) — Autor — 31 exemplares
The Quotable Thoreau (2011) 31 exemplares
Thoreau in the Mountains (1982) 31 exemplares
A Plea for Captain John Brown (1969) 30 exemplares
Collected Poems of Henry Thoreau (1943) 29 exemplares
The illustrated world of Thoreau (1974) 27 exemplares
Thoreau: Political Writings (1996) 26 exemplares
The River (1963) 25 exemplares
Un paseo invernal (2014) 24 exemplares
Thoreau: The Major Essays (1972) 18 exemplares
Civil Disobedience/The Liberator (1985) 16 exemplares
Summer (2017) 16 exemplares
Ktaadn (1848) 16 exemplares
Essays, journals, and poems (1975) 15 exemplares
Thoreau on Land: Nature's Canvas (2001) 15 exemplares
A Year in the Woods (2017) 13 exemplares
Letters to various persons (1865) 12 exemplares
Todo lo bueno es libre y salvaje (2017) 11 exemplares
Friendship (1900) 11 exemplares
Walden and Other Writings (2010) 9 exemplares
Slavery in Massachusetts (2008) 9 exemplares
Le paradis à (re)conquérir (2005) 8 exemplares
Musketaquid (2014) 8 exemplares
The Works of Thoreau (1946) 8 exemplares
A Winter Walk (1843) 7 exemplares
Journal, Volume 3 (1992) 7 exemplares
Anti-Slavery and Reform Papers (2010) 7 exemplares
Ascoltare gli alberi (2018) 5 exemplares
Volar : apuntes sobre aves (2016) 5 exemplares
Randonnée au mont Wachusett (2018) 5 exemplares
Lob der Wildnis (2013) 5 exemplares
Journal, Volume 5 (1997) 5 exemplares
Henry David Thoreau Selected Writings (1958) — Autor — 5 exemplares
Thoreau's New England (2007) 5 exemplares
Diarios. Breve antología. (2002) 4 exemplares
Through the Year with Thoreau (1917) 4 exemplares
Voisins animaux (2020) 4 exemplares
Journal, Volume 6 (2000) 4 exemplares
El Diario - Volumen Ii (2017) 4 exemplares
Walden and Selected Essays (1992) 4 exemplares
Sivil Itaatsizlik (2015) 3 exemplares
American Fields and Forests (1909) 3 exemplares
Leben aus den Wurzeln. (1992) 3 exemplares
Poemas (2018) 3 exemplares
Sir Walter Raleigh (2007) 3 exemplares
Nature and Walking (2011) 3 exemplares
Thoreau on writing (1989) 3 exemplares
Pensées sauvages (2017) 3 exemplares
Sept Jours sur le fleuve (2012) 3 exemplares
Poems of Nature 3 exemplares
El gran invierno (2021) 3 exemplares
The Dream of the Toad 3 exemplares
Vita di uno scrittore 2 exemplares
Kolme matkaa erämaahan (2014) 2 exemplares
The New Walden 2 exemplares
Primavera 2 exemplares
Vida salvaje, La (2016) 2 exemplares
Histoire de moi-même (2017) 2 exemplares
Til naturen (2017) 2 exemplares
The Thoreau Collection (CD-ROM) (1999) 2 exemplares
Henry David Thoreau, Collection (2014) 2 exemplares
Toulky přírodou (2010) 2 exemplares
An Excursion to Canada (2012) 2 exemplares
Friendship, Love and Marriage (2010) 2 exemplares
Night and Moonlight (2013) 2 exemplares
WALDEN And Other Stories (1937) 2 exemplares
Tagebuch I (German Edition) (2015) 2 exemplares
Journal 1844-1846 (2014) 2 exemplares
La No-violencia, arma política (1976) 2 exemplares
Cape Cod : volume II 2 exemplares
Pensoj el Valdeno 2 exemplares
Journal, 1837-1852 (2002) 2 exemplares
Essais (2007) 2 exemplares
The service (2021) 2 exemplares
Nature Walking 1 exemplar
Deník (2020) 1 exemplar
Mosbindja Civile 1 exemplar
Shoe-strings 1 exemplar
Yaban Elmasi (2021) 1 exemplar
Opere scelte 1 exemplar
Spring 1 exemplar
Cape Cod, vol. 1 1 exemplar
Selected writings 1 exemplar
The Essential Thoreau (2008) 1 exemplar
Huckleberries (1970) 1 exemplar
Sem título 1 exemplar
The Writings VI (2016) 1 exemplar
An Ideal 1 exemplar
Thoreau's Journals — Autor — 1 exemplar
Walden, Volume 2 (2010) 1 exemplar
Thoreau's Thumbnail Walden (2000) 1 exemplar
The moon (1985) 1 exemplar
La nuit et le clair de lune (2003) 1 exemplar
Cape Cod & the Maine Woods (2003) 1 exemplar
Passejades (2000) 1 exemplar
The Landlord (2015) 1 exemplar
In Praise of Walking (2018) 1 exemplar
Walden Ya Da Ormanda Yasam (2018) 1 exemplar
On Land 1 exemplar
On Water 1 exemplar
Kring Bellman 1 exemplar
Yürümek (2013) 1 exemplar
Coratge cívic 1 exemplar
Las manzanas silvestres (2014) 1 exemplar
Woodshed 1 exemplar
Summer (misfiled) 1 exemplar
Ekonomik Itaatsizlik (2016) 1 exemplar
“Sic Vita” 1 exemplar
Tagebuch III (2018) 1 exemplar
Une Année dans les bois (2017) 1 exemplar
Still Deep & Sweet 1 exemplar
Survey of a Swamp 1 exemplar
Les pommes sauvages (2009) 1 exemplar
Desobeir 1 exemplar
Un monde plus large (2021) 1 exemplar
A Vida nos Bosques 1 exemplar

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Conhecimento Comum

Nome legal
Thoreau, David Henry
Data de nascimento
Data de falecimento
Localização do túmulo
Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Concord, Massachusetts, USA
Local de nascimento
Concord, Massachusetts, USA
Local de falecimento
Concord, Massachusetts, USA
Locais de residência
Concord, Massachusetts, USA
New York, New York, USA
Harvard College (AB|1837)
inventor (mostrar todos 7)
pencil maker
Emerson, Ralph Waldo (friend)
Alcott, Louisa May (student)
Fuller, Margaret (friend)
Jackson, Lidian (friend)
Underground Railroad
Huckleberry Party

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Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862) was an American essayist, poet, and philosopher. A leading transcendentalist, he is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay "Civil Disobedience" (originally published as "Resistance to Civil Government"), an argument for disobedience to an unjust state.

Thoreau's books, articles, essays, journals, and poetry amount to more than 20 volumes. Among his lasting contributions are his writings on natural history and philosophy, in which he anticipated the methods and findings of ecology and environmental history, two sources of modern-day environmentalism. His literary style interweaves close observation of nature, personal experience, pointed rhetoric, symbolic meanings, and historical lore, while displaying a poetic sensibility, philosophical austerity, and attention to practical detail. He was also deeply interested in the idea of survival in the face of hostile elements, historical change, and natural decay; at the same time he advocated abandoning waste and illusion in order to discover life's true essential needs.

He was a lifelong abolitionist, delivering lectures that attacked the Fugitive Slave Law while praising the writings of Wendell Phillips and defending the abolitionist John Brown. Thoreau's philosophy of civil disobedience later influenced the political thoughts and actions of such notable figures as Leo Tolstoy, Mahatma Gandhi, and Martin Luther King Jr.

Thoreau is sometimes referred to as an anarchist. Though "Civil Disobedience" seems to call for improving rather than abolishing government—"I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government"—the direction of this improvement contrarily points toward anarchism: "'That government is best which governs not at all;' and when men are prepared for it, that will be the kind of government which they will have."



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Indeholder "Jacob Paludan: Om Thoreau", "Økonomi", "Hvor jeg levede, og hvad jeg levede for", "Læsning", "Lyde", "Ensomhed", "Gæster", "Bønnemarken", "Landsbyen", "Søerne", "Baker Farm", "Højere Love", "Dyrene som Naboer", "Indflyttergæstebud", "Tidligere Beboere og Vintergæster", "Vinterdyr", "Søen om Vinteren", "Foraar", "Slutning", "Ole Jacobsen: Noter".

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… (mais)
bnielsen | 187 outras críticas | Feb 11, 2024 |
One takes a gamble when attempting to read an old literary classic. Will it hold up to modern sensibilities? Will the prose or concepts be impenetrable or require glosses and annotations to explain them? Fortunately, Walden does hold up and does not require scholarly assistance. I must say, though, that were I not consuming this as an audiobook I would have had a much harder time getting through parts of it. This is an example where having the text read (and at 1.25x speed) definitely helps.
[Note: Goodreads does not list the audiobook version I listened to. It is published on Audible by Dreamscape Media and read by Robert Bethune.]
… (mais)
Treebeard_404 | Jan 23, 2024 |
This book is a posthumous creation, finishing as best as may be what Thoreau had started. As such, it is a little uneven but enjoyable nonetheless. This is much more Thoreau wearing his scientist cap than his Transcendenalist hat.
Treebeard_404 | 3 outras críticas | Jan 23, 2024 |
This volume is so slim, it scarcely counts as a book. But what a book! Thoreau is at his lyrical best here; even better than in Walden. I only wish I had found it a couple of weeks earlier, when the fall colors were at a higher pitch.
Treebeard_404 | Jan 23, 2024 |


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