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About the Author

Born into a family of Athens's old nobility claiming descent from the Homeric hero Ajax of Salamis, Thucydides pursued a political career under Pericles and served as a general in the Great Peloponnesian War of 431--404 b.c. His subsequent exile for failure to prevent a Spartan takeover of an mostrar mais Athenian colony in Thrace enabled him to observe the war from both sides. In his history of the war, he examines the policies and motives of the people involved with a calculated rationality that nevertheless conveys great passion. Although his narrative style is lucid and astringent, the language of the speeches that he gives his protagonists is some of the most difficult, yet rhetorically powerful, Greek from any period of antiquity. The work is deeply serious in tone. As Thucydides tells his readers at the beginning of the work, it contains nothing of entertainment value. He meant it, as he says, to be not simply a set-piece written for the delectation of an audience, but a "possession for ever." As Herodotus was the inventor of universal history, Thucydides was the inventor of the analytical historical monograph. He wrote in conscious contrast to Herodotus, whose work is full of entertaining fable and romance. While Herodotus wrote about the past by using all manner of traditions gleaned in his travels, Thucydides considered only contemporary history to be reliable and writes as an interrogator and witness of contemporary men and events. The gods, too, are absent from Thucydides's work, which scrutinizes human motivations as the exclusive business of history. The most powerful intellectual influences visible are the fully rational method of description and prognosis developed by the Hippocratic physicians and the tools of logical analysis and verbal argument then being forged by the Sophists. Behind these, however, lay a sense of tragedy. The history of Thucydides possesses the rhythm of a Sophoclean drama of reversal of fortune in which Athens falls from the pinnacle of imperial success and brilliance into political corruption, ruthless and amoral imperial aggression, and finally utter defeat and disaster. Athens's imperial hubris leads to its nemesis at the hands of Sparta, a conservative and landlocked state that had been powerless at the beginning of the war to inflict significant harm on the Athenians. Thucydides's work is unfinished. It ends abruptly in midsentence during a discussion of the events of the year 411 b.c. It was continued to the end of the war by Xenophon. Although very much the intellectual inferior of Thucydides, Xenophon managed by imitation to infuse this part of his Hellenica (his continuation to 362 b.c. of the history of Thucydides) with an elevation absent in the rest of his work. Until relatively recently, scholars took Thucydides at his word as an objective writer. More recently it has been recognized that his work skillfully promotes a patriotic and political argument, written in the climate of postwar recriminations. He presents Athens's empire as a natural consequence of the position of that city-state in the Greek world and the Athenian leader Pericles as Athens's greatest statesman, a leader who had governed Athens and preserved the empire with a firm and intelligent hand. Thucydides wanted to persuade his readers that Pericles was not the villain who destroyed Athens, that the blame fell to the politicians who came after him and pandered to the most extreme ambitious of the common citizens, the politicians who were the ultimate arbiters of policy in Athens's democracy. Some modern historians remain persuaded by Thucydides's portrait of Pericles and the Athenian democracy, but others argue from Thucydides's own testimony that Pericles led Athens into an unnecessary war in the belief that the opportunity had arrived to advance Athenian domination over the whole of the Greek world. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
Image credit: Bust of Thucydides, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto


Obras por Thucydides

The History of the Peloponnesian War (0400) 7,901 exemplares
Thucydides, Book 7 (1886) 78 exemplares
Thucydides, Book 2 (1989) 76 exemplares
Thucydides, Book 6 (1971) 53 exemplares
Pericles's Funeral Oration (0404) 41 exemplares
Thucydides, Book 1 (1905) 39 exemplares
Hérodote - Thucydide : Oeuvres (1964) 33 exemplares
The Complete Works of Thucydides (2013) 25 exemplares
Pericles Orations (1979) 23 exemplares
Thucydides Reader (2005) 21 exemplares
Thucydides, Book 3 (1909) 19 exemplares
Thucydides, Book 4 (1982) 16 exemplares
Thukydides (1977) 5 exemplares
Thucydides, Book 5 5 exemplares
The Capture of Sphacteria (2010) 4 exemplares
Stories from Thucydides (2021) 3 exemplares
Thucydides : Book II (1985) 2 exemplares
Thucydides, book 3 2 exemplares
La grande dune 2 exemplares
Thucydides - Vol. I 2 exemplares
THUCYDIDES. (1881) 2 exemplares
Thucydidis Historiae Vol I-II (1934) 2 exemplares
Thucydides, book I, ch.1-55 (1978) 2 exemplares
La Peste ad Atene (2020) 1 exemplar
Le storie. vol. 2 1 exemplar
Sull'arte equestre 1 exemplar
Thukydides in Auswahl (1950) 1 exemplar
Politische Reden 1 exemplar
Economico 1 exemplar
Thucydides book 7 1 exemplar
Thucydides Bk II 1 exemplar
Thucydides Bk III 1 exemplar
Thucydides Bk IV 1 exemplar
Thucydides Bk VI 1 exemplar
Thucydides Bk VII 1 exemplar
Thukydides V 1 exemplar
Thukydides IV 1 exemplar
Thukydides III 1 exemplar
Thukydides II 1 exemplar
Thoukydidēs 1 exemplar
THUCYDIDES. 1 exemplar
Thucydides Book II 1 exemplar
L'illusione della democrazia (2018) 1 exemplar
Thucydides Book 2 1 exemplar

Associated Works

The Portable Greek Historians (1959) — Contribuidor — 555 exemplares
The Penguin Book of War (1999) — Contribuidor — 452 exemplares
Britannica Great Books: Herodotus and Thucydides (1952) — Contribuidor — 351 exemplares
The Columbia Anthology of Gay Literature (1998) — Contribuidor — 159 exemplares
Greek Civilization and Character (1924) — Contribuidor — 150 exemplares
The Mammoth Book of True War Stories (1992) — Contribuidor — 87 exemplares
The Book of the Sea (1954) — Contribuidor — 36 exemplares
Modern School Classics : Four Greek authors (1968) — Contribuidor — 12 exemplares
The Athenian Half-Century 478-431 BC Thucydides I 89-118 (1971)algumas edições10 exemplares
Selections from Greek Historians (1878) — Contribuidor — 10 exemplares
Griekse geschiedschrijvers (1951) — Contribuidor — 6 exemplares


Conhecimento Comum

Nome canónico
Nome legal
Θουκυδίδης Ολόρου Αθηναίος (Ancient Greek)
Data de nascimento
0460 BCE (circa)
Data de falecimento
0395 BCE (circa)
País (no mapa)
Local de nascimento
Athens, Greece
Local de falecimento
Athens, Greece
Locais de residência
Athens, Greece



OT for GMacAree em Fine Press Forum (Novembro 2023)
New LE: Thucydides The Peloponnesian War em Folio Society Devotees (Julho 2023)
Thucydides em Ancient History (Dezembro 2021)
Group read - Thucydides' The Peloponnesian War em The 11 in 11 Category Challenge (Dezembro 2010)
Translating Thucydides em Ancient History (Novembro 2010)
Herodotus vs. Thucydides em Ancient History (Março 2007)


Reason Read: ancient history, nonfiction
This was not an easy read. A lot of towns, names and all in all it was often a blur. I did enjoy some points made in debates and the discussions on oligarchy, democracy, and constitution. I think this might be a reference book but not something I would want to read cover to cover again.
Kristelh | 58 outras críticas | Jan 31, 2024 |
The version I read was an abridged edition - 96 pages - old Danish translation that were used for high school. Interesting to read about men doing sports naked, about very detailed description of some sort of plague or epidemic - really horrible - that they couldn't find a cure for. But mostly it was long speeches of peace-negotiations or war declarations with moral arguments on why a city should be spared or everyone killed in it.
ctpress | 58 outras críticas | Jan 27, 2024 |
Bought this book in Newport at the end of our epic summer 2023 PCS. Started reading it to get ahead for the school year. Incredible historical research undertaking by Strassler to make it understandable and less dense to read. I read the entirety of the first four books, but due to time constraints only read key speeches and the paragraph summaries for books 5-8.

From the S&W Syllabus: Thucydides covers all nine Strategy and War course themes in his account of this war, compelling his readers to think through the interrelationship of policy, strategy, and operations and the integration and application of naval power.… (mais)
SDWets | 20 outras críticas | Sep 1, 2023 |
As this book has been review a zillion times I'm not going to repeat the effort (plus I'm super busy at the moment), but I'll explain why I gave it a three at least.

It's a classic of course, and the translation seems pretty good to my relatively untrained eyes/ears, but the narration was definitely sub-par. I've no idea if there are more recent audiobooks, but I'd definitely recommend looking for one before going for this one by Pat Bottino--or just read a non-audio version of course.
qaphsiel | 58 outras críticas | Feb 20, 2023 |



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