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Hugh Trevor-Roper (1914–2003)

Autor(a) de The Last Days of Hitler

47+ Works 2,848 Membros 41 Críticas 4 Favorited

About the Author

Hugh Redwald Trevor-Roper was born at Glanton, England on January 15, 1914. He studied modern history at Christ Church, Oxford, and soon afterwards he published a study of Archbishop Laud. During the World War II, he worked in British intelligence. In 1945, he was assigned by his superiors to write mostrar mais a report on the death of Hitler, which became The Last Days of Hitler. After the war, he taught history at Christ Church, where he was made Regius Professor of Modern History from 1957 to 1980. In 1979, Margaret Thatcher made Trevor-Roper a life peer as Lord Dacre of Glanton. He was then Master of Peterhouse College, Cambridge from 1980 until he retired in 1987. Trevor-Roper's scholarly reputation suffered in April 1983 when he authenticated about 60 volumes said to be Hitler's diaries, which turned out to be falsified. His other works included The Rise of Christian Europe, The European Witch Craze of the 16th and 17th Centuries, From Counter Reformation to Glorious Revolution, and The Philby Affair. He died on January 26, 2003 at the age of 89. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos

Obras por Hugh Trevor-Roper

The Last Days of Hitler (1962) 812 exemplares
The rise of Christian Europe (1965) 193 exemplares
Archbishop Laud, 1573-1645 (1940) 94 exemplares
Renaissance Essays (1985) 77 exemplares
History and the Enlightenment (2010) 57 exemplares
The Wartime Journals (2011) 40 exemplares
Historical Essays (1957) 36 exemplares
Men and events; historical essays (1957) 24 exemplares
The Letters of Mercurius (1970) 20 exemplares
Christ Church Oxford (1973) 11 exemplares
Philby Affair (1968) 6 exemplares
The gentry, 1540-1640 (1953) 5 exemplares
NETWORK (1971) 1 exemplar
The Doge of Venice (2014) 1 exemplar
Macaulay's Essays 1 exemplar

Associated Works

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1788) — Introdução, algumas edições3,225 exemplares
The Invention of Tradition (1983) — Contribuidor — 906 exemplares
The Good Old Days: The Holocaust as Seen by Its Perpetrators and Bystanders (1988) — Prefácio, algumas edições458 exemplares
The History of England (abridged) (1968) — Editor, algumas edições324 exemplares
Final Entries 1945: The Diaries of Joseph Goebbels (1977) — Editor, algumas edições313 exemplares
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Vol. 1 {unabridged - Modern Library 3v.} (1776) — Introdução, algumas edições297 exemplares
The Horizon Book of the Renaissance (1961) — Contribuidor — 246 exemplares
The Chronicles of the Wars of the Roses (1988) — Prefácio — 241 exemplares
The Lisle Letters: An Abridgement (1981) — Prefácio — 234 exemplares
Hitler's Table Talk, 1941-1944: His Private Conversations (1953) — Introdução, algumas edições231 exemplares
Crisis in Europe 1560-1660 (1965) — Contribuidor — 98 exemplares
The Mammoth Book of True War Stories (1992) — Contribuidor — 87 exemplares
Beyond Top Secret Ultra (1977) — Prefácio, algumas edições43 exemplares
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Vol. 1 {unabridged - Everyman 6v.} (1776) — Introdução, algumas edições35 exemplares
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Vol. 4 {unabridged - Everyman 6v.} (1788) — Introdução, algumas edições31 exemplares
Thucydides: The Peloponnesian Wars (1963) — Editor, algumas edições15 exemplares
The Jewish War and Other Selections (1965) — Editor, algumas edições11 exemplares
The testament of Adolf Hitler: The Hitler-Bormann documents, February-April 1945 (1961) — Introdução, algumas edições5 exemplares
THE GREAT HISTORIES - JOSEPHUS (1965) — Editor, algumas edições5 exemplares
Shakespeare (1964) — Contribuidor — 5 exemplares
The Poems Of Richard Corbett — Editor, algumas edições2 exemplares

Etiquetado

Conhecimento Comum

Membros

Críticas

In 1945, Hugh Redwald Trevor-Roper, Baron Dacre of Glanton (1914 - 2003) was asked by British Intelligence to find out what happened to Adolph Hitler. Hitler’s bunker under the Reich Chancellory in Berlin was overrun by the Soviets, and probably owing to Stalin’s peculiarities, various misleading accounts of the whereabouts and nature of Hitler’s remains had been promulgated as Soviet propaganda. Trevor-Roper, a professor of History at Oxford and an officer in the Radio Security Service during the war, interviewed every significant witness to Hitler’s final weeks that he could find and created a report for the Intelligence Service. Shortly afterward, he states in his Introduction, he was asked to publish a version of the report for the general public - this book. The author had various addenda in the subsequent decade as information became available, e.g. concerning the death of Martin Borman, but those have been consolidated in this edition into the Introduction.
Trevor-Roper was quite controversial, strongly opinionated, and cultivated arguments with other historians of WWII especially concerning Hitler’s ideology and motivations. He encouraged the use of the historian’s imagination in the interpretation of historical events and was a supporter of Fernand Braudel and the Annales School.
Although the various peculiarities and faults of this work that have been pointed out by HTR’s critics seemed clear to me, I nevertheless found the book to be quite brilliant overall. The author’s sarcasm and his wild dislike for various characters were very entertaining. The extraordinary interrelationships among the assorted screwballs in Hitler’s entourage are analyzed with great insight into their motivations and include comments from the various witnesses, e.g. Albert Speer’s comment that Himmler seemed a combination of a school teacher and a crank. HTR did a fine job of mentioning the cross-correlations among his recorded testimonies to verify the veracity of his opinions. I am, of course, not able to have a personal opinion of any substance concerning the accuracy of his analysis of Hitler’s nature.
I was struck by the almost complete absence of mention of the Holocaust (the words Jew or Jewish appear twice), and the author seems to have thought that Hitler’s antisemitism was just a political expediency. Whether this reflects a British aristocratic antisemitism, as suggested by Lucy Dawidowicz, is a speculation that I find ultimately only slightly interesting.
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markm2315 | 19 outras críticas | Jul 1, 2023 |
Hugh’s introductions are excessively boring to read, although they are important, and were even more important at the time they were actually written: He’s really dead…. “Man, Hitler is gone!” (Labyrinth of Lies).

It’s still boring. (Yes, this tooth was really Adolf Hitler’s tooth! Ah, the science!)

The main body of the text is much better to read, if you like to read about dark scary men and the dark scary things that happen to them at the end of their bloody lives, you know. ‘Hitler and his court’, as he calls it. Hugh states that the Nazis around Hitler weren’t as idealistic as they said they were, that each ruled a competing little fiefdom that competed with its theoretically fellow-German rivals, in a supposedly one-headed state…. The Russians were afraid of Hugh’s book—I guess somehow they were still afraid of Hitler—and Hugh believes that they were nervous about people reading about Hitler’s final days thinking that it really was the operatic finale it was meant to be—burn the bodies in a circle of fire, etc etc—but I think I agree with the British guy that the myth doesn’t bear too close a scrutiny….

Aside from their practical problems in terms of spending on luxuries/status/internal competition, the personal-moral content of their lives doesn’t bear the weight of examination, either. Obviously the Nazis are a very unwholesome group, and form the abstraction of evil in many peoples’ minds, based on their behavior. But personally, they were also very base: cutting their food into very small portions and chewing thoroughly, and not having sexual peccadilloes (Himmler), and thinking that this earned them the right to liquidate a race or two; or being dissipated and weird and thinking that prominence in the State and the military entitled them to this (Goering)….

It’s true that Hitler shot himself in the end—I guess he wasn’t afraid to die, and spent a lot of time figuring out how to die in this theatrical way, with panache, so to speak…. But it remains that there’s a lot more to a good life than an operatic exit, especially in terms which they considered that sort of thing: blood, politics, and false-glory, you know.

…. Aside from the obviously formidable demon-actor-killer, it seems that Germany in this period of her history also produced a number of more German and less Wagnerian grey-bureaucrat/racist-mystic characters, who seem, I guess, to have been both terribly stupid and disorganized in political/organizational/ideological tasks, and incapable of healthy relationships with other power players on the personal level. In my experience, as a male one wants these criminal villains who are the destroyers of the world, these real-life movie characters, to have a certain amount of glory and panache in the play before they go to hell. It seems they did not really have it at all, really. It is disappointing that they are all so stupid. We sometimes think, in my opinion, that the Nazis are somehow more ‘important’, somehow better, for all our thespian hatred of them, than the Black African tinpot paramilitary dictator freaks who hand grenades and AK-47s to thirteen-year-olds, and tell them to liquidate random villages and do random drugs, and keep on grooving: these later we merely ignore; they do not quite have the same panache. But I wonder—is there any difference?

(…. I know it sounds crazy, because, obviously for liberals and even for conservatives, if there’s a white person you don’t like, you point and shout, Hitler!, but it is part of white history being visible, more visible, the only visible thing, almost, and frankly there are a lot of people who study the Hitler people just to go, They weren’t really right-wing, they weren’t really European pagan, they weren’t really European Christian—they weren’t the white race at all, really! Think of the good white people, and the white peoples who suffered! The whole world is Europe and white people! You just have to assign merit and faults to Germans, Italians, French, and British, that’s all!…. Whereas African wars aren’t ‘seen’ in the same way; ie they’re not seen at all. This isn’t to say that a catastrophic blow up like the Hitler episode shouldn’t be studied and studied well, but in addition to evaluating and knowing the history and the historian, you have to evaluate and know the history reader, and her or, probably, his intentions, motivations, and reasons-for-seeing.)

…. Incidentally, Hugh was certainly a Man of the Forties—the Nazis were vaguely Oriental; Hitler was a Prince of Persia, you know. (Bad boy!) And the Germans certainly weren’t part of Europe and the West; they were only Germans after all! I mean, if I don’t like someone, it’s like, Bang bang! Maxwell’s silver hammer comes down upon his head; Maxwell’s silver hammer made sure that he was dead: ie I never met him before; I Know Nothing; I Vote Know Nothing; I Know Nothing….

I mean, it’s like if we talked about Ted Bundy, and it’s like, somebody’s all, Ted Bundy an American? Ted Bundy killed people in Florida and Colorado and so on, but I never heard (I Know Nothing!) that he was an American…. Maybe he was part of a rogue state, a nation of one…. Bundystadt, right…. If I don’t like somebody, that’s it! I’ve never met them!

But, of course, the book was published in 1947. And if you read old books, you find out what the world was like…. 👻

…. In a way he was brave I guess, but still he was strange and stupid, and now, of course, he’s really dead.

…. Hugh’s books has its flaws, at least for me: a little stiff and ‘correct’, emoting ‘correctly’, or not at all…. But obviously it’s not the inspiring record of a heroic Wagnerian death that the Russians were semi-consciously afraid of, you know. So this is how a failed dictator ends—by chewing out his co-conspirators, and then shooting himself in the mouth.
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goosecap | 19 outras críticas | Mar 4, 2023 |
Too wordy and hard to get through. It didnt pull you in. But as far as I can tell the facts of the book checks out.
 
Assinalado
Litrvixen | 19 outras críticas | Jun 23, 2022 |
This book made the list of "100 best Non-fiction Books of all Time" prepared by The Guardian newspaper. After reading what The Guardian had to say about it, I had to read it
"The Last Days of Hitler" describes in vivid detail the last weeks of Hitler and those who were with him in the bunker in Berlin at the conclusion of the war.
As a work of history, it is brilliant! Trevor-Roper includes nothing that he has not thoroughly and completely researched, verified, double checked and cross referenced. He portrays the characteristics and personalities of those who were with Hitler in detail, describing their strengths and weaknesses based on numerous accounts he researched about each subject. Zealots and opportunists, dreamers and realists, loyalists and doubters, preceptive minds and vacuous one all had a place in Hitler's government, but the overriding personality of Hitler himself created the tragedies of WW II and of the destruction it laid to humanity.
As a chronicle of a dark era of history, the book is a masterpiece because it not only tells the story of the last days in the bunker, but it puts those stories into context, describing backgrounds and earlier histories that brought each of the participants to this tragic place. Thus, were this book to be read a hundred years from now when the horrible history of Nazism and Hitler has become blurred and forgotten through the fog of time, this book will still provide a vivid explanation of this particular era of human history.
I see why The Guardian placed it on its "100 Bests" list and I would have to put it ion mine, too.
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Assinalado
PaulLoesch | 19 outras críticas | Apr 2, 2022 |

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Obras
47
Also by
26
Membros
2,848
Popularidade
#9,012
Avaliação
4.0
Críticas
41
ISBN
140
Línguas
12
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4

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