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Leon Trotsky (1879–1940)

Autor(a) de History of the Russian Revolution

498+ Works 6,223 Membros 59 Críticas 14 Favorited

About the Author

Leon Trotsky was born Lev Davidovich Bronshteyn on November 7, 1879 in Yanovka, Ukraine. As a teenager, he became involved in underground activities and was soon arrested, jailed and exiled to Siberia where he joined the Social Democratic Party. He escaped from exile in Siberia by using the name of mostrar mais a jailer called Trotsky on a false passport. During World War I, he lived in Switzerland, France, England, and New York City, where he edited the newspaper Novy Mir (New World). In 1917, after the overthrow of Tsar Nicholas II, he went back to Russia and joined Vladimir Lenin in the first, abortive, July Revolution of the Bolsheviks. A key organizer of the successful October Revolution, he was People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs in the Lenin regime. He was then made war commissar and in this capacity, built up the Red Army which prevailed against the White Russian forces in the civil war. Antagonism developed between him and Joseph Stalin during the Civil War of 1918-1920. When Lenin fell ill and died, Stalin became the new leader and Trotsky was thrown out of the party in 1927. Trotsky fled across Siberia to Norway, France, and finally settled in Mexico in 1936. He began working on the biography of Stalin. He was able to complete 7 of the 12 chapters before an assassin, acting on Stalin's orders, stabbed Trotsky with an ice pick. He died on August 21, 1940. The construction of the remaining five chapters was accomplished by the translator Charles Malamuth, from notes, worksheets, and fragments. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
Image credit: George Grantham Bain Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-ggbain-35130


Obras por Leon Trotsky

History of the Russian Revolution (1930) 900 exemplares
The Revolution Betrayed (1936) 494 exemplares
My Life (1930) 417 exemplares
Literature and Revolution (1960) 240 exemplares
Terrorism and Communism (1920) 231 exemplares
The Permanent Revolution (1929) — Autor — 147 exemplares
1905 (1969) 129 exemplares
Stalin (1941) 124 exemplares
Their Morals and Ours (1942) 119 exemplares
Lenin (1925) 94 exemplares
The Young Lenin (1972) 69 exemplares
The Spanish Revolution 1931-39 (1973) 68 exemplares
Lessons of October (1971) 61 exemplares
The basic writings of Trotsky (1963) 57 exemplares
Trotsky's diary in exile, 1935 (1958) 56 exemplares
Leon Trotsky on France (1936) 51 exemplares
Women and the Family (1973) 45 exemplares
Marxism and Terrorism (1995) 40 exemplares
Military Writings (1969) 32 exemplares
The Essential Trotsky (1963) 26 exemplares
Leon Trotsky on China (1976) 25 exemplares
I crimini di Stalin (1973) 22 exemplares
Writings of Leon Trotsky [1930] (1975) 21 exemplares
On the Jewish Question (1970) 21 exemplares
The Bolsheviki and world peace (1918) 21 exemplares
Leon Trotsky Speaks (1972) 20 exemplares
Whither England? (1978) 20 exemplares
From October to Brest-Litovsk (1918) 19 exemplares
Stalin Vol. 1 : Rise of a Revolutionary (1969) — Autor — 18 exemplares
Leon Trotsky on the Paris Commune (1970) 18 exemplares
Portraits, Political and Personal (1977) 18 exemplares
Leon Trotsky on Britain (1972) 17 exemplares
Stalin Vol. 2 : The Revolutionary in Power (1968) — Autor — 17 exemplares
Lenin's Fight Against Stalinism (1975) 16 exemplares
Writings of Leon Trotsky [1932] (1973) 15 exemplares
On the Trade Unions (1969) 14 exemplares
The Serge-Trotsky Papers (1994) 13 exemplares
Writings of Leon Trotsky [1929] (1975) 13 exemplares
The real situation in Russia (2014) 10 exemplares
Towards Socialism or Capitalsim? (1976) 10 exemplares
Our Political Tasks (1904) (1979) 8 exemplares
Cours nouveau (1923) (1924) 6 exemplares
Political profiles (1972) 6 exemplares
Karl Marx (2002) 5 exemplares
Compagni di strada 5 exemplares
Guerra e rivoluzione 5 exemplares
In Defense of October (1962) 5 exemplares
Mis peripecias en España (2007) 5 exemplares
Against Individual Terrorism (1974) 4 exemplares
L'avènement du bolchévisme (1977) 4 exemplares
Resultat och framtidsutsikter (1954) 4 exemplares
The Communist Manifesto Today (1963) 4 exemplares
Stalin's Gangsters (1977) 4 exemplares
Problems of civil war 3 exemplares
Scritti 1929- 1936 3 exemplares
Lessons of Spain 3 exemplares
Results and Prospects (2019) 3 exemplares
Kampen mot Hitler (1983) 2 exemplares
El fascismo 2 exemplares
Övergångsprogrammet (1977) 2 exemplares
Die Balkankriege 1912-13. (1996) 2 exemplares
Kampen mot Stalin - 1923 (1982) 2 exemplares
Oeuvres (1978) 2 exemplares
Natureza do Estado Soviético (1969) 2 exemplares
The Only Road (1933) 2 exemplares
Moral e Revolução 2 exemplares
Revolutionen forrådt (2021) 2 exemplares
A Revolução de Outubro (2007) 2 exemplares
Bilan et perspectives (1974) 2 exemplares
O Novo Curso 2 exemplares
Correspondance 1933-1938 (1980) — Autor — 2 exemplares
Textes (1984) 2 exemplares
The struggle for state power (1966) 2 exemplares
Kirov Assassination (1935) 2 exemplares
Diary in exile, 1935 (1963) 2 exemplares
Historia de la Revolución Rusa (2000) 2 exemplares
Scritti letterari 2 exemplares
Culture and Socialism (1963) 2 exemplares
Germany, 1931-1932 (1970) 2 exemplares
Marxism in our time (1994) 2 exemplares
El Capitalismo y sus crisis (2014) 2 exemplares
On Engels and Kautsky 2 exemplares
Carlo Marx 1 exemplar
La vita è bella (2015) 1 exemplar
Jean Jaurès 1 exemplar
O Anti-Kautsky 1 exemplar
De la révolution 1 exemplar
Nouvelle étape 1 exemplar
Diário do Exílio 1 exemplar
Minha vida 1 exemplar
La Lucha contra el fascismo (2004) 1 exemplar
Vingt lettres 1 exemplar
LÉNINE 1 exemplar
Octubre 1 exemplar
Den unge Lenin 1 exemplar
Der Einzige Weg 1 exemplar
My Life, book 2 of 2 (2001) 1 exemplar
My Life, book 1 of 2 (2000) 1 exemplar
Moja zhizn (2021) 1 exemplar
SOBRE ARTE Y CULTURA. (1971) 1 exemplar
L'année 1917 1 exemplar
Europa im Krieg (1996) 1 exemplar
LIÇOES DE OUTUBRO (1900) 1 exemplar
Februarrevolution (1982) 1 exemplar
Fragen des Alltagslebens (1999) 1 exemplar
Der neue Kurs 1 exemplar
Em defesa do marxismo (2011) 1 exemplar
Oeuvres (1979) 1 exemplar
I stake my life 1 exemplar
En España (1975) 1 exemplar
Oeuvres 9 1 exemplar
Littérature et révolution (2010) 1 exemplar
The Only Road for Germany (1933) 1 exemplar
Germany: What next 1 exemplar
Marx : Pages choisies (2019) 1 exemplar
Escritos Latinoamericanos (2013) 1 exemplar
Whither Europe? (1950) 1 exemplar
Marxismo e scienza 1 exemplar
Scritti letterari 1 exemplar
Scritti 1929-1936 1 exemplar
Můj život (2010) 1 exemplar
Der junge Lenin 1 exemplar
Můj život 1 exemplar
Whither Russia? 1 exemplar
The Labor Party 1 exemplar
Politische Profile 1 exemplar
Tuda i obratno (2017) 1 exemplar

Associated Works

The Communist Manifesto (1848) — Introdução, algumas edições15,155 exemplares
The Iron Heel (1907) — Introdução, algumas edições1,486 exemplares
Theories of Modern Art: A Source Book by Artists and Critics (1968) — Contribuidor — 753 exemplares
Critical Theory Since Plato (1971) — Contribuidor, algumas edições400 exemplares
Rosa Luxemburg Speaks (1970) — Contribuidor — 121 exemplares
The Tragedy of the Chinese Revolution (1951) — Introdução, algumas edições86 exemplares
The Essential Marx (Dover Books on Western Philosophy) (1971) — Editor — 41 exemplares
The Penguin Book of Twentieth-Century Protest (1998) — Contribuidor — 31 exemplares
The Communist Manifesto [Norton Critical Edition, 2nd ed.] (2012) — Contribuidor — 25 exemplares


Conhecimento Comum



I was very positively surprised by this book. Considering the author I was expecting the book to be more infused with political statements and philosophical views of the world and revolution. Surprisingly it was not, quite to the contrary.

Now I wont go into the character of Trotsky himself. It is obvious this was very educated man, highly eloquent (in what looks to be productive not just demagogue way) with interest in many areas and (as far as I can see) solid grasp on many subjects and as such, it is obvious why he was placed high in Bolshevik's ranks. Also it is visible that he was of that kind of man who know they are smartest in the room (or at least one of the smartest) and this would drive crazy anyone else in that same room. I also have a feeling that Trotsky would have had a very unrealistic plans for the revolution itself that would bring him into more direct conflict with the rest of the party. All of this would surely explain his exile and reason why he was not executed immediatelly - he left a strong mark post-revolution and especially strong mark on the military,

Again I am not familiar with all of the above developments so cannot fully atest to Trotsky and his goals, I can only give my impressions from this book.

Book shows clearly that Trotsky was a very practical man when it comes to warfare. This is visible in his constant comments that military work (as is case with every practical human endeavor) cannot be imbued with political dogma or philosophical views. I especially liked his view of military work, not as a science but as an art (or better yet, synthesis of various other sciences and arts). For him, true military commander is someone who knows a lot, from social sciences, physics and other natural sciences, with addition of military teachings of course. And I have to agree with it, ideally this would be the best case (but then again this would be great in case of any profession). In this entire book Trotsky constantly warns about dangers of presenting military works as result of some philosophical and dogmatic way of reasoning and thinking (and he clealry considers Marxism as one of those philosophies). For him military works are art, and concepts ruling it exist since first organized form of war took place under the sun. What is required is distilling the knowledge for the new generations (which trotsky very smartly describes as generations that wont be led by fires of the Revolution, they wont know much about it except from stories or books, so they need the acquired knowledge of the generations that fought in the Revolution) in order to ensure further development of military - both technologically and in view of history/application of war related activities.

This is also why trotsky saw no issues with using the acquired knowledge of old Imperial Army officers, because he was very much aware that without that knowledge currently existing revolutionary army (mostly partisan/guerilla in nature) cannot progress, evolve into the potent military force (capable of any type of assignments) and finally stand against the enemy states (whose armies are seen by Trotsky as professional and very experienced no matter the political forces running them). As history shows this merger of old, what might be called standard military knowledge, and new revolutionary approach to war would enable the Soviet Army to win WW2.

Again, very interesting book, surprisingly clear headed and practical when it comes to warfare. As a matter of fact Trotsky's comments how mixing (or as he says muddling) military works with philosophical and political dogma will always end up in disaster, sound very true even today.

Highly recommended.
… (mais)
Zare | Mar 5, 2024 |
Descripció detallada, però sempre amb el dubte de ser una mica parcial
salarodo57 | 9 outras críticas | Aug 14, 2023 |
Instruction manual on how to overthrow the ruling class. Would recommend.
Nealmaro | Jul 28, 2023 |
A few bits were eye-opening and definitely applicable to the political climate today. Especially the part mentioning weak parties putting forth "lesser evil" candidates. Another putting forth the idea that the bourgeoisie (the 1%) will try to capture as much holdings as possible while capitalism collapses turning the middle class (the petty bourgeoisie) against the proletariat (the working class and the poor) to achieve this. More relevant passages such as: We may set it down as a historical law: fascism was able to conquer only in those countries where the conservative labor parties prevented the proletariat from utilizing the revolutionary situation and seizing power. Seems a parallel to neoliberal suppression of progressives to me. It was a quick read and informational. As a political pamphlet it does its job but it reads like one. I could recommend this if you like politics especially something that may have a few eerie parallels to the current situation in it.… (mais)
1 vote
Ranjr | 1 outra crítica | Jul 13, 2023 |



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Alan Woods Introduction, Editor
Ahmed Shawki Introduction
Tony Cliff Introduction
Rob Sewell Introduction, Background
Gabriela Liszt Translator
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Alfred Rosmer Introduction
Rose Strunsky Translator
Slavoj iek Introduction
José Camo Cover designer
Charles Malamuth Translator
James Burnham Contributor
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Alexandra Ramm Translator
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