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Eudora Welty (1909–2001)

Autor(a) de The Optimist's Daughter

95+ Works 13,513 Membros 235 Críticas 81 Favorited

About the Author

Eudora Welty was born in Jackson, Mississippi on April 13, 1909. She was educated at the Mississippi State College for Women in Columbus, Mississippi, and at the University of Wisconsin. She moved to New York in 1930 to study advertising at the Columbia University business school. After her mostrar mais father's death, she moved back to Jackson in 1931. She held various jobs on local newspapers and at a radio station before becoming a publicity agent for the Works Progress Administration (WPA), part of Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal program. Travelling through the state of Mississippi opened her eyes to the misery of the great depression and resulted in a series of photographs, which were exhibited in a one-women show in New York in 1936 and were eventually published as One Time, One Place: Mississippi in the Depression in 1971. She stopped working for the WPA in 1936. Her first stories, Magic and Death of a Travelling Salesman, were published in small magazines in 1936. Some of her better-known short stories are Why I Live at the P.O., Petrified Man, and A Worn Path. Her short story collections include A Curtain of Green, The Golden Apples, The Wide Net and Other Stories, and The Bride of Innisfallen and Other Stories. Her first novel, The Robber Bridegroom, was published in 1942. Her other novels include Delta Wedding, The Ponder Heart, Losing Battles, and The Optimist's Daughter, which won the Pulitzer Prize in 1972. She received the gold medal for fiction from the National Institute of Arts and Letters in 1972. Her nonfiction works include A Snapshot Album, The Eye of the Storm: Selected Essays and Reviews, and One Writer's Beginnings. She died from complications following pneumonia on July 23, 2001 at the age of 92. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
Image credit: Eudora Welty

Obras por Eudora Welty

The Optimist's Daughter (1972) 2,584 exemplares
The Collected Stories of Eudora Welty (1980) 2,382 exemplares
One Writer's Beginnings (1983) 1,697 exemplares
Delta Wedding (1946) 978 exemplares
Losing Battles (1970) 687 exemplares
The Ponder Heart (1954) 578 exemplares
The Robber Bridegroom (1942) 492 exemplares
The Golden Apples (1947) 432 exemplares
Thirteen Stories (1965) 414 exemplares
Welty: Stories, Essays, and Memoir (1998) 387 exemplares
Selected Stories of Eudora Welty (1943) 292 exemplares
On Writing (Modern Library) (2002) 202 exemplares
Eudora Welty Photographs (1989) 151 exemplares
Why I Live at the P.O. (1995) 131 exemplares
What There Is to Say We Have Said (2011) 126 exemplares
The Wide Net And Other Stories (1974) 103 exemplares
The Norton Book of Friendship (1991) 92 exemplares
Country Churchyards (2000) 48 exemplares
The Shoe Bird (1964) 37 exemplares
Some Notes on River Country (2003) 30 exemplares
Moon Lake [short story] (2011) 29 exemplares
A Worn Path (1991) 22 exemplares
On William Faulkner (2003) 16 exemplares
Moon Lake and Other Stories (1777) 15 exemplares
Eudora Welty Reads (1998) 10 exemplares
Early Escapades (2005) 7 exemplares
Clytie 6 exemplares
Occasions: Selected Writings (2009) 5 exemplares
Petrified Man (2014) 5 exemplares
Lily Daw and the Three Ladies (1972) — Autor — 3 exemplares
Eudora Welty, Other Places (1995) 3 exemplares
On Short Stories 3 exemplares
Os Melhores Contos 2 exemplares
L'homme petrifie : nouvelles (1992) 2 exemplares
Atlantic Monthly 2 exemplares
Fairy Tale of the Natchez Trace (1975) 2 exemplares
The Faulkner Investigation (1985) 2 exemplares
Fictions (2000) 2 exemplares
Powerhouse 2 exemplares
Acrobats in a Park. (1980) 2 exemplares
Wide Net, the (1943) 1 exemplar
A Writer's Life 1 exemplar
Delta Wdding 1 exemplar
Złote jabłka 1 exemplar
The Little Store 1 exemplar
A Visit of Charity 1 exemplar
Three Papers on Fiction (1962) 1 exemplar
Four Photographs 1 exemplar
Place in Fiction 1 exemplar
[No title] 1 exemplar

Associated Works

To the Lighthouse (1927) — Introdução, algumas edições17,168 exemplares
The Best American Short Stories of the Century (2000) — Contribuidor — 1,536 exemplares
Death of a Salesman [critical edition] (1967) — Contribuidor — 1,246 exemplares
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (1995) — Contribuidor, algumas edições902 exemplares
The Best American Essays of the Century (2000) — Contribuidor — 759 exemplares
The Oxford Book of American Short Stories (1992) — Contribuidor — 730 exemplares
Short Story Masterpieces (1954) — Contribuidor — 659 exemplares
The Oxford Book of Gothic Tales (1992) — Contribuidor — 529 exemplares
The Oxford Book of Short Stories (1981) — Contribuidor — 504 exemplares
Great American Short Stories (1957) — Contribuidor — 487 exemplares
The World of the Short Story: A 20th Century Collection (1986) — Contribuidor — 454 exemplares
Points of View: Revised Edition (1966) — Contribuidor — 404 exemplares
Cries of the Spirit: A Celebration of Women's Spirituality (2000) — Contribuidor — 366 exemplares
The Granta Book of the American Short Story (1992) — Contribuidor — 361 exemplares
Women & Fiction: Short Stories By and About Women (1975) — Contribuidor — 361 exemplares
The Portable Sixties Reader (2002) — Contribuidor — 319 exemplares
The Best of Modern Humor (1983) — Contribuidor — 287 exemplares
A Treasury of Short Stories (1947) — Contribuidor — 287 exemplares
100 Years of The Best American Short Stories (2015) — Contribuidor — 266 exemplares
The Treasury of American Short Stories (1981) — Contribuidor — 265 exemplares
Voyage of the Sable Venus and Other Poems (2015) — Artista da capa — 213 exemplares
The New Granta Book of the American Short Story (2007) — Contribuidor — 205 exemplares
We Are the Stories We Tell (1990) — Contribuidor — 192 exemplares
Murder & Other Acts of Literature (1997) — Contribuidor — 144 exemplares
An Anthology of Famous American Stories (1953) — Contribuidor — 131 exemplares
The Mammoth Book of Modern Ghost Stories (2007) — Contribuidor — 130 exemplares
The Signet Classic Book of Southern Short Stories (1991) — Contribuidor — 121 exemplares
Mistresses of the Dark [Anthology] (1998) — Contribuidor — 118 exemplares
Downhome: An Anthology of Southern Women Writers (1995) — Contribuidor — 115 exemplares
Granta 115: The F Word (2011) — Contribuidor — 113 exemplares
Magical Realist Fiction: An Anthology (1984) — Contribuidor — 110 exemplares
The Literature of the American South: A Norton Anthology (1997) — Contribuidor — 96 exemplares
The Granta Book of the American Long Story (1822) — Contribuidor — 94 exemplares
American Short Stories (1976) — Contribuidor, algumas edições91 exemplares
Voices in Our Blood: America's Best on the Civil Rights Movement (2001) — Contribuidor — 89 exemplares
Skin Deep: Black Women and White Women Write About Race (1602) — Contribuidor — 88 exemplares
Ten Modern Masters: An Anthology of the Short Story (1953) — Contribuidor, algumas edições74 exemplares
Stories from The New Yorker, 1950 to 1960 (1958) — Contribuidor — 68 exemplares
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Concise Edition (2003) — Contribuidor — 66 exemplares
200 Years of Great American Short Stories (1975) — Contribuidor — 65 exemplares
Step Right Up: Stories of Carnivals, Sideshows, and the Circus (2004) — Contribuidor — 50 exemplares
Art of Fiction (1967) — Contribuidor — 50 exemplares
O. Henry Memorial Award Prize Stories of 1943 (1943) — Contribuidor — 48 exemplares
Masters of the Modern Short Story (1945) — Contribuidor — 44 exemplares
Southern Dogs and Their People (2000) — Contribuidor — 38 exemplares
New Orleans Noir 2: The Classics (2016) — Contribuidor — 37 exemplares
The Signet Book of American Essays (2006) — Contribuidor — 36 exemplares
Birds in the Hand: Fiction and Poetry about Birds (2004) — Contribuidor — 32 exemplares
The Secret Self: A Century of Short Stories by Women (1995) — Contribuidor — 32 exemplares
Hot and Cool: Jazz Short Stories (1990) — Contribuidor — 30 exemplares
American short stories, 1820 to the present (1952) — Contribuidor — 26 exemplares
The Seas of God: Great Stories of the Human Spirit (1944) — Contribuidor — 25 exemplares
The Second Penguin Book of Modern Women's Short Stories (1997) — Contribuidor — 25 exemplares
Studies in Fiction (1965) — Contribuidor — 22 exemplares
The Robber Bridegroom (1978) 18 exemplares
Modern American Short Stories (1945) — Contribuidor — 15 exemplares
Mississippi Writers: An Anthology (1991) — Contribuidor — 14 exemplares
The Best American Short Stories 1955 (1955) — Contribuidor — 13 exemplares
Story to Anti-Story (1979) — Contribuidor — 13 exemplares
A Portrait of Southern Writers: Photographs (2000) — Contribuidor — 13 exemplares
Twenty-Nine Stories (1960) — Contribuidor — 13 exemplares
Stories of Initiation. (Lernmaterialien) (1978) — Contribuidor — 12 exemplares
31 Stories (1960) — Contribuidor — 12 exemplares
The Best American Short Stories 1943 (1943) — Contribuidor — 11 exemplares
The Penguin New Writing No. 36 (1949) — Contribuidor — 11 exemplares
Inward Journey (1987) — Contribuidor — 11 exemplares
The best of the Best American short stories, 1915-1950 (1975) — Contribuidor — 10 exemplares
The Caedmon Short Story Collection (2001) — Contribuidor — 8 exemplares
Open Secrets (1972) 7 exemplares
Time to Be Young: Great Stories of the Growing Years (1945) — Contribuidor — 7 exemplares
O. Henry Memorial Award Prize Stories of 1941 (1941) — Contribuidor — 7 exemplares
Twenty-Three Modern Stories (1963) — Contribuidor — 4 exemplares
The College Short Story Reader (1948) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
Enjoying Stories (1987) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
The Avon Annual 1945: 18 Great Modern Stories (1945) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar
Modern Short Stories — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar
Whole Pieces (1990) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar
Stories of Sudden Truth (1953) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar
The Ethnic Image in Modern American Literature, 1900-1950 (1984) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar
15 Great Stories of Today (1946) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar

Etiquetado

Conhecimento Comum

Nome legal
Welty, Eudora Alice
Data de nascimento
1909-04-13
Data de falecimento
2001-07-23
Localização do túmulo
Greenwood Cemetery, Jackson, Mississippi, USA
Sexo
female
Nacionalidade
USA
Local de nascimento
Jackson, Mississippi, USA
Local de falecimento
Jackson, Mississippi, USA
Locais de residência
Jackson, Mississippi, USA
Educação
Mississippi State College for Women (Mississippi University for Women)
University of Wisconsin (BA|1929)
Columbia University Graduate School of Business (1930-31)
Ocupações
novelist
short-story writer
photographer
publicity agent
reporter
lecturer (mostrar todos 7)
teacher
Relações
Porter, Katherine Anne (friend)
Aswell, Mary Louise (friend|correspondent)
Organizações
American Academy of Arts and Letters ( [1952])
Fellowship of Southern Writers (charter member)
Works Progress Administration
The New York Times
Harvard University (lecturer)
Junior League of Jackson (mostrar todos 7)
Bread Loaf Writers' Conference
Prémios e menções honrosas
Presidential Medal of Freedom (1980)
National Medal of Arts (1986)
National Book Foundation Medal (1991)
Peggy V. Helmerich Distinguished Author Award (1991)
Rea Award for the Short Story (1992)
PEN/Malamud Award for the Short Story (1992) (mostrar todos 20)
Charles Frankel Prize (1993)
Distinguished Alumni Award (American Association of State Colleges and Universities ∙ 1993)
Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (1987)
Cleanth Brooks Medal for Lifetime Achievement (1991)
Chevalier de la Légion d’honneur (1996)
America Award (2000)
National Institute of Arts and Letters Gold Medal (1972)
Edward MacDowell Medal (1970)
National Medal for Literature (1980)
Common Wealth Award (1984)
Order of the South
National Women's Hall of Fame (2000)
National Humanities Medal (1992)
First living author published in the Library of America series

Membros

Discussions

Delta Wedding Group Read - Discussion Thread em 75 Books Challenge for 2022 (Novembro 2022)
October 2014: Eudora Welty em Monthly Author Reads (Outubro 2014)
Eudora Welty- American Author Challenge em 75 Books Challenge for 2014 (Julho 2014)

Críticas

Had a dreamy quality that I enjoyed. The atmosphere was kind of beautiful and the descriptions were great and the scenes felt real. I liked it.

Weird/bad points: there was pretty much no conflict involved in the book even though quite a bit was set up, which was bizarre. For example, there are constant references to Troy's seeming unsuitability as a husband but nothing comes of it - and there's not really much explanation of WHY people talk about him as unsuitable. Near the end, Shelley witnesses him apparently shooting a black worker who's threatening him with a knife. The scene lasts maybe a page and she says it shows some sort of extreme unsuitability, but the event is never referenced again and Shelley makes no further comments about Troy, in thought or otherwise. The event itself is incredibly confusing and I have no idea what went on. Weird. There are a couple other similar scenes, which presumably have deeper implications or ones which aren't the obvious but aren't referenced again and don't seem to have an impact - George talking about "sleeping with" the vagrant girl Ellen finds in the woods - Ellen seems shocked but again nothing else happens, it doesn't affect their relationship and the girl is referenced once again in an ambiguous context. There are several times the author seems to be describing some sort of romantic tension between George and other people but maybe I'm reading too much into it. Every character is prone to going into deep reflection at every opportunity, which is pretty ridiculous but adds to the dream like quality of the book and really wasn't bad. There are a lot of named characters that it's impossible to keep track of and don't really have a point.

Bigger things: I note an event re: violence above - violence is treated as tainting someone in this one case. Yet Battle beating children happens often and is treated incredibly casually. He also threatens extreme violence casually and the one reference to this plays it off as a "oh haha our Battle!!" thing.
None of the Fairchilds are ever shown engaging in any work. Yet at the end of the book several describe how "draining" and "tiring" the wedding has been. The disconnect between words and experience is noticeable. The only reason I can see Troy being unsuitable, in fact, is in his job as an overseer - in doing their work, the work of the plantation owner running their lands, he's somehow "unclean". His presence impinges on the "paradise" of the Fairchilds' life - they have no experience of the reality of where their (obviously absolutely massive) income comes from. The thing is, this theme is hardly developed and shows mostly in omission, making me curious how the author felt about this.
The black workers have very little presence, even though they should be a constant presence around the house as domestic servants. The scenes that feature them show them as personality-less - they just obey orders happily - with 2 exceptions. Right at the end of the book, one says they don't like roses. This upsets Ellen, although we're not given much more than that. One character is visited at her house to ask about something lost and the Fairchilds who visited treat her vaguely dramatic searching as malicious - the one example of personality is shunned and considered bad.
In fact, I could think of only two other instances of things being treated as malicious or wrong in the book - the first is the mentally disabled preteen Maureen (who is referred to in rude terms) and the other is George's wife Robbie, who is again considered "unsuitable" but especially for leaving him when she feels hurt. Their real crime seems to be that they disturbed in some way the Fairchilds' untroubled existence.
I don't know if my view of the Fairchilds as horrible people who live an incredibly happy life merely by ignoring or shunning things that disturb it is an unreasonable one, but to me it was the only one that made sense and still let me enjoy the book.
… (mais)
 
Assinalado
tombomp | 22 outras críticas | Oct 31, 2023 |
JUST SOME THOUGHTS I'M JOTTING DOWN WHILE I GO ALONG. They're not very coherent, or a real "review", just talking about things that stood out to me that I found interesting

The Wide Net: Good story, although I feel I lacked the proper context to fully understand the interactions and what they were doing. Theme of thinking you understand what you don't at all - William believes for certain Hazel has jumped in the river, despite not even reading the entire letter. The boys that take a baby alligator just because they can - also somewhat related to William's relationship with Hazel, where she's described as very pretty but otherwise he seems to have no real interest in her. Doc is a sort of "voice of reason" in both cases.

Old Mr Marblehall: I liked the idea of a double life almost just for the sake of it. Both his families are described negatively and he seems to find fulfilment only in the having of a double life at all. It reminds me of a sort of childish thing to do - children always try and hide things from their parents, even the most mundane stuff - which links both with his having children exactly at the time when he started a double life and with his obsession - and apparently his only real interest, Weird Tales and similar magazines. This also relates to the story as a story - the premise is somewhat absurd, that nobody has noticed or cared, which makes it almost fit for that kind of magazine.

A Worn Path: Pretty stark portrait of desperation. The old woman's path reminded me of a sort of shortened down fairy story of someone's quest to save the princess or whatever, which I guess in a way is kind of what it is

A Still Moment: Some dudes want to kill him for his horse but despite outnumbering him let him go because he can't be shot easily? And then in the next paragraph this is implied to be a bad thing??? What. Whole story absolutely mystified me, I couldn't pin down characters or what was going on or get any kind of feeling out of it, and the tortured syntax was especially noticeable here. Definitely didn't enjoy it

Powerhouse: Opens with several paragraphs of racial stereotypes and racism. Blecchhh. Going to excuse myself from that

complaint: occasional weird syntax? a few sentences were ordered counter to my expectations, confusing me a bit.
-The racial descriptions bother me a bit sometimes, more than usual. Black people seem to be *actually* stupid and bad, even outside of the perceptions of the viewpoint characters.

In general I've enjoyed it. Most of the stories are good/great/amazing but there are a couple I disliked and the racism was a bit grating
… (mais)
 
Assinalado
tombomp | 4 outras críticas | Oct 31, 2023 |
Filed with Faulkner’s books
 
Assinalado
JimandMary69 | 1 outra crítica | Sep 1, 2023 |
I enjoyed this, but after some years since reading it, I don't recall enough to discuss it.
 
Assinalado
mykl-s | 4 outras críticas | Aug 13, 2023 |

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Estatísticas

Obras
95
Also by
94
Membros
13,513
Popularidade
#1,718
Avaliação
3.8
Críticas
235
ISBN
260
Línguas
12
Marcado como favorito
81

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