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Walt Whitman (1819–1892)

Autor(a) de Leaves of Grass

534+ Works 27,450 Membros 239 Críticas 173 Favorited
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About the Author

Walt Whitman was born on Long Island and raised in Brooklyn, New York, the son of a carpenter. He left school when he was 11 years old to take a variety of jobs. By the time he was 15, Whitman was living on his own in New York City, working as a printer and writing short pieces for newspapers. He mostrar mais spent a few years teaching, but most of his work was either in journalism or politics. Gradually, Whitman became a regular contributor to a variety of Democratic Party newspapers and reviews, and early in his career established a rather eccentric way of life, spending a great deal of time walking the streets, absorbing life and talking with laborers. Extremely fond of the opera, he used his press pass to spend many evenings in the theater. In 1846, Whitman became editor of the Brooklyn Eagle, a leading Democratic newspaper. Two years later, he was fired for opposing the expansion of slavery into the west. Whitman's career as a poet began in 1885, with the publication of the first edition of his poetry collection, Leaves of Grass. The book was self-published (Whitman probably set some of the type himself), and despite his efforts to publicize it - including writing his own reviews - few people read it. One reader who did appreciate it was essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson, who wrote a letter greeting Whitman at "the beginning of a great career." Whitman's poetry was unlike any verse that had ever been seen. Written without rhyme, in long, loose lines, filled with poetic lists and exclamations taken from Whitman's reading of the Bible, Homer, and Asian poets, these poems were totally unlike conventional poetry. Their subject matter, too, was unusual - the celebration of a free-spirited individualist whose love for all things and people seemed at times disturbingly sensual. In 1860, with the publication of the third edition on Leaves of Grass, Whitman alienated conventional thinkers and writers even more. When he went to Boston to meet Emerson, poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, essayist Oliver Wendell Holmes, and poet James Russell Lowell, they all objected to the visit. With the outbreak of the Civil War, Whitman's attentions turned almost exclusively to that conflict. Some of the greatest poetry of his career, including Drum Taps (1865) and his magnificent elegy for President Abraham Lincoln, "When Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd" (1865), was written during this period. In 1862, his brother George was wounded in battle, and Whitman went to Washington to nurse him. He continued as a hospital volunteer throughout the war, nursing other wounded soldiers and acting as a benevolent father-figure and confidant. Parts of his memoir Specimen Days (1882) record this period. After the war, Whitman stayed on in Washington, working as a government clerk and continuing to write. In 1873 he suffered a stroke and retired to Camden, New Jersey, where he lived as an invalid for the rest of his life. Ironically, his reputation began to grow during this period, as the public became more receptive to his poetic and personal eccentricities. Whitman tried to capture the spirit of America in a new poetic form. His poetry is rough, colloquial, sweeping in its vistas - a poetic equivalent of the vast land and its varied peoples. Critic Louis Untermeyer has written, "In spite of Whitman's perplexing mannerisms, the poems justify their boundless contradictions. They shake themselves free from rant and bombastic audacities and rise into the clear air of major poetry. Such poetry is not large but self-assured; it knows, as Whitman asserted, the amplitude of time and laughs at dissolution. It contains continents; it unfolds the new heaven and new earth of the Western world." American poetry has never been the same since Whitman tore it away from its formal and thematic constraints, and he is considered by virtually all critics today to be one of the greatest poets the country has ever produced. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
Image credit: Photo by G. Frank E. Pearsall
Courtesy of the NYPL Digital Gallery
(image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)

Obras por Walt Whitman

Leaves of Grass (1855) 10,162 exemplares
Leaves of Grass (1855 edition) (1855) 2,862 exemplares
The Complete Poems (1867) 1,340 exemplares
Whitman: Poetry and Prose (1982) 1,272 exemplares
Poetry for Young People: Walt Whitman (1997) 1,027 exemplares
Leaves of Grass (1891-92 Edition) (1892) 936 exemplares
Song of Myself (1984) 825 exemplares
Selected Poems [ed. Appelbaum] (1991) 532 exemplares
Leaves of Grass and Selected Prose (1949) 362 exemplares
Selections from Leaves of Grass (1961) 293 exemplares
On the Beach at Night Alone (2015) 202 exemplares
Selected Poems [ed. Washington] (1993) 196 exemplares
Specimen Days (1961) 168 exemplares
Poems By Walt Whitman (1911) 145 exemplares
The Essential Whitman (1987) 141 exemplares
Specimen Days & Collect (1995) 118 exemplares
Memoranda During the War (1876) 116 exemplares
Selected Poems [ed. Bloom] (2003) 104 exemplares
The Selected Poems of Walt Whitman (1892) 100 exemplares
Drum taps (1865) 96 exemplares
Selected Poems [ed. Crasnow] (1996) 93 exemplares
Whitman [ed. Fielder] (1959) 86 exemplares
O Captain! My Captain! (1970) 83 exemplares
Leaves of Grass (1860 edition) (1860) 75 exemplares
Three Great American Poets (1900) 72 exemplares
The Walt Whitman Reader (1993) 69 exemplares
Civil War Poems of Walt Whitman (1994) 60 exemplares
The poetry of Walt Whitman (1997) 59 exemplares
Poetry for Kids: Walt Whitman (2017) 58 exemplares
I Hear America Singing (1800) 52 exemplares
A Choice of Whitman's Verse (1973) 52 exemplares
Voyages (1988) 44 exemplares
Laws for Creations (2006) 43 exemplares
Democratic Vistas (1871) 43 exemplares
Live Oak, with Moss (2019) 40 exemplares
Selected Poems [ed. Lipkin] (2000) 40 exemplares
Walt Whitman's New York: From Manhattan to Montauk (1963) — Autor — 39 exemplares
Selected Poems [Penguin Popular] (1945) 37 exemplares
The Whitman Reader (1955) 35 exemplares
Leaves of Grass (Everyman) (1993) 32 exemplares
Miracles: the wonder of life (1969) 27 exemplares
An American Primer (1986) 24 exemplares
The Civil War Reader: Literature (1996) 20 exemplares
Nothing But Miracles (2003) 20 exemplares
Walt Whitman 20 exemplares
Walt Whitman: Selected Poems [Sweetwater Press] (2006) — Autor — 18 exemplares
The works of Walt Whitman (1968) 17 exemplares
Memories of President Lincoln (1923) 16 exemplares
Selected Letters of Walt Whitman (1990) 14 exemplares
Meditations Of Walt Whitman (Meditations (Wilderness)) (2004) — Autor — 12 exemplares
American Bard (1982) 11 exemplares
November Boughs (1889) 11 exemplares
Cálamo (1993) 10 exemplares
Walt Whitman [ed. Moore] (1987) 10 exemplares
Hojas de hierba- 2018 (2019) 10 exemplares
The Norton Anthology - Walt Whitman & Emily Dickinson (1998) — Autor — 10 exemplares
Whitman (1968) 9 exemplares
Overhead the Sun (1969) 8 exemplares
The gathering of the forces (1920) 7 exemplares
Two prefaces 7 exemplares
The correspondence (2004) 7 exemplares
Selections: Whitman/Dickinson (1997) 7 exemplares
Gresstrå 1 (2006) 6 exemplares
Leaves of Grass a selection of Poems — Autor — 6 exemplares
Obra escogida (Spanish Edition) (2017) 6 exemplares
Whitman: The Mystic Poets (2004) 5 exemplares
Whitman the Poet (1964) 5 exemplares
Digte 5 exemplares
Cimen Yapraklari (2015) 4 exemplares
Best-Loved Poems for Children (2011) 4 exemplares
City of orgies & other poems (1980) 4 exemplares
A Whitman Portrait (1960) 4 exemplares
Cimen Yapraklari - II (2020) 4 exemplares
Song of the Open Road (1990) 4 exemplares
Hymnen für die Erde (1958) 4 exemplares
Sequel to Drum-Taps (1959) 4 exemplares
The book of heavenly death (2009) 4 exemplares
Hijos de Adán: Cálamo (1981) 3 exemplares
the early poems and the fiction (1963) 3 exemplares
La quercia 3 exemplares
Song of the Broad-Axe 3 exemplares
Obras completas. II (2005) 3 exemplares
Días memorables de América (2014) 3 exemplares
There Was a Child Went Forth (2012) 3 exemplares
Canti d'addio 3 exemplares
Complete Writings Vol. 3 (2018) 3 exemplares
La parola del corpo (2000) 3 exemplares
The Walt Whitman Megapack (2014) 3 exemplares
Pictures : a poem 2 exemplares
Leaves of Grass (Selection) II (2003) 2 exemplares
Rohulehed (2021) 2 exemplares
Two Rivulets 2 exemplares
The wisdom of Walt Whitman (1979) 2 exemplares
Slang in America 2 exemplares
Utvalda dagar (2016) 2 exemplares
Prose Works (2016) 2 exemplares
Les fulles d'herba (1983) 2 exemplares
Short Stories 2 exemplares
Selected Poems by Whitman (2006) 2 exemplares
Collected writings 2 exemplares
The Pamphlet Poets (1926) 2 exemplares
The best of Whitman 2 exemplares
Leaves of Grass 2 exemplares
CALAMO (2017) 1 exemplar
Poemas esenciales 1 exemplar
Visões Democráticas (2012) 1 exemplar
Two Rivulets 1 exemplar
Walt Whitman's poetry : a study & a selection (1978) — Autor — 1 exemplar
Prosaschriften 1 exemplar
Días Ejemplares de América (1946) 1 exemplar
Vidas ejemplares 1 exemplar
Three Poems 1 exemplar
FIJE BARI 1 exemplar
SEÇME ŞİİRLER 1 exemplar
Miracles (excerpt) 1 exemplar
diVersi 1 exemplar
Sangen om migselv 1 exemplar
Leaves of Grass C3 1 exemplar
"The Sleepers" 1 exemplar
Drum Tabs (2021) 1 exemplar
Paroles du Nouveau Monde (1997) 1 exemplar
Habla Walt Whitman (2008) 1 exemplar
American poetry 1 exemplar
Manahatta 1 exemplar
Whitman's Poems 1 exemplar
Canti scelti 1 exemplar
Valitut runot (2007) 1 exemplar
Choix de poèmes 1 exemplar
Ruohonlehtiä 1 exemplar
Leaves of grass; Volume 1 (2013) 1 exemplar
collected prose 1 exemplar
Foglie D'erba 1855 1 exemplar
Fuldkomne Dage 1 exemplar
Collected Poetry (2003) 1 exemplar
City of Orgies (2012) 1 exemplar
new york dissected (1972) 1 exemplar
Kosmos 1 exemplar
Lincoln (2016) 1 exemplar
Jag hör Amerika sjunga (2019) 1 exemplar
Canto una vita immensa (2009) 1 exemplar
Poesías 1 exemplar
Lyrik und Prosa 1 exemplar
Opere alese 1 exemplar
Io canto me stesso 1 exemplar
Warble for Lilac-Time (2016) 1 exemplar
Eidolons 1 exemplar
The Poetry of Walt Whitman (1999) 1 exemplar
Poems and prose 1 exemplar
Werke 1 exemplar
Demokratski vidici 1 exemplar
Američke priče (2015) 1 exemplar

Associated Works

One Hundred and One Famous Poems (1916) — Contribuidor, algumas edições1,922 exemplares
The Making of a Poem: A Norton Anthology of Poetic Forms (2000) — Contribuidor — 1,249 exemplares
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (1995) — Contribuidor, algumas edições914 exemplares
A Book of Luminous Things: An International Anthology of Poetry (1996) — Contribuidor — 826 exemplares
English Poetry, Volume III: From Tennyson to Whitman (1909) — Contribuidor — 605 exemplares
The Outlaw Bible of American Poetry (1999) — Contribuidor — 590 exemplares
The Best Loved Poems of Jacqueline Kennedy-Onassis (2001) — Contribuidor — 545 exemplares
A Treasury of the World's Best Loved Poems (1961) — Contribuidor — 522 exemplares
Prefaces and Prologues to Famous Books (1909) — Contribuidor — 512 exemplares
World Poetry: An Anthology of Verse from Antiquity to Our Time (1998) — Contribuidor — 447 exemplares
A Pocket Book of Modern Verse (1954) — Contribuidor, algumas edições441 exemplares
Walt Whitman's America: A Cultural Biography (1995) — Associated Name — 413 exemplares
American Earth: Environmental Writing Since Thoreau (2008) — Contribuidor — 412 exemplares
The Rag and Bone Shop of the Heart: A Poetry Anthology (1992) — Contribuidor — 388 exemplares
Ten Poems to Change Your Life (2001) — Contribuidor — 350 exemplares
Our White House: Looking In, Looking Out (2008) — Contribuidor — 340 exemplares
Literature: The Human Experience (2006) — Contribuidor — 337 exemplares
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (1998) — Contribuidor — 274 exemplares
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Volume 1 (1990) — Contribuidor, algumas edições255 exemplares
The Civil War: The First Year Told By Those Who Lived It (2011) — Contribuidor — 237 exemplares
The Penguin Book of Homosexual Verse (1983) — Contribuidor — 235 exemplares
The Art of Fact: A Historical Anthology of Literary Journalism (1997) — Contribuidor — 214 exemplares
Teaching with Fire: Poetry That Sustains the Courage to Teach (2003) — Contribuidor — 201 exemplares
A Treasury of Poetry for Young People (2008) — Contribuidor — 197 exemplares
The Civil War: The Second Year Told By Those Who Lived It (2012) — Contribuidor — 168 exemplares
American Religious Poems: An Anthology (2006) — Contribuidor — 161 exemplares
The Columbia Anthology of Gay Literature (1998) — Contribuidor — 158 exemplares
Best Remembered Poems (1992) — Contribuidor — 157 exemplares
Life in the Iron Mills [Bedford Cultural Editions] (1997) — Contribuidor — 143 exemplares
The Civil War: The Third Year Told by Those Who Lived It (2013) — Contribuidor — 141 exemplares
The Faber Book of Beasts (1997) — Contribuidor — 139 exemplares
A Comprehensive Anthology of American Poetry (1929) — Contribuidor — 128 exemplares
American Antislavery Writings: Colonial Beginnings to Emancipation (2012) — Contribuidor — 120 exemplares
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (1932) — Contribuidor — 113 exemplares
The Norton Book of Travel (1987) — Contribuidor — 110 exemplares
Soul: An Archaeology--Readings from Socrates to Ray Charles (1994) — Contribuidor — 101 exemplares
Leading From Within: Poetry That Sustains the Courage to Lead (2007) — Contribuidor — 100 exemplares
The Norton Book of Friendship (1991) — Contribuidor — 94 exemplares
Do You Know What It Means to Miss New Orleans? (2006) — Contribuidor — 94 exemplares
Poets of the Civil War (2005) — Contribuidor — 93 exemplares
A Life in Medicine: A Literary Anthology (2002) — Contribuidor — 80 exemplares
The Everyman Anthology of Poetry for Children (1994) — Contribuidor — 72 exemplares
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Concise Edition (2003) — Contribuidor — 67 exemplares
The Name of Love: Classic Gay Love Poems (1995) — Contribuidor — 51 exemplares
The Ecopoetry Anthology (2013) — Contribuidor — 48 exemplares
Poetry of Witness: The Tradition in English, 1500-2001 (2014) — Contribuidor — 41 exemplares
Summer: A Spiritual Biography of the Season (2005) — Contribuidor — 37 exemplares
LDS Women's Treasury: Insights and Inspiration for Today's Woman (1997) — Contribuidor — 28 exemplares
American Literature: The Makers and the Making (In Two Volumes) (1973) — Contribuidor — 25 exemplares
Strange Glory (1977) — Contribuidor — 22 exemplares
Racconti Gialli (1992) — Autor — 20 exemplares
AQA Anthology (2002) — Autor, algumas edições19 exemplares
Ellery Queen's Poetic Justice (1967) — Contribuidor, algumas edições18 exemplares
Masquerade: Queer Poetry in America to the End of World War II (2004) — Contribuidor — 18 exemplares
Constructing Nature: Readings from the American Experience (1996) — Contribuidor — 17 exemplares
The Mark of Zorro [1920 film] (1920) — Actor — 15 exemplares
Queer Nature: A Poetry Anthology (2022) — Contribuidor — 13 exemplares
Great Writers and Poets in Ten Volumes (2007) — Autor — 13 exemplares
Trees: A Celebration (1989) — Contribuidor — 13 exemplares
American Poems 1779-1900 (1922) — Contribuidor — 11 exemplares
Great Short Works of the American Renaissance (1967) — Contribuidor — 10 exemplares
Love This Giant (2012) — Compositor — 10 exemplares
Mitt skattkammer. b.9 Gjennom tidene — Contribuidor — 9 exemplares
Spring World, Awake: Stories, Poems, and Essays (1970) — Contribuidor — 9 exemplares
Men and Women: The Poetry of Love (1970) — Contribuidor — 8 exemplares
American Poetry from the Beginning to Whitman (1931) — Contribuidor — 7 exemplares
Onthebus No. 8 and 9 — Contribuidor — 6 exemplares
The Bitch-Goddess Success: Variations on an American Theme (1968) — Contribuidor — 6 exemplares
Toward the unknown region [score] — Lyricist — 5 exemplares
A Gathering of Ghosts: A Treasury (1970) — Contribuidor — 4 exemplares
La poesía inglesa románticos y victorianos — Contribuidor — 4 exemplares
Let Us Be Men (1969) — Contribuidor — 3 exemplares
Great Poems from Chaucer to Whitman — Contribuidor — 3 exemplares
The California quarterly — Contribuidor, algumas edições1 exemplar
The Best of American Poetry [Audio] (1997) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar

Etiquetado

Conhecimento Comum

Nome canónico
Whitman, Walt
Nome legal
Whitman, Walter
Outros nomes
Whitman, Walt
Data de nascimento
1819-05-31
Data de falecimento
1892-03-26
Localização do túmulo
Harleigh Cemetery, Camden, New Jersey, USA
Sexo
male
Nacionalidade
USA
País (no mapa)
USA
Local de nascimento
West Hills, Huntington, Long Island, New York, USA
Local de falecimento
Camden, New Jersey, USA
Causa da morte
miliary tuberculosis and parenchymatous nephritis
Locais de residência
Washington, D.C., USA
Brooklyn, New York, USA
Georgetown, Colorado, USA
Laurel Springs, New Jersey, USA
New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
Educação
self-educated
Ocupações
poet
novelist
short-story writer
essayist
editor
teacher (mostrar todos 12)
nurse
typesetter
apprentice printer
convention delegate
journalist
clerk (Bureau of Indian Affairs ∙ U.S. Department of the Interior)
Organizações
The Patriot
Long Islander
Long Island Democrat
Brooklyn Eagle
Prémios e menções honrosas
The Hall of Fame for Great Americans (1930)
Gave Commencement Address at Dartmouth College (1872)
Walt Whitman Bridge

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Walter Whitman Jr. (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist and journalist. A humanist, he was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism, incorporating both views in his works. Whitman is among the most influential poets in the American canon, often called the father of free verse. His work was controversial in his time, particularly his 1855 poetry collection Leaves of Grass, which was described as obscene for its overt sensuality.

Born in Huntington on Long Island, Whitman resided in Brooklyn as a child and through much of his career. At the age of 11, he left formal schooling to go to work. Later, Whitman worked as a journalist, a teacher, and a government clerk. Whitman's major poetry collection, Leaves of Grass, was first published in 1855 with his own money and became well known. The work was an attempt at reaching out to the common person with an American epic. He continued expanding and revising it until his death in 1892. During the American Civil War, he went to Washington, D.C. and worked in hospitals caring for the wounded. His poetry often focused on both loss and healing. On the death of Abraham Lincoln, whom Whitman greatly admired, he wrote his well known poems, "O Captain! My Captain!" and "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd", and gave a series of lectures. After a stroke towards the end of his life, Whitman moved to Camden, New Jersey, where his health further declined. When he died at the age of 72, his funeral was a public event.

Whitman's influence on poetry remains strong. Mary Whitall Smith Costelloe argued: "You cannot really understand America without Walt Whitman, without Leaves of Grass ... He has expressed that civilization, 'up to date,' as he would say, and no student of the philosophy of history can do without him." Modernist poet Ezra Pound called Whitman "America's poet ... He is America."

Membros

Discussions

Walt Whitman em Someone explain it to me... (Janeiro 23)
Arion Press "Leaves of Grass" on ABE em Fine Press Forum (Outubro 2022)

Críticas

This is a book that has been neglected on my bookshelves for WAY too long. I have been circling ever closer to it since starting the Less Stupid Civil War Reading Group years ago, and all the reading on the war and the Reconstruction period after, including a collection of some of Whitman’s poems and some of his Civil War writings.

I will not lie, there were sections I had to drag myself through here with a brain full of mush. But like I could give up on Walt “I contain multitudes” Whitman? Walt “This is What You Shall Do” Whitman? Clearly, no. Because when this poetry caught wind — the heights that it soared to!

This edition contained some reflections by Whitman at the end, on what he had attempted to do with this verse, on how it had been received, trying to place it in context of the poetry before. This is poetry that celebrates America, from Coast to Coast, from destitution to riches, man and woman, Black, white, and Native, and every kind of labor. From this point in history, parts of that celebration leave a bitter taste, but the celebration of humanity itself, and especially the humble, is remarkable.

What it captures of its time and place — the years of war, the explosion into the West, in so few pages is something only poetry can do.

I am glad to have finally gotten to this one!
… (mais)
 
Assinalado
greeniezona | 15 outras críticas | Feb 4, 2024 |
Back in the 1870s, this was hot stuff. But to me, it is like a bunch of entries in the World's Longest Run-on Sentence contest. Jesus, Walt! Were you too poor to afford some periods?!?
Oh, and the self-glorification.
It was all too much. I just shelved the thing and moved on.
 
Assinalado
Treebeard_404 | 84 outras críticas | Jan 23, 2024 |
FROM AMAZON: This Library of America edition is the biggest and best edition of Walt Whitman's writings ever published. It includes all of his poetry and what he considered his complete prose. It is also the only collection that includes, in exactly the form in which it appeared in 1855, the first edition of Leaves of Grass. This was the book, a commercial failure, which prompted Emerson’s famous message to Whitman: “I greet you at the beginning of a great career.” These twelve poems, including what were later to be entitled “Song of Myself” and “I Sing the Body Electric,” and a preface announcing the author’s poetic theories were the first stage of a massive, lifelong work. Six editions and some thirty-seven years later, Leaves of Grass became one of the central volumes in the history of world poetry.… (mais)
 
Assinalado
Gmomaj | 9 outras críticas | Jan 14, 2024 |
Ohimè! Oh Vita!

Impregnato di Natura, essere etereo, anima, realtà.
La mia rivelazione. ♥
 
Assinalado
Anshin | 84 outras críticas | Dec 29, 2023 |

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Associated Authors

Walter Lowenfels Editor, Introduction
Frank Yamrus Photographer
Russell Maynor Photographer
Mark Beard Photographer
John Dugdale Photographer
Bill Jacobson Photographer
Steve Morrison Photographer
Robert Flynt Photographer
Brian Selznick Illustrator
Paul Cava Illustrator
J.E. Spingarn Contributor
Prosser Hall Frye Contributor
W. C. Brownell Contributor
Stuart P. Sherman Contributor
Henry James Contributor
Paul Elmer More Contributor
Edgar Allan Poe Contributor
Lewis E. Gates Contributor
Van Wyck Brooks Contributor
Irving Babbit Contributor
Gay Wilson Allen Introduction, Editor
Karen Karbiener Editor, Afterword
Robert Hass Selection and Introduction
Charles Mikolaycak Illustrator
Gaylord Schanilec Illustrator
Justin Kaplan Introduction, Editor
Lewis C. Daniel Illustrator
Charles Cullen Illustrator
Rockwell Kent Illustrator
Jim Spanfeller Illustrator
Valenti Angelo Illustrator
León Felipe Preface, Translator
Brian Murray Narrator
Ed Begley Narrator
Loren Long Illustrator
Richard Powers Cover artist
D. H. Lawrence Contributor
T. S. Eliot Contributor
Brian Edwards Introduction
Mary Jane Gorton Illustrator

Estatísticas

Obras
534
Also by
104
Membros
27,450
Popularidade
#747
Avaliação
4.1
Críticas
239
ISBN
1,067
Línguas
24
Marcado como favorito
173

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