Suzanna Ignatia Kühr, later von Wolzogen Kühr, was born in Indonesia, then part of the Dutch East Indies, to Dolf Kühr, a Dutch colonial civil servant, and his wife Petronella Wijnmalen. She grew up in a well-read and musical household. In 1902, her father received permission to add the name von Wolzogen, from his maternal grandmother, to his own. Both her parents were active in the Theosophical Society, and Suzanna joined, too. The family moved in 1904 to the Netherlands, settling in Rijswijk, near The Hague. In 1907, she was admitted to the University of Leiden, and after graduation began studying for a doctoral degree. She became the first Dutch woman to receive a Ph.D. in 1914 with a dissertation on the "the Dutch woman in the first half of the 18th century." It was published as a book, followed by a second book entitled The Dutch Woman in the Second Half of the 18th Century (1920). The two volumes are now considered a groundbreaking work of women's history. She also published a book on Javanese culture. She went on to become the first female teacher at a state gymnasium. In 1928 she moved with her mother and sister to Lunteren, where she led a secluded life until her death. After falling into obscurity, her work was rediscovered by Dutch historians in the 1980s.