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Richard Wright (1) (1908–1960)

Autor(a) de Native Son

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55+ Works 17,195 Membros 217 Críticas 32 Favorited

About the Author

Richard Wright was generally thought of as one of the most gifted contemporary African American writers until the rise of James Baldwin. "With Wright, the pain of being a Negro is basically economic---its sight is mainly in the pocket. With Baldwin, the pain suffuses the whole man. . . . If mostrar mais Baldwin's sights are higher than Wright's, it is in part because Wright helped to raise them" (Time). Wright was born on a plantation near Natchez, Mississippi, the son of a sharecropper. At the age of 15, he started to work in Memphis, then in Chicago, then "bummed all over the country," supporting himself by various odd jobs. His early writing was in the smaller magazines---first poetry, then prose. He won Story Story's $500 prize---for the best story written by a worker on the Writer's Project---with "Uncle Tom's Children" in 1938, his first important publication. He wrote Native Son (1940) in eight months, and it made his reputation. Based in part on the actual case of a young black murderer of a white woman, it was one of the first of the African American protest novels, violent and shocking in its scenes of cruelty, hunger, rape, murder, flight, and prison. Black Boy (1945) is the simple, vivid, and poignant story of Wright's early years in the South. It appeared at the beginning of a new postwar awareness of the evils of racial prejudice and did much to call attention to the plight of the African American. The Outsider (1953) is a novel based on Wright's own experience as a member of the Communist party, an affiliation he terminated in 1944. He remained politically inactive thereafter and from 1946 until his death made his principal residence in Paris. His nonfiction writings on problems of his race include Black Power: A Record of Reactions in a Land of Pathos (1954), about a visit to the Gold Coast, White Man, Listen (1957), and Twelve Million Black Voices: A Folk History of the Negro in the United States. (Bowker Author Biography) Richard Wright was born on a plantation near Natchez, Mississippi. His father left the family when Wright was only five years old, and he was raised first by his mother and then by a series of relatives. What little schooling he had ended with his graduation from ninth grade in Memphis, Tennessee. At age 15, he started to work in Memphis, and later worked in Chicago before traveling across the country supporting himself with odd jobs. When Wright finally returned to Chicago, he got a job with the federal Writer's Project, a government-supported arts program. He was quite successful, winning a $500 prize from a magazine for the best fiction written by a participant in that program. In Chicago, he was also introduced to leftist politics and became a member of the Communist Party. In 1937, Wright left Chicago for New York, where he became Harlem editor for the Communist national newspaper, The Daily Worker, and where he met future novelist, Ralph Ellison. Wright became a celebrated author with the publication of Native Son (1940), a novel he wrote in only eight months. Based on the actual case of a young black murderer of a white woman, it was one of the first of the modern black protest novels, violent and shocking in its sense of cruelty, hunger, rape, murder, flight, and prison. This novel brought Wright both fame and financial security. He followed it with his autobiography, Black Boy (1945), which was also successful. In 1942, Wright and his wife broke with the Communist Party, and in 1947, they moved to France, where Wright lived the rest of his life. His novel The Outsider (1953) is based on his experiences as a member of the Communist Party. Wright is regarded as a major modern American writer, one of the first black writers to reach a large white audience, and thereby raise the level of national awareness of the continuing problem of racism in America. In many respects Wright paved the way for all black writers who followed him. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
Image credit: Richard Wright (1908-1960)
Photograph by Gordon Parks, May 1943
(Farm Security Administration-
Office of War Information Photograph Collection,
Library of Congress)

Obras por Richard Wright

Native Son (1940) 7,739 exemplares
Black Boy (1945) 5,222 exemplares
Uncle Tom's Children (1938) 746 exemplares
The Outsider (1953) 396 exemplares
Eight Men: Short Stories (1961) 263 exemplares
The Man Who Lived Underground (2021) 260 exemplares
Native Son (Abridged) (1940) 224 exemplares
Rite of passage (1994) 184 exemplares
American Hunger (1977) 183 exemplares
12 Million Black Voices (1941) 154 exemplares
Haiku: This Other World (1998) 132 exemplares
Pagan Spain (1957) 114 exemplares
Lawd Today! (1963) 97 exemplares
A Father's Law (2008) 97 exemplares
The Long Dream (1958) 94 exemplares
White Man, Listen! (1957) 80 exemplares
Savage Holiday (1954) 60 exemplares
Richard Wright Reader (1978) 38 exemplares
Native Son / Black Boy (1987) 36 exemplares
Thy Fearful Symmetry (2012) 16 exemplares
Almos' a Man (2000) 9 exemplares
Injustice: Vintage Minis (2018) 8 exemplares
Bright and Morning Star (1939) 7 exemplares
Down by the Riverside 4 exemplares
Richard Wright (2002) 3 exemplares
Neli meest : [novellid] (1963) 3 exemplares
Blueprint for Negro Writing (1937) 2 exemplares
Black Boy [Easy Reader] (1971) 2 exemplares
Der schwarze Traum (1971) 1 exemplar
Callaloo Vol. 9 No. 3 (1986) 1 exemplar
Wright Richard 1 exemplar
Mi vida de negro 1 exemplar
Długi sen 1 exemplar
Sangre negra 1 exemplar
Fire and cloud 1 exemplar

Associated Works

The Best American Short Stories of the Century (2000) — Contribuidor — 1,564 exemplares
Winter Poems (1994) — Contribuidor — 1,197 exemplares
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (1995) — Contribuidor, algumas edições926 exemplares
The Best American Essays of the Century (2000) — Contribuidor — 780 exemplares
The Oxford Book of American Short Stories (1992) — Contribuidor — 752 exemplares
Race, Class, and Gender in the United States: An Integrated Study (1992) — Contribuidor, algumas edições517 exemplares
The God That Failed (1944) — Contribuidor — 430 exemplares
The Portable Harlem Renaissance Reader (1994) — Contribuidor — 408 exemplares
Against Forgetting: Twentieth-Century Poetry of Witness (1993) — Contribuidor — 336 exemplares
A Treasury of Short Stories (1947) — Contribuidor — 292 exemplares
Modern American Memoirs (1995) — Contribuidor — 189 exemplares
This Is My Best (1942) — Contribuidor — 188 exemplares
African American Poetry: 250 Years of Struggle and Song (2020) — Contribuidor — 176 exemplares
Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City (1962) — Introdução, algumas edições161 exemplares
Blues Fell This Morning: Meaning in the Blues (1963) — Prefácio — 152 exemplares
The Mark Twain Anthology: Great Writers on His Life and Work (2010) — Contribuidor — 142 exemplares
The Signet Classic Book of Southern Short Stories (1991) — Contribuidor — 121 exemplares
Black on White: Black Writers on What It Means to Be White (1998) — Contribuidor — 119 exemplares
Black Nature: Four Centuries of African American Nature Poetry (2009) — Contribuidor — 115 exemplares
Voices from the Harlem Renaissance (1976) — Contribuidor — 107 exemplares
Calling the Wind: Twentieth Century African-American Short Stories (1992) — Contribuidor — 100 exemplares
The Literature of the American South: A Norton Anthology (1997) — Contribuidor — 98 exemplares
The 100 Best African American Poems (2010) — Contribuidor — 97 exemplares
American Short Stories (1976) — Contribuidor, algumas edições95 exemplares
Voices in Our Blood: America's Best on the Civil Rights Movement (2001) — Contribuidor — 92 exemplares
Brotherman: The Odyssey of Black Men in America (1995) — Contribuidor — 91 exemplares
200 Years of Great American Short Stories (1975) — Contribuidor — 69 exemplares
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Concise Edition (2003) — Contribuidor — 68 exemplares
D.C. Noir 2: The Classics (2008) — Contribuidor — 63 exemplares
Racism and Sexism: An Integrated Study (1988) — Contribuidor — 62 exemplares
American Negro Short Stories (1966) — Contribuidor — 61 exemplares
Trouble the Water: 250 Years of African American Poetry (1997) — Contribuidor — 56 exemplares
Chicago Noir: The Classics (2015) — Contribuidor — 52 exemplares
Eleven Modern Short Novels (1970) — Contribuidor — 49 exemplares
Soulscript: Afro-American Poetry (1970) — Contribuidor — 40 exemplares
Southern Dogs and Their People (2000) — Contribuidor — 39 exemplares
New Masses; An Anthology of the Rebel Thirties, (1969) — Contribuidor — 38 exemplares
Fifty Best American Short Stories 1915-1965 (1965) — Contribuidor — 36 exemplares
50 Best American Short Stories 1915-1939 (1939) — Contribuidor — 28 exemplares
America on Stage : Ten Great Plays of American History (1976) — Contribuidor — 22 exemplares
Black Theater USA : 45 Plays By Black Americans : 1847-1974 (1973) — Contribuidor — 20 exemplares
Half-a-Hundred Stories for Men, Great Tales by American Writers (1945) — Contribuidor — 16 exemplares
Modern American Short Stories (1945) — Contribuidor — 15 exemplares
Mississippi Writers: An Anthology (1991) — Contribuidor — 14 exemplares
Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City, Volume I (1962) — Introdução, algumas edições10 exemplares
Richard Wright's Black Boy (American Hunger): A Casebook (2003) — Subject — 10 exemplares
Quintet: 5 of the World's Greatest Short Novels (1956) — Contribuidor — 6 exemplares
The Best American Short Stories 1958 (1958) — Contribuidor — 5 exemplares
Native Son [1951 film] (2003) — Actor / Original book — 5 exemplares
O. Henry Memorial Award Prize Stories of 1938 (1938) — Contribuidor — 4 exemplares
Twelve short novels (1976) — Contribuidor — 3 exemplares
Let Us Be Men (1969) — Contribuidor — 3 exemplares
Strange Barriers (1955) — Contribuidor — 2 exemplares
Introduction to Fiction (1974) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar
The Ethnic Image in Modern American Literature, 1900-1950 (1984) — Contribuidor — 1 exemplar


Conhecimento Comum



A tragédia de um negro americano, num clássico da literatura moderna
Ser negro, principalmente em certas regiões dos Estados Unidos, ainda hoje significa viver constrangido por limitações que podem levar ao desajustamento social.
BolideBooks | 100 outras críticas | Jun 18, 2021 |


1940s (1)
AP Lit (2)


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Associated Authors

Edwin Rosskam Photo-Direction
Arnold Rampersad Notes, Introduction, Editor, , Afterword
Malcolm Wright Afterword
Nina Crews Introduction
John Reilly Afterword
David Diaz Cover artist, Illustrator
Peter Cade Cover artist
Caryl Phillips Introduction
Mary Schuck Cover designer
Gösta Olzon Translator
Camillo Pellizzi Translator
Jerry W. Ward, Jr. Introduction
Bruno Fonzi Translator
Julia Wright Contributor
Richard Yarborough Introduction
Ethan Herisse Narrator
Stephanie Rosenfeld Book and cover designer
Keneth Kinnamon Contributor
Cornel West Introduction
John Williams Foreword


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