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50 Philosophy Classics—50 More Classics

Tipo: Lista pré-estabelecida criada por PlaidStallion

Descrição: 50 more books listed in 50 Philosophy Classics by Tom Butler-Bowdon

Membros: 3 membros participantes (mostrar todos)

Lista de todos os membrosOrdenar: Pontuação | Título | Autor | Data
1
10,593 membros, 114 críticas
4.12 estrelas (4.12 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (1): The Roman Emperor’s timeless expression of Stoic philosophy, still widely read and enjoyed.

2
6,916 membros, 38 críticas
3.55 estrelas (3.55 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (7): Arguably the first book of modern political philosophy, set against the fading out of medieval Christendom. Advocates a secular state with absolute power exercised by a sovereign. Within such a system, the common person had the best chance of stability and security.… (mais)

3
5,209 membros, 32 críticas
3.96 estrelas (3.96 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (22): A big influence on the West through the Middle Ages, this draws a distinction between the ideal heavenly city, on which humanity must set their eyes, and earthly preoccupations, which can only end badly. Written not long after the sack of Rome by the Visigoths.… (mais)

4
1,937 membros, 14 críticas
3.7 estrelas (3.7 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (24): Originally written as a diversion from Bacon’s main scientific and theological works, the Essays are his most-read work today. Fascinating thoughts from the founder of empiricism and the scientific method.… (mais)

5
452 membros, 1 crítica
3.53 estrelas (3.53 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (49): Xenephon was a friend and follower of Socrates. This work is one of the best introductions to his thinking.

6
4,342 membros, 38 críticas
3.88 estrelas (3.88 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (3): After the Bible, the most influential work of the Christian Middle Ages, written while Boethius was on death row. Provides an elegant rationale for the goodness of God in a turbulent and often evil world.… (mais)

7
3,551 membros, 26 críticas
4.01 estrelas (4.01 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (28): Buber left his orthodox Jewish upbringing to study Western philosophy. This famous essay made the distinction between two modes of being: “I-It” (our experience of objects experienced through the senses) and “I-Thou” (experience of being through relationships). The meaning of life is found in our relationships.… (mais)

8
2,263 membros, 20 críticas
4.14 estrelas (4.14 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (15): The work of political philosophy that has arguably had the greatest impact on history.

9
1,779 membros, 4 críticas
3.83 estrelas (3.83 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (4): Outlining the famously difficult theory of “traces” in linguistics; also Derrida’s most accessible work.

10
1,771 membros, 15 críticas
4.17 estrelas (4.17 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (13): Only in the twentieth century was Seneca “rediscovered,” and his letters are a treasure trove expressing his Stoic philosophy through the events of a busy political life.… (mais)

11
1,760 membros, 12 críticas
4.02 estrelas (4.02 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (29): How private desires come into conflict with social frameworks, drawing on psychoanalysis and Marxist thought.

12
1,606 membros, 15 críticas
3.71 estrelas (3.71 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (10): A well-reasoned defense of a limited state, “limited to the narrow functions of protection against force, theft, fraud, enforcement of contracts, and so on.” Every person has the right to pursue their own “projects,” and such rights are violated when states reach into all aspects of life.… (mais)

13
1,419 membros, 11 críticas
3.68 estrelas (3.68 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (39): Perhaps the major statement on postmodernism, which Lyotard describes as “incredulity towards meta-narratives” such as the concept of “Progress.”

14
1,378 membros, 5 críticas
4.12 estrelas (4.12 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (19): A dense critique of modern capitalism and the possibilities for freedom by a leading light of the Frankfurt School of critical theory, inspired by Hegel, Marx, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, and Freud.… (mais)

15
1,337 membros, 2 críticas
4.21 estrelas (4.21 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (50): We experience the world not along the lines of Descartes’ cogito, but through the body.

16
1,224 membros, 18 críticas
3.97 estrelas (3.97 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (31): The work that made Feyerabend almost as influential as Popper and Kuhn in the philosophy of science. Makes the case for an “anarchist” approach to science that does not privilege it with a rationality outside of culture or society. Science is, rather, an ideology like any other.… (mais)

17
1,127 membros, 11 críticas
3.8 estrelas (3.8 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (40): A masterful attempt to bridge Judaism and Greek philosophy, influential in both East and West throughout the Middle Ages.

18
1,061 membros, 5 críticas
3.72 estrelas (3.72 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (8): A major work of liberal political philosophy that influenced the French Revolution, advocating constitutional government, the separation of powers, and an end to slavery.… (mais)

19
1,012 membros, 6 críticas
3.52 estrelas (3.52 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (17): A synthesis of Freud and Marx, providing a vision of a society free from repression.

20
1,011 membros, 6 críticas
4.13 estrelas (4.13 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (42): An American philosopher who became disillusioned with analytical philosophy’s relentless and often pointless search for objective truth, instead gravitating toward the pragmatism of William James and Dewey. This stance led to considerable attack from academic philosophers.… (mais)

21
970 membros, 1 crítica
4.11 estrelas (4.11 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (33): One of the leading twentieth-century Marxist thinkers, Gramsci’s big insight was into “Hegemony,” or how states maintain themselves. A group does not take but becomes the state, he said.… (mais)

22
909 membros, 4 críticas
3.8 estrelas (3.8 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (34): During the eighteenth century in Europe a new “public sphere” emerged from the need of civil society for information. According to Habermas it led to the flourishing of reason, but was later corrupted by commerciality and consumerization.… (mais)

23
873 membros, 1 crítica
3.82 estrelas (3.82 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (12): Oxford professor’s destruction of Descartes’ mind/matter dichotomy, dismissing it as a “category mistake” and “the dogma of the ghost in the machine.”… (mais)

24
657 membros, 0 críticas
3.55 estrelas (3.55 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (37): An excellent introduction to Lacan’s psychoanalytical philosophy, very influential for contemporary thinkers such as Žižiek.

25
630 membros, 2 críticas
4.12 estrelas (4.12 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (11): Lays out the Harvard philosopher’s idea of “indeterminacy of translation,” by which a language translation can fulfill certain requirements without necessarily reflecting what is actually meant; no unique meaning can be given to words and sentences.… (mais)

26
616 membros, 3 críticas
4.23 estrelas (4.23 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (44): Oxford moral philosopher’s compelling foray into the meaning of personal identity across a lifetime, and its implications for action, ethics, and justice. A seminal work in the “philosophy of the self,” which has been invigorated by recent findings in neuroscience.… (mais)

27
615 membros, 2 críticas
3.64 estrelas (3.64 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (26): The way something is written is as important as the content. A major work of the structuralist school.

28
598 membros, 3 críticas
3.79 estrelas (3.79 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (9): Revolutionized the philosophy of ethics and introduced the famous concept of the “naturalistic fallacy,” which says that it is impossible to determine in a technical sense what is “The Good” – something intuitively felt and known. Moore was also an advocate of “commonsense” philosophy that does not negate the beliefs of ordinary people.… (mais)

29
596 membros, 4 críticas
4.28 estrelas (4.28 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (30): Never more relevant, French Christian anarchist Ellul explains how propaganda goes beyond politics to be about making the individual serve and conform. One of his insights is that those people who consume the most media are the most propagandized.… (mais)

30
585 membros, 4 críticas
3.91 estrelas (3.91 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (27): This British philosopher’s famous essay on Tolstoy’s writings, which he suggest point to two levels of reality: the phenomenal world that we can see around us, and a deeper plane of truth that human beings rarely perceive.… (mais)

31
567 membros, 3 críticas
3.95 estrelas (3.95 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (21): More than a defense of Christianity, a vision of how the world came into existence and what it is for, from an era when theology and philosophy were intertwined. Aquinas argues that if the universe works according to cause and effect, logic dictates that there must have been an initial cause, something that created the potential for everything else. Yet despite its divine origins, the potential of the world is only fulfilled by humankind.… (mais)

32
515 membros, 3 críticas
3.81 estrelas (3.81 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (5): The great American pragmatist and educational theorist addresses more effective thinking. After 100 years, still many great insights.

33
487 membros, 0 críticas
3.93 estrelas (3.93 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (2): Containing the Anglo-Irish bishop’s remarkable contention that the world is essentially made up of ideas, not things. While we can never be sure what the “real” world is like (matter is an abstraction), the world of ideas in our mind is certainly real enough, and things only have reality to the extent that they are perceived (“To be is to be perceived”). We should trust that the pattern of our experience makes sense, since it is divinely ordered.… (mais)

34
451 membros, 2 críticas
4.16 estrelas (4.16 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (6): A fascinating foray into the concept of “number” in civilization, which was dismissed while Frege was alive but has grown in importance. Rather than being a boring treatise on mathematics, it shows how the number is a way in to philosophical truth and meaning.… (mais)

35
437 membros, 3 críticas
3.94 estrelas (3.94 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (46): Compiled by his student Porphyry, the six “enneads’ or books present Plotinus’ idea of human beings as part of the indescribable and divine One, which can be partially glimpsed and understood through contemplation, intuition, and reasoning.… (mais)

36
401 membros, 1 crítica
3.94 estrelas (3.94 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (25): “Multiplicity,” not individuality, explains the nature of our being. An important text of French poststructuralism.

37
248 membros, 2 críticas
4.37 estrelas (4.37 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (38): An original and influential work of “modal logic,” laying out the theory that many worlds can exist simultaneously.

38
244 membros, 1 crítica
3.96 estrelas (3.96 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (14): Foundational work of skeptical empiricism; most of what was later put forward on the subject of doubt by the existentialists and phenomenologists had already been uttered by Sextus.… (mais)

39
243 membros, 0 críticas
4.09 estrelas (4.09 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (36): A key work in cultural theory, with striking analyses of nineteenth-century French fiction.

40
238 membros, 0 críticas
4.17 estrelas (4.17 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (20): Wittgenstein’s student and translator famously demolished C.S. Lewis’s proofs for the existence of God, but in her masterwork Anscombe laid the foundations for “action theory.” To what extent are our actions the product of desires or beliefs, or both?… (mais)

41
200 membros, 0 críticas
3.89 estrelas (3.89 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (48): A popular five-volume work of moral philosophy by the Spanish-born American, containing the famous line, “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.”… (mais)

42
181 membros, 1 crítica
3.69 estrelas (3.69 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (43): Physical science is not simply a store of facts about how the universe works, but has become the ideology of our age. Midgley has Richard Dawkins and Daniel Dennett in her sights.… (mais)

43
128 membros, 1 crítica
3.54 estrelas (3.54 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (47): The separation between empirical facts and human values has been the foundation of much of philosophy, but Putnam argues that it is ill conceived; philosophy should be looked at anew.… (mais)

44
104 membros, 0 críticas
4.67 estrelas (4.67 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (35): Major work of the mentor to Heidegger and founder of phenomenology.

45
59 membros, 0 críticas
4 estrelas (4 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (16): A major twentieth-century work in any field, its three volumes sought to formalize mathematical logic.

46
57 membros, 0 críticas
2.5 estrelas (2.5 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (41): Inspired by Descartes, the first and most comprehensive work of a key rationalist philosopher.

47
52 membros, 0 críticas
4.5 estrelas (4.5 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (32): The philosophy of personal freedom and its implications for political organization and rights.

48
51 membros, 0 críticas
4.25 estrelas (4.25 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (18): Addams’ work with America’s down-and-out expressed the pragmatism of William James and John Dewey in practice. Her philosophy, particularly “sympathetic knowledge” (which helps to bridge social barriers), is now seen as valuable in its own right.… (mais)

49
44 membros, 0 críticas
4.5 estrelas (4.5 estrelas)

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (23): This Arabian philosopher’s justification of the use of Aristotlean thought in Islamic philosophy; the title is a rejoinder to Al-Ghazali’s The Incoherence of the Philosophers.… (mais)

50
6 membros, 0 críticas

Explicações:

PlaidStallion (45): Behind apparent change, the universe has an unchanging unified order. When you feel disoriented by the whirl of events in your life, take a break and seek solace by grounding yourself in this central source.… (mais)

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Iniciada por: PlaidStallion (Março 26)

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