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PlaidStallion (31): RECOGNITION AND RIGHTS: Despite the best of intentions, most revolutions simply substitute one ruling class for another.
. . . nearly the whole of the produce of our labour is stolen from us by human beings. There, comrades, is the answer to all our problems. It is summed up in a single word—Man. Man is the only real enemy we have. Remove Man from the scene, and the root cause of hunger and overwork is abolished for ever.
A few days later, when the terror caused by the executions had died down, some of the animals remembered—or thought they remembered—that the Sixth Commandment decreed “No animal shall kill any other animal”. And though no one cared to mention it in the hearing of the pigs or the dogs, it was felt that the killings which had taken place did not square with this.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (24): RECOGNITION AND RIGHTS: Worker exploitation and suffering will not end until the whole class structure is destroyed.
The need of a constantly expanding market for its products chases the bourgeoisie over the whole surface of the globe. It must nestle everywhere, settle everywhere, establish connexions everywhere.
You are horrified at our intending to do away with private property. But in your existing society, private property is already done away with for nine-tenths of the population; its existence for the few is solely due to its non-existence in the hands of those nine-tenths.
What else does the history of ideas prove, than that intellectual production changes its character in proportion as material production is changed? The ruling ideas of each age have ever been the ideas of its ruling class.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (37): ACT NOW: When people become more replaceable machines of production, the whole of a society is dehumanized.
A very few days of practical experience in this land of high wages had been sufficient to make clear to them the cruel fact that it was also a land of high prices, and that in it the poor man was almost as poor as in any other corner of the earth.
Things that were quite unspeakable went on there in the packing houses all the time, and were taken for granted by everybody; only they did not show, as in the old slavery times, because there was no difference in color between master and slave.
You would begin talking to some poor devil who had worked in one shop for the last thirty years, and had never been able to save a penny; . . . had never traveled, never had an adventure, never learned anything, never hoped anything; and when you start to tell him about Socialism he would sniff and say, “I’m not interested in that—I’m an individualist!”… (mais)
PlaidStallion (16): GOVERNMENTS AND STATES: A unified republic with popular representation, strong executive powers and an independent judiciary is inherently more stable and prosperous than a loose confederation of states.
The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite. The former will be exercised principally on external objects, as war, peace, negotiation and foreign commerce; with which the power of taxation will, for the most part, be connected. The powers reserved to the several states will extend to all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties, and properties of the people, and the internal order, improvement, and prosperity of the state.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (17): GOVERNMENTS AND STATES: Under authoritarian rule life may not be perfect, but in return for some loss of freedom come order and physical protection.
In such condition, there is no place for Industry; because the fruit thereof is uncertain; and consequently no Culture of the Earth; no Navigation, nor use of the commodities that may be imported by Sea; no commodious Building; no Instruments of moving, and removing such things as require much force; no Knowledge of the face of the Earth; no account of Time; no Arts; no Letters; no Society; and which is worst of all, continuall feare, and danger of violent death; And the life of man, solitary, poore, nasty, brutish, and short.
For as long as every man holdeth this Right, of doing any thing he liketh; so long are all men in the condition of Warre.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (21): ACT NOW: Beware of private interest invading the public sphere. We are citizens, not consumers.
Four years ago, when I started writing this book, my hypothesis was mostly based on a hunch. I had been doing some research on university campuses and had begun to notice that many students I was meeting were preoccupied with the inroads private corporations were making into their public schools. They were angry that ads were creeping into cafeterias, common rooms, even washrooms; that I their schools were diving into exclusive distribution deals with soft-drink companies and computer manufacturers, and that academic studies were starting to look more and more like market research.
When we lack the ability to talk back to entities that are culturally and politically powerful, the very foundations of free speech and democratic society are called into question.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (45): ACT NOW: Because clean water and air and healthy soil are basic to life, the environment is arguably the most political issue.
Then a strange blight crept over the area and everything began to change. Some evil spell had settled on the community; mysterious maladies swept the flocks of chickens; the cattle and sheep sickened and died. Everywhere was a shadow of death. The farmers spoke of much illness among their families.
One part in a million sounds like a very small amount—and so it is. But such substances are so potent that a minute quantity can bring about vast changes in the body... Because these small amounts of pesticides are cumulatively stored and very slowly excreted, the threat of chronic poisoning and degenerative changes in the liver and other organs is very real.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (34): GOVERNMENT AND STATES: Crito: Citizenship makes us party to a contract with the state; unless we emigrate, we have to right no refute its laws.
Then will they not say: “You, Socrates, are breaking the covenants agreements which you made with us at your leisure, not in any haste or under any compulsion or deception, but having had seventy years to think of them, during which time you were at liberty to leave the city, if we were not to your mind, or if our covenants appeared to you to unfair. You had your choice, and might have gone either to Lacedaemon or Crete, which you often praise for their good government, or to some other Hellenic or foreign State. Whereas you, above all other Athenians, seemed to be so fond of the State, or, in other words, of us her laws (for who would like a State that has no laws?), that you never stirred out of her: the halt, the blind, the maimed, were not more stationary in her than you were. And now you run away and forsake your agreements. Not so, Socrates, if you will take our advice; do not make yourself ridiculous by escaping out of the city.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (6): GOVERNMENTS AND STATES: The purpose of the state is to achieve the happiness and elevation of its citizens.
Man is by nature a political animal.
And it is a characteristic of man that he alone has any sense of good and evil, of just and unjust, and the like, and the association of living beings who have this sense makes a family and a state.
The proof that the state is a creation of nature and prior to the individual is that the individual, when isolated, is not self-sufficing; and therefore he is like a part in relation to the whole. But he who is unable to live in society, or who has no need because he is sufficient for himself, must be either a beast or a god: he is no part of a state.
Property should be in a certain sense common, but, as a general rule, private; for, when everyone has a distinct interest, men will not complain of one another, and they will make more progress, because every one will be attending to his own business.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (38): GOVERNMENT AND STATES: Cruelty and injustice are inevitable when ideology is combined with total state power.
Ideology – that is what gives evildoing its long-sought justification and gives the evildoer the necessary steadfastness and determination. . . Thanks to ideology, the twentieth century was fated to experience evildoing on a scale calculated in the millions.
They took those who were too independent, too influential, along with those who were well-to-do, too intelligent, too noteworthy. . . Thus the population was shaken up, forced into silence, and left without any possible leaders of resistance. Thus it was that wisdom was instilled, that former ties and former friendships were cut off.
Once it was established that charges had to be brought at any cost and despite everything, threats, violence, tortures became inevitable.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (33): ACT NOW: Self-determination is the right of every people and nation, but it still requires courage to turn it into reality.
The cause of America is in a great measure the cause of all mankind.
Until an independence is declared, the Continent will feel itself like a man who continues putting off some unpleasant business from day to day, yet knows it must be done, hates to set about it, wishes it over, and is continually haunted with the thoughts of its necessity.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (9): POLITICAL LEADERSHIP: Beyond laws and institutions, the best-known means of preventing corruption in government is a free press.
It was 9.30 pm, just an hour from deadline for the second edition. Woodward began typing: A $25,000 cashier's check, apparently earmarked for the campaign chest of President Nixon, was deposited in April in the bank account of Bernard L. Barker, one of the five men arrested in the break-in and alleged bugging attempt at Democratic National Committee Headquarters here June 17. The last page of copy was passed to Sussman just at the deadline. Sussman set his pen and pipe down on his desk and turned to Woodward. “We’ve never had a story like this,” he said. “Just never.”
Despite the deletions, the story—headlined “Key Nixon Aide Named as ‘Sabotage’ Contact”—broke new ground. Almost four months after the break-in at Democratic headquarters, the spreading stain of Watergate had finally seeped into the White House.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (47): RECOGNITION AND RIGHTS: A people can be liberated through a persistent, dignified struggle.
I cannot pinpoint the moment when I became politicized, when I knew that I would spend my life in the liberation struggle. To be African in South Africa means that one is politicized from the moment of one’s birth, whether one acknowledges it or not.
l had no epiphany, no singular revelation, no moment of truth, but a steady accumulation of a thousand slights, a thousand indignities and a thousand unremembered moments produced in me an anger, a rebelliousness, a desire to fight the system that imprisoned my people.
I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (42): RECOGNITION AND RIGHTS: Without education, women will always be second-class citizens.
Still there are some loop-holes out of which a man may creep, and dare to think and act for himself; but for a woman it is an herculean task, because she has difficulties peculiar to her sex to overcome, which require almost super-human powers.
What, in unenlightened societies, colour, race, religion, or in the case of a conquered country, nationality, are to some men, sex is to all women; a peremptory exclusion from almost all honourable occupations.
Is one half of the human species, like the poor African slaves, to be subject to prejudices that brutalize them?… (mais)
PlaidStallion (14): RECOGNITION AND RIGHTS: Power can be built on an unassailable moral stance.
Those who say that religion has nothing to do with politics do not know what religion means.
It is quite proper to resist and attack a system, but to resist and attack its author is tantamount to resisting and attacking oneself. For we are all tarred with the same brush, and are children of one and the same Creator, and as such the divine powers within us are infinite.
Remember that all through history, there have been tyrants and murderers, and for a time, they seem invincible. But in the end, they always fall. Always.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (5): PHILOSOPHY OF FREEDOM: Totalitarian movements get their power from a claim to be the expressions of “inevitable” forces of Nature or History. Compared to these forces the individual life means little, and so is dispensable.
Terror as the execution of a law of movement whose ultimate goal is not the welfare of men or the interest of one man but the fabrication of mankind, eliminates individuals for the sake of the species, sacrifices “the parts” for the sake of “the whole”. The suprahuman force of Nature or History has its own beginning and its own end.
The ideal subject of totalitarian rule is not the convinced Nazi or the convinced communist, but people for whom the distinction between fact and fiction and the distinction between true and false no longer exist.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (19): GEOPOLITICS: Economic superpowers tend to become militarily dominant too, which creates a vicious circle of high defense spending and low civil investment, and hence a decline of power.
It sounds crudely mercantilistic to express it this way, but wealth is usually needed to underpin military power, and military power is usually needed to acquire and protect wealth. If, however, a large portion of the state’s resources is diverted from wealth creation and allocated instead to military purposes, then that is likely to lead to a weakening of national power over the longer term.
The difficulties experienced by contemporary societies which are militarily top-heavy merely repeat those which, in their time, affected Philip II’s Spain, Nicholas II’s Russia, and Hitler’s Germany. A large military establishment may, like a great monument, look imposing to the impressionable observer; but if it is not resting upon a firm foundation (in this case, a productive national economy), it runs the risk of a future collapse.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (10): GOVERNMENTS AND STATES: Revolutions always claim to be new beginnings for "the people", but the price of destroying old institutions is instability and vulnerability to despots.
So this legislative assembly of a free nation sits, not for the security, but for the destruction of property, and not of property only, but of every rule and maxim which can give it stability. . .
The state ought not to be considered as nothing better than a partnership agreement in a trade of pepper and coffee, calico or tobacco, or some other such low concern, to be taken up for a little temporary interest, and to be dissolved by the fancy of the parties. It is to be looked on with other reverence. . . it becomes a partnership not only between those who are living, but between those who are living, those who are dead, and those who are to be born. Each contract of each particular state is but a clause in the great primaeval contract of eternal society.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (12): GEOPOLITICS: With its psychological dimension war can never be a science, and even as an extension of policy it is a blunt instrument.
Policy is the guiding intelligence and war only the instrument, not vice versa.
The fact that slaughter is a horrifying spectacle must make us take war more seriously, but not provide an excuse for gradually blunting our swords in the name of humanity.
One cannot explain the effects of a victory without taking psychological reactions into account. Hence most of the matters dealt with in this book are composed in equal parts of physical and moral causes and effects. One might say that the physical seem little more than the wooden hilt, while the moral factors are the precious metal, the real weapon, the finely-honed blade.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (22): GOVERNMENTS AND STATES: People have natural rights to their own life, labour, and property that no ruler should be allowed to take away.
Men being . . . by nature all free, equal, and independent, no one can be put out of this estate, and subjected to the political power of another, without his own consent.
Every man is born with a double Right: First, A Right of Freedom to his Person, which no other man has a power over, but the free Disposal of it lies in himself. Secondly, a Right, before any other man, to inherit, with his Brethren, his Father’s Goods.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (11): POLITICAL LEADERSHIP: The best political leaders are able to place current events within the context of history.
One day President Roosevelt told me that he was asking publicly for suggestions about what the war should be called. I said at once ‘the Unnecessary War.’ There never was a war more easy to stop than that which has just wrecked what was left of the world from the previous struggle.
[Hitler] could not comprehend the mental and spiritual force of our island people, who, however much opposed to war or military preparation, had through the centuries come to regard victory as their birthright.
At last I had the authority to give directions over the whole scene. I felt as if I were walking with destiny, and that all my past life had been but a preparation for this hour and for this trial. Ten years in the political wilderness had been so numerous, so detailed, and were now so terribly vindicated, that no one could gainsay me.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (43): GEOPOLITICS: Even in a world of fast-rising nations, America will remain politically dominant because its power is backed by economic might.
This is a book not about the decline of America but rather about the rise of everyone else.
Openness is America’s greatest strength. . . America has succeeded not because of the ingenuity of its government programs but because of the vigor of its society. It has thrived because it has kept itself open to the world—to goods and services, to ideas and inventions, and, above all, to people and cultures.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (2): AND THE FUTURE GOES TO…: The poorest countries in the world have something in common: failed political institutions. Without the stability and transparency the good government brings, the incentive to create wealth disappears.
While economic institutions are critical for determining whether a country is poor or prosperous, it is politics and political institutions that determine what economic institutions a country has.
Inclusive economic institutions that enforce property rights, create a level playing field, and encourage investments in new technologies and skills are more conducive to economic growth than extractive economic institutions that are structured to extract resources from the many by the few and that fail to protect property rights or provide incentives for economic activity.
Chinese growth, as it has unfolded so far, is just another form of growth under extractive political institutions, unlikely to translate into sustained economic development.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (13): AND THE FUTURE GOES TO...: Liberal democracy will prove to be the only viable form of political organization because it is based on the universal desire for freedom and recognition.
What is emerging victorious, in other words, is not so much liberal practice, as the liberal idea. That is to say, for a very large part of the world, there is now no ideology with pretensions to universality that is in a position to challenge liberal democracy, and no universal principle of legitimacy other than the sovereignty of the people.
The growth of liberal democracy, together with its companion, economic liberalism, has been the most remarkable macropolitical phenomenon of the last four hundred years.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (36): RECOGNITION AND RIGHTS: Society corrupts man's natural inclination to live in peace, and government only tends to increase and entrench differences in power and wealth.
Inequality, being almost non-existent in the state of nature, derives its force and its growth from the development of our faculties and the progress of the human mind.
The first man who, having enclosed a piece of land, thought of saying “This is mine” and found people simple enough to believe him, was the true founder of civil society. How. . . much misery and horror the human race would have been spared if someone had. . . cried out to . . . You are lost if you forget that the fruits of the earth his fellow men: belong to everyone and that the earth itself belongs to no one!”… (mais)
PlaidStallion (23): GOVERNMENTS AND STATES: States that allow a measure of freedom among their citizen tend to overshadow more controlled and homogeneous nations.
Were any one, therefore, about to found a wholly new republic, he would have to consider whether he desired it to increase as Rome did in territory and dominion, or to continue within narrow limits.
Those cities wherein the government is in the hands of the people, in a very short space of time, make marvelous progress, far exceeding that made by cities which have been always ruled by princes. . . and this we can ascribe to no other cause than that the rule of a people is better than the rule of a prince.
For all countries and provinces which enjoy complete freedom, make. . . most rapid progress.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (28): PHILOSOPHY OF FREEDOM: Social justice that is achieved through redistribution is not just at all, but is more like theft.
Individuals have rights, and there are things no person or group may do to them (without violating their rights). So strong and far-reaching are these rights that they raise the question of what, if anything, the state and its officials may do. How much room do individual rights leave for the state?
A minimal state, limited to the narrow functions of protection against force, theft, fraud, enforcement of contracts, and so on, is justified... any more extensive state will violate persons’ rights not to be forced to do things, and is unjustified.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (41): GOVERNMENT AND STATES: What democracies lack in aristocratic sophistication they make up for in freedom and justice.
The people reign in the American political world as the Deity does in the universe. They are the cause and the aim of all things; everything comes from them, and everything is absorbed in them.
In Europe, we are wont to look upon a restless disposition, an unbounded desire of riches, and an excessive love of independence, as propensities very dangerous to society. Yet these are the very elements which insure a long and peaceful future to the republics of America.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (20): PHILOSOPHY OF FREEDOM: In a planned economy not only are resources allocated inefficiently, the life choices of individual are progressively narrowed. A true democracy must be abased on a free market economy.
Once you admit that the individual is merely a means to serve the ends of the higher entity called society or the nation, most of those features of totalitarian regimes which horrify us follow of necessity. From the collectivist standpoint intolerance and brutal suppression of dissent, the complete disregard of the life and happiness of the individual, are essential and unavoidable consequences of this basic premise, that his system is superior to one in which the “selfish” interests of the individual are allowed to obstruct the full realisation of the ends the community pursues.
The state ceases to be a piece of utilitarian machinery intended to help individuals in the fullest development of their individual personality and becomes a “moral” institution. . . In this sense the Nazi or any other collectivist state is “moral”, while the liberal state is not.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (50): RECOGNITION AND RIGHTS: Inequality is not a problem only for the have-nots—the evidence suggests that it drags everyone’s well-being down.
In societies with greater inequality, where the social distances between people are greater, where attitudes of “us and them” are more entrenched and where lack of trust and fear of crime are rife, public and policy makers alike are more willing to imprison people and adopt punitive attitudes towards the “criminal elements” of society. More unequal societies are harsher, tougher places.
Greater inequality actually increases the need for big government—for more police, more prisons, more health and social services of every kind. Most of these services are expensive and only very partially effective, but we shall need them forever if we continue to have the high levels of inequality that create the problems they are designed to deal with. Several states of the USA now spend more on prisons than on higher education. In fact, one of the best and most human ways of achieving small government is by reducing inequality.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (46): RECOGNITION AND RIGHTS: Revolutions need leaders, and the best one change the minds of the oppressors as well as liberating the oppressed.
Along the way of life, someone must have the sense enough and morality enough to cut off the chain of hate and evil. The greatest way to do that is through love.
The reality of segregation, like slavery, has always had to confront the ideals of democracy and Christianity. Indeed, segregation and discrimination are strange paradoxes in a nation founded on the principle that all men are created equal.
To deprive man of freedom is to relegate him to the status of a thing, rather than elevate him to the status of a person. Man must never be treated as a means to the end of the state, but always as an end within himself.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (15): ACT NOW: People are capable of organizing themselves to live fruitful, meaningful lives. State, religion, and capitalism provide a moral veneer covering a framework of exploitation.
Anarchism stands for a social order based on the free grouping of individuals for the purpose of producing real social wealth; an order that will guarantee to every human being free access to the earth and full enjoyment of the necessities of life, according to individual desires, tastes, and inclinations.
Only in freedom can man grow to his full stature. Only in freedom will he learn to think and move, and give the very best in him. Only in freedom will he realize the true force of the social bonds which knit men together, and which are the true foundation of a normal social life.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (8): POLITICAL LEADERSHIP: Propaganda is a useful tool that can be used for good or ill, but in order to have pawer in modern society one must know its techniques.
The conscious and intelligent manipulation of the organized habits and opinions of the masses is an important element in democratic society. Those who manipulate this unseen mechanism of society constitute an invisible government which is the true ruling power of our country.
Propaganda will never die out. Intelligent men must realize that propaganda is the modern instrument by which they can fight for productive ends and help bring order out of chaos.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (7): PHILOSOPHY OF FREEDOM: Two Concepts of Liberty: What kind of freedom do we seek: to allow people to be as they are or to give them the chance to live up to our vision of humanity and society?
Humanity is the raw material upon which I impose my creative will; even though men suffer and die in the process, they are lifted by it to a height to which they could never have risen without my coercive—but creative— violation of their lives. This is the argument used by every dictator, inquisitor and bully who seeks some moral, or even aesthetic, justification for his conduct. I must do for men (or with them) what they cannot do for themselves, and I cannot ask their permission or consent, because they are in no condition to know what is best for them.
There has, perhaps, been no time in modern history when so large a number of human beings, in both the East and the West, have had their notions, and indeed their lives, so deeply altered, and in some cases violently upset, by fanatically held social and political doctrines.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (3): POLITICAL LEADERSHIP: Political action is shaped by a range of actors and interests, but it still takes a superior leader to choose the best path among them.
The essence of ultimate decision remains impenetrable to the observer—often, indeed, to the decider himself. . . There will always be the dark and tangled stretches in the decision-making process—mysterious even to those who may be most intimately involved.
John F. Kennedy
The fourteen people involved were very significant—bright, able, dedicated people, of all whom had the greatest affection for the U.S. . . If six of them had been President of the U.S., I think that the world might have been blown up.
Robert Kennedy… (mais)
PlaidStallion (27): RECOGNITION AND RIGHTS: The Subjection of WomenNo civilization worth the name can justify the subjection of women, nor can it afford to do so if it wishes to remain strong.
The principle which regulates the existing social relations between the two sexes—the legal subordination of one sex to the other—is wrong in itself, and now one of the chief hindrances to human improvement.
Men do not want solely the obedience of women, they want their sentiments. . . They have therefore put everything in practice to enslave their minds.
The second benefit to be expected from giving to women the free use of their faculties, by leaving them the free choice of their employments, and opening to them the same field of occupation and the same prizes and encouragements as to other human beings, would be that of doubling the mass of mental faculties available for the higher service of humanity.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (48): GEOPOLITICS: The currency of international politics has always been raw power, both the influence and to dominate physically.
Whatever the ultimate aims of international politics, power is always the immediate aim. Statesmen and peoples may ultimately seek freedom, security, prosperity. . . may define their goals in terms of a religious, philosophic, economic, or social ideal. . . But whenever they strive to realize their goal by means of international politics, they do so by striving for power.
The first lesson the student of international politics must learn and never forget is that the complexities of international affairs make simple solutions and trustworthy prophecies impossible.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (30): AND THE FUTURE GOES TO...: Over time, stable societies generate interest groups that will do anything to protect their members, at the cost of society at large.
On balance, special-interest organizations and collusions reduce efficiency and aggregate income in the societies in which they operate and make political life more divisive.
[Of] two societies that were in other respects equal, the one with the longer history of stability, security, and freedom of association would have more institutions that limit entry and innovation [and] encourage more social interaction and homogeneity among their members.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (29): GEOPOLITICS: Power in today’s world is diffuse and no longer flows from military might alone; the nations with the best narrative and ideas win.
States are no longer the only important actors in global affairs; security is not the only major outcome they seek, and force is not the only always the best instrument available to achieve those outcomes.
Soft power may appear less risky than military or economic power, but it is often hard to use, easy to lose, and costly to establish.
A smart power narrative for the twenty-first century is not about maximizing power or preserving hegemony. It is about finding ways to combine resources into successful strategies in the new context of power diffusion and the “rise of the rest.”… (mais)
PlaidStallion (26): AND THE FUTURE GOES TO...: Liberal democracy has lost some allure, but by slimming the welfare state and re-emphasizing personal freedoms, it can again be a model for the world.
Countries that can establish “good government” will stand a fair chance of providing their citizens with a decent standard of life. Countries that cannot will be condemned to decline and dysfunction.
The West has to change because it is going broke. The emerging world needs to reform to keep forging ahead.
Bit by bit a new model is emerging. We are living through changes just as dramatic as the ones associated with Hobbes and Mill and the Webbs, though nobody has yet succeeded in putting this Fourth Revolution into memorable words and clothing it in a distinctive philosophy.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (4): GEOPOLITICS: War between advanced nations makes no sense in an age of economic integration.
The commerce and industry of a people no longer depend upon the expansion of its political frontiers ... military power is socially and economically futile, and can have no relation to the prosperity of the people exercising it... it is impossible for one nation to seize by force the wealth or trade of another—to enrich itself by subjugating, or imposing its will by force on another; that, in short, war, even when victorious, can no longer achieve those aims for which peoples strive.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (32): The Gettysburg Address: POLITICAL LEADERSHIPA nation founded in liberty and equality that stick together through challenges and hardship will never fall.
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here.
We here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (39): POLITICAL LEADERSHIP: Successful societies depend on the flourishing of individuals. This does not happen if personal freedoms are curtailed or when the state is seen as the solution to all ills.
Once the state plays fast and loose with economic freedom, political freedom risks being the next casualty.
Strong defence was a necessary, but not sufficient, means of overcoming the communist threat. Instead of seeking merely to contain communism, we wished to put freedom on the offensive.
l always believed that our western system would ultimately triumph, if we did not throw our advantages away, because it rested on the unique, almost limitless, creativity and vitality of individuals.
My political philosophy. . . is founded on a deep skepticism about the ability of politicians to change the fundamentals of the economy or society: the best they can do is to create a framework in which people’s talents and virtues are mobilized not crushed.… (mais)
PlaidStallion (49): POLITICAL LEADERSHIP: Modern China’s achievements stem from the revival of a nationalist spirit that preceded communism.
Our people are by nature peace-lovers! In ordinary etiquette we emphasize modesty. In our political philosophy we uphold the principle that “only he who loves not killing is able to unite the Empire.” Thus there is a fundamental difference between the political thinking of the foreigners and that of the Chinese.
We must know that the power of democracy is like the power of the great waters such as the Yangtze and Hwang Ho. There are sections of these rivers which actually run toward the north or toward the south, but in the end, they all go toward the east; and nothing is powerful enough to prevent them from running eastward. The political tendency of the world ran from theocracy to monocracy, then from monocracy to democracy; and its power is irresistible.… (mais)