New Vocabulary, 4th Edition

É uma continuação do tópico New Vocabulary, 3rd Edition.

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New Vocabulary, 4th Edition

1thorold
Out 8, 2020, 7:57am

The previous thread was due for a reboot after 275 posts in just under eight years!

2thorold
Out 8, 2020, 8:08am

I've just finished Rose Macaulay's historical novel They were defeated, which turns out to be a positive riot of obscure (and authentic, as far as I could tell) 17th century English. Amongst many other gems, she uses:

admire = be surprised by (it turns out that our sense of "express admiration for" only came into use in the 19th C)
allthing = everything
flockmeal = in large amounts, cf. modern "wholesale"
gust = taste
let = prevent, hinder
suddenly = soon, directly
tedious = irksome (PO'B readers will be used to Stephen Maturin using this in the same way)
yare = ready (a word I'd only ever come across before in its nautical sense — as used rather memorably by Katherine Hepburn standing in a swimming pool with a model sailing boat...)

3varielle
Out 25, 2020, 4:49pm

Turma - a cavalry unit in Roman times, sometimes refers to a squadron. From The Master and Margarita.

4varielle
Nov 13, 2020, 4:21pm

Still slogging through the Witcher series with Lady of the Lake.

Voivode - a Slavic term for a military leader or warlord.

5varielle
Dez 6, 2020, 4:10pm

Hustings - a meeting where candidates address potential voters from Jack and Jackie: Portrait of an American marriage.

6varielle
Editado: Dez 7, 2020, 5:32pm

Accoucheuse - a female obstetrician. From The Luminaries.

7varielle
Dez 16, 2020, 9:52am

I should have known this one but somehow it never came up.

Tilth- condition of tilled soil in preparation for sowing seeds. From Nicholas: The Epic Journey from Saint to Santa Claus.

8msemmag
Jan 19, 12:41pm

Banditti - the plural of 'bandit' (n., a robber or outlaw belonging to a gang and typically operating in an isolated or lawless area.)

That was a surprise from Sense and Sensibility today!

9varielle
Editado: Fev 26, 11:39am

Clamant - demanding attention. From Historical Whodunits in which Brother Cadfael has a nosy noblewoman poking about his lab asking too many questions.

10JulieLill
Editado: Mar 2, 10:29am

Eleemosynary - relating to or dependent on charity; charitable from the book The Great Influenza: The Story of the Deadliest Pandemic in History by John M. Barry

11varielle
Mar 4, 11:18am

Veronal - a barbiturate. From Under a Glass Bell by Anais Nin.

12JulieLill
Editado: Abr 2, 9:06am

Queue- braid of hair worn at the back. From Eight Cousins by Louisa May Alcott

13varielle
Abr 6, 12:50pm

From The Tulip by Anna Pavord The text claims the word tamis is used for the tulip stamen. The only definition I’ve found for tamis is a type of kitchen strainer. Can anyone verify if this usage is from another language?

14thorold
Editado: Abr 6, 4:34pm

>13 varielle: Under tamis n., my Shorter OED also gives “....2 Bot. The anthers of a flower. M17-E18”. The word is marked as obsolete in English.

In French tamis is the normal word for a sieve or strainer. The TLFi suggests that there might be a link to Latin stamen, which can mean the warp of a loom, but doesn’t seem very confident about it. And it doesn’t list the botanical use in French.
http://stella.atilf.fr/Dendien/scripts/tlfiv5/advanced.exe?8;s=66863550;
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/stamen

15thorold
Abr 6, 4:58pm

>14 thorold: ... If you search tulip tamis on Google Books you come up with two or three botanical uses from the 17th and 18th century. And a lot of noise.

16JulieLill
Abr 15, 6:05pm

muskeg - a North American swamp or bog consisting of a mixture of water and partly dead vegetation, frequently covered by a layer of sphagnum or other mosses.

17JulieLill
Abr 19, 4:57pm

These 2 stumped me from The Edible Woman by Margaret Atwood-

chthonic- concerning, belonging to, or inhabiting the underworld

cloaca- a common cavity at the end of the digestive tract for the release of both excretory and genital products in vertebrates (except most mammals) and certain invertebrates. Specifically, the cloaca is present in birds, reptiles, amphibians, most fish, and monotremes.

18varielle
Abr 30, 3:11pm

From The Story of San Michele - serir with a ^ over the e which my keyboard won’t allow. It means a pebble strewn desert particularly in Libya. 🐪

19varielle
Maio 5, 5:49pm

Praxis- practice as distinguished from theory. From The Luminaries wherein a gentleman is speculating about a lady of the evening.

20varielle
Editado: Maio 11, 11:37pm

Bezique - a French trick taking card game for two players. A game played by Churchill on board the Queen Mary during a secret trip to the US in 1943, as detailed in The Day of Battle: The War in Sicily and Italy.

21varielle
Editado: Maio 23, 10:25am

Secateurs - scissorlike hand pruners. From the intro to Enchanted April.

Chaconne- a musical composition popular during the Baroque era or a dance performed to it. Found in From Dawn to Decadence.

22boulder_a_t
Editado: Maio 23, 10:53am

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23varielle
Maio 29, 5:37pm

Canicular - of or pertaining to the Dog Star, Sirius. I should have been able to figure that out because it came from Doggerel: Poems about Dogs.