LibraryThing in Latin : month's names & dates
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Reviewing the Latin translation of LibraryThing, it stuck me that the month's names translations in Latin are in nominative. There is nothing wrong with these translations, unless we ask ourselves what they will be used for, and if they will be of any use for that matter--in nominative case only, that is. Wouldn't it be more useful to have another case ?
Month's names are used mostly for dates.
Where LT is sticking with American data notation now--e.g. "Februari 11"--AFAIK, common date notation in Latin is : "die 11 Februarii 2007".
Wouldn't we rather need the genitive case ?
I checked my Hale and Buck Latin Grammar, and they say in paragraph 666 (!) and 667, "The grammatical form for the Kalends, Nones, and Ides as dates is the Ablative of the Time at Which. Thus Kalendis Februariis, (on) February 1st.
For the other days two forms are in common use. Thus:
Jan. 29 = quarto (die ante) Kal. Feb. = IV Kal. Feb., or
Jan. 29 = ante diem quartum Kal. Feb. = a. d. IV Kal. Feb.
a. The second way is perhaps descended from an original ante (die quarto) Kalendas Februarias, before (namely on the fourth day) the Kalends of February. The Ablative would easily pass over to the Accusative, in consequence of its position immediately after ante."
You're welcome! What's really entertaining is the explanation of how they dealt with leap year. I'll save that for another day, boys and girls.
669. In leap year an extra day was inserted after Feb. 24 (a. d. VI Kal. Mart.), which was called the sixth day over again, i.e. a. d. bissextum Kal. Mart. Hence leap year was called annus bissextilis. After this day the reckoning went on as usual.
a. Before the reform, the year (355 days) was short of the true year. To make up for the difference, an extra month (mensis intercalaris) of varying length (27 or 28 days) was inserted by the Pontifices after the 23rd of February, the rest of February being then omitted.
What? I knew that intercalary days existed, but I had no idea that they came in February, and I find this whole thing quite confusing.
Edited to close a parenthesis
Message edited by its author, a.d. ii Kal. Iul., A.D. MMIX
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