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Has the Church Replaced Israel? por Michael…
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Has the Church Replaced Israel? (edição 2010)

por Michael Vlach (Autor)

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Michael J. Vlach evaluates the doctrine of replacement theology (also known as supersessionism) down through history but ultimately argues in favor of the nonsupersessionist position. --from publisher description.
Membro:spencerharris
Título:Has the Church Replaced Israel?
Autores:Michael Vlach (Autor)
Informação:B&H Publishing Group (2010), 235 pages
Colecções:Kindle, eBooks, A sua biblioteca
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Has the Church Replaced Israel?: A Theological Evaluation por Michael J. Vlach

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This is a great resource for anyone doing a study on the identity of Israel in the New Testament, as I was doing. It's also a good critique of supersessionism/fulfillment theology/covenant theology. Vlach starts off by giving you the background of the view that the Church replaces Israel, or rather, the view that the church fulfills the role that racial Israel was supposed to fulfill but failed. Most of these people seem to believe along the lines of what Luther argued, "...the Jews are no longer Israel, for all things are to be new, and Israel must become new." Vlach evaluates their hermeneutics, and critiques their proof passages. One such passage is Galatians 6:16, here is an excerpt: "A second argument against the supersessionist understanding of Gal 6:16 is based on the context of the letter. Paul is defending the concept of salvation by grace through faith against the error of the Judaizers who held that circumcision contributed to salvation. In doing this, Paul singles out Christian Jews in Galatia who correctly believed the gospel of grace and did not follow the error of the Judaizers. Paul, thus, commends these Christian Jews and calls them the 'Israel of God.' As Johnson puts it, ''What more fitting thing could Paul write ,it is said, in a work so strongly attacking Jewish professing believers, the Judaizers, than to make it most plain that he was not attacking the true believing Jews. Judaizers are anathematized, but the remnant according to the election of grace are 'the Israel of God.'"

And again, on Ephesians 2:11-22, "The fact that Gentiles have gone from being 'far off' to 'near,' or from excluded' to 'not excluded,' does not mean they have assumed the identity of Israel. Second, if Paul wanted to say that believing Gentiles were now part of Israel, he could have said that, but he did not. Paul will say that God has made both believing Jews and Gentiles 'one' (2:14) and 'one new man,' but he carefully avoids the title 'Israel.'…..(Quoting C. B. Hoch Jr.)'..They do not become Israel; they share with Israel.'"

Perhaps my favorite parts, were where he pointed out that, although there certainly are shadows and types in the Old Testament, the people of Israel were neither of those things, nor were the promises of material things, like land. Quoting Feinberg, " unconditional promises are not shadows, nor are the people to whom they are given." And also, where he pointed out that material things are not evil, "…we should not assume that physical things are inherently unspiritual. The physical universe God created was deemed 'very good' (Gen 1:31), not something that needed to be escaped or transcended. We should not assume that things like land, temples, and nations are unspiritual. Nor should we think that such things must necessarily be types or pictures of greater spiritual realities in some Platonic fashion."

I have so many quotations, I could go on and on…but then that would defeat the purpose of you buying the book. I'll end with one more quote, "Contrary to the supersessionist position, it is not God's intention for everyone who believes to become part of 'Israel.' Through Abraham, the nation Israel was created as a vehicle to bring blessings to 'all the families of the earth'(Gen 12:2-3), but it has never been God's intent to make everyone who believes 'Israel.' Israel, through the ultimate Israelite, Jesus Christ, is the means for worldwide blessing, but Israel is not an end in itself."
( )
  SnickerdoodleSarah | Apr 13, 2016 |
The relationship between Israel and the Church has been a controversial subject all through Church History, the Church Age. Some will say that Israel was absorbed into the Church. They will say there is only one united people of God in history. This is often called Replacement Theology or “supersessionism.” Some will say, no, there is the Church begun on the Day of Pentecost and while everyone who trusts in Jesus Christ today is part of the Church, the Bride of Christ, including Jews, that Israel is still a people that God will use to fulfill His kingdom purposes by the fulfillment of the Covenants at the Second Advent.

Michael Vlach demonstrates an astute theological understanding and explanation by showing that those who believe the Church replaced Israel have a weak and inadequate case. He adroitly addresses the Bible, theology and history to reveal supersessionism, Replacement Theology, does not reflect biblical truth. Some, who believe the Church replaced Israel, also believe that there will be a national restoration of Israel, but only as a nation and without a distinct purpose God has called Israel to fulfill.

Supersessionism is dangerous theology, because it questions the character of God. If God made an unconditional covenant with Israel that one day they would return to the land, have a Son of David rule on a throne in Israel and bless the world around them, but didn’t really mean that it would happen, then it brings into question the integrity of God. This false interpretation can only result because of symbolic form of interpretation and imposition of typology on the whole of the Old Testament that requires the New Testament for explanation. In other words, the Old Testament cannot stand on its own for promises made to Israel.

One of the arguments that the Church replaced Israel is called “Punitive Supersessionism,” which states basically the Church replaced Israel because God was punishing Israel (Vlach also addresses economic and structural supersessionism adeptly). God certainly removed Israel from His blessing for a time, but the Covenants God made with Israel were unconditional and will be literally fulfilled at the Second Advent.

His discussion on the hermeneutics of supersessionism is thorough and objective. Many have argued that Dispensationalists are not really literalists in interpretation, but arguments are usually pointing at literal interpretation of poetry and eschatological passages that use symbols and have been explained in other parts of Scripture. Replacement Theology does not use a consistent literal hermeneutic, because it foists a system on Scripture rather than letting Scripture speak for itself. This book is a must read to properly grasp the big picture of understanding the Church does not replace Israel in God’s decree. ( )
  bhult | Apr 18, 2012 |
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Michael J. Vlach evaluates the doctrine of replacement theology (also known as supersessionism) down through history but ultimately argues in favor of the nonsupersessionist position. --from publisher description.

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