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The Story of the Human Body: Evolution, Health, and Disease (2013)

por Daniel Lieberman

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4241545,340 (4.04)14
In this book the author, a Harvard evolutionary biologist presents an account of how the human body has evolved over millions of years, examining how an increasing disparity between the needs of Stone Age bodies and the realities of the modern world are fueling a paradox of greater longevity and chronic disease. It illuminates the major transformations that contributed key adaptations to the body: the rise of bipedalism; the shift to a non-fruit-based diet; the advent of hunting and gathering, leading to our superlative endurance athleticism; the development of a very large brain; and the incipience of cultural proficiencies. The author also elucidates how cultural evolution differs from biological evolution, and how our bodies were further transformed during the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions. While these ongoing changes have brought about many benefits, they have also created conditions to which our bodies are not entirely adapted, the author argues, resulting in the growing incidence of obesity and new but avoidable diseases, such as type 2 diabetes. The author proposes that many of these chronic illnesses persist and in some cases are intensifying because of 'dysevolution,' a pernicious dynamic whereby only the symptoms rather than the causes of these maladies are treated. And finally, he advocates the use of evolutionary information to help nudge, push, and sometimes even compel us to create a more salubrious environment. -- From publisher's web site.… (mais)
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Mostrando 1-5 de 15 (seguinte | mostrar todos)
Must Read for everyone. This book is slow in beginning, but in mid it makes a revelation on every step, I was very disappointed when it ended, I wish the stream of knowledge would never end. ( )
  nitigyas | Jan 25, 2021 |
Interesting points from an evolutionary biologist’s perspective from start to finish, with several sticky points: Mismatch diseases that are unlikely to be weeded out by natural selection due to their occurrence post reproduction, the influence of comfort on our bodies, how freaking slow is even Usain Bolt. A summary of the last few pages would have been useful in the introduction. ( )
  ebethe | Dec 25, 2020 |
Consider our evolutionary history, but much we do not know and have adapted to many different conditions.
Transitions:
  ohernaes | Mar 15, 2020 |
Interesting book that is easy to read. My favorite chapter is "The hidden dangers of novelty and comfort", where the author elaborated on how shoes, eyeglasses and chairs are modern day comforts we take for granted, and how they have modified the way we use our bodies. ( )
  yamiyoghurt | Jan 29, 2018 |
I learned a new word, salubrious.

Pretty interesting to think about where we came from and how that impacts are lives today ... ( )
  beebowallace | Sep 25, 2015 |
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In this book the author, a Harvard evolutionary biologist presents an account of how the human body has evolved over millions of years, examining how an increasing disparity between the needs of Stone Age bodies and the realities of the modern world are fueling a paradox of greater longevity and chronic disease. It illuminates the major transformations that contributed key adaptations to the body: the rise of bipedalism; the shift to a non-fruit-based diet; the advent of hunting and gathering, leading to our superlative endurance athleticism; the development of a very large brain; and the incipience of cultural proficiencies. The author also elucidates how cultural evolution differs from biological evolution, and how our bodies were further transformed during the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions. While these ongoing changes have brought about many benefits, they have also created conditions to which our bodies are not entirely adapted, the author argues, resulting in the growing incidence of obesity and new but avoidable diseases, such as type 2 diabetes. The author proposes that many of these chronic illnesses persist and in some cases are intensifying because of 'dysevolution,' a pernicious dynamic whereby only the symptoms rather than the causes of these maladies are treated. And finally, he advocates the use of evolutionary information to help nudge, push, and sometimes even compel us to create a more salubrious environment. -- From publisher's web site.

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