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Being Good: A Short Introduction to Ethics…
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Being Good: A Short Introduction to Ethics (edição 2003)

por Simon Blackburn

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510436,735 (3.72)1
It is not only in our dark hours that scepticism, relativism, hypocrisy, and nihilism dog ethics. Whether it is a matter of giving to charity, or sticking to duty, or insisting on our rights, we can be confused, or be paralysed by the fear that our principles are groundless. Many are afraidthat in a Godless world science has unmasked us as creatures fated by our genes to be selfish and tribalistic, or competitive and aggressive. Simon Blackburn, author of the best-selling Think, structures this short introduction around these and other threats to ethics. Confronting seven differentobjections to our self-image as moral, well-behaved creatures, he charts a course through the philosophical quicksands that often engulf us. Then, turning to problems of life and death, he shows how we should think about the meaning of life, and how we should mistrust the sound-bite sized absolutesthat often dominate moral debates. Finally he offers a critical tour of the ways the philosophical tradition has tried to provide foundations for ethics, from Plato and Aristotle through to contemporary debates.… (mais)
Membro:stpaulsivy
Título:Being Good: A Short Introduction to Ethics
Autores:Simon Blackburn
Informação:Oxford University Press, USA (2003), Edition: 2nd, Paperback, 172 pages
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Being Good: A Short Introduction to Ethics por Simon Blackburn

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This book is not specific enough about trends in ethics to be of good use in an Intro to Philosophy class, but it provides a sophisticated and non-condescending account of the subject fit for intelligent people looking for the lay of the land. ( )
  reganrule | Jun 3, 2016 |
This introduction to ethics is more a platform for Blackburn to explain why all attempts to create a ethical system fail. He spends considerable time considering "threats to ethics" before looking at some ethical ideas and foundations for ethics. However he fails to provide an adequate foundation for ethics and one is left with the unfortunate conclusion that "goodness" is unattainable. Especially in reading the appendix which is the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Almost every article is currently being broken by members of the UN without repercussion. If that is the basis for ethics I would rather look elsewhere. ( )
  True54Blue | Jun 3, 2010 |
1 170 BLAC
  SCKapittelweg | Feb 3, 2010 |
hen faced with an ethical dilemma, should we seek solutions that offer the greatest good or happiness to the greatest number of people? Are there any universal laws or principles by which ethical conduct should be governed? From what sources are ethical principles derived? Cambridge philosopher Blackburn addresses these and other questions in this straightforward introduction to ethics, a companion to his Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy. In part one, he considers seven subjects religion, relativism, evolutionary theory, egoism, determinism, unreasonable demands and false consciousness "that seem to suggest that ethics is somehow impossible." For example, relativism (the idea there is no one truth but different truths), he argues, often ends in nihilism, or the notion that there are indeed no values and no truth. Next, Blackburn discusses several ethical theories, including deontology (the theory that our ethical actions must be governed by rules) and utilitarianism (the theory that our ethical actions must be governed by their consequences), as well as rights theories and Kant's categorical imperative, which elevates duty to universal law. In a final section, Blackburn suggests that neither Kant, rights theories, deontology or utilitarianism provide adequate grounds for being good. Rather, he argues, "ethical principles are those that would be agreed in any reasonable cooperative procedure for coming to one mind about our conduct." Unfortunately, Blackburn never develops his idea about a common point of view for judging our conduct (he doesn't explain, for instance, how such a cooperative transaction can take place when partners in the conversation are using different ethical languages), and that is where this little book, which is so rich in analysis, falters significantly.
2 vote antimuzak | Jun 10, 2008 |
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Being Good: A Short Introduction to Ethics (174 p.) is not the same work as Ethics: A Very Short Introduction (139 p.) Please do not combine.
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It is not only in our dark hours that scepticism, relativism, hypocrisy, and nihilism dog ethics. Whether it is a matter of giving to charity, or sticking to duty, or insisting on our rights, we can be confused, or be paralysed by the fear that our principles are groundless. Many are afraidthat in a Godless world science has unmasked us as creatures fated by our genes to be selfish and tribalistic, or competitive and aggressive. Simon Blackburn, author of the best-selling Think, structures this short introduction around these and other threats to ethics. Confronting seven differentobjections to our self-image as moral, well-behaved creatures, he charts a course through the philosophical quicksands that often engulf us. Then, turning to problems of life and death, he shows how we should think about the meaning of life, and how we should mistrust the sound-bite sized absolutesthat often dominate moral debates. Finally he offers a critical tour of the ways the philosophical tradition has tried to provide foundations for ethics, from Plato and Aristotle through to contemporary debates.

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