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This Idea Must Die: Scientific Theories That Are Blocking Progress (Edge Question Series)

por John Brockman (Editor)

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The bestselling editor of This Explains Everything brings together 175 of the world's most brilliant minds to tackle Edge.org's 2014 question: What scientific idea has become a relic blocking human progress? Each year, John Brockman, publisher of Edge.org--"The world's smartest website" (The Guardian)--challenges some of the world's greatest scientists, artists, and philosophers to answer a provocative question crucial to our time. In 2014 he asked 175 brilliant minds to ponder: What scientific idea needs to be put aside in order to make room for new ideas to advance? The answers are as surprising as they are illuminating.… (mais)
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Mostrando 1-5 de 8 (seguinte | mostrar todos)
Meist gut lesbare, kurze, verständliche Erklärungen, warum man eine bestimmte Idee/Erkenntnis nicht mehr braucht.

Dieses Buch regt an, in allem skeptisch zu bleiben, hinter die Dinge zu blicken und vor allem, vermeintlich wohlklingenden Definitionen und Herleitungen zu misstrauen.

187 Autoren auf 638 Seiten, das macht rund 3,5 Seiten pro Autor - schnell lesbar, ein Parforceritt durch wissenschaftliches Erkennen und Hinterfragen.

Besonders bewegt haben mich diese Aspekte:

1.) Altruismus
Ein Begriff, der unnötig ist, weil anderen zu helfen, immer auch selbstbezogen ist. Selbstlosigkeit sollte in der Tat (als Begriff) nicht mehr genutzt werden.

2) Linke/rechte Gehirnhälfte
Links sei logisch, rechts intuitiv - so wurden vereinfacht ausgedrückt ganze Lernprogramme und Produkte verkauft, über die man im Nachhinein lächeln muss. Schlicht gesagt: das Gehirn ist ein Ganzes, das man nicht zerlegen/zerreden kann.

3) Informationsüberlastung
Gibt es nicht, es existieren nur Probleme der intrapersonalen Filterüberlastung. Wissensaufnahme und Schlussfolgern ist eine Könnerschaft, Informationen, selektiv auszuwählen und zu analysieren. Wir alle sind heute zu Redakteuren geworden, die nicht mehr anderen glauben, sondern dem selbst entwickelten Koordinatensystem zur Verarbeitung von Informationen.

4) Der rationale Mensch
Ein großer Irrtum, der in viele Theorien einfloss (homo oeconomicus), heute aber in den meisten Bereichen herausgenommen wurde. Allerdings oft mit mehr Fragen als Antworten.

5) Einfachheit
Wenn zwei Hypothesen ähnlich gut zu Daten passen, könne man die einfachere als natürlich annehmen? Nein, viele Dinge lassen sich angemessen erst in ausreichender Komplexität erklären.

6) Wissenschaft ist nicht nur Großforschung
Früher wurden neue Erkenntnisse durch Einzelpersonen / Kleinteams gelöst, heute sind eher größere Teams relevant. Trotzdem aber sind Kleinteams keinesfalls tot, im Gegenteil. "Die Technik ermöglicht Forschern, winzige Budgets auf erstaunliche Weise wirksam einzusetzen."

Selbst das Universum, wie wir es bisher kannten, es ist am Ende, aufgelöst durch ungeheuere Vorstellungen und auch der gesunde Menschenverstand existiert nur eingeschränkt. Wir alle unterliegen einer Mengen an Täuschungen und eine der größten ist, zu glauben, dass Gegensätze nicht beide richtig sein können.

Max Planck sagte: "Eine neue wissenschaftliche Wahrheit pflegt sich nicht in der Weise durchzusetzen, dass ihre Gegner überzeugt werden und sich als belehrt erklären, sondern vielmehr dadurch, dass ihre Gegner allmählich aussterben und dass die heranwachsende Generation von vornherein mit der Wahrheit vertraut gemach ist." Kann Wissenschaft also nur mit Begräbnissen vorankommen? Nein, mit diesem Buch kann es schon lange vorher gelingen. Wenn jeder offen ist und die falschen Scheuklappen rechtzeitig ablegt. ( )
  Clu98 | Mar 2, 2023 |
Meh. This book is one that I should not have bought, but you know what they say about fools and money I guess. I really should have looked through it beforehand, but I was charmed by the title. What is even more aggravating is the fact that I was in the bookstore when I bought this and could have looked through the physical copy I was holding.

This book is a collection of essays with a common theme; "What Ideas should be shelved to aid progress?" With some of them it's almost like the author just needed a topic to write on so they could get published. Now a lot of them are educated people, I assume, since they list their credentials ahead of all of the essays, but I don't really think they understand what they are saying. Perhaps I am the one in the wrong.

As an example to illustrate my point, some people in the statistics section of the book want to do away with the average, the statistical deviation, and other things. Of course, this is all to stir up controversy since they say that they don't want to get rid of the idea per se, but rather some elements of the subject that aren't pertinent to their own fields. Sometimes they write only one page on the subject that they have and that is that. They say something terrible for about three paragraphs and they change over to another author. It's like each essay was left slightly unfinished.

Finally, they have a few cases where the subject is repeated. I am glad that two neuroscientists agree that the idea of Left Brain/ Right Brain should be retired, but do we need to hear from both of them?

The editor did his best, but this just wasn't an enjoyable collection. It certainly did stir up some controversy in my brain, just not the type that was intended. ( )
  Floyd3345 | Jun 15, 2019 |
An anthology of very short essays by various hands about terminology or processes that to the authors are hindering the further progress of the Sciences, Mathematics and some of the Social sciences. With so many writers, the work is very variable in quality, both in style and in thought. Overall, not to be read consistently but to be dipped into as a measure of anti-pompous works in a chosen field. ( )
  DinadansFriend | Jun 15, 2017 |
The observation by Max Tegmark was best
  Baku-X | Jan 10, 2017 |
The question asked is, "What scientific idea is ready for retirement?" This collection of short essays provides answers from "175 of the world's most influential scientists, economists, artists, and philosophers" (according to the blurb on the back cover). I found it to be a mixed bag, as you might expect. A few were insightful. Several were interesting. Others were informative, obvious, uninspired, flawed, straw-man attacks, semantic rants, or (in one case) loony. Most, however (even the loony one) were, in some way, thought provoking. (Although, to be honest, my first thought after reading the loony one was 'What fairy tale universe is this guy calling in from?') These, of course, are my personal, subjective impressions. Your opinions may vary. Regardless, the collection does provide insights into what some of the top experts in fields ranging from physics to psychology are thinking about, including issues on which they agree and disagree. (I imagine there are some lively...discussions between physicists during breaks at conferences about String Theory). ( )
  DLMorrese | Oct 14, 2016 |
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The bestselling editor of This Explains Everything brings together 175 of the world's most brilliant minds to tackle Edge.org's 2014 question: What scientific idea has become a relic blocking human progress? Each year, John Brockman, publisher of Edge.org--"The world's smartest website" (The Guardian)--challenges some of the world's greatest scientists, artists, and philosophers to answer a provocative question crucial to our time. In 2014 he asked 175 brilliant minds to ponder: What scientific idea needs to be put aside in order to make room for new ideas to advance? The answers are as surprising as they are illuminating.

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