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October: The Story of the Russian Revolution…
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October: The Story of the Russian Revolution (edição 2017)

por China Mieville (Autor)

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5781430,588 (3.68)28
"Acclaimed fantasy author China Mieville plunges us into the year the world was turned upside down The renowned fantasy and science fiction writer China Mieville has long been inspired by the ideals of the Russian Revolution and here, on the centenary of the revolution, he provides his own distinctive take on its history. In February 1917, in the midst of bloody war, Russia was still an autocratic monarchy: nine months later, it became the first socialist state in world history. How did this unimaginable transformation take place? How was a ravaged and backward country, swept up in a desperately unpopular war, rocked by not one but two revolutions? This is the story of the extraordinary months between those upheavals, in February and October, of the forces and individuals who made 1917 so epochal a year, of their intrigues, negotiations, conflicts and catastrophes. From familiar names like Lenin and Trotsky to their opponents Kornilov and Kerensky; from the byzantine squabbles of urban activists to the remotest villages of a sprawling empire; from the revolutionary railroad Sublime to the ciphers and static of coup by telegram; from grand sweep to forgotten detail. Historians have debated the revolution for a hundred years, its portents and possibilities: the mass of literature can be daunting. But here is a book for those new to the events, told not only in their historical import but in all their passion and drama and strangeness. Because as well as a political event of profound and ongoing consequence, Mieville reveals the Russian Revolution as a breathtaking story"--… (mais)
Membro:photonegative
Título:October: The Story of the Russian Revolution
Autores:China Mieville (Autor)
Informação:Verso (2017), 384 pages
Colecções:A sua biblioteca
Avaliação:
Etiquetas:to-read

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October: The Story of the Russian Revolution por China Miéville

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Ο "Οκτώβρης" του Miéville αποτελεί μια πολύ καλή εισαγωγή για όποια θέλει να πάρει μια ιδέα για όσα συνέβησαν στη Ρωσία το 1917. Η γραφή είναι μυθιστορηματική με κλιμακούμενη πλοκή, αν και κάποια κεφάλαια αφήνουν μια μουδιασμένη, βαλτώδη αίσθηση, παρόμοια με αυτή που πιθανώς κατά περιόδους να ένιωθαν και όσοι συμμετείχαν στα γεγονότα. Η επανάσταση δεν κράτησε ένα μήνα, όπως ίσως πολλοί έχουν την εντύπωση, αφού έχουμε συνηθίσει να αναφερόμαστε στην μπολσεβίκικη επανάσταση ως "Οκτωβριανή", ενώ παράλληλα υπήρξαν περίοδοι εντός του '17, κατά τις οποίες οι όποιες διεργασίες φαινόταν να ομαλοποιούνται και να επανέρχεται η εντύπωση -έστω και ψευδής- πως η Ρωσία επέστρεφε σε κάποια πορεία ομαλότητας.
Ο Miéville γνωρίζει καλά το αντικείμενό του, και το έργο του αντλεί πληροφορίες από πολλές πηγές. Κάποιες φορές αφήνει την εντύπωση πως, αγωνιώντας να μην αδικήσει καμία από τις πηγές του, προσπαθεί να τις συμπιέσει και να μας τις παρουσιάσει όλες, ίσως και λίγο άτακτα. Στην αρχή αυτό ίσως ξενίσει την αναγνώστρια, αν και -ίσως και χωρίς πραγματικά να είναι αυτός ο σκοπός του συγγραφέα- αυτός ο βομβαρδισμός φαινομενικά άτακτων πληροφοριών καταφέρνει να αναπαραστήσει ως ένα βαθμό, τον πανικό που θα πρέπει να επικρατούσε ανάμεσα σε όσους πάλευαν να επιβάλουν τις θέσεις τους σε ένα αχανές κράτος, όπου μετά την παραίτηση του Τσάρου είχε προκύψει ένα τεράστιο κενό εξουσίας και μια χαοτική και άγρια καθημερινότητα.
Ο Miéville καταφέρνει να κρατήσει μια σχετικά ουδέτερη στάση απέναντι στους πρωταγωνιστές εκείνων των ημερών. Οι μπολσεβίκοι δεν παρουσιάζονται ως αλάθητοι, και σε καμία περίπτωση ως σίγουροι στα βήματά τους και ξεκάθαροι στους στόχους τους. Οι κομμουνιστές είναι άπειροι, έμπλεοι ενθουσιασμού, έτοιμοι να κάνουν τραγικά λάθη, αλλά και με την τύχη με το μέρος τους, αφού, από τη μία, αντίπαλοί τους έχουν απομείνει μια χούφτα Ρώσων αστών, οι οποίοι είναι ανίκανοι να αντιληφθούν την αγανάκτηση του απλού λαού, με αποτέλεσμα να πράττουν μεγαλύτερα και τραγικότερα λάθη από τους μπολσεβίκους του Λένιν, ενώ, από την άλλη, οι σύμμαχοί τους (αναρχικοί και υπόλοιποι αριστεροί) αρπάζουν τις κατάλληλες ευκαιρίες για να ξεσηκώσουν τα πλήθη, όταν ακριβώς η μπολσεβίκικη ηγεσία πελαγώνει και παλινωδεί μπροστά στις τεράστιες ευθύνες που πρέπει να αναλάβει.
Γενικά, ένα μυθιστορηματικά γραμμένο, ιστορικά ακριβές, αλλά όχι πλήρες έργο για την κομμουνιστική επανάσταση του 1917.

"...πώς μπορεί ένα κίνημα να είναι σοσιαλιστικό σε μια ανώριμη χώρα με έναν αδύναμο και περιθωριακό καπιταλισμό, με έναν τεράστιο και 'οπισθοδρομικό' πληθυσμό χωρικών και αγροτών και με μια μοναρχία που δεν είχε την αξιοπρέπεια να υποστεί την αστική της επανάσταση;"
"...οι μπολσεβίκοι ηγέτες συνέχιζαν να συζητούν τι να κάνουν, όταν πληροφορήθηκαν ότι οι οπλισμένες μάζες πλησίαζαν. Κάποιος είπε αγκομαχώντας: >... Το κίνημα αυτό δεν μπορούσε όμως να αναστραφεί. Το ζήτημα λοιπόν για τους μπολσεβίκους ήταν εάν θα το αποφύγουν, εάν θα ενωθούν μαζί του ή εάν θα επιχειρήσουν να το καθοδηγήσουν."
"Ένας μεγαλόσωμος εργάτης άνοιξε δρόμο, πήγε κοντά και άρχισε να κραδαίνει τη γροθιά του απειλητικά στο πρόσωπο του Τσέρνοφ. > βρυχήθηκε, επαναλαμβάνοντας μια από τις πιο ξακουστές φράσεις του 1917, >"
"Φταίει ίσως ο φόβος ότι η αναγνώριση των λαθών υπονομεύει την εξουσία. Η τυπική μέθοδος της αριστεράς ήταν να αποσιωπά θρασύτατα τα λάθη της και μετά, όσο το δυνατόν πιο αργά, ώστε να έχει κατακάτσει εντελώς ο κουρνιαχτός, να παρατηρεί παρεμπιπτόντως ότι 'φυσικά', όπως ξέρουν όλοι, 'έγιναν λάθη', αλλά χάθηκαν μες στην ομίχλη του χρόνου."
Σε αυτά τα αποσπάσματα συμπυκνώνεται η ρωσική επανάσταση. Μια επανάσταση η οποία αρχικά θεωρήθηκε ανέφικτη ακόμα και από αυτούς που την επιθυμούσαν περισσότερο απ' όλους.
( )
  Stamat | Apr 20, 2021 |
Starts out strong but meanders way too quickly. I was hard-pressed to keep up with the different factions, their leaders, and who held control at any given time. ( )
  skolastic | Feb 2, 2021 |
This is an interesting angle on the Russian revolution, where instead of a bird's eye view with a long list of historical antecedents, we get the daily development of the revolution, from February to October 1917. Instead of the "inevitable wave of history" feeling I often get when reading history, with October I felt a real connection to the time and place of the revolution. Besides the fact that this makes for a more compelling story, it also helps dispel the notion that there's anything inevitable or uniquely Russian about how the revolution ultimately panned out.

The book suffers a bit from having to include so many actors and separate interest groups in a single narrative. There are just too many names to remember. (There's a glossary, which given that I was reading this on a Kindle was not much help.) The reading is probably more enjoyable to those who already have some decent knowledge of the revolution, which prior to reading this I did not.
( )
  fegolac | Dec 26, 2020 |
An excellent and lively telling of both the February and October revolutions in 1917, with a particularly good look at the intra-Bolshevik and intra-left factionalism that helped determine the final outcome. Miéville's novelistic chops are on full display here and are a welcome means of capturing the dynamism and contingency of that pregnant moment in world history. There are moments when the specific actors get lost amidst each other, but the final moments of Kerensky's Provisional Government are told with aplomb. Great narrative of these heady days. ( )
  goliathonline | Jul 7, 2020 |
I don't know what to say about this book. I've never read any Mieville, but dude tried his damnedest to make this readable. It was tough. He squeezed in some literary flourish where he could, usually involving words that were way over my head. I've never read a book on the Russian rev either and don't envy anyone who writes on it. Seems at least as complicated than the Haitian and French Revolutions, but with an army of people out there who have very strong feelings on every little piece of it. So... I don't know.

Characters duck in and out of prominence so fast. Factions form factions and committees form committees, which in turn launch coalitions that rise and fall like waves in the ocean. Only three characters receive much development in this book: Lenin, Kerensky, and Trotsky. Kerensky is the butt of jokes throughout—a nice break from a steamroller of facts. We don't get much insight into organizations other than the Bolsheviks.

His Pre- and post-1917 chapters (1st chapter and last chapter) were the best because they give us some framing and perspective. ( )
  mitchtroutman | Jun 14, 2020 |
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China Miéville’s contribution in October is to get away from ideological battles and go back to the dazzling reality of events. There is no schadenfreude here about the revolution’s bloody aftermath, nor patronising talk of experiments that failed because they were doomed to fail. Known as a left-wing activist and author of fantasy or what he himself calls weird fiction, Miéville writes with the brio and excitement of an enthusiast who would have wanted the revolution to succeed. But he is primarily interested in the dramatic narrative – the weird facts – of the most turbulent year in Russia’s history: strikes, protests, riots, looting, mass desertions from the army, land occupations by hungry peasants and pitched battles between workers and Cossacks, not just in Petrograd but along the length and breadth of a vast country.
adicionada por SnootyBaronet | editarThe Guardian, Jonathan Steele
 
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"Acclaimed fantasy author China Mieville plunges us into the year the world was turned upside down The renowned fantasy and science fiction writer China Mieville has long been inspired by the ideals of the Russian Revolution and here, on the centenary of the revolution, he provides his own distinctive take on its history. In February 1917, in the midst of bloody war, Russia was still an autocratic monarchy: nine months later, it became the first socialist state in world history. How did this unimaginable transformation take place? How was a ravaged and backward country, swept up in a desperately unpopular war, rocked by not one but two revolutions? This is the story of the extraordinary months between those upheavals, in February and October, of the forces and individuals who made 1917 so epochal a year, of their intrigues, negotiations, conflicts and catastrophes. From familiar names like Lenin and Trotsky to their opponents Kornilov and Kerensky; from the byzantine squabbles of urban activists to the remotest villages of a sprawling empire; from the revolutionary railroad Sublime to the ciphers and static of coup by telegram; from grand sweep to forgotten detail. Historians have debated the revolution for a hundred years, its portents and possibilities: the mass of literature can be daunting. But here is a book for those new to the events, told not only in their historical import but in all their passion and drama and strangeness. Because as well as a political event of profound and ongoing consequence, Mieville reveals the Russian Revolution as a breathtaking story"--

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