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A zsarnokságról: Húsz lecke a huszadik századból (2017)

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2,9181244,788 (4.13)1 / 168
In previous books, Holocaust historian Timothy Snyder dissected the events and values that enabled the rise of Hitler and Stalin and the execution of their catastrophic policies. With Twenty Lessons, Snyder draws from the darkest hours of the twentieth century to provide hope for the twenty-first. As he writes, "Americans are no wiser than the Europeans who saw democracy yield to fascism, Nazism and communism. Our one advantage is that we might learn from their experience."… (mais)
Título:A zsarnokságról: Húsz lecke a huszadik századból
Informação:Publisher Unknown, 174 pages
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On Tyranny: Twenty Lessons from the Twentieth Century por Timothy Snyder (2017)

Adicionado recentemente porbiblioteca privada, blasley, grahamhay, doohao, elur10, xieouyang, smichaelwilson, alliwags
  1. 00
    Black Earth: The Holocaust as History and Warning por Timothy Snyder (2wonderY)
    2wonderY: On Tyranny is a short synopsis of the much more extensive and scholarly conclusions recorded in Black Earth.
  2. 01
    The King's Bastard por Rowena Cory Daniells (Sandwich76)
    Sandwich76: A fantasy novel about the slippery slope into tyranny.
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Mostrando 1-5 de 122 (seguinte | mostrar todos)
Snyder is a respected historian and lays out warnings: post-truth is pre-fascism. But also provides information on how to resist: don't quietly go along with what you think the regime wants before it even asks. Also, be weird because authoritarianism requires conformity and if you are weird, if you don't conform, you are less likely to begin believing the lies of the regime, but also resist it.

The book is both practical and terrifying and should absolutely be read by everyone in the United States who cares about democracy and the current political crisis in this country. ( )
  wellred2 | Feb 29, 2024 |
(Waffling between 1 and 2 stars; I'm not feeling very charitable right now.)

We've located the storied Radical Centrist, and as we always suspected, he’s a gray-haired white man. On Tyranny’s spare design and short chapters give the book an air of weight, timelessness, and wisdom that is not borne out by the muddled and milquetoast contents. This book is a quick read, but Snyder's arguments are weak and wandering, and I'm not sure who the target audience is supposed to be.

1. Do not obey in advance.

The examples do not support Snyder's thesis. Who is obeying in advance in these stories?
- The Austrian Nazis who brutalized Jews
- The Austrians who “watched them with amusement”
- The Austrian Jews who committed suicide before they could be killed
- The Nazis who invented new ways to kill people on a mass scale
- The Milgram experimental subjects who would electrocute people on demand

The Nazis in the first and fourth examples weren't "obeying" Hitler; they had a set of beliefs that led them to the conclusion that they should commit mass murder. (As if Hitler was the sole source of the hatred, and everyone else was just guilty of going along with it?)

You could make an argument that the gentiles in the second example and Milgram's experiment were "obeying" social norms that prevented them from interfering, but it's strange to call it "obeying in advance." It'd be more relevant to say "don't obey unjust orders," but that's covered more thoroughly in points #5 and #7.

I'm honestly uncertain whether Snyder meant to imply that Jews who killed themselves were "obeying in advance," which is a major failure of writing. I'm torn, because it could be an interesting discussion, but not without a serious acknowledgment of the ways in which it's victim blaming. Either way, you can't just toss that assertion on the page without comment, as Snyder does.

5. Remember professional ethics

Glaring, inexcusable failure to note that the very direct modern equivalent of I.G. Farben taking advantage of slave labor from people imprisoned in ghettos and work camps is Whole Foods, WalMart, BP, AT&T, and other large corporations profiting from mass incarceration, which itself stems from social inequality and the racist prosecution of the War on Drugs.[1][2]

This is especially egregious because he mentions private prisons in #6.

[1] https://www.economist.com/news/united-states/21718897-idaho-prisoners-roast-pota...
[2] https://www.careeraddict.com/prison-labour-companies

8. Stand out.

This I do agree with, to a point. I recently confronted the ED of the NPI (US white supremacist think tank) at my college's networking event. He tried to shake my hand and pretend everything was normal, and I refused to shake his hand, told him off, pointedly excluded him in conversation, and made sure to tell everyone else at the event that he was a neonazi. About half the attendees didn't know who he was, but the other half responded "I know! I can't believe they let him come!" and had apparently not wanted to confront him or discuss it. Others tried to dissuade me from “making a scene” and spirited away the flyers I brought summarizing his beliefs.

The invocation of Rosa Parks without the context of the enormous and carefully organized Montgomery bus boycott[1] is eyerollingly typical, and the canonization of Churchill is straight up bizarre.

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montgomery_bus_boycott

9. Be kind to our language.

It takes an old white man to make a reading list for resistance that is 87.5% male and 100% white, and half of which was published before 1980.

10. Believe in truth.

The story behind [b:Rhinocéros|27736|Rhinocéros|Eugène Ionesco|https://images.gr-assets.com/books/1366248012s/27736.jpg|6499581] is a fabulous argument against the kind of moderation the author espouses. If one good thing came of this book, it's that I'm adding the play to my reading list.

University professors, students, intellectuals were turning Nazi, becoming Iron Guards, one after the other. At the beginning, certainly they were not Nazis. About fifteen of us would get together to talk and to try to find arguments opposing theirs. It was not easy. ... From time to time, one of our friends said: "I don't agree with them, to be sure, but on certain points, nevertheless, I must admit, for example, the Jews...," etc. And this was a symptom. Three weeks later, this person would become a Nazi. He was caught in the mechanism, he accepted everything, he became a rhinoceros. Towards the end, only three or four of us were still resisting.

12. Make eye contact and small talk.

One of the more original points in the book; it could probably use more than a page of discussion.

14. Establish a private life.

When I got to this passage on p. 90 I kind of lost it:

“(It is striking that news media are much worse at this than, say, fashion or sports reporters. Fashion reporters know that models are taking off their clothes in the changing rooms, and sports reporters know that athletes shower in the locker room, but neither allow private matters to supplant the public story they are supposed to be covering.)”

This is an outrageous false equivalence in a world where the sports pages didn’t regularly hold the NFL accountable in the CTE story [1] or cover the abuse that Larry Nasser inflicted on at least 150 gymnasts [2], and fashion magazines don’t cover the abuse of garment workers in third-world countries. By this logic, we are supposed to interrogate everything, but also take politics at face value and not investigate deeper into the issues that representatives would rather we don’t hear about.

[1] https://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/16/sports/nfl-concussions-cte-football-jeff-mill...
[2] https://www.vox.com/identities/2018/1/19/16897722/sexual-abuse-usa-gymnastics-la...

19. Be a patriot.

This one is a great illustration of why leftists need to stop trying to reclaim patriotism. For one, if you’re going to try, you need to do more work on the definition than “patriotism is not nationalism because nationalism is evil and patriotism is apple pie.”

For another, you might find yourself starting an essay with the assertion “It is not patriotic to dodge the draft,” which I’m sure Snyder would think is a ridiculous statement in any context except “attack Trump without actually naming him.”


This was one of the more interesting sections, and had some decent points. Which still could have used much more explication and analysis. ( )
  caedocyon | Feb 23, 2024 |
A quick and easy to read openener to the topic of how totalitarian regimes develop. Lots of refererences to the current political climate in the US. ( )
  tourmikes | Jan 3, 2024 |
There's a lot of incredible insight here, which I often find from Timothy Snyder. And some of it was actually quite moving. "#9: Be Kind to Our Language" particularly stood out to me. I also really appreciated "#14: Establish a Private Life", as this theme is really a necessity for the dangers of a "post-truth" world, and one I'm seeing come up in other really important works (such as Neal Curtis's Idiotism, which every person on Earth should read).

Though, to be frank, there is also a heavy dose of American exceptionalism in a couple chapters, which is obnoxious and unhelpful. For example, "#19: Be a Patriot" is just blatantly contradictory to everything else in the book, including the notion that a real patriot puts their own country first - despite multiple times having condemned the phrase "America First". Also included is the very American perception that democracy is failing all across Europe while the US is just now flirting with threats, which is not true - there are three antidemocratic regimes in power in three small European nations, while the US, Russia, and China, the three largest powers in the world, are all profoundly antidemocratic and as such constitute a much graver threat.

I also found certain elements of his writing (such as an exclusive usage of male pronouns) to be distinctly old-fashioned and a use of language that contradicts rather than supports his message of historical inclusion of all.

But overall, as usual, Snyder has written an important book especially for middle-of-the-road observers of politics to read. ( )
  Joshua_Pray | Dec 30, 2023 |
As important a book as any I've read in some time. Professor Snyder summarizes our current predicament in this small volume while never trivializing the issues or overstating them. First rate, and very, very highly recommended.
  Mark_Feltskog | Dec 23, 2023 |
Mostrando 1-5 de 122 (seguinte | mostrar todos)
As social and political winds change, librarians can find themselves in a precarious position depending on the nature of this change. Professional librarians adhere, at least in theory, to the ALA Code of Ethics—a document that outlines our general philosophies on access and censorship with regard to library users. While these guidelines are general, they provide a reasonable framework for handling challenges we are likely to face in the normal service of our jobs. At politically fraught times, however, these guidelines serve as a critical backbone for the ethical practice of our profession. As an example, the passing of the wide-sweeping Patriot Act following the September 11 terrorist attacks created direct practical and ethical dilemmas for librarians across the county by requiring compliance with investigators’ requests for protected documents such as patron borrowing records [Full text of review available through C&RL]
Snyder knows this subject cold...

For such a small book, Snyder invests “On Tyranny” with considerable heft...

Of course, just as I was pondering whether “On Tyranny” exaggerates, Trump tweeted that the press is the enemy of the American people. That sounds awfully pre-fascist to me. So approach this short book the same way you would a medical pamphlet warning about an infectious disease. Read it carefully and be on the lookout for symptoms.
Snyder also tells us, somewhat unnecessarily, that we can survive tyranny by establishing a private life and staying calm when the unthinkable arrives. The creeping destruction of democracy can be stopped or reversed; it's not inevitable, as his injunction to "be as courageous as you can" implies. In this book, as in his others, Snyder provokes us to think again about major issues of our time, as well as significant elements of the past, but he seems to have rushed it out rather too quickly. It could do with far greater depth of historical illustration, not to mention recourse to the many thinkers whose wisdom we might profit from in dealing with the issue of tyranny and how to combat it. Democracy dies in many different ways, and to help us in defending our rights we need a more thoughtful book than this.
adicionada por Cynfelyn | editarThe Guardian, Richard J. Evans (Mar 8, 2017)

» Adicionar outros autores (3 possíveis)

Nome do autorPapelTipo de autorObra?Estado
Snyder, Timothyautor principaltodas as ediçõesconfirmado
Grande, JohnTradutorautor secundáriotodas as ediçõesconfirmado
劉維人Tradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Brand, ChristopherDesigner da capaautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Dauzat, Pierre-EmmanuelTraductionautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Dean, SuzanneDesignerautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Dong, LaurenDesignerautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Eklöf, MargaretaTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Enez, ZeynepTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Farkas, KikoDesigner da capaautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Galli, ChiccaTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Garschagen, Donaldson M.Tradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Grande, JohnTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Kinnunen, MattiTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Otčenáš, IgorTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Paassen, Catalien vanTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
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Rawlins, ChloeDesigner da capaautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
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Wirthensohn, AndreasTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
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In politics, being deceived is no excuse. -- Leszek Kolakowski
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In previous books, Holocaust historian Timothy Snyder dissected the events and values that enabled the rise of Hitler and Stalin and the execution of their catastrophic policies. With Twenty Lessons, Snyder draws from the darkest hours of the twentieth century to provide hope for the twenty-first. As he writes, "Americans are no wiser than the Europeans who saw democracy yield to fascism, Nazism and communism. Our one advantage is that we might learn from their experience."

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