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Why We Sleep: Unlocking the Power of Sleep and Dreams (2017)

por Matthew Walker

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2,7661005,193 (4.18)63
"The first sleep book by a leading scientific expert--Professor Matthew Walker, Director of UC Berkeley's Sleep and Neuroimaging Lab--reveals his groundbreaking exploration of sleep, explaining how we can harness its transformative power to change our lives for the better. Sleep is one of the most important but least understood aspects of our life, wellness, and longevity. Until very recently, science had no answer to the question of why we sleep, or what good it served, or why we suffer such devastating health consequences when we don't sleep. Compared to the other basic drives in life--eating, drinking, and reproducing--the purpose of sleep remained elusive. An explosion of scientific discoveries in the last twenty years has shed new light on this fundamental aspect of our lives. Now, preeminent neuroscientist and sleep expert Matthew Walker gives us a new understanding of the vital importance of sleep and dreaming. Within the brain, sleep enriches our ability to learn, memorize, and make logical decisions. It recalibrates our emotions, restocks our immune system, fine-tunes our metabolism, and regulates our appetite. Dreaming mollifies painful memories and creates a virtual reality space in which the brain melds past and present knowledge to inspire creativity. Walker answers important questions about sleep: how do caffeine and alcohol affect sleep? What really happens during REM sleep? Why do our sleep patterns change across a lifetime? How do common sleep aids affect us and can they do long-term damage? Charting cutting-edge scientific breakthroughs, and synthesizing decades of research and clinical practice, Walker explains how we can harness sleep to improve learning, mood, and energy levels; regulate hormones; prevent cancer, Alzheimer's, and diabetes; slow the effects of aging; increase longevity; enhance the education and lifespan of our children, and boost the efficiency, success, and productivity of our businesses. Clear-eyed, fascinating, and accessible, Why We Sleep is a crucial and illuminating book"--… (mais)
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Inglês (97)  Húngaro (1)  Norueguês (1)  Holandês (1)  Todas as línguas (100)
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Wirklich interessant! Allerdings nicht ganz einfach zu lesen. ( )
  Katzenkindliest | Apr 23, 2024 |
This remarkable book should be on the syllabus of every high school health class on the planet. It never occurred to me how pervasive and easily preventable sleep deprivation could be across our civilization nor how costly it is to our children’s wellbeing and the workplace. The science in this book is stunning. ( )
  MylesKesten | Jan 23, 2024 |
Read if you want to increase your anxiety about sleep. ( )
  audient_void | Jan 6, 2024 |
Научпоп, компилирующий для обывателя последние достижения ученых, добрался и до жизненно важной и любимой нами сферы — сна. Профессор неврологии и психиатрии из Калифорнийского университета в Беркли смог донести новости науки в удобоваримой форме без формул и непонятных акронимов. Неудивительно, что книга стала бестселлером, тем более что вопрос крайне насущный.

Две трети взрослого населения всех развитых стран недосыпают, а последствия такого тотального недосыпа шокировали сначала ученых, а теперь, по прочтении, потревожат и вас. Всемирная организация здравоохранения вообще официально классифицировала работу в ночную смену как «вероятно канцерогенную». Без нормального сна все попытки сбросить вес тщетны — ни тренировки, ни диета не будут работать, более того, при коротком сне люди употребляют на 300 калорий больше, что в год легко дает 70 000 (с учетом выходных), а это в среднем 5 кг отнюдь не мышц. Тем, кто хвастает на работе, что им достаточно 4–5 часов сна, вы можете только посочувствовать. Это, вероятно, лишь совпадение, но и Рейгана, и Тэтчер, публично заявлявших такое, настиг Альцгеймер. Спать менее шести часов и быть годами работоспособными могут лишь люди с мутацией гена BHLHE41, а таких единицы. С другой стороны, теперь стало понятнее, как именно сон помогает мозгу учиться и закреплять навыки. Быстрый сон (со сновидениями) способствует креативности, демонстрируя смотрящему такие комбинации, которые бодрствующий мозг пресекает в зародыше. А зря, именно так появилась Yesterday «Битлз», а Отто Лёви придумал удостоенный Нобелевской премии эксперимент. Кстати, теперь с помощью сканера ученые могут понимать, что именно вы видите во сне, по крайней мере класс предметов.

Неожиданно, но сновидения, связанные с реально происходящими психологическими травмами — разводом, разрывом отношений, помогают перевернуть тяжелую страницу и войти в жизнь новых эмоций. Те же пациенты, в чьих снах не отражались мучительные переживания, не смогли отрешиться от печального события и оставались в депрессивном состоянии и год спустя. Бывает, что мы спим тревожно не из-за жизненных драм. Часто это происходит в первую ночь на новом месте. Как выяснилось, это разновидность однополушарного сна, существующего в полной мере у некоторых животных. Так, у нас одно полушарие мозга будет спать более чутко, выполняя сторожевую функцию, как, например, у птиц, сидящих в стае с краю. Качеству сна в книге вообще отведена отдельная часть.
  Den85 | Jan 3, 2024 |
“Why We Sleep is an important and fascinating book…Walker taught me a lot about this basic activity that every person on Earth needs. I suspect his book will do the same for you.” —Bill Gates

A New York Times bestseller and international sensation, this “stimulating and important book” (Financial Times) is a fascinating dive into the purpose and power of slumber.

With two appearances on CBS This Morning and Fresh Air's most popular interview of 2017, Matthew Walker has made abundantly clear that sleep is one of the most important but least understood aspects of our life. Until very recently, science had no answer to the question of why we sleep, or what good it served, or why we suffer such devastating health consequences when it is absent. Compared to the other basic drives in life—eating, drinking, and reproducing—the purpose of sleep remains more elusive.

Within the brain, sleep enriches a diversity of functions, including our ability to learn, memorize, and make logical decisions. It recalibrates our emotions, restocks our immune system, fine-tunes our metabolism, and regulates our appetite. Dreaming creates a virtual reality space in which the brain melds past and present knowledge, inspiring creativity.

In this “compelling and utterly convincing” (The Sunday Times) book, preeminent neuroscientist and sleep expert Matthew Walker provides a revolutionary exploration of sleep, examining how it affects every aspect of our physical and mental well-being. Charting the most cutting-edge scientific breakthroughs, and marshalling his decades of research and clinical practice, Walker explains how we can harness sleep to improve learning, mood and energy levels, regulate hormones, prevent cancer, Alzheimer’s and diabetes, slow the effects of aging, and increase longevity. He also provides actionable steps towards getting a better night’s sleep every night.

Clear-eyed, fascinating, and accessible, Why We Sleep is a crucial and illuminating book. Written with the precision of Atul Gawande, Andrew Solomon, and Sherwin Nuland, it is “recommended for night-table reading in the most pragmatic sense” (The New York Times Book Review).
(SimonandSchuster.com)
  Gabriyella | Oct 18, 2023 |
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To Dacher Keltner, for inspiring me to write.
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"The first sleep book by a leading scientific expert--Professor Matthew Walker, Director of UC Berkeley's Sleep and Neuroimaging Lab--reveals his groundbreaking exploration of sleep, explaining how we can harness its transformative power to change our lives for the better. Sleep is one of the most important but least understood aspects of our life, wellness, and longevity. Until very recently, science had no answer to the question of why we sleep, or what good it served, or why we suffer such devastating health consequences when we don't sleep. Compared to the other basic drives in life--eating, drinking, and reproducing--the purpose of sleep remained elusive. An explosion of scientific discoveries in the last twenty years has shed new light on this fundamental aspect of our lives. Now, preeminent neuroscientist and sleep expert Matthew Walker gives us a new understanding of the vital importance of sleep and dreaming. Within the brain, sleep enriches our ability to learn, memorize, and make logical decisions. It recalibrates our emotions, restocks our immune system, fine-tunes our metabolism, and regulates our appetite. Dreaming mollifies painful memories and creates a virtual reality space in which the brain melds past and present knowledge to inspire creativity. Walker answers important questions about sleep: how do caffeine and alcohol affect sleep? What really happens during REM sleep? Why do our sleep patterns change across a lifetime? How do common sleep aids affect us and can they do long-term damage? Charting cutting-edge scientific breakthroughs, and synthesizing decades of research and clinical practice, Walker explains how we can harness sleep to improve learning, mood, and energy levels; regulate hormones; prevent cancer, Alzheimer's, and diabetes; slow the effects of aging; increase longevity; enhance the education and lifespan of our children, and boost the efficiency, success, and productivity of our businesses. Clear-eyed, fascinating, and accessible, Why We Sleep is a crucial and illuminating book"--

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