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The Five Gospels: The Search for the Authentic Words of Jesus

por Robert W. Funk, Roy W. Hoover

Outros autores: The Jesus Seminar (Editor)

Séries: Jesus Seminar Series

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709823,660 (3.89)1
* Did Jesus claim to be the Messiah? * Did he promise to return and usher in a new age? * How did Jesus envision the kingdom of God? * Did he commission his disciples to convert the world and establish a church? "The Five Gospels" answers these questions in a bold, dynamic work that will startle traditional readers of the Bible and rekindle interest in it among secular skeptics. In 1985 the Jesus Seminar, a distinguished group of biblical scholars led by Robert W. Funk and John Dominic Crossan (co-chairs), embarked on a new assessment of the gospels, including the recently discovered Gospel of Thomas. In pursuit of the historical Jesus, they used their collective expertise to determine the authenticity of the more than 1,500 sayings attributed to him. Their remarkable findings appear in this book. Each saying attributed to Jesus is color-coded and presented in a completely new translation of the Greek and Coptic texts. In the judgment of the Jesus Seminar: * only thosesayings that appear in red type are considered by the Seminar to be close to what Jesus actually said; * the words in pink less certainly originated with Jesus; * the words in gray are not his, though they contain ideas that are close to his own; * the sayings that appear in black have been embellished or created by his followers, or borrowed from common lore. According to the Seminar, no more than 20 percent of the sayings attributed to Jesus were uttered… (mais)
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A product of the Jesus Seminar which used the discipline of historical textual criticism to try to determine which words in the New Testament are actually the words of Jesus.
  PendleHillLibrary | Jun 18, 2015 |
I haven't read every word of this, but used it in Bible study. It can be controversial but is a useful springboard for discussion. It comes from the Jesus Seminar and has the words of the Gospels (including the Gospel of Thomas) in different colors according to the Seminar's consensus on how authentically the words of Jesus are reported. ( )
  auntieknickers | Apr 3, 2013 |
For nearly 100 years Biblical scholars have developed ways of telling when when a passage has been revised or edited, when two passages have been combined together, when a passage has been added to, when manuscript copyists (who wrote by hand) have skipped over words or added in a correction or comment as if they were the words of the original author, and methods of telling which parts of a book are older and younger.

Unfortunately, it is the nature of scholars to disagree: each scholar must make a name for himself by promoting his own ideas. This obscures the historical consensus built by years of work.

This work was a valuable experiment in getting scholars to agree. It was a shock to many readers because it was deliberately not shrouded by jargon or presented only in a seminar for fellow specialists. (Scholars have realized that their conclusions upset people and many now hesitate to write in a way or forum where they might be overheard and understood.)

This book explains what New Testament scholars think is historical in the New Testament gospels (and Thomas, which is the only surviving non-canonical relative of the sayings lists and isolated miracle stories used as sources by the four gospel writers), to what degree, and why. After a century of meticulous work, very few scholars think the gospels were eyewitness accounts (for why read [[Throckmorton]]'s [Gospel Parallels]) or that ancient historians (and the gospel writers were biographers and theologians, not historians) wrote history without any addition of legend, hearsay, or ways of telling the story that made for a better tale than the original. (These were oral cultures where only epic poems, memorable prose stories, witty quips, and unusually wise teachings survived.)

It is a deliberate attempt to explain and to be clear about what Biblical scholars do and how they think. It was an attempt to summarize what 100 years of work has learned. The textual archaeology at the basis of these conclusions is the foundation of any training in Biblical scholarship and history: those who object wholesale have either missed 40 years of German scholarship or are afraid of making someone mad.

This book is a bit of a time capsule: since its publication there have been new archaeological and textual discoveries, further research, new academic trends, and the inevitable development of conclusions that come from further study and consideration. This book is helpful because it is intended for ordinary readers and it is unusually honest -- and the reaction to it seems to have frightened many scholars into other kinds of work or back into jargon. (Part of that is our fault for not being more public about our work as decades passed.)

Notice there is no equivalent for the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament.

It may be a long time before a body of scholars tries being this honest, again, and for that reason alone this book is worth reading.

Note: the scholars who participated in this project are listed in the back of the book (they do not represent one place or one point of view) and the best way to judge the method of voting is to read the description, here, rather than take secondary accounts at their word.

Second Note: this book was followed by a companion work the [Acts of Jesus]. Scholars affiliated with this effort have published a readable collection of all the gospels that survived antiquity, [The Complete Gospels] and a translation which follows how the letters of Paul read to a historian's eye, [The Authentic Letters of Paul]. (Again, the idea that Paul did not write some of the Biblical letters under his name will startle many, but is old news to New Testament scholars.)

-Kushana ( )
4 vote Kushana | Dec 28, 2010 |
This is Liberal garbage and should be used for research purpose only if you believe in the inerrancy, authority and sufficiency of Scripture.
  Expositors_Academy | Dec 7, 2010 |
For the time of its writing, offers a superb brief overview of the historical research on gospel texts. ( )
  woofrock | May 18, 2009 |
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» Adicionar outros autores (15 possíveis)

Nome do autorPapelTipo de autorObra?Estado
Robert W. Funkautor principaltodas as ediçõescalculated
Hoover, Roy W.autor principaltodas as ediçõesconfirmado
The Jesus SeminarEditorautor secundáriotodas as ediçõesconfirmado

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* Did Jesus claim to be the Messiah? * Did he promise to return and usher in a new age? * How did Jesus envision the kingdom of God? * Did he commission his disciples to convert the world and establish a church? "The Five Gospels" answers these questions in a bold, dynamic work that will startle traditional readers of the Bible and rekindle interest in it among secular skeptics. In 1985 the Jesus Seminar, a distinguished group of biblical scholars led by Robert W. Funk and John Dominic Crossan (co-chairs), embarked on a new assessment of the gospels, including the recently discovered Gospel of Thomas. In pursuit of the historical Jesus, they used their collective expertise to determine the authenticity of the more than 1,500 sayings attributed to him. Their remarkable findings appear in this book. Each saying attributed to Jesus is color-coded and presented in a completely new translation of the Greek and Coptic texts. In the judgment of the Jesus Seminar: * only thosesayings that appear in red type are considered by the Seminar to be close to what Jesus actually said; * the words in pink less certainly originated with Jesus; * the words in gray are not his, though they contain ideas that are close to his own; * the sayings that appear in black have been embellished or created by his followers, or borrowed from common lore. According to the Seminar, no more than 20 percent of the sayings attributed to Jesus were uttered

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