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Civilization and Its Discontents (1953)

por Sigmund Freud

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4,681311,735 (3.62)37
During the summer of 1929, Freud worked on what became this seminal volume of twentieth-century thought.
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Inglês (29)  Espanhol (1)  Hebraico (1)  Todas as línguas (31)
Mostrando 1-5 de 31 (seguinte | mostrar todos)
Utter, made-up, nonsense. Read Frederick Crews' book, Freud: The Making of an Illusion, for a (very long) description of what a pseudo-scientist Freud was and how his writings, including this one, are based on nothing but his personal delusions and ambitions. If I could give this 0 stars, I would. ( )
  tnilsson | Jan 27, 2021 |
My first Freud; one has to start somewhere. This edition is Freud's essay itself, no introduction on Freud's life and works, no extra commentary, ... No, you get instant access. About the synopsis, I'll just copy-paste what was written for another edition: In what remains one of his most seminal papers, Freud considers the incompatibility of civilization and individual happiness, and the tensions between the claims of society and the individual.

While it's a short book, it should be relatively smooth to get through, but it's of course not an easy subject. Freud claims there's a constant contrast between the desires of the individual, Eros (Sex Drive) and Thanatos (Death Drive), and those of society, in which the individual must adapt him/herself to avoid being reprimanded/punished by the larger group when committing certain (primal) acts (mainly in terms of death, destruction, aggression, ...). And if the group won't punish, then the individual's internal super-ego will, maybe even harder than society itself, as a feeling of guilt will always pop up, be it because of the act or even having thought of possibly committing the act.

Freud is also against religion in terms of giving people a feeling of guilt or having them think it's God's fault, not theirs. Politicial systems like communism are also not to Freud's liking, as aggression does not come from private property; if all would be equal in that respect, i.e. no one having private property, it wouldn't mean that all would be well, that any negative feelings would be removed or disabled.

Maybe certain things Freud wrote have in the past decades been confirmed or disproven/invalidated, but I haven't read enough on the subject to make the comparison. I'll leave it to the specialists in the field of psychoanalysis and psychology.

In any case, this little work is interesting food for thought regarding the relation between the individual and him/herself and between the individual and society and how both parties are in a perpetual struggle to find a balance for happiness (for all parties involved). 'Civilization and Its Discontents' is, however, perfectly compatible with, for example, the books of [a:Paul Verhaeghe|153520|Paul Verhaeghe|https://s.gr-assets.com/assets/nophoto/user/u_50x66-632230dc9882b4352d753eedf9396530.png], the Belgian professor of clinical psychology and psychoanalysis.
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  TechThing | Jan 22, 2021 |
The first 50 pages are some of Freud's clearest and most straight forward writing, and also some of his darkest. Want a matter of fact summary of why Freud believes that we who exist within a civilization that we ourselves built around us will never find happiness? Want to understand how this trap we built around ourselves (both necessary and also fated to make us discontented) pretty much defines us as humans who need to live with each other? Talk about being stuck between a rock and a hard place!

I think Freud gets a bit bogged down in trying to theorize the origin of guilt, and I still cannot get behind his myth of the primal horde and the killing of the "first father" as a source event.

But there's much here in this short work to contemplate and appreciate. ( )
  23Goatboy23 | Jan 17, 2020 |
We have advanced communications allowing us to contact anyone in the world within the span of a few seconds. We have advanced medicine that has enabled us to live longer despite our horrible choices. That same medicine has lowered the infant mortality rate to a fraction of what it was only a few centuries ago. We have vehicles that can fly through the sky, centuries of the dreams of mankind realized. Even when it comes to ground travel, we are no longer limited by our stamina or the stamina of an animal. Yet, there always seems to be something missing. What is the source of this malaise? We have so much, yet feel so little. People have issues and problems that don’t go away, even with all of the television and other forms of media they consume.

World-famous Psychologist Sigmund Freud attempted to answer these questions with the book titled Civilization and its Discontents. At this point in his life, Freud had seen a lot of things and talked to a great many people. It was the 1930s, the rise of Nazism was coming, World War II was just around the corner, people were in the midst of the great depression. Freud was pretty old at this time, and only had around ten years left. So he went and wrote this book, a pensive and engrossing piece of work that explores people and how they relate to others in the confines of civilization.

Now, when I picked up this book from the library, I had heard of Freud. It’s rather difficult to have not heard of him in some regard. I mean, he did develop psychoanalysis as a tool to explore the psyche. I had also heard of Christopher Hitchens. He’s the man that wrote God is not Great. I did not know why they were together on picking this book up, but once I read through it and saw Freud’s stance on religion I figured it out. This is one of the first books by Freud that I had read. I might have read one a while back, but I don’t think it included his religious position.

In any case, this book is relatively short for all of that. With focused reading, you can finish it in less than a day. I give it a five out of five. ( )
  Floyd3345 | Jun 15, 2019 |
It's very clear the Freud was way ahead of his time. That is what I love about his books personally. With this one, however... I usually don't stop and go back to read the chapter until I got its meaning.. But this time I did. Freud made me realize how society is now. A huge example is religion. Which is mentioned in the book. It made me realize that it is just something that was brought on to us. It's not a 'real' thing. It's an ideal thing that has been embedded into our own minds to make it seem real.
This is such a great read, and such an eye opener on society. ( )
  SerinaChaoAlonzo | Jul 13, 2018 |
Mostrando 1-5 de 31 (seguinte | mostrar todos)
This, written in 1930, on the eve of destruction as it were, is a summary of Freud's beliefs, the potted essence of his system as applied to the broad picture. Those who decry the Freudian technique as far as our interior mental landscapes go would do well to remember that, whatever his flaws as a scientist, he was a first-rate essayist.
 

» Adicionar outros autores (37 possíveis)

Nome do autorPapelTipo de autorObra?Estado
Freud, Sigmundautor principaltodas as ediçõesconfirmado
Šuvajevs, IgorsTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
López-Ballesteros, LuisTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
McLintock, DavidTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Riviere, JoanTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Strachey, JamesTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
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Civilization, therefore, obtains mastery over the individual's dangerous desire for aggression by weakening and disarming it and by setting up an agency within him to watch over it, like a garrison in a conquered city.
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During the summer of 1929, Freud worked on what became this seminal volume of twentieth-century thought.

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Média: (3.62)
0.5 4
1 19
1.5 2
2 45
2.5 12
3 120
3.5 30
4 180
4.5 10
5 112

W.W. Norton

3 edições deste livro foram publicadas por W.W. Norton.

Edições: 0393301583, 0393059952, 0393304515

Penguin Australia

3 edições deste livro foram publicadas por Penguin Australia.

Edições: 0141018992, 0141182369, 0141194987

Tantor Media

Uma edição deste livro foi publicada pela Tantor Media.

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