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Louis XI: The Universal Spider por Paul…
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Louis XI: The Universal Spider (edição 1986)

por Paul Murray Kendall

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By 1423, the year that Louis XI, King of France (1461-83) was born, much of France was ruled by the English. To unify France after the Hundred Years War under his rule ("I am France" he would proclaim to his rebellious vassals) became the idée fixe of Louis¿ life. The manner in which he largely succeeded in accomplishing this is the subject of this dazzling, and justly celebrated, book. Unhappily married to Margaret, daughter of James I of Scotland, at the age of 13 he devoted himself to political machinations and to learning the art of kingship. Influenced by malcontent nobles, and impatient to reign, he headed revolts against his father, Charles VII and was eventually exiled to Dauphiné. Here he proved himself an able innovator and administrator setting up a chancellery, a university and most significantly reducing the nobles to obedience. After forging a secret alliance with Savoy he fled to the Netherlands ahead of his father's advancing army. When Charles VII died in 1461, Louis assumed the throne of France, and the country almost immediately degenerated into a state of anarchy. The gripping story of how Louis, known as "the universal spider" for his incessant machinations and intrigues and his network of communications and spies throughout the country, gradually subdued the nobles, secured more territory and unified France takes up the bulk of this fascinating book.… (mais)
Membro:RobertWFrei
Título:Louis XI: The Universal Spider
Autores:Paul Murray Kendall
Informação:W W Norton & Co Inc (1986), Paperback
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  rouzejp | Sep 2, 2015 |
Louis XI "...the universal spider...", by Paul Murray Kendall (read 13 June 1971) This is a masterful biography. Louis was born July 3, 1423, in Bourges, the son of Charles VII--the Dauphin whom Joan of Arc saved--and grandson of Charles VI, the king who went mad in 1392 (dramatically sketched in, I believe, The Three Popes, by Marzah Gail (which book I read 6 Sep 1970). Louis XI's father died July 22, 1461, and Louis proceeded to lay the foundations of modern France, overcoming the feudal lords--culminating in the downfall of Burgundy in 1477--and leaving a royal state to his son Charles VIII, when he died Aug 30, 1483. These words on his dying days struck me: "As the King gazed upon his sacred objects, upon the summer green beyond the gallery, as he listened to the flutterings of his birds, the soft sounds of shepherd pipes outside his windows, the scratching of a greyhound, what long thoughts he now had time for. Doubtless his mind cast back. over the years, over the ranging designs, the comedies, the anxieties, the hunting and hawking, to that sulfurous particle Charles of Burgundy who had once been his companion of the chase in the woods around Genappe, and the sympathetic English Earl Warwick, maker of kings, and Francesco Sforza, and the gentlemen of Dauphine closing round him in the blood and dust of Montlhery, and his father, who once, like him, had lain in the shadow while a son waited for his death, and, still further back to the Dauphine who became Prince of Cutthroats, and, perhaps, to the six-year-old boy who had looked upon the face of Joan of Arc..." ( )
  Schmerguls | May 18, 2009 |
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Kendall, Paul MurrayAutorautor principaltodas as ediçõesconfirmado
Diacon, EricTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado

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PRÉFACE

Je me permets ici de recommander les notes. Elles ne constituent pas un « appareil critique », ce dernier se limitant à une bibliographie où sont énumérés les sources et les ouvrages les plus fréquemment utilisés tout au long de cette biographie, et qui comporte en outre, pour chaque section, une liste des documents qui s'y rapportent plus particulièrement. [...]
PROLOGUE

Alors que cinq siècles seulement nous séparent aujourd'hui de la France dont hérita Louis XI lorsqu'il devint roi, le 22 juillet 1461, six siècles et demi déjà séparaient celle-ci de l'époque de Charlemagne. [...]
LIVRE I
LE DAUPHIN

PREMIÈRE PARTIE

L'étranger

1.
L'enfant de la honte

Celui qui allait un jour devenir Louis XI, roi de France très chrétien, naquit dans l'après-midi du 3 juillet 1423, aux environs de trois heures, dans le palais épiscopal de Bourges, près de la grande cathédrale Saint-Etienne. [...]
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By 1423, the year that Louis XI, King of France (1461-83) was born, much of France was ruled by the English. To unify France after the Hundred Years War under his rule ("I am France" he would proclaim to his rebellious vassals) became the idée fixe of Louis¿ life. The manner in which he largely succeeded in accomplishing this is the subject of this dazzling, and justly celebrated, book. Unhappily married to Margaret, daughter of James I of Scotland, at the age of 13 he devoted himself to political machinations and to learning the art of kingship. Influenced by malcontent nobles, and impatient to reign, he headed revolts against his father, Charles VII and was eventually exiled to Dauphiné. Here he proved himself an able innovator and administrator setting up a chancellery, a university and most significantly reducing the nobles to obedience. After forging a secret alliance with Savoy he fled to the Netherlands ahead of his father's advancing army. When Charles VII died in 1461, Louis assumed the throne of France, and the country almost immediately degenerated into a state of anarchy. The gripping story of how Louis, known as "the universal spider" for his incessant machinations and intrigues and his network of communications and spies throughout the country, gradually subdued the nobles, secured more territory and unified France takes up the bulk of this fascinating book.

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