Página InicialGruposDiscussãoMaisZeitgeist
Pesquisar O Sítio Web
Este sítio web usa «cookies» para fornecer os seus serviços, para melhorar o desempenho, para analítica e (se não estiver autenticado) para publicidade. Ao usar o LibraryThing está a reconhecer que leu e compreende os nossos Termos de Serviço e Política de Privacidade. A sua utilização deste sítio e serviços está sujeita a essas políticas e termos.
Hide this

Resultados dos Livros Google

Carregue numa fotografia para ir para os Livros Google.

Spinoza por Stuart Hampshire
A carregar...

Spinoza (edição 1952)

por Stuart Hampshire (Autor)

MembrosCríticasPopularidadeAvaliação médiaMenções
280174,216 (4)6
Stuart Hampshire, one of the most eminent British philosophers of the twentieth century, will be perhaps best remembered for his work on the seventeenth-century philosopher Spinoza, all of which is gathered now in this volume. Among the great thinkers of modern times, only Spinoza created a complete system of philosophy that rivals Plato's, with crucial contributions to every major philosophical topic. Hampshire's classic 1951 book Spinoza remains the best introduction to this thinker, and it is reprinted here. But what gives particular interest to this new volume is the first publication of Hampshire's last work "Spinoza and Spinozism," an extended presentation of a Spinozist philosophical worldview. Hampshire's influential 1962 essay "Spinoza and the Idea of Freedom" is also included. Spinoza and Spinozism is thus an ideal companion to the study and interpretation of this great philosopher.… (mais)
Membro:Thorntonian
Título:Spinoza
Autores:Stuart Hampshire (Autor)
Informação:Penguin Books (1952)
Colecções:A sua biblioteca
Avaliação:
Etiquetas:philosophy, Dutch, shelves

Pormenores da obra

Spinoza por Stuart Hampshire

Nenhum(a)
A carregar...

Adira ao LibraryThing para descobrir se irá gostar deste livro.

Ainda não há conversas na Discussão sobre este livro.

» Ver também 6 menções

This book is an accessible and comprehensive introduction to the philosophy of Spinoza. Spinoza aimed to create a complete system of philosophy, including his own metaphysics, ethics, theory of knowledge, politics, science, religion et cetera. All this he aimed to create via deductive argument based on strict logic, so there is something reminiscent of him in Wittgenstein, though Spinoza is more philosophically and scientifically optimistic. The general feeling of it is a mixture of Stoic and Epicurean/Lucretian philosophy, with none of the major metaphysical beliefs overtly in common with either Platonic or Aristotlean thought.
The main ideas that seemed to be important were: (1), that the universe consists of matter and mind (or extension and thought), which are equivalent with one another (contra Descartes), (2) that God and Nature are in some sense equivalent, (3), but that God is eternal, and contains as part of himself the material universe (which is finite in space/time), which is a self-created part of himself, and in which he is immanent, (the universe is a subset of God) (4), that the universe is deterministic, and that causality can be explained via logic, (5) that this is the only possible universe (6) and therefore the universe in theory can be entirely rationally understood, (7) that there are no good and bad because our actions can be explained and are necessary and predetermined by God/Nature, (8), Complete well-being can be attained by improving our understanding of the universe, and knowledge is necessary for salvation.
Spinoza is, like Descartes and the other rationalists, very much a product of the Newtonian wold-view. While Scientific optimism is to be commended for at least practical reasons, current scientific belief very much disagrees with the determinism that Spinoza believed in, as quantum events are not predictable beyond saying that a particle will do this or that with a certain probability (and this does not appear to be due to technical inadequacy of measuring, but an in-built property of reality). Despite this being in disagreement though, he conceived of the universe as a closed system as we currently do, neither gaining or losing anything, and his thought/extension is very similar to our current scientific conception of energy.
What Spinoza does share with Plato, is that he believes the life of the philosopher to be highest possible. However Spinoza has nothing mystical at all in his writings; many of his statements appear mystical out of context, but he gives words strict definitions and everything follows from his logical arguments.
Spinoza's politics are quite modern, as he believes that the state should exist to provide man with intellectual freedom and physical safety, and deny him as few of his liberties as is possible while protecting those of others and avoiding war. He doesn't support a particular structure of state, as many other political theorists have, as he believes that whatever state fulfills his criteria is okay, but that in practice some form of democracy is likely to work as well as any. As for religion, he thinks that it is more often than not false, and cannot be upheld by reason, but is useful in revealing moral guidelines and maintaining peace among those without the capability of being philosophers. This is similar to how Plato thought of religion and myths, as being of practical value for social good among the non-academic masses.
What this book doesn't include is the full deductive arguments that are present in Spinoza's books, which would be of interest to those wanting to examine how he came to the conclusions that he did. ( )
1 vote P_S_Patrick | Jan 4, 2012 |
sem críticas | adicionar uma crítica
Tem de autenticar-se para poder editar dados do Conhecimento Comum.
Para mais ajuda veja a página de ajuda do Conhecimento Comum.
Título canónico
Título original
Títulos alternativos
Data da publicação original
Pessoas/Personagens
Informação do Conhecimento Comum em inglês. Edite para a localizar na sua língua.
Locais importantes
Acontecimentos importantes
Filmes relacionados
Prémios e menções honrosas
Epígrafe
Dedicatória
Primeiras palavras
Informação do Conhecimento Comum em inglês. Edite para a localizar na sua língua.
'I do not presume to have discovered the best philosophy', Spinoza wrote (Letter LXXVI), 'but i know that i understand the true one.'
Citações
Últimas palavras
Nota de desambiguação
Editores da Editora
Autores de citações elogiosas (normalmente na contracapa do livro)
Língua original
DDC/MDS canónico
Canonical LCC

Referências a esta obra em recursos externos.

Wikipédia em inglês (1)

Stuart Hampshire, one of the most eminent British philosophers of the twentieth century, will be perhaps best remembered for his work on the seventeenth-century philosopher Spinoza, all of which is gathered now in this volume. Among the great thinkers of modern times, only Spinoza created a complete system of philosophy that rivals Plato's, with crucial contributions to every major philosophical topic. Hampshire's classic 1951 book Spinoza remains the best introduction to this thinker, and it is reprinted here. But what gives particular interest to this new volume is the first publication of Hampshire's last work "Spinoza and Spinozism," an extended presentation of a Spinozist philosophical worldview. Hampshire's influential 1962 essay "Spinoza and the Idea of Freedom" is also included. Spinoza and Spinozism is thus an ideal companion to the study and interpretation of this great philosopher.

Não foram encontradas descrições de bibliotecas.

Descrição do livro
Resumo Haiku

Capas populares

Ligações Rápidas

Avaliação

Média: (4)
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3 4
3.5 3
4 5
4.5 1
5 5

É você?

Torne-se num Autor LibraryThing.

 

Acerca | Contacto | LibraryThing.com | Privacidade/Termos | Ajuda/Perguntas Frequentes | Blogue | Loja | APIs | TinyCat | Bibliotecas Legadas | Primeiros Críticos | Conhecimento Comum | 163,471,237 livros! | Barra de topo: Sempre visível